1 Kings 5-10
English Standard Version
Preparations for Building the Temple
5 [a] Now (A)Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon when he heard that they had anointed him king in place of his father, (B)for Hiram always loved David. 2 And Solomon sent word to Hiram, 3 (C)“You know that David my father could not build a house for the name of the Lord his God (D)because of the warfare with which his enemies surrounded him, until the Lord put them under the soles of his feet. 4 (E)But now the Lord my God has given me rest on every side. There is neither adversary nor misfortune. 5 And so I intend to build a house for the name of the Lord my God, (F)as the Lord said to David my father, ‘Your son, whom I will set on your throne in your place, shall build the house for my name.’ 6 Now therefore command that cedars of Lebanon be cut for me. And my servants will join your servants, and I will pay you for your servants such wages as you set, for you know that there is no one among us who knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians.”
7 As soon as Hiram heard the words of Solomon, he rejoiced greatly and said, “Blessed be the Lord this day, who has given to David a wise son to be over this great people.” 8 And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, “I have heard the message that you have sent to me. I am ready to do all you desire in the matter of cedar and cypress timber. 9 My servants shall bring it down to the sea from Lebanon, and I will make it into rafts to go by sea to the place you direct. And I will have them broken up there, and you shall receive it. And you shall meet my wishes (G)by providing food for my household.” 10 So Hiram supplied Solomon with all the timber of cedar and cypress that he desired, 11 while Solomon gave Hiram 20,000 cors[b] of wheat as food for his household, and 20,000[c] cors of beaten oil. Solomon gave this to Hiram year by year. 12 And the Lord gave Solomon wisdom, (H)as he promised him. And there was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a treaty.
13 King Solomon drafted (I)forced labor out of all Israel, and the draft numbered 30,000 men. 14 And he sent them to Lebanon, 10,000 a month in shifts. They would be a month in Lebanon and two months at home. (J)Adoniram was in charge of the draft. 15 Solomon also (K)had 70,000 burden-bearers and 80,000 stonecutters in the hill country, 16 besides Solomon's 3,300 (L)chief officers who were over the work, (M)who had charge of the people who carried on the work. 17 At the king's command (N)they quarried out great, costly stones in order to lay the foundation of the house with dressed stones. 18 So Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders and (O)the men of Gebal did the cutting and prepared the timber and the stone to build the house.
Solomon Builds the Temple
6 (P)In the four hundred and eightieth year after the people of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, (Q)he began to build the house of the Lord. 2 (R)The house that King Solomon built for the Lord was sixty cubits[d] long, twenty cubits wide, and thirty cubits high. 3 The vestibule in front of the nave of the house was twenty cubits long, equal to the width of the house, and ten cubits deep in front of the house. 4 And (S)he made for the house windows with recessed frames.[e] 5 (T)He also built a structure[f] against the wall of the house, running around the walls of the house, both the nave and (U)the inner sanctuary. And he made (V)side chambers all around. 6 The lowest story[g] was five cubits broad, the middle one was six cubits broad, and the third was seven cubits broad. For around the outside of the house he made offsets on the wall in order that the supporting beams should not be inserted into the walls of the house.
7 When the house was built, (W)it was with stone prepared at the quarry, so that neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron was heard in the house while it was being built.
8 The entrance for the lowest[h] story was on the south side of the house, and one went up by stairs to the middle story, and from the middle story to the third. 9 (X)So he built the house and finished it, and he made the ceiling of the house of beams and planks of cedar. 10 He built the structure against the whole house, five cubits high, and it was joined to the house with timbers of cedar.
11 Now the word of the Lord came to Solomon, 12 “Concerning this house that you are building, (Y)if you will walk in my statutes and obey my rules and keep all my commandments and walk in them, then I will establish my word with you, (Z)which I spoke to David your father. 13 And (AA)I will dwell among the children of Israel (AB)and will not forsake my people Israel.”
