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An Oracle concerning Damascus

17 An oracle concerning Damascus.

See, Damascus will cease to be a city
    and will become a heap of ruins.(A)
Her towns will be deserted forever;[a]
    they will be places for flocks,
    which will lie down, and no one will make them afraid.(B)
The fortress will disappear from Ephraim
    and the kingdom from Damascus,
and the remnant of Aram will be
    like the glory of the people of Israel,
            says the Lord of hosts.(C)

On that day
    the glory of Jacob will be brought low,
    and the fat of his flesh will grow lean.(D)
And it shall be as when reapers gather standing grain
    and their arms harvest the ears,
and as when one gleans the ears of grain
    in the Valley of Rephaim.(E)
Gleanings will be left in it,
    as when an olive tree is beaten—
two or three berries
    in the top of the highest bough,
four or five
    on the branches of a fruit tree,
            says the Lord God of Israel.(F)

On that day people will look to their Maker, with their eyes on the Holy One of Israel;(G) they will not have regard for the altars, the work of their hands, and they will not look to what their own fingers have made, either the sacred poles[b] or the altars of incense.(H)

On that day their fortified cities will be like the deserted places of the Hivites and the Amorites,[c] which they deserted because of the people of Israel, and there will be desolation.(I)

10 For you have forgotten God your Savior
    and have not remembered the Rock of your refuge;
therefore, though you plant pleasant gardens
    and set out branches of a foreign god,(J)
11 though you make them grow on the day that you plant them
    and make them blossom in the morning that you sow,
yet the harvest will flee away
    in a day of sickness and incurable pain.(K)

12 Woe, the thunder of many peoples,
    they thunder like the thundering of the sea!
The roar of nations,
    they roar like the roaring of mighty waters!(L)
13 [[When the nations roar like the roaring of many waters,]][d]
    he will rebuke them, and they will flee far away,
chased like chaff on the mountains before the wind
    and like whirling dust before the storm.(M)
14 At evening time, sudden terror!
    Before morning, they are no more.
This is the fate of those who despoil us
    and the lot of those who plunder us.(N)

An Oracle concerning Cush

18 Woe, land of buzzing[e] wings
    beyond the rivers of Cush,(O)
sending ambassadors by the Nile
    in vessels of papyrus on the waters!
Go, you swift messengers,
    to a nation tall and smooth,
to a people feared near and far,
    a nation mighty[f] and conquering,
    whose land the rivers divide.(P)

All you inhabitants of the world,
    you who live on the earth,
when a signal is raised on the mountains, look!
    When a trumpet is blown, listen!(Q)
For thus the Lord said to me:
“I will quietly look from my dwelling
    like clear heat in sunshine,
    like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest.”(R)
For before the harvest, when the blossom is over
    and the flower becomes a ripening grape,
he will cut off the shoots with pruning hooks,
    and the spreading branches he will hew away.(S)
They shall all be left
    to the birds of prey of the mountains
    and to the animals of the earth.
And the birds of prey will summer on them,
    and all the animals of the earth will winter on them.(T)

At that time gifts will be brought to the Lord of hosts from[g] a people tall and smooth, from a people feared near and far, a nation mighty and conquering, whose land the rivers divide, to Mount Zion, the place of the name of the Lord of hosts.(U)

An Oracle concerning Egypt

19 An oracle concerning Egypt.

See, the Lord is riding on a swift cloud
    and comes to Egypt;
the idols of Egypt will tremble at his presence,
    and the heart of the Egyptians will melt within them.(V)
I will stir up Egyptians against Egyptians,
    and they will fight, one against the other,
    neighbor against neighbor,
    city against city, kingdom against kingdom;(W)
the spirit of the Egyptians within them will be emptied out,
    and I will confound their plans;
they will consult the idols and the spirits of the dead
    and the ghosts and the familiar spirits;(X)
I will deliver the Egyptians
    into the hand of a hard master;
a fierce king will rule over them,
    says the Sovereign, the Lord of hosts.(Y)

The waters of the Nile will be dried up,
    and the river will be parched and dry;(Z)
its canals will become foul,
    and the branches of Egypt’s Nile will diminish and dry up.
Reeds and rushes will rot away,(AA)
    the reeds beside the Nile;[h]
all that is sown by the Nile will dry up,
    be driven away, and be no more.
Those who fish will mourn;
    all who cast hooks in the Nile will lament,
    and those who spread nets on the water will languish.
The workers in flax will be in despair,
    and the carders and those at the loom will grow pale.
10 Its weavers will be dismayed,
    and all who work for wages will be grieved.(AB)

