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Ezekiel 30-32New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Lamentation for Egypt

30 The word of the Lord came to me: Mortal, prophesy, and say, Thus says the Lord God:

Wail, “Alas for the day!”
    For a day is near,
    the day of the Lord is near;
it will be a day of clouds,
    a time of doom[a] for the nations.
A sword shall come upon Egypt,
    and anguish shall be in Ethiopia,[b]
when the slain fall in Egypt,
    and its wealth is carried away,
    and its foundations are torn down.

Ethiopia,[c] and Put, and Lud, and all Arabia, and Libya,[d] and the people of the allied land[e] shall fall with them by the sword.

Thus says the Lord:
Those who support Egypt shall fall,
    and its proud might shall come down;
from Migdol to Syene
    they shall fall within it by the sword,
says the Lord God.
They shall be desolated among other desolated countries,
    and their cities shall lie among cities laid waste.
Then they shall know that I am the Lord,
    when I have set fire to Egypt,
    and all who help it are broken.

On that day, messengers shall go out from me in ships to terrify the unsuspecting Ethiopians;[f] and anguish shall come upon them on the day of Egypt’s doom;[g] for it is coming!

10 Thus says the Lord God:

I will put an end to the hordes of Egypt,
    by the hand of King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon.
11 He and his people with him, the most terrible of the nations,
    shall be brought in to destroy the land;
and they shall draw their swords against Egypt,
    and fill the land with the slain.
12 I will dry up the channels,
    and will sell the land into the hand of evildoers;
I will bring desolation upon the land and everything in it
    by the hand of foreigners;
I the Lord have spoken.

13 Thus says the Lord God:

I will destroy the idols
    and put an end to the images in Memphis;
there shall no longer be a prince in the land of Egypt;
    so I will put fear in the land of Egypt.
14 I will make Pathros a desolation,
    and will set fire to Zoan,
    and will execute acts of judgment on Thebes.
15 I will pour my wrath upon Pelusium,
    the stronghold of Egypt,
    and cut off the hordes of Thebes.
16 I will set fire to Egypt;
    Pelusium shall be in great agony;
Thebes shall be breached,
    and Memphis face adversaries by day.
17 The young men of On and of Pi-beseth shall fall by the sword;
    and the cities themselves[h] shall go into captivity.
18 At Tehaphnehes the day shall be dark,
    when I break there the dominion of Egypt,
and its proud might shall come to an end;
    the city[i] shall be covered by a cloud,
    and its daughter-towns shall go into captivity.
19 Thus I will execute acts of judgment on Egypt.
    Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

Proclamation against Pharaoh

20 In the eleventh year, in the first month, on the seventh day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 21 Mortal, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; it has not been bound up for healing or wrapped with a bandage, so that it may become strong to wield the sword. 22 Therefore thus says the Lord God: I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and will break his arms, both the strong arm and the one that was broken; and I will make the sword fall from his hand. 23 I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them throughout the lands. 24 I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and put my sword in his hand; but I will break the arms of Pharaoh, and he will groan before him with the groans of one mortally wounded. 25 I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, but the arms of Pharaoh shall fall. And they shall know that I am the Lord, when I put my sword into the hand of the king of Babylon. He shall stretch it out against the land of Egypt, 26 and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them throughout the countries. Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

The Lofty Cedar

31 In the eleventh year, in the third month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: Mortal, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his hordes:

Whom are you like in your greatness?
    Consider Assyria, a cedar of Lebanon,
with fair branches and forest shade,
    and of great height,
    its top among the clouds.[j]
The waters nourished it,
    the deep made it grow tall,
making its rivers flow[k]
    around the place it was planted,
sending forth its streams
    to all the trees of the field.
So it towered high
    above all the trees of the field;
its boughs grew large
    and its branches long,
    from abundant water in its shoots.
All the birds of the air
    made their nests in its boughs;
under its branches all the animals of the field
    gave birth to their young;
and in its shade
    all great nations lived.
It was beautiful in its greatness,
    in the length of its branches;
for its roots went down
    to abundant water.
The cedars in the garden of God could not rival it,
    nor the fir trees equal its boughs;
the plane trees were as nothing
    compared with its branches;
no tree in the garden of God
    was like it in beauty.
I made it beautiful
    with its mass of branches,
the envy of all the trees of Eden
    that were in the garden of God.

10 Therefore thus says the Lord God: Because it[l] towered high and set its top among the clouds,[m] and its heart was proud of its height, 11 I gave it into the hand of the prince of the nations; he has dealt with it as its wickedness deserves. I have cast it out. 12 Foreigners from the most terrible of the nations have cut it down and left it. On the mountains and in all the valleys its branches have fallen, and its boughs lie broken in all the watercourses of the land; and all the peoples of the earth went away from its shade and left it.

