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The Descendants of Adam

1-4 Adam was the father of Seth, and his descendants were Enosh, Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, and Noah, who had three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Japheth was the father of Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras, and they were the ancestors of the kingdoms named after them. Gomer was the ancestor of Ashkenaz, Riphath,[a] and Togarmah. Javan was the ancestor of Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.[b]

Ham was the father of Ethiopia,[c] Egypt, Put, and Canaan, and they were the ancestors of the kingdoms named after them. Ethiopia was the ancestor of Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raamah, and Sabteca. Raamah was the ancestor of Sheba and Dedan. 10 Ethiopia was also the father of Nimrod, the world’s first mighty warrior. 11 Egypt was the ancestor of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, 12 Pathrusim, Casluhim, and Caphtorim, the ancestor of the Philistines.[d] 13 Canaan’s oldest son was Sidon; his other son was Heth. 14-16 Canaan was also the ancestor of the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, the Hivites, and Arkites, the Sinites, the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites.

17 Shem was the ancestor of Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, Aram, Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech;[e] they were the ancestors of the kingdoms named after them. 18 Arpachshad was Shelah’s father and Eber’s grandfather. 19 Eber named his first son Peleg,[f] because in his time the earth was divided into tribal regions. Eber’s second son was Joktan, 20-23 the ancestor of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Ebal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab.

24-27 Shem’s descendants included Arpachshad, Shelah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah, and Abram, later renamed Abraham.

Abraham’s Family

28 Abraham was the father of Isaac and Ishmael.

29-31 Ishmael had twelve sons, who were born in the following order: Nebaioth, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah.

32 Abraham and his slave woman Keturah had six sons: Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan. 33 Midian was the father of Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah.

Esau’s Family

34 Abraham’s son Isaac was the father of Esau and Jacob.[g] 35 Esau was the father of Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. 36 Eliphaz was the father of Teman, Omar, Zephi, Gatam, Kenaz, Timna, and Amalek. 37 Reuel was the father of Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.

The First Edomites and Their Kings

38 Seir was the father of Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. 39 Lotan was the father of Hori and Homam; Lotan’s sister was Timna. 40 Shobal was the father of Alvan,[h] Manahath, Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. Zibeon was the father of Aiah and Anah.

41 Anah was the father of Dishon and the grandfather of Hemdan,[i] Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. 42 Ezer was the father of Bilhan, Zaavan, and Jaakan.[j] Dishan[k] was the father of Uz and Aran.

43 Before kings ruled in Israel, Bela son of Beor ruled the country of Edom from its capital of Dinhabah. 44 After Bela’s death, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah became king. 45 After Jobab’s death, Husham from the land of Teman became king. 46 After Husham’s death, Hadad son of Bedad became king and ruled from Avith. Earlier, Bedad had defeated the Midianites in the territory of Moab. 47 After Hadad’s death, Samlah from Masrekah became king; 48 after Samlah’s death, Shaul from the town of Rehoboth on the Euphrates River became king; 49 and after Shaul’s death, Baal Hanan son of Achbor became king. 50 After Baal Hanan’s death, Hadad ruled from Pai. His wife was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred and granddaughter of Mezahab.

51 The Edomite clans[l] were Timna, Alvah,[m] Jetheth, 52 Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, 53 Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, 54 Magdiel, and Iram.

The Descendants of Judah

1-2 Jacob[n] was the father of twelve sons: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.

Judah and his Canaanite wife Bathshua had three sons: Er, Onan, and Shelah. But the Lord had Er put to death, because he disobeyed and did what the Lord hated. Judah and his daughter-in-law Tamar also had two sons: Perez and Zerah.

Perez was the father of Hezron and Hamul. Zerah was the father of Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Darda.[o] Achan,[p] who was a descendant of Zerah and the son of Carmi, caused trouble for Israel, because he kept for himself things that belonged only to the Lord.[q] Ethan’s son was Azariah.

The Ancestors of King David

Hezron was the father of Jerahmeel, Ram, and Caleb.[r] 10 Ram was the father of Amminadab and the grandfather of Nahshon, a tribal leader of Judah. 11 Nahshon’s descendants included Salma, Boaz, 12 Obed, and Jesse. 13-15 Jesse had seven sons, who were born in the following order: Eliab, Abinadab, Shimea, Nethanel, Raddai, Ozem, and David. 16 Jesse also had two daughters: Zeruiah and Abigail. Zeruiah was the mother of Abishai, Joab, and Asahel. 17 Abigail’s husband was Jether, who was a descendant of Ishmael, and their son was Amasa.

The Descendants of Hezron

18 Hezron’s son Caleb married Azubah, and their daughter was Jerioth,[s] the mother of Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. 19 After the death of Azubah, Caleb married Ephrath. Their son Hur 20 was the father of Uri and the grandfather of Bezalel.

21 When Hezron was sixty years old, he married the daughter of Machir, who settled the region of Gilead. Their son Segub 22 was the father of Jair, who ruled twenty-three villages in the region of Gilead. 23 Some time later the nations of Geshur and Aram captured sixty towns in that region, including the villages that belonged to Jair, as well as the town of Kenath and the nearby villages. Everyone from the region of Gilead was a descendant of Machir.

24 After the death of Hezron, Caleb married Ephrath, his father’s wife. Their son was Ashhur,[t] who later settled the town of Tekoa.

The Descendants of Jerahmeel

25 Jerahmeel, Hezron’s oldest son, was the father of Ram, Bunah, Oren, Ozem, and Ahijah. 26 Jerahmeel had a second wife, Atarah, who gave birth to Onam. 27 Ram was the father of Maaz, Jamin, and Eker. 28 Onam was the father of Shammai and Jada.

