10 Therefore I was angry with that generation,
And said, ‘They always go astray in their heart,
And they have not known My ways.’
11 So I swore in My wrath,
‘They shall not enter My rest.’ ”

12 Beware, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God; 13 but [a]exhort one another daily, while it is called “Today,” lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. 14 For we have become partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast to the end, 15 while it is said:

(A)“Today, if you will hear His voice,
Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion.”

Failure of the Wilderness Wanderers

16 (B)For who, having heard, rebelled? Indeed, was it not all who came out of Egypt, led by Moses? 17 Now with whom was He angry forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, (C)whose corpses fell in the wilderness? 18 And (D)to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but to those who did not obey? 19 So we see that they could not enter in because of (E)unbelief.

The Promise of Rest

Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, (F)let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, [b]not being mixed with faith in those who heard it. For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He has said:

(G)“So I swore in My wrath,
‘They shall not enter My rest,’ ”

although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.


  1. Hebrews 3:13 encourage
  2. Hebrews 4:2 NU, M since they were not united by faith with those who heeded it

Their Conversion

13 For this reason we also thank God (A)without ceasing, because when you (B)received the word of God which you heard from us, you welcomed it (C)not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which also effectively (D)works in you who believe.

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Israel’s Rejection and God’s Purpose(A)

(B)But it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. For (C)they are not all Israel who are of Israel, (D)nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, (E)“In Isaac your seed shall be called.”

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16 For indeed He does not [a]give aid to angels, but He does [b]give aid to the seed of Abraham.

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  1. Hebrews 2:16 Or take on the nature of
  2. Hebrews 2:16 Or take on

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