To the Chief Musician; on stringed instruments, set [possibly] an octave below. A Psalm of David.
6 O Lord, do not rebuke or punish me in Your anger, Nor discipline me in Your wrath. 2 Have mercy on me and be gracious to me, O Lord, for I am weak (faint, frail); Heal me, O Lord, for my bones are dismayed and anguished. 3 My soul [as well as my body] is greatly dismayed. But as for You, O Lord—how long [until You act on my behalf]?
4 Return, O Lord, rescue my soul; Save me because of Your [unfailing] steadfast love and mercy. 5 For in death there is no mention of You; In Sheol (the nether world, the place of the dead) who will praise You and give You thanks?
6 I am weary with my groaning; Every night I soak my bed with tears, I drench my couch with my weeping. 7 My eye grows dim with grief; It grows old because of all my enemies.
8 Depart from me, all you who do evil, For the Lord has heard the voice of my weeping. 9 The Lord has heard my supplication [my plea for grace]; The Lord receives my prayer. 10 Let all my enemies be ashamed and greatly horrified; Let them turn back, let them suddenly be ashamed [of what they have done].
To the Chief Musician; set to [a]a Philistine lute [or perhaps to a particular Hittite tune]. A Psalm of David.
8 O Lord, our Lord, How majestic and glorious and excellent is Your name in all the earth! You have displayed Your splendor above the heavens. 2 Out of the mouths of infants and nursing babes You have established strength Because of Your adversaries, That You might silence the enemy and make the revengeful cease.
3 When I see and consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, The moon and the stars, which You have established, 4 What is man that You are mindful of him, And the son of [earthborn] man that You care for him? 5 Yet You have made him a little lower than [b]God, And You have crowned him with glory and honor. 6 You made him to have dominion over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under his feet, 7 All sheep and oxen, And also the beasts of the field, 8 The birds of the air, and the fish of the sea, Whatever passes through the paths of the seas.
9 O Lord, our Lord, How majestic and glorious and excellent is Your name in all the earth!
A Psalm of Thanksgiving for God’s Justice.
To the Chief Musician; on [c]Muth-labben. A Psalm of David.
9 I will give thanks and praise the Lord, with all my heart; I will tell aloud all Your wonders and marvelous deeds. 2 I will rejoice and exult in you; I will sing praise to Your name, O Most High.
3 When my enemies turn back, They stumble and perish before You. 4 For You have maintained my right and my cause; You have sat on the throne judging righteously. 5 You have rebuked the nations, You have destroyed the wicked and unrepentant; You have wiped out their name forever and ever. 6 The enemy has been cut off and has vanished in everlasting ruins, You have uprooted their cities; The very memory of them has perished.
7 But the Lord will remain and sit enthroned forever; He has prepared and established His throne for judgment. 8 And He will judge the world in righteousness; He will execute judgment for the nations with fairness (equity). 9 The Lord also will be a refuge and a stronghold for the oppressed, A refuge in times of trouble; 10 And those who know Your name [who have experienced Your precious mercy] will put their confident trust in You, For You, O Lord, have not abandoned those who seek You.
11 Sing praises to the Lord, who dwells in Zion; Declare among the peoples His [great and wondrous] deeds. 12 For He who avenges blood [unjustly shed] remembers them (His people); He does not forget the cry of the afflicted and abused. 13 Have mercy on me and be gracious to me, O Lord; See how I am afflicted by those who hate me, You who lift me up from the gates of death, 14 That I may tell aloud all Your praises, That in the gates of the daughter of Zion (Jerusalem) I may rejoice in Your salvation and Your help. 15 The nations have sunk down in the pit which they have made; In the net which they hid, their own foot has been caught. 16 The Lord has made Himself known; He executes judgment; The wicked are trapped by the work of their own hands. Higgaion (meditation) Selah.
17 The wicked will turn to Sheol (the nether world, the place of the dead), Even all the nations who forget God. 18 For the poor will not always be forgotten, Nor the hope of the burdened perish forever. 19 Arise, O Lord, do not let man prevail; Let the nations be judged before You. 20 Put them in [reverent] [d]fear of You, O Lord, So that the nations may know they are but [frail and mortal] men. Selah.
