Jesus Teaches Nicodemus

Now there was a Pharisee, a man named Nicodemus(A) who was a member of the Jewish ruling council.(B) He came to Jesus at night and said, “Rabbi,(C) we know(D) that you are a teacher who has come from God. For no one could perform the signs(E) you are doing if God were not with him.”(F)

Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.[a](G)

“How can someone be born when they are old?” Nicodemus asked. “Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother’s womb to be born!”

Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit.(H) Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit[b] gives birth to spirit.(I) You should not be surprised at my saying, ‘You[c] must be born again.’ The wind blows wherever it pleases. You hear its sound, but you cannot tell where it comes from or where it is going. So it is with everyone born of the Spirit.”[d](J)

“How can this be?”(K) Nicodemus asked.

10 “You are Israel’s teacher,”(L) said Jesus, “and do you not understand these things? 11 Very truly I tell you, we speak of what we know,(M) and we testify to what we have seen, but still you people do not accept our testimony.(N) 12 I have spoken to you of earthly things and you do not believe; how then will you believe if I speak of heavenly things? 13 No one has ever gone into heaven(O) except the one who came from heaven(P)—the Son of Man.[e](Q) 14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness,(R) so the Son of Man must be lifted up,[f](S) 15 that everyone who believes(T) may have eternal life in him.”[g](U)

16 For God so loved(V) the world that he gave(W) his one and only Son,(X) that whoever believes(Y) in him shall not perish but have eternal life.(Z) 17 For God did not send his Son into the world(AA) to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.(AB) 18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned,(AC) but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son.(AD) 19 This is the verdict: Light(AE) has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil.(AF) 20 Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed.(AG) 21 But whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what they have done has been done in the sight of God.

John Testifies Again About Jesus

22 After this, Jesus and his disciples went out into the Judean countryside, where he spent some time with them, and baptized.(AH) 23 Now John(AI) also was baptizing at Aenon near Salim, because there was plenty of water, and people were coming and being baptized. 24 (This was before John was put in prison.)(AJ) 25 An argument developed between some of John’s disciples and a certain Jew over the matter of ceremonial washing.(AK) 26 They came to John and said to him, “Rabbi,(AL) that man who was with you on the other side of the Jordan—the one you testified(AM) about—look, he is baptizing, and everyone is going to him.”

27 To this John replied, “A person can receive only what is given them from heaven. 28 You yourselves can testify that I said, ‘I am not the Messiah but am sent ahead of him.’(AN) 29 The bride belongs to the bridegroom.(AO) The friend who attends the bridegroom waits and listens for him, and is full of joy when he hears the bridegroom’s voice. That joy is mine, and it is now complete.(AP) 30 He must become greater; I must become less.”[h]

31 The one who comes from above(AQ) is above all; the one who is from the earth belongs to the earth, and speaks as one from the earth.(AR) The one who comes from heaven is above all. 32 He testifies to what he has seen and heard,(AS) but no one accepts his testimony.(AT) 33 Whoever has accepted it has certified that God is truthful. 34 For the one whom God has sent(AU) speaks the words of God, for God[i] gives the Spirit(AV) without limit. 35 The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in his hands.(AW) 36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life,(AX) but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God’s wrath remains on them.

Jesus Talks With a Samaritan Woman

Now Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that he was gaining and baptizing more disciples than John(AY) although in fact it was not Jesus who baptized, but his disciples. So he left Judea(AZ) and went back once more to Galilee.

Now he had to go through Samaria.(BA) So he came to a town in Samaria called Sychar, near the plot of ground Jacob had given to his son Joseph.(BB) Jacob’s well was there, and Jesus, tired as he was from the journey, sat down by the well. It was about noon.

When a Samaritan woman came to draw water, Jesus said to her, “Will you give me a drink?”(BC) (His disciples had gone into the town(BD) to buy food.)

The Samaritan woman said to him, “You are a Jew and I am a Samaritan(BE) woman. How can you ask me for a drink?” (For Jews do not associate with Samaritans.[j])

10 Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.”(BF)

11 “Sir,” the woman said, “you have nothing to draw with and the well is deep. Where can you get this living water? 12 Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well(BG) and drank from it himself, as did also his sons and his livestock?”

13 Jesus answered, “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, 14 but whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst.(BH) Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water(BI) welling up to eternal life.”(BJ)

15 The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water so that I won’t get thirsty(BK) and have to keep coming here to draw water.”