14 (AC)So Solomon built the house and finished it. 15 He lined the walls of the house on the inside with boards of cedar. From the floor of the house to the walls of the ceiling, he covered them on the inside with wood, (AD)and he covered the floor of the house with boards of cypress. 16 (AE)He built twenty cubits of the rear of the house with boards of cedar from the floor to the walls, and he built this within as an inner sanctuary, as (AF)the Most Holy Place. 17 The house, that is, the nave in front of the inner sanctuary, was forty cubits long. 18 The cedar within the house was carved in the form of (AG)gourds and open flowers. All was cedar; no stone was seen. 19 The inner sanctuary he prepared in the innermost part of the house, to set there the ark of the covenant of the Lord. 20 The inner sanctuary[i] was twenty cubits long, twenty cubits wide, and twenty cubits high, and he overlaid it with pure gold. He also overlaid[j] an altar of cedar. 21 And Solomon overlaid the inside of the house with pure gold, and he drew chains of gold across, in front of the inner sanctuary, and overlaid it with gold. 22 And he overlaid the whole house with gold, until all the house was finished. (AH)Also the whole altar that belonged to the inner sanctuary he overlaid with gold.
23 (AI)In the inner sanctuary (AJ)he made two cherubim of olivewood, each ten cubits high. 24 Five cubits was the length of one wing of the cherub, and five cubits the length of the other wing of the cherub; it was ten cubits from the tip of one wing to the tip of the other. 25 The other cherub also measured ten cubits; both cherubim had the same measure and the same form. 26 The height of one cherub was ten cubits, and so was that of the other cherub. 27 He put the cherubim in the innermost part of the house. (AK)And the wings of the cherubim were spread out so that a wing of one touched the one wall, and a wing of the other cherub touched the other wall; their other wings touched each other in the middle of the house. 28 And he overlaid the cherubim with gold.
29 Around all the walls of the house he carved engraved figures of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, in the inner and outer rooms. 30 The floor of the house he overlaid with gold in the inner and outer rooms.
31 For the entrance to the inner sanctuary he made doors of olivewood; the lintel and the doorposts were five-sided.[k] 32 He covered the two doors of olivewood with carvings of cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers. He overlaid them with gold and spread gold on the cherubim and on the palm trees.
33 So also he made for the entrance to the nave doorposts of olivewood, in the form of a square, 34 and two doors of cypress wood. (AL)The two leaves of the one door were folding, and the two leaves of the other door were folding. 35 On them he carved cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, and he overlaid them with gold evenly applied on the carved work. 36 (AM)He built the inner court with three courses of cut stone and one course of cedar beams.
37 (AN)In the fourth year the foundation of the house of the Lord was laid, in the month of Ziv. 38 And in the eleventh year, in the month of Bul, which is the eighth month, the house was finished in all its parts, and according to all its specifications. He was seven years in building it.
Solomon Builds His Palace
7 Solomon was (AO)building his own house thirteen years, and he finished his entire house.
2 He built (AP)the House of the Forest of Lebanon. Its length was a hundred cubits[l] and its breadth fifty cubits and its height thirty cubits, and it was built on four[m] rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams on the pillars. 3 And it was covered with cedar above the chambers that were on the forty-five pillars, fifteen in each row. 4 There were window frames in three rows, and window opposite window in three tiers. 5 All the doorways and windows[n] had square frames, and window was opposite window in three tiers.
8 His own house where he was to dwell, in the other court back of the hall, was of like workmanship. Solomon also made a house like this hall for Pharaoh's daughter (AT)whom he had taken in marriage.
9 All these were made of costly stones, cut according to measure, sawed with saws, back and front, even from the foundation to the coping, and from the outside to the great court. 10 The foundation was of costly stones, huge stones, stones of eight and ten cubits. 11 And above were costly stones, cut according to measurement, and cedar. 12 (AU)The great court had three courses of cut stone all around, and a course of cedar beams; so had the inner court of the house of the Lord and (AV)the vestibule of the house.
The Temple Furnishings
13 And King Solomon sent and brought (AW)Hiram from Tyre. 14 He was the son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in bronze. And (AX)he was full of wisdom, understanding, and skill for making any work in bronze. He came to King Solomon and did all his work.