A Prayer for the Overthrow of the Wicked.
10 Why do You stand far away, O Lord? Why do You hide [Yourself, veiling Your eyes] in times of trouble? 2 In pride and arrogance the wicked hotly pursue and persecute the afflicted; Let them be caught in the plots which they have devised.
3 For the wicked boasts and sings the praises of his heart’s desire, And the greedy man curses and spurns [and even despises] the Lord. 4 The wicked, in the haughtiness of his face, will not seek nor inquire for Him; All his thoughts are, “There is no God [so there is no accountability or punishment].”
5 His ways prosper at all times; Your judgments [Lord] are on high, out of his sight [so he never thinks about them]; As for all his enemies, he sneers at them. 6 He says to himself, “I will not be moved; For throughout all generations I will not be in adversity [for nothing bad will happen to me].” 7 His mouth is full of curses and deceit (fraud) and oppression; Under his tongue is mischief and wickedness [injustice and sin]. 8 He lurks in ambush in the villages; In hiding places he kills the innocent; He lies in wait for the unfortunate [the unhappy, the poor, the helpless]. 9 He lurks in a hiding place like a lion in his lair; He lies in wait to catch the afflicted; He catches the afflicted when he draws him into his net. 10 He crushes [his prey] and crouches; And the unfortunate fall by his mighty claws. 11 He says to himself, “God has [quite] forgotten; He has hidden His face; He will never see my deed.”
12 Arise, O Lord! O God, lift up Your hand [in judgment]; Do not forget the suffering. 13 Why has the wicked spurned and shown disrespect to God? He has said to himself, “You will not require me to account.” 14 You have seen it, for You have noted mischief and vexation (irritation) to take it into Your hand. The unfortunate commits himself to You; You are the helper of the fatherless. 15 Break the arm of the wicked and the evildoer, Seek out his wickedness until You find no more.
16 The Lord is King forever and ever; The nations will perish from His land. 17 O Lord, You have heard the desire of the humble and oppressed; You will strengthen their heart, You will incline Your ear to hear, 18 To vindicate and obtain justice for the fatherless and the oppressed, So that man who is of the earth will no longer terrify them.
Psalm 8:1Or perhaps to a particular key; meaning uncertain.
Psalm 8:5LXX reads angels; Heb Elohim is usually translated “God” or “god.” But it can also mean “gods” (with a lowercase “g”) when it is used with reference to the pagan gods of other nations. See, for instance, Ex 20:3: “You shall have no other gods (Elohim) before Me.” Since there are no capital letters in Hebrew as there are in English, the meaning of Ps 8:5 is ambiguous. It may be saying that humans were created a little lower than God Himself, or it may say that humans were created a little lower than the heavenly beings.
Psalm 9:1A transliteration of the Hebrew, whose meaning is unknown. Possibly referring to a tune titled “Death to the Son.” Perhaps for soprano voices.
Psalm 9:20The “fear” of God is a common concept in the OT, but is difficult to translate into English. It is not simply a matter of “fear” in the modern English sense. Nor is it only a sentiment of deep reverence. It implies obedience, as well.
14 The [spiritually ignorant] fool has said in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, they have committed repulsive and unspeakable deeds; There is no one who does good. 2 The Lord has looked down from heaven upon the children of men To see if there are any who understand (act wisely), Who [truly] seek after God, [longing for His wisdom and guidance]. 3 They have all turned aside, together they have become corrupt; There is no one who does good, not even one.
4 Have all the workers of wickedness and injustice no knowledge, Who eat up my people as they eat bread, And do not call upon the Lord? 5 There they tremble with great fear, For God is with the [consistently] righteous generation. 6 You [evildoers] shamefully plan against the poor, But the Lord is his safe refuge.
7 Oh, that the salvation of Israel would come out of Zion! When the Lord restores His captive people, Then Jacob will rejoice, Israel will be glad.