16 He told her, “Go, call your husband and come back.”

17 “I have no husband,” she replied.

Jesus said to her, “You are right when you say you have no husband. 18 The fact is, you have had five husbands, and the man you now have is not your husband. What you have just said is quite true.”

19 “Sir,” the woman said, “I can see that you are a prophet.(BL) 20 Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain,(BM) but you Jews claim that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem.”(BN)

21 “Woman,” Jesus replied, “believe me, a time is coming(BO) when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem.(BP) 22 You Samaritans worship what you do not know;(BQ) we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews.(BR) 23 Yet a time is coming and has now come(BS) when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the Spirit(BT) and in truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. 24 God is spirit,(BU) and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.”

25 The woman said, “I know that Messiah” (called Christ)(BV) “is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us.”

26 Then Jesus declared, “I, the one speaking to you—I am he.”(BW)

The Disciples Rejoin Jesus

27 Just then his disciples returned(BX) and were surprised to find him talking with a woman. But no one asked, “What do you want?” or “Why are you talking with her?”

28 Then, leaving her water jar, the woman went back to the town and said to the people, 29 “Come, see a man who told me everything I ever did.(BY) Could this be the Messiah?”(BZ) 30 They came out of the town and made their way toward him.

31 Meanwhile his disciples urged him, “Rabbi,(CA) eat something.”

32 But he said to them, “I have food to eat(CB) that you know nothing about.”

33 Then his disciples said to each other, “Could someone have brought him food?”

34 “My food,” said Jesus, “is to do the will(CC) of him who sent me and to finish his work.(CD) 35 Don’t you have a saying, ‘It’s still four months until harvest’? I tell you, open your eyes and look at the fields! They are ripe for harvest.(CE) 36 Even now the one who reaps draws a wage and harvests(CF) a crop for eternal life,(CG) so that the sower and the reaper may be glad together. 37 Thus the saying ‘One sows and another reaps’(CH) is true. 38 I sent you to reap what you have not worked for. Others have done the hard work, and you have reaped the benefits of their labor.”

Many Samaritans Believe

39 Many of the Samaritans from that town(CI) believed in him because of the woman’s testimony, “He told me everything I ever did.”(CJ) 40 So when the Samaritans came to him, they urged him to stay with them, and he stayed two days. 41 And because of his words many more became believers.

42 They said to the woman, “We no longer believe just because of what you said; now we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this man really is the Savior of the world.”(CK)

Jesus Heals an Official’s Son

43 After the two days(CL) he left for Galilee. 44 (Now Jesus himself had pointed out that a prophet has no honor in his own country.)(CM) 45 When he arrived in Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him. They had seen all that he had done in Jerusalem at the Passover Festival,(CN) for they also had been there.

46 Once more he visited Cana in Galilee, where he had turned the water into wine.(CO) And there was a certain royal official whose son lay sick at Capernaum. 47 When this man heard that Jesus had arrived in Galilee from Judea,(CP) he went to him and begged him to come and heal his son, who was close to death.

48 “Unless you people see signs and wonders,”(CQ) Jesus told him, “you will never believe.”

49 The royal official said, “Sir, come down before my child dies.”

50 “Go,” Jesus replied, “your son will live.”

The man took Jesus at his word and departed. 51 While he was still on the way, his servants met him with the news that his boy was living. 52 When he inquired as to the time when his son got better, they said to him, “Yesterday, at one in the afternoon, the fever left him.”

53 Then the father realized that this was the exact time at which Jesus had said to him, “Your son will live.” So he and his whole household(CR) believed.

54 This was the second sign(CS) Jesus performed after coming from Judea to Galilee.

The Healing at the Pool

Some time later, Jesus went up to Jerusalem for one of the Jewish festivals. Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate(CT) a pool, which in Aramaic(CU) is called Bethesda[k] and which is surrounded by five covered colonnades. Here a great number of disabled people used to lie—the blind, the lame, the paralyzed. [4] [l] One who was there had been an invalid for thirty-eight years. When Jesus saw him lying there and learned that he had been in this condition for a long time, he asked him, “Do you want to get well?”

“Sir,” the invalid replied, “I have no one to help me into the pool when the water is stirred. While I am trying to get in, someone else goes down ahead of me.”

Then Jesus said to him, “Get up! Pick up your mat and walk.”(CV) At once the man was cured; he picked up his mat and walked.

