God’s Judgment Defended

What advantage then has the Jew, or what is the profit of circumcision? Much in every way! Chiefly because (A)to them were committed the [a]oracles of God. For what if (B)some did not believe? (C)Will their unbelief make the faithfulness of God without effect? (D)Certainly not! Indeed, let (E)God be [b]true but (F)every man a liar. As it is written:

(G)“That You may be justified in Your words,
And may overcome when You are judged.”

But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unjust who inflicts wrath? (H)(I speak as a man.) Certainly not! For then (I)how will God judge the world?

For if the truth of God has increased through my lie to His glory, why am I also still judged as a sinner? And why not say, (J)“Let us do evil that good may come”?—as we are slanderously reported and as some affirm that we say. Their [c]condemnation is just.

All Have Sinned(K)

What then? Are we better than they? Not at all. For we have previously charged both Jews and Greeks that (L)they are all under sin.

10 As it is written:

(M)“There is none righteous, no, not one;
11 There is none who understands;
There is none who seeks after God.
12 They have all turned aside;
They have together become unprofitable;
There is none who does good, no, not one.”
13 “Their(N) throat is an open [d]tomb;
With their tongues they have practiced deceit”;
(O)“The poison of asps is under their lips”;
14 “Whose(P) mouth is full of cursing and bitterness.”
15 “Their(Q) feet are swift to shed blood;
16 Destruction and misery are in their ways;
17 And the way of peace they have not known.”
18 “There(R) is no fear of God before their eyes.”

19 Now we know that whatever (S)the law says, it says to those who are under the law, that (T)every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become [e]guilty before God. 20 Therefore (U)by the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified in His sight, for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

God’s Righteousness Through Faith

21 But now (V)the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, (W)being witnessed by the Law (X)and the Prophets, 22 even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all [f]and on all who believe. For (Y)there is no difference; 23 for (Z)all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being justified [g]freely (AA)by His grace (AB)through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God set forth (AC)as a [h]propitiation (AD)by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over (AE)the sins that were previously committed, 26 to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.

Boasting Excluded

27 (AF)Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? Of works? No, but by the law of faith. 28 Therefore we conclude (AG)that a man is [i]justified by faith apart from the deeds of the law. 29 Or is He the God of the Jews only? Is He not also the God of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also, 30 since (AH)there is one God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith. 31 Do we then make void the law through faith? Certainly not! On the contrary, we establish the law.

Abraham Justified by Faith(AI)

What then shall we say that (AJ)Abraham our (AK)father[j] has found according to the flesh? For if Abraham was (AL)justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. For what does the Scripture say? (AM)“Abraham believed God, and it was [k]accounted to him for righteousness.” Now (AN)to him who works, the wages are not counted [l]as grace but as debt.

David Celebrates the Same Truth

But to him who (AO)does not work but believes on Him who justifies (AP)the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness, just as David also (AQ)describes the blessedness of the man to whom God imputes righteousness apart from works:

“Blessed(AR) are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven,
And whose sins are covered;
Blessed is the man to whom the Lord shall not impute sin.”

Abraham Justified Before Circumcision

Does this blessedness then come upon the circumcised only, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness. 10 How then was it accounted? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised. 11 And (AS)he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that (AT)he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also, 12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father (AU)Abraham had while still uncircumcised.

The Promise Granted Through Faith

13 For the promise that he would be the (AV)heir of the world was not to Abraham or to his seed through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For (AW)if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise made of no effect, 15 because (AX)the law brings about wrath; for where there is no law there is no transgression.