15 (AY)He cast (AZ)two pillars of bronze. (BA)Eighteen cubits was the height of one pillar, and a line of twelve cubits measured its circumference. It was hollow, and its thickness was four fingers. The second pillar was the same.[p] 16 He also made two capitals of cast bronze to set on the tops of the pillars. The height of the one capital was five cubits, and (BB)the height of the other capital was five cubits. 17 There were lattices of checker work with wreaths of chain work for the capitals on the tops of the pillars, a lattice[q] for the one capital and a lattice for the other capital. 18 Likewise he made pomegranates[r] in two rows around the one latticework to cover the capital that was on the top of the pillar, and he did the same with the other capital. 19 Now the capitals that were on the tops of the pillars in the vestibule were of lily-work, four cubits. 20 The capitals were on the two pillars and also above the rounded projection which was beside the latticework. There were (BC)two hundred pomegranates in two rows all around, and so with the other capital. 21 (BD)He set up the pillars at the vestibule of the temple. He set up the pillar on the south and called its name Jachin, and he set up the pillar on the north and called its name Boaz. 22 And on the tops of the pillars was lily-work. Thus the work of the pillars was finished.
23 (BE)Then he made (BF)the sea of cast metal. It was round, ten cubits from brim to brim, and five cubits high, and a line of thirty cubits measured its circumference. 24 Under its brim were (BG)gourds, for ten cubits, compassing the sea all around. The gourds were in two rows, cast with it when it was cast. 25 It stood on (BH)twelve oxen, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east. The sea was set on them, and all their rear parts were inward. 26 Its thickness was a handbreadth,[s] and its brim was made like the brim of a cup, like the flower of a lily. It held two thousand baths.[t]
27 He also made the (BI)ten stands of bronze. Each stand was four cubits long, four cubits wide, and three cubits high. 28 This was the construction of the stands: they had panels, and the panels were set in the frames, 29 and on the panels that were set in the frames were lions, oxen, and cherubim. On the frames, both above and below the lions and oxen, there were wreaths of beveled work. 30 Moreover, each stand had four bronze wheels and axles of bronze, and at the four corners were supports for a basin. The supports were cast with wreaths at the side of each. 31 Its opening was within a crown that projected upward one cubit. Its opening was round, as a pedestal is made, a cubit and a half deep. At its opening there were carvings, and its panels were square, not round. 32 And the four wheels were underneath the panels. The axles of the wheels were of one piece with the stands, and the height of a wheel was a cubit and a half. 33 The wheels were made like a chariot wheel; their axles, their rims, their spokes, and their hubs were all cast. 34 There were four supports at the four corners of each stand. The supports were of one piece with the stands. 35 And on the top of the stand there was a round band half a cubit high; and on the top of the stand its stays and its panels were of one piece with it. 36 And on the surfaces of its stays and on its panels, he carved cherubim, lions, and palm trees, according to the space of each, with wreaths all around. 37 After this manner he made (BJ)the ten stands. All of them were cast alike, of the same measure and the same form.
38 And he made (BK)ten basins of bronze. Each basin held forty baths, each basin measured four cubits, and there was a basin for each of the ten stands. 39 And he set the stands, five on the south side of the house, and five on the north side of the house. And he set the sea at the southeast corner of the house.
40 (BL)Hiram also made (BM)the pots, the shovels, and the basins. So Hiram finished all the work that he did for King Solomon on the house of the Lord: 41 the two pillars, the two bowls of the capitals that were on the tops of the pillars, and the two (BN)latticeworks to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the tops of the pillars; 42 and the (BO)four hundred pomegranates for the two latticeworks, two rows of pomegranates for each latticework, to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the pillars; 43 the ten stands, and the ten basins on the stands; 44 and (BP)the one sea, and the twelve oxen underneath the sea.
