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10     that at the name of Jesus
    every knee should bend,[a]
    of those in heaven and on earth and under the earth,(A)
11     and every tongue confess that
    Jesus Christ is Lord,[b]
    to the glory of God the Father.(B)

Obedience and Service in the World.[c]

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  1. 2:10–11 Every knee should bend…every tongue confess: into this language of Is 45:23 there has been inserted a reference to the three levels in the universe, according to ancient thought, heaven, earth, under the earth.
  2. 2:11 Jesus Christ is Lord: a common early Christian acclamation; cf. 1 Cor 12:3; Rom 10:9. But doxology to God the Father is not overlooked here (Phil 2:11c) in the final version of the hymn.
  3. 2:12–18 Paul goes on to draw out further ethical implications for daily life (Phil 2:14–18) from the salvation God works in Christ.