13 On its fallen trunk settle
    all the birds of the air,
and among its boughs lodge
    all the wild animals.

14 All this is in order that no trees by the waters may grow to lofty height or set their tops among the clouds,[n] and that no trees that drink water may reach up to them in height.

For all of them are handed over to death,
    to the world below;
along with all mortals,
    with those who go down to the Pit.

15 Thus says the Lord God: On the day it went down to Sheol I closed the deep over it and covered it; I restrained its rivers, and its mighty waters were checked. I clothed Lebanon in gloom for it, and all the trees of the field fainted because of it. 16 I made the nations quake at the sound of its fall, when I cast it down to Sheol with those who go down to the Pit; and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that were well watered, were consoled in the world below. 17 They also went down to Sheol with it, to those killed by the sword, along with its allies,[o] those who lived in its shade among the nations.

18 Which among the trees of Eden was like you in glory and in greatness? Now you shall be brought down with the trees of Eden to the world below; you shall lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are killed by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his horde, says the Lord God.

Lamentation over Pharaoh and Egypt

32 In the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: Mortal, raise a lamentation over Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say to him:

You consider yourself a lion among the nations,
    but you are like a dragon in the seas;
you thrash about in your streams,
    trouble the water with your feet,
    and foul your[p] streams.
Thus says the Lord God:
    In an assembly of many peoples
    I will throw my net over you;
    and I[q] will haul you up in my dragnet.
I will throw you on the ground,
    on the open field I will fling you,
and will cause all the birds of the air to settle on you,
    and I will let the wild animals of the whole earth gorge themselves with you.
I will strew your flesh on the mountains,
    and fill the valleys with your carcass.[r]
I will drench the land with your flowing blood
    up to the mountains,
    and the watercourses will be filled with you.
When I blot you out, I will cover the heavens,
    and make their stars dark;
I will cover the sun with a cloud,
    and the moon shall not give its light.
All the shining lights of the heavens
    I will darken above you,
    and put darkness on your land,
says the Lord God.
I will trouble the hearts of many peoples,
    as I carry you captive[s] among the nations,
    into countries you have not known.
10 I will make many peoples appalled at you;
    their kings shall shudder because of you.
When I brandish my sword before them,
    they shall tremble every moment
for their lives, each one of them,
    on the day of your downfall.
11 For thus says the Lord God:
The sword of the king of Babylon shall come against you.
12 I will cause your hordes to fall
    by the swords of mighty ones,
    all of them most terrible among the nations.
They shall bring to ruin the pride of Egypt,
    and all its hordes shall perish.
13 I will destroy all its livestock
    from beside abundant waters;
and no human foot shall trouble them any more,
    nor shall the hoofs of cattle trouble them.
14 Then I will make their waters clear,
    and cause their streams to run like oil, says the Lord God.
15 When I make the land of Egypt desolate
    and when the land is stripped of all that fills it,
when I strike down all who live in it,
    then they shall know that I am the Lord.
16 This is a lamentation; it shall be chanted.
    The women of the nations shall chant it.
Over Egypt and all its hordes they shall chant it,
    says the Lord God.

Dirge over Egypt

17 In the twelfth year, in the first month,[t] on the fifteenth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:

18 Mortal, wail over the hordes of Egypt,
    and send them down,
with Egypt[u] and the daughters of majestic nations,
    to the world below,
    with those who go down to the Pit.
19 “Whom do you surpass in beauty?
    Go down! Be laid to rest with the uncircumcised!”

20 They shall fall among those who are killed by the sword. Egypt[v] has been handed over to the sword; carry away both it and its hordes. 21 The mighty chiefs shall speak of them, with their helpers, out of the midst of Sheol: “They have come down, they lie still, the uncircumcised, killed by the sword.”

22 Assyria is there, and all its company, their graves all around it, all of them killed, fallen by the sword. 23 Their graves are set in the uttermost parts of the Pit. Its company is all around its grave, all of them killed, fallen by the sword, who spread terror in the land of the living.

24 Elam is there, and all its hordes around its grave; all of them killed, fallen by the sword, who went down uncircumcised into the world below, who spread terror in the land of the living. They bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit. 25 They have made Elam[w] a bed among the slain with all its hordes, their graves all around it, all of them uncircumcised, killed by the sword; for terror of them was spread in the land of the living, and they bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit; they are placed among the slain.

26 Meshech and Tubal are there, and all their multitude, their graves all around them, all of them uncircumcised, killed by the sword; for they spread terror in the land of the living. 27 And they do not lie with the fallen warriors of long ago[x] who went down to Sheol with their weapons of war, whose swords were laid under their heads, and whose shields[y] are upon their bones; for the terror of the warriors was in the land of the living. 28 So you shall be broken and lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are killed by the sword.