45 Now (BQ)the pots, the shovels, and the basins, all these vessels in the house of the Lord, which Hiram made for King Solomon, were of burnished bronze. 46 In the plain of the Jordan the king cast them, in the clay ground between (BR)Succoth and (BS)Zarethan. 47 And Solomon left all the vessels unweighed, because there were so many of them; (BT)the weight of the bronze was not ascertained.
48 So Solomon made all the vessels that were in the house of the Lord: (BU)the golden altar, (BV)the golden table for (BW)the bread of the Presence, 49 (BX)the lampstands of pure gold, five on the south side and five on the north, before the inner sanctuary; (BY)the flowers, the lamps, and the tongs, of gold; 50 the cups, snuffers, basins, dishes for incense, and (BZ)fire pans, of pure gold; and the sockets of gold, for the doors of the innermost part of the house, (CA)the Most Holy Place, and for the doors of the nave of the temple.
51 Thus all the work that King Solomon did on the house of the Lord was finished. And Solomon brought in (CB)the things that David his father had dedicated, the silver, the gold, and the vessels, and stored them in the treasuries of the house of the Lord.
The Ark Brought into the Temple
8 (CC)Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes, (CD)the leaders of the fathers' houses of the people of Israel, before King Solomon in Jerusalem, (CE)to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord out of (CF)the city of David, which is Zion. 2 And all the men of Israel assembled to King Solomon at (CG)the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month. 3 And all the elders of Israel came, and (CH)the priests took up the ark. 4 And they brought up the ark of the Lord, (CI)the tent of meeting, and all the holy vessels that were in the tent; the priests and the Levites brought them up. 5 And King Solomon and all the congregation of Israel, who had assembled before him, were with him before the ark, (CJ)sacrificing so many sheep and oxen that they could not be counted or numbered. 6 (CK)Then the priests brought the ark of the covenant of the Lord (CL)to its place in (CM)the inner sanctuary of the house, in the Most Holy Place, underneath the wings of the cherubim. 7 For the cherubim spread out their wings over the place of the ark, so that the cherubim overshadowed the ark and its poles. 8 (CN)And the poles were so long that the ends of the poles were seen from the Holy Place before (CO)the inner sanctuary; but they could not be seen from outside. And they are there to this day. 9 There was nothing in the ark except (CP)the two tablets of stone that Moses put there at Horeb, where (CQ)the Lord made a covenant with the people of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt. 10 And when the priests came out of the Holy Place, (CR)a cloud filled the house of the Lord, 11 so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord.
Solomon Blesses the Lord
12 (CS)Then Solomon said, “The Lord[u] has said that he would dwell (CT)in thick darkness. 13 (CU)I have indeed built you an exalted house, (CV)a place for you to dwell in forever.” 14 Then the king turned around and (CW)blessed all the assembly of Israel, while all the assembly of Israel stood. 15 And he said, (CX)“Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who with his hand has fulfilled (CY)what he promised with his mouth to David my father, saying, 16 (CZ)‘Since the day that I brought my people Israel out of Egypt, I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel in which to build a house, (DA)that my name might be there. (DB)But I chose David to be over my people Israel.’ 17 (DC)Now it was in the heart of David my father to build a house for the name of the Lord, the God of Israel. 18 But the Lord said to David my father, ‘Whereas it was in your heart to build a house for my name, you did well that it was in your heart. 19 (DD)Nevertheless, you shall not build the house, but your son who shall be born to you shall build the house for my name.’ 20 Now the Lord has fulfilled his promise that he made. For I have risen in the place of David my father, and sit on the throne of Israel, (DE)as the Lord promised, and I have built the house for the name of the Lord, the God of Israel. 21 And there I have provided a place for the ark, (DF)in which is the covenant of the Lord that he made with our fathers, when he brought them out of the land of Egypt.”