The day on which this took place was a Sabbath,(CW) 10 and so the Jewish leaders(CX) said to the man who had been healed, “It is the Sabbath; the law forbids you to carry your mat.”(CY)

11 But he replied, “The man who made me well said to me, ‘Pick up your mat and walk.’

12 So they asked him, “Who is this fellow who told you to pick it up and walk?”

13 The man who was healed had no idea who it was, for Jesus had slipped away into the crowd that was there.

14 Later Jesus found him at the temple and said to him, “See, you are well again. Stop sinning(CZ) or something worse may happen to you.” 15 The man went away and told the Jewish leaders(DA) that it was Jesus who had made him well.

The Authority of the Son

16 So, because Jesus was doing these things on the Sabbath, the Jewish leaders began to persecute him. 17 In his defense Jesus said to them, “My Father(DB) is always at his work(DC) to this very day, and I too am working.” 18 For this reason they tried all the more to kill him;(DD) not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.(DE)

19 Jesus gave them this answer: “Very truly I tell you, the Son can do nothing by himself;(DF) he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does. 20 For the Father loves the Son(DG) and shows him all he does. Yes, and he will show him even greater works than these,(DH) so that you will be amazed. 21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life,(DI) even so the Son gives life(DJ) to whom he is pleased to give it. 22 Moreover, the Father judges no one, but has entrusted all judgment to the Son,(DK) 23 that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father, who sent him.(DL)

24 “Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me(DM) has eternal life(DN) and will not be judged(DO) but has crossed over from death to life.(DP) 25 Very truly I tell you, a time is coming and has now come(DQ) when the dead will hear(DR) the voice of the Son of God and those who hear will live. 26 For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life(DS) in himself. 27 And he has given him authority to judge(DT) because he is the Son of Man.

28 “Do not be amazed at this, for a time is coming(DU) when all who are in their graves will hear his voice 29 and come out—those who have done what is good will rise to live, and those who have done what is evil will rise to be condemned.(DV) 30 By myself I can do nothing;(DW) I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just,(DX) for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me.(DY)

Testimonies About Jesus

31 “If I testify about myself, my testimony is not true.(DZ) 32 There is another who testifies in my favor,(EA) and I know that his testimony about me is true.

33 “You have sent to John and he has testified(EB) to the truth. 34 Not that I accept human testimony;(EC) but I mention it that you may be saved.(ED) 35 John was a lamp that burned and gave light,(EE) and you chose for a time to enjoy his light.

36 “I have testimony weightier than that of John.(EF) For the works that the Father has given me to finish—the very works that I am doing(EG)—testify that the Father has sent me.(EH) 37 And the Father who sent me has himself testified concerning me.(EI) You have never heard his voice nor seen his form,(EJ) 38 nor does his word dwell in you,(EK) for you do not believe(EL) the one he sent.(EM) 39 You study[m] the Scriptures(EN) diligently because you think that in them you have eternal life.(EO) These are the very Scriptures that testify about me,(EP) 40 yet you refuse to come to me(EQ) to have life.

41 “I do not accept glory from human beings,(ER) 42 but I know you. I know that you do not have the love of God in your hearts. 43 I have come in my Father’s name, and you do not accept me; but if someone else comes in his own name, you will accept him. 44 How can you believe since you accept glory from one another but do not seek the glory that comes from the only God[n]?(ES)

45 “But do not think I will accuse you before the Father. Your accuser is Moses,(ET) on whom your hopes are set.(EU) 46 If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me.(EV) 47 But since you do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say?”(EW)

Footnotes

  1. John 3:3 The Greek for again also means from above; also in verse 7.
  2. John 3:6 Or but spirit
  3. John 3:7 The Greek is plural.
  4. John 3:8 The Greek for Spirit is the same as that for wind.
  5. John 3:13 Some manuscripts Man, who is in heaven
  6. John 3:14 The Greek for lifted up also means exalted.
  7. John 3:15 Some interpreters end the quotation with verse 21.
  8. John 3:30 Some interpreters end the quotation with verse 36.
  9. John 3:34 Greek he
  10. John 4:9 Or do not use dishes Samaritans have used
  11. John 5:2 Some manuscripts Bethzatha; other manuscripts Bethsaida
  12. John 5:4 Some manuscripts include here, wholly or in part, paralyzed—and they waited for the moving of the waters. From time to time an angel of the Lord would come down and stir up the waters. The first one into the pool after each such disturbance would be cured of whatever disease they had.
  13. John 5:39 Or 39 Study
  14. John 5:44 Some early manuscripts the Only One