The Lord, the Psalmist’s Portion in Life and Deliverer in Death.
A [a]Mikhtam of David [probably intended to record memorable thoughts].
16 Keep and protect me, O God, for in You I have placed my trust and found refuge. 2 I said to the Lord, “You are my Lord; I have no good besides You.” 3 As for the saints (godly people) who are in the land, They are the majestic and the noble and the excellent ones in whom is all my delight. 4 The sorrows [pain and suffering] of those who have chosen another god will be multiplied [because of their idolatry]; I will not pour out their drink offerings of blood, Nor will I take their names upon my lips.
5 The Lord is the portion of my inheritance, my cup [He is all I need]; You support my lot. 6 The [boundary] lines [of the land] have fallen for me in pleasant places; Indeed, my heritage is beautiful to me.
7 I will bless the Lord who has counseled me; Indeed, my heart (mind) instructs me in the night. 8 I have set the Lord continually before me; Because He is at my right hand, I will not be shaken. 9 Therefore my heart is glad and my glory [my innermost self] rejoices; My body too will dwell [confidently] in safety, 10 For You will not abandon me to Sheol (the nether world, the place of the dead), Nor will You allow Your Holy One to undergo decay. 11 You will show me the path of life; In Your presence is fullness of joy; In Your right hand there are pleasures forevermore.
19 The heavens are telling of the glory of God; And the expanse [of heaven] is declaring the work of His hands. 2 Day after day pours forth speech, And night after night reveals knowledge. 3 There is no speech, nor are there [spoken] words [from the stars]; Their voice is not heard. 4 Yet their voice [in quiet evidence] has gone out through all the earth, Their words to the end of the world. In them and in the heavens He has made a tent for the sun, 5 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber; It rejoices as a strong man to run his course. 6 The sun’s rising is from one end of the heavens, And its circuit to the other end of them; And there is nothing hidden from its heat.
7 The law of the Lord is perfect (flawless), restoring and refreshing the soul; The statutes of the Lord are reliable and trustworthy, making wise the simple. 8 The precepts of the Lord are right, bringing joy to the heart; The commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes. 9 The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever; The judgments of the Lord are true, they are righteous altogether. 10 They are more desirable than gold, yes, than much fine gold; Sweeter also than honey and the drippings of the honeycomb. 11 Moreover, by them Your servant is warned [reminded, illuminated, and instructed]; In keeping them there is great reward. 12 Who can understand his errors or omissions? Acquit me of hidden (unconscious, unintended) faults. 13 Also keep back Your servant from presumptuous (deliberate, willful) sins; Let them not rule and have control over me. Then I will be blameless (complete), And I shall be acquitted of great transgression. 14 Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart Be acceptable and pleasing in Your sight, O Lord, my [firm, immovable] rock and my Redeemer.
21 O Lord the king will delight in Your strength, And in Your salvation how greatly will he rejoice! 2 You have given him his heart’s desire, And You have not withheld the request of his lips. Selah. 3 For You meet him with blessings of good things; You set a crown of pure gold on his head. 4 He asked life of You, And You gave it to him, Long life forever and evermore. 5 His glory is great because of Your victory; Splendor and majesty You bestow upon him. 6 For You make him most blessed [and a blessing] forever; You make him joyful with the joy of Your presence.
7 For the king [confidently] trusts in the Lord, And through the lovingkindness (faithfulness, goodness) of the Most High he will never be shaken. 8 Your hand will reach out and defeat all your enemies; Your right hand will reach those who hate you. 9 You will make them as [if in] a blazing oven in the time of your anger; The Lord will swallow them up in His wrath, And the fire will devour them. 10 Their offspring You will destroy from the earth, And their descendants from the sons of men. 11 For they planned evil against You; They devised a [malevolent] plot And they will not succeed. 12 For You will make them turn their backs [in defeat]; You will aim Your bowstring [of divine justice] at their faces. 13 Be exalted, Lord, in Your strength; We will sing and praise Your power.
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