Solomon's Prayer of Dedication
22 Then Solomon (DG)stood before the altar of the Lord in the presence of all the assembly of Israel and (DH)spread out his hands toward heaven, 23 and said, “O Lord, God of Israel, (DI)there is no God like you, in heaven above or on earth beneath, (DJ)keeping covenant and showing steadfast love to your servants who walk before you with all their heart; 24 you have kept with your servant David my father what you declared to him. (DK)You spoke with your mouth, and with your hand have fulfilled it this day. 25 Now therefore, O Lord, God of Israel, keep for your servant David my father what you have promised him, saying, (DL)‘You shall not lack a man to sit before me on the throne of Israel, if only your sons pay close attention to their way, to walk before me as you have walked before me.’ 26 (DM)Now therefore, O God of Israel, let your word be confirmed, which you have spoken to your servant David my father.
27 “But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, (DN)heaven and the highest heaven cannot contain you; how much less this house that I have built! 28 Yet have regard to the prayer of your servant and to his plea, O Lord my God, listening to the cry and to the prayer that your servant prays before you this day, 29 (DO)that your eyes may be open night and day toward this house, the place of which you have said, (DP)‘My name shall be there,’ that you may listen to the prayer that your servant offers toward this place. 30 And listen to the plea of your servant and of your people Israel, when they pray toward this place. And listen in heaven your dwelling place, and when you hear, forgive.
31 “If a man sins against his neighbor and is made to take (DQ)an oath and comes and swears his oath before your altar in this house, 32 then hear in heaven and act and judge your servants, (DR)condemning the guilty by bringing his conduct on his own head, and vindicating the righteous by rewarding him according to his righteousness.
33 (DS)“When your people Israel are defeated before the enemy because they have sinned against you, and (DT)if they turn again to you and acknowledge your name and pray and plead with you in this house, 34 then hear in heaven and forgive the sin of your people Israel and bring them again to the land that you gave to their fathers.
35 (DU)“When heaven is shut up and there is no rain because they have sinned against you, if they pray toward this place and acknowledge your name and turn from their sin, when you afflict them, 36 then hear in heaven and forgive the sin of your servants, your people Israel, when (DV)you teach them (DW)the good way in which they should walk, and grant rain upon your land, which you have given to your people as an inheritance.
37 (DX)“If there is famine in the land, if there is pestilence or blight or mildew or locust or caterpillar, if their enemy besieges them in the land at their gates,[v] whatever plague, whatever sickness there is, 38 whatever prayer, whatever plea is made by any man or by all your people Israel, each knowing the affliction of his own heart and stretching out his hands toward this house, 39 then hear in heaven your dwelling place and forgive and act and render to each whose heart you know, according to all his ways ((DY)for you, you only, know the hearts of all the children of mankind), 40 that they may fear you (DZ)all the days that they live in the land that you gave to our fathers.
41 “Likewise, when a foreigner, who is not of your people Israel, comes from a far country for your name's sake 42 (for they shall hear of your great name (EA)and your mighty hand, and of your outstretched arm), when he comes and prays toward this house, 43 hear in heaven your dwelling place and do according to all for which the foreigner calls to you, in order (EB)that all the peoples of the earth may know your name and (EC)fear you, as do your people Israel, and that they may know that this house that I have built is called by your name.
44 “If your people go out to battle against their enemy, by whatever way you shall send them, and they pray to the Lord (ED)toward the city that you have chosen and the house that I have built for your name, 45 then hear in heaven their prayer and their plea, and maintain their cause.
46 “If they sin against you—(EE)for there is no one who does not sin—and you are angry with them and give them to an enemy, so that they are carried away captive (EF)to the land of the enemy, far off or near, 47 yet (EG)if they turn their heart in the land to which they have been carried captive, and repent and plead with you in the land of their captors, saying, (EH)‘We have sinned and have acted perversely and wickedly,’ 48 (EI)if they repent with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their enemies, who carried them captive, and pray to you (EJ)toward their land, which you gave to their fathers, the city that you have chosen, and the house that I have built for your name, 49 then hear in heaven your dwelling place their prayer and their plea, and maintain their cause 50 and forgive your people who have sinned against you, and all their transgressions that they have committed against you, and (EK)grant them compassion in the sight of those who carried them captive, that they may have compassion on them 51 ((EL)for they are your people, and your heritage, which you brought out of Egypt, (EM)from the midst of the iron furnace). 52 (EN)Let your eyes be open to the plea of your servant and to the plea of your people Israel, giving ear to them whenever they call to you. 53 For you separated them from among all the peoples of the earth to be your heritage, (EO)as you declared through Moses your servant, when you brought our fathers out of Egypt, O Lord God.”