Shammai was the father of Nadab and Abishur. 29 Abishur married Abihail, and their two sons were Ahban and Molid. 30 Nadab was the father of Seled and Appaim. Seled had no children; 31 Appaim’s son was Ishi, the father of Sheshan and the grandfather of Ahlai.

32 Jada was the father of Jether and Jonathan. Jether had no children, 33 but Jonathan had two sons: Peleth and Zaza.

34-35 Sheshan had no sons, and so he let one of his daughters marry Jarha, his Egyptian slave. Their son was Attai, 36 the father of Nathan and the grandfather of Zabad. 37-41 Zabad’s descendants included Ephlal, Obed, Jehu, Azariah, Helez, Eleasah, Sismai, Shallum, Jekamiah, and Elishama.

The Descendants of Caleb

42 Caleb, Jerahmeel’s brother, had the following descendants: Mesha,[u] Ziph, Mareshah,[v] Hebron, 43 and Hebron’s four sons, Korah, Tappuah, Rekem, and Shema. 44 Shema was the father of Raham and the grandfather of Jorkeam. Rekem was the father of Shammai, 45 the grandfather of Maon, and the great-grandfather of Bethzur.

46 Ephah was one of Caleb’s wives,[w] and their sons were Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran named his son after his brother Gazez. 47 Ephah was the daughter of Jahdai, who was also the father of Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, and Shaaph.[x]

48 Maacah was another of Caleb’s wives,[y] and their sons were Sheber and Tirhanah. 49 Later, they had two more sons: Shaaph the father of Madmannah, and Sheva the father of Machbenah and Gibea. Caleb’s daughter was Achsah. 50-51 All of these were Caleb’s descendants.

Hur, the oldest son of Caleb and Ephrath, had three sons: Shobal, Salma, and Hareph, who settled the town of Beth-Gader. 52 Shobal, who settled the town of Kiriath-Jearim, was the ancestor of Haroeh, half of the Menuhoth clan, 53 and the clans that lived near Kiriath-Jearim; they were the Ithrites, the Puthites, the Shumathites, and the Mishraites. The Zorathites and the Eshtaolites were descendants of the Mishraites.

54 Salma settled the town of Bethlehem and was the ancestor of the Netophathites, the people of Atroth-Bethjoab, half of the Manahathite clan, and the Zorites. 55 Salma was also the ancestor of the clans in Jabez that kept the court and government records; they were the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and the Sucathites. These clans were the descendants of Hammath the Kenite, who was also the ancestor of the Rechabites.

Footnotes

  1. 1.6 Riphath: Most Hebrew manuscripts and two ancient translations (see also Genesis 10.2-5); some Hebrew manuscripts “Diphath.” In Hebrew the letters “d” and “r” look almost exactly the same.
  2. 1.7 Dodanim: Most Hebrew manuscripts and one ancient translation (see also Genesis 10.2-5); some Hebrew manuscripts “Rodanim.” In Hebrew the letters “d” and “r” look almost exactly the same.
  3. 1.8 Ethiopia: The Hebrew text has “Cush,” which was a region south of Egypt that included parts of the present countries of Ethiopia and Sudan.
  4. 1.12 Casluhim, and Caphtorim, the ancestor of the Philistines: The Hebrew text has “Casluhim, the ancestor of the Philistines, and Caphtorim”; but see Jeremiah 47.4 and Amos 9.7.
  5. 1.17 Meshech: Most Hebrew manuscripts; a few Hebrew manuscripts and some manuscripts of one ancient translation “Mash” (see also Genesis 10.21-31).
  6. 1.19 Peleg: In Hebrew “Peleg” means “divided.”
  7. 1.34 Jacob: The Hebrew text has “Israel,” which was Jacob’s name after God renamed him.
  8. 1.40 Alvan: Or “Alian.”
  9. 1.41 Hemdan: Most Hebrew manuscripts and some manuscripts of one ancient translation (see also Genesis 36.26); other Hebrew manuscripts “Hamran.”
  10. 1.42 Jaakan: Or “Akan” (see Genesis 36.27).
  11. 1.42 Dishan: The Hebrew text has “Dishon,” another spelling of the name (see Genesis 36.28).
  12. 1.51 The Edomite clans: Or “The leaders of the Edomite clans.”
  13. 1.51 Alvah: Or “Aliah.”
  14. 2.1,2 Jacob: See the note at 1.34.
  15. 2.6 Darda: Most Hebrew manuscripts and two ancient translations (see also 1 Kings 4.30,31); some Hebrew manuscripts “Dara.”
  16. 2.7 Achan: The Hebrew text has “Achar,” which means “trouble.”
  17. 2.7 Achan. . . the Lord: See Joshua 7.1-26.
  18. 2.9 Caleb: The Hebrew text has “Chelubai,” another form of the name.
  19. 2.18 married Azubah. . . Jerioth: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.
  20. 2.24 After the death of Hezron. . . Ashhur: Two ancient translations; Hebrew “After Hezron died in Caleb-Ephrathah, Abijah his wife gave birth to Ashhur.”
  21. 2.42 Mesha: Hebrew; one ancient translation “Mareshah.”
  22. 2.42 following descendants. . . Mareshah: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.
  23. 2.46 wives: This translates a Hebrew word for women who were legally bound to a man, but without the full privileges of a wife.
  24. 2.47 Shaaph: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text of verse 47.
  25. 2.48 wives: See the note at 2.46.

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