11 Clearly the princes of Zoan are foolish;
    the wise counselors of Pharaoh give stupid counsel.
How can you say to Pharaoh,
    “I am one of the sages,
    a descendant of ancient kings”?(AC)
12 Where now are your sages?
    Let them tell you and make known
    what the Lord of hosts has planned against Egypt.(AD)
13 The princes of Zoan have become fools,
    and the princes of Memphis are deluded;
those who are the cornerstones of its tribes
    have led Egypt astray.(AE)
14 The Lord has poured into them[i]
    a spirit of confusion;
and they have made Egypt stagger in all its doings
    as a drunkard staggers around in his vomit.(AF)
15 Neither head nor tail, palm branch or reed,
    will be able to do anything for Egypt.

16 On that day the Egyptians will be like women and tremble with fear before the hand that the Lord of hosts raises against them.(AG) 17 And the land of Judah will become a terror[j] to the Egyptians; everyone to whom it is mentioned will fear because of the plan that the Lord of hosts is planning against them.(AH)

Egypt, Assyria, and Israel Blessed

18 On that day there will be five cities in the land of Egypt that speak the language of Canaan and swear allegiance to the Lord of hosts. One of these will be called the City of the Sun.[k](AI)

19 On that day there will be an altar to the Lord in the midst of the land of Egypt and a pillar to the Lord at its border.(AJ) 20 It will be a sign and a witness to the Lord of hosts in the land of Egypt; when they cry to the Lord because of oppressors, he will send them a savior and will defend and deliver them.(AK) 21 The Lord will make himself known to the Egyptians, and the Egyptians will know the Lord on that day and will serve with sacrifice and offerings, and they will make vows to the Lord and perform them.(AL) 22 The Lord will strike Egypt, striking but healing, so that they will return to the Lord, and he will listen to their supplications and heal them.(AM)

23 On that day there will be a highway from Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian will come into Egypt and the Egyptian into Assyria, and the Egyptians will serve with the Assyrians.(AN)

24 On that day Israel will be the third party with Egypt and Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the earth, 25 whom the Lord of hosts has blessed, saying, “Blessed be Egypt my people and Assyria the work of my hands and Israel my heritage.”(AO)


  1. 17.2 Cn Compare Gk: Heb the cities of Aroer are deserted
  2. 17.8 Heb Asherahs
  3. 17.9 Cn Compare Gk: Heb places of the wood and the highest bough
  4. 17.13 Heb mss Syr lack When . . . waters
  5. 18.1 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  6. 18.2 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  7. 18.7 Q ms Gk Vg: MT of
  8. 19.7 Gk: Heb beside the Nile, beside the mouth of the Nile
  9. 19.14 Gk Compare Tg: Heb it
  10. 19.17 Gk: Meaning of Heb uncertain
  11. 19.18 Q mss Heb mss Tg Vg: MT city of destruction

17 So do not be foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is.(A) 18 Do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit,(B) 19 as you sing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs to one another, singing and making melody to the Lord in your hearts,(C) 20 giving thanks to God the Father at all times and for everything in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ,(D) 21 being subject to one another out of reverence for Christ.

The Christian Household

22 Wives, be subject[a] to your husbands as to the Lord,(E) 23 for the husband is the head of the wife just as Christ is the head of the church, his body, and is himself its Savior.(F) 24 Just as the church is subject to Christ, so also wives ought to be, in everything, to their husbands.

25 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her 26 in order to make her holy by cleansing her with the washing of water by the word, 27 so as to present the church to himself in splendor, without a spot or wrinkle or anything of the kind, so that she may be holy and without blemish.(G) 28 In the same way, husbands should love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. 29 For no one ever hates his own flesh, but he nourishes and tenderly cares for it, just as Christ does for the church, 30 because we are members of his body.[b](H) 31 “For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two will become one flesh.”(I) 32 This is a great mystery, but I am speaking about Christ and the church. 33 Each of you, however, should love his wife as himself, and a wife should respect[c] her husband.

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  1. 5.22 Gk lacks be subject
  2. 5.30 Other ancient authorities add of his flesh and of his bones
  3. 5.33 Or fear