54 (EP)Now as Solomon finished offering all this prayer and plea to the Lord, he arose from before the altar of the Lord, where he had (EQ)knelt with hands outstretched toward heaven. 55 And he stood and (ER)blessed all the assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying, 56 “Blessed be the Lord who has given rest to his people Israel, according to all that he promised. (ES)Not one word has failed of all his good promise, which he spoke by Moses his servant. 57 The Lord our God be with us, as he was with our fathers. (ET)May he not leave us or forsake us, 58 that he may (EU)incline our hearts to him, to walk in all his ways and to keep his commandments, his statutes, and his rules, which he commanded our fathers. 59 Let these words of mine, with which I have pleaded before the Lord, be near to the Lord our God day and night, and may he maintain the cause of his servant and the cause of his people Israel, as each day requires, 60 that (EV)all the peoples of the earth may know that (EW)the Lord is God; there is no other. 61 (EX)Let your heart therefore be wholly true to the Lord our God, walking in his statutes and keeping his commandments, as at this day.”
62 (EY)Then (EZ)the king, and all Israel with him, offered sacrifice before the Lord. 63 Solomon offered as peace offerings to the Lord 22,000 oxen and 120,000 sheep. So the king and all the people of Israel dedicated the house of the Lord. 64 The same day the king consecrated the middle of the court that was before the house of the Lord, for there he offered the burnt offering and the grain offering and the fat pieces of the peace offerings, because (FA)the bronze altar that was before the Lord was too small to receive the burnt offering and the grain offering and the fat pieces of the peace offerings.
65 So Solomon held (FB)the feast at that time, and all Israel with him, a great assembly, from (FC)Lebo-hamath to (FD)the Brook of Egypt, before the Lord our God, seven days.[w] 66 On the eighth day he sent the people away, and they blessed the king and went to their homes joyful and glad of heart for all the goodness that the Lord had shown to David his servant and to Israel his people.
The Lord Appears to Solomon
9 (FE)As soon as Solomon had finished building the house of the Lord (FF)and the king's house and (FG)all that Solomon desired to build, 2 (FH)the Lord appeared to Solomon a second time, as he had appeared to him at Gibeon. 3 And the Lord said to him, “I have heard your prayer and your plea, which you have made before me. I have consecrated this house that you have built, (FI)by putting my name there forever. (FJ)My eyes and my heart will be there for all time. 4 And as for you, if you will (FK)walk before me, (FL)as David your father walked, with integrity of heart and uprightness, doing according to all that I have commanded you, and keeping my statutes and my rules, 5 (FM)then I will establish your royal throne over Israel forever, as I promised David your father, saying, ‘You shall not lack a man on the throne of Israel.’ 6 (FN)But if you turn aside from following me, you or your children, and do not keep my commandments and my statutes that I have set before you, but go and serve other gods and worship them, 7 (FO)then I will cut off Israel from the land that I have given them, (FP)and the house that I have consecrated for my name I will cast out of my sight, (FQ)and Israel will become a proverb and a byword among all peoples. 8 And this house will become a heap of ruins.[x] Everyone passing by it will be astonished and will hiss, and they will say, (FR)‘Why has the Lord done thus to this land and to this house?’ 9 Then they will say, ‘Because (FS)they abandoned the Lord their God who brought their fathers out of the land of Egypt and laid hold on other gods and worshiped them and served them. Therefore the Lord has brought all this disaster on them.’”
Solomon's Other Acts
10 (FT)At the end of (FU)twenty years, in which Solomon had built the two houses, the house of the Lord and the king's house, 11 and Hiram king of Tyre had supplied Solomon with cedar and cypress timber and gold, as much as he desired, King Solomon gave to Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee. 12 But when Hiram came from Tyre to see the cities that Solomon had given him, they did not please him. 13 Therefore he said, “What kind of cities are these that you have given me, my brother?” So they are called the land of (FV)Cabul to this day. 14 Hiram had sent to the king 120 talents[y] of gold.