29 Edom is there, its kings and all its princes, who for all their might are laid with those who are killed by the sword; they lie with the uncircumcised, with those who go down to the Pit.

30 The princes of the north are there, all of them, and all the Sidonians, who have gone down in shame with the slain, for all the terror that they caused by their might; they lie uncircumcised with those who are killed by the sword, and bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit.

31 When Pharaoh sees them, he will be consoled for all his hordes—Pharaoh and all his army, killed by the sword, says the Lord God. 32 For he[z] spread terror in the land of the living; therefore he shall be laid to rest among the uncircumcised, with those who are slain by the sword—Pharaoh and all his multitude, says the Lord God.

Footnotes:

  1. Ezekiel 30:3 Heb lacks of doom
  2. Ezekiel 30:4 Or Nubia; Heb Cush
  3. Ezekiel 30:5 Or Nubia; Heb Cush
  4. Ezekiel 30:5 Compare Gk Syr Vg: Heb Cub
  5. Ezekiel 30:5 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  6. Ezekiel 30:9 Or Nubians; Heb Cush
  7. Ezekiel 30:9 Heb the day of Egypt
  8. Ezekiel 30:17 Heb and they
  9. Ezekiel 30:18 Heb she
  10. Ezekiel 31:3 Gk: Heb thick boughs
  11. Ezekiel 31:4 Gk: Heb rivers going
  12. Ezekiel 31:10 Syr Vg: Heb you
  13. Ezekiel 31:10 Gk: Heb thick boughs
  14. Ezekiel 31:14 Gk: Heb thick boughs
  15. Ezekiel 31:17 Heb its arms
  16. Ezekiel 32:2 Heb their
  17. Ezekiel 32:3 Gk Vg: Heb they
  18. Ezekiel 32:5 Symmachus Syr Vg: Heb your height
  19. Ezekiel 32:9 Gk: Heb bring your destruction
  20. Ezekiel 32:17 Gk: Heb lacks in the first month
  21. Ezekiel 32:18 Heb it
  22. Ezekiel 32:20 Heb It
  23. Ezekiel 32:25 Heb it
  24. Ezekiel 32:27 Gk Old Latin: Heb of the uncircumcised
  25. Ezekiel 32:27 Cn: Heb iniquities
  26. Ezekiel 32:32 Cn: Heb I
New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright © 1989 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

1 Peter 4New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Good Stewards of God’s Grace

Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh,[a] arm yourselves also with the same intention (for whoever has suffered in the flesh has finished with sin), so as to live for the rest of your earthly life[b] no longer by human desires but by the will of God. You have already spent enough time in doing what the Gentiles like to do, living in licentiousness, passions, drunkenness, revels, carousing, and lawless idolatry. They are surprised that you no longer join them in the same excesses of dissipation, and so they blaspheme.[c] But they will have to give an accounting to him who stands ready to judge the living and the dead. For this is the reason the gospel was proclaimed even to the dead, so that, though they had been judged in the flesh as everyone is judged, they might live in the spirit as God does.

The end of all things is near;[d] therefore be serious and discipline yourselves for the sake of your prayers. Above all, maintain constant love for one another, for love covers a multitude of sins. Be hospitable to one another without complaining. 10 Like good stewards of the manifold grace of God, serve one another with whatever gift each of you has received. 11 Whoever speaks must do so as one speaking the very words of God; whoever serves must do so with the strength that God supplies, so that God may be glorified in all things through Jesus Christ. To him belong the glory and the power forever and ever. Amen.

Suffering as a Christian

12 Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal that is taking place among you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you. 13 But rejoice insofar as you are sharing Christ’s sufferings, so that you may also be glad and shout for joy when his glory is revealed. 14 If you are reviled for the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the spirit of glory,[e] which is the Spirit of God, is resting on you.[f] 15 But let none of you suffer as a murderer, a thief, a criminal, or even as a mischief maker. 16 Yet if any of you suffers as a Christian, do not consider it a disgrace, but glorify God because you bear this name. 17 For the time has come for judgment to begin with the household of God; if it begins with us, what will be the end for those who do not obey the gospel of God? 18 And

“If it is hard for the righteous to be saved,
    what will become of the ungodly and the sinners?”

19 Therefore, let those suffering in accordance with God’s will entrust themselves to a faithful Creator, while continuing to do good.

Footnotes:

  1. 1 Peter 4:1 Other ancient authorities add for us; others, for you
  2. 1 Peter 4:2 Gk rest of the time in the flesh
  3. 1 Peter 4:4 Or they malign you
  4. 1 Peter 4:7 Or is at hand
  5. 1 Peter 4:14 Other ancient authorities add and of power
  6. 1 Peter 4:14 Other ancient authorities add On their part he is blasphemed, but on your part he is glorified
New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright © 1989 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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