15 And this is the account of (FW)the forced labor that King Solomon drafted to build the house of the Lord and his own house and (FX)the Millo and the wall of Jerusalem and (FY)Hazor and (FZ)Megiddo and Gezer 16 (Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up and captured Gezer and burned it with fire, and had killed (GA)the Canaanites who lived in the city, and had given it as dowry to (GB)his daughter, Solomon's wife; 17 so Solomon rebuilt Gezer) and (GC)Lower Beth-horon 18 and Baalath and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land of Judah,[z] 19 and all the store cities that Solomon had, and (GD)the cities for his chariots, and the cities for (GE)his horsemen, and whatever Solomon (GF)desired to build in Jerusalem, in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion. 20 All the people who were left of the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, who were not of the people of Israel— 21 (GG)their descendants who were left after them in the land, (GH)whom the people of Israel were unable to devote to destruction[aa]—(GI)these Solomon drafted to be (GJ)slaves, and so they are to this day. 22 But (GK)of the people of Israel Solomon made no slaves. They were the soldiers, they were his officials, his commanders, his captains, his chariot commanders and his horsemen.
25 Three times a year Solomon used to offer up burnt offerings and peace offerings on the altar that he built to the Lord, making offerings with it[ab] before the Lord. So he finished the house.
26 King Solomon built a fleet of ships at (GR)Ezion-geber, which is near Eloth on the shore of the Red Sea, in the land of Edom. 27 And Hiram sent (GS)with the fleet his servants, seamen who were familiar with the sea, together with the servants of Solomon. 28 And they went to (GT)Ophir and brought from there gold, 420 talents, and they brought it to King Solomon.
The Queen of Sheba
10 (GU)Now when (GV)the queen of (GW)Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the Lord, she came (GX)to test him with hard questions. 2 She came to Jerusalem with a very great retinue, with camels (GY)bearing spices and very much gold and precious stones. And when she came to Solomon, she told him all that was on her mind. 3 And Solomon answered all her questions; there was nothing hidden from the king that he could not explain to her. 4 And when the queen of Sheba had seen all the wisdom of Solomon, the house that he had built, 5 the food of his table, the seating of his officials, and the attendance of his servants, their clothing, his cupbearers, and his burnt offerings that he offered at the house of the Lord, there was no more breath in her.
6 And she said to the king, “The report was true that I heard in my own land of your words and of your wisdom, 7 but I did not believe the reports until I came and my own eyes had seen it. And behold, the half was not told me. Your wisdom and prosperity surpass the report that I heard. 8 (GZ)Happy are your men! Happy are your servants, who continually stand before you and hear your wisdom! 9 (HA)Blessed be the Lord your God, who has delighted in you and set you on the throne of Israel! (HB)Because the Lord loved Israel forever, he has made you king, (HC)that you may execute justice and righteousness.” 10 (HD)Then she gave the king 120 talents[ac] of gold, and a very great quantity of spices and precious stones. Never again came such an abundance of spices as these that the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.
11 Moreover, (HE)the fleet of Hiram, which brought (HF)gold from Ophir, brought from Ophir a very great amount of almug wood and precious stones. 12 And the king made of the almug wood supports for the house of the Lord and for the king's house, also lyres and harps for the singers. No such almug wood has come or been seen to this day.
13 And King Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all that she desired, whatever she asked besides what was given her by the bounty of King Solomon. So she turned and went back to her own land with her servants.
Solomon's Great Wealth
14 (HG)Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was 666 talents of gold, 15 besides that which came from the explorers and from the business of the merchants, and from all the kings of the west and from the governors of the land. 16 King Solomon made 200 large shields of beaten gold; 600 shekels[ad] of gold went into each shield. 17 And he made 300 (HH)shields of beaten gold; three minas[ae] of gold went into each shield. And the king put them in (HI)the House of the Forest of Lebanon. 18 The king also made a great ivory throne and overlaid it with the finest gold. 19 The throne had six steps, and the throne had a round top,[af] and on each side of the seat were armrests and two lions standing beside the armrests, 20 while twelve lions stood there, one on each end of a step on the six steps. The like of it was never made in any kingdom. 21 All King Solomon's drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of (HJ)the House of the Forest of Lebanon were of pure gold. None were of silver; silver was not considered as anything in the days of Solomon. 22 For the king had (HK)a fleet of ships of Tarshish at sea with the fleet of Hiram. Once every three years the fleet of ships of Tarshish used to come bringing gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks.[ag]
23 (HL)Thus King Solomon excelled all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom. 24 And the whole earth sought the presence of Solomon to hear his wisdom, which God had put into his mind. 25 Every one of them brought his present, articles of silver and gold, garments, myrrh,[ah] spices, horses, and mules, so much year by year.
26 (HM)And Solomon gathered together (HN)chariots and horsemen. He had 1,400 chariots and 12,000 horsemen, whom he stationed in the (HO)chariot cities and with the king in Jerusalem. 27 And the king made silver as common in Jerusalem as stone, and he made cedar as plentiful as (HP)the sycamore of the Shephelah. 28 And Solomon's (HQ)import of horses was from Egypt and Kue, and the king's traders received them from Kue at a price. 29 A chariot could be imported from Egypt for 600 shekels of silver and a horse for 150, and so through the king's traders they were exported to all the kings of (HR)the Hittites and the kings of Syria.
- 1 Kings 5:1 Ch 5:15 in Hebrew
- 1 Kings 5:11 A cor was about 6 bushels or 220 liters
- 1 Kings 5:11 Septuagint; Hebrew twenty
- 1 Kings 6:2 A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters
- 1 Kings 6:4 Or blocked lattice windows
- 1 Kings 6:5 Or platform; also verse 10
- 1 Kings 6:6 Septuagint; Hebrew structure, or platform
- 1 Kings 6:8 Septuagint, Targum; Hebrew middle
- 1 Kings 6:20 Vulgate; Hebrew And before the inner sanctuary
- 1 Kings 6:20 Septuagint made
- 1 Kings 6:31 The meaning of the Hebrew phrase is uncertain
- 1 Kings 7:2 A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters
- 1 Kings 7:2 Septuagint three
- 1 Kings 7:5 Septuagint; Hebrew posts
- 1 Kings 7:7 Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew floor
- 1 Kings 7:15 Targum, Syriac (compare Septuagint and Jeremiah 52:21); Hebrew and a line of twelve cubits measured the circumference of the second pillar
- 1 Kings 7:17 Septuagint; Hebrew seven; twice in this verse
- 1 Kings 7:18 Two manuscripts (compare Septuagint); Hebrew pillars
- 1 Kings 7:26 A handbreadth was about 3 inches or 7.5 centimeters
- 1 Kings 7:26 A bath was about 6 gallons or 22 liters
- 1 Kings 8:12 Septuagint The Lord has set the sun in the heavens, but
- 1 Kings 8:37 Septuagint, Syriac in any of their cities
- 1 Kings 8:65 Septuagint; Hebrew seven days and seven days, fourteen days
- 1 Kings 9:8 Syriac, Old Latin; Hebrew will become high
- 1 Kings 9:14 A talent was about 75 pounds or 34 kilograms
- 1 Kings 9:18 Hebrew lacks of Judah
- 1 Kings 9:21 That is, set apart (devote) as an offering to the Lord (for destruction)
- 1 Kings 9:25 Septuagint lacks with it
- 1 Kings 10:10 A talent was about 75 pounds or 34 kilograms
- 1 Kings 10:16 A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams
- 1 Kings 10:17 A mina was about 1 1/4 pounds or 0.6 kilogram
- 1 Kings 10:19 Or and at the back of the throne was a calf's head
- 1 Kings 10:22 Or baboons
- 1 Kings 10:25 Or armor