16 Therefore it is of faith that it might be (AY)according to grace, (AZ)so that the promise might be [m]sure to all the seed, not only to those who are of the law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, (BA)who is the father of us all 17 (as it is written, (BB)“I have made you a father of many nations”) in the presence of Him whom he believed—God, (BC)who gives life to the dead and calls those (BD)things which do not exist as though they did; 18 who, contrary to hope, in hope believed, so that he became the father of many nations, according to what was spoken, (BE)“So shall your descendants be.” 19 And not being weak in faith, (BF)he did not consider his own body, already dead (since he was about a hundred years old), (BG)and the deadness of Sarah’s womb. 20 He did not waver at the promise of God through unbelief, but was strengthened in faith, giving glory to God, 21 and being fully convinced that what He had promised (BH)He was also able to perform. 22 And therefore (BI)“it was accounted to him for righteousness.”

23 Now (BJ)it was not written for his sake alone that it was imputed to him, 24 but also for us. It shall be imputed to us who believe (BK)in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25 (BL)who was delivered up because of our offenses, and (BM)was raised because of our justification.

Faith Triumphs in Trouble

Therefore, (BN)having been justified by faith, [n]we have (BO)peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, (BP)through whom also we have access by faith into this grace (BQ)in which we stand, and (BR)rejoice in hope of the glory of God. And not only that, but (BS)we also glory in tribulations, (BT)knowing that tribulation produces [o]perseverance; (BU)and perseverance, [p]character; and character, hope. (BV)Now hope does not disappoint, (BW)because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

Christ in Our Place

For when we were still without strength, [q]in due time (BX)Christ died for the ungodly. For scarcely for a righteous man will one die; yet perhaps for a good man someone would even dare to die. But (BY)God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, having now been justified (BZ)by His blood, we shall be saved (CA)from wrath through Him. 10 For (CB)if when we were enemies (CC)we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved (CD)by His life. 11 And not only that, but we also (CE)rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.

Death in Adam, Life in Christ(CF)

12 Therefore, just as (CG)through one man sin entered the world, and (CH)death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned— 13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but (CI)sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, (CJ)who is a type of Him who was to come. 15 But the free gift is not like the [r]offense. For if by the one man’s offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded (CK)to many. 16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many [s]offenses resulted in justification. 17 For if by the one man’s [t]offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.)

18 Therefore, as through [u]one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through (CL)one[v] Man’s righteous act the free gift came (CM)to all men, resulting in justification of life. 19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by (CN)one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.

20 Moreover (CO)the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace (CP)abounded much more, 21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Dead to Sin, Alive to God

What shall we say then? (CQ)Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound? Certainly not! How shall we who (CR)died to sin live any longer in it? Or do you not know that (CS)as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus (CT)were baptized into His death? Therefore we were (CU)buried with Him through baptism into death, that (CV)just as Christ was raised from the dead by (CW)the glory of the Father, (CX)even so we also should walk in newness of life.

(CY)For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we also shall be in the likeness of His resurrection, knowing this, that (CZ)our old man was crucified with Him, that (DA)the body of sin might be [w]done away with, that we should no longer be slaves of sin. For (DB)he who has died has been [x]freed from sin. Now (DC)if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him, knowing that (DD)Christ, having been raised from the dead, dies no more. Death no longer has dominion over Him. 10 For the death that He died, (DE)He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, (DF)He lives to God. 11 Likewise you also, [y]reckon yourselves to be (DG)dead indeed to sin, but (DH)alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord.

12 (DI)Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts. 13 And do not present your (DJ)members as [z]instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but (DK)present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God. 14 For (DL)sin shall not have dominion over you, for you are not under law but under grace.

From Slaves of Sin to Slaves of God

15 What then? Shall we sin (DM)because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not! 16 Do you not know that (DN)to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one’s slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death, or of obedience leading to righteousness? 17 But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart (DO)that form of doctrine to which you were [aa]delivered. 18 And (DP)having been set free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness. 19 I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves of uncleanness, and of lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves of righteousness [ab]for holiness.

20 For when you were (DQ)slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness. 21 (DR)What fruit did you have then in the things of which you are now ashamed? For (DS)the end of those things is death. 22 But now (DT)having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit [ac]to holiness, and the end, everlasting life. 23 For (DU)the wages of sin is death, but (DV)the [ad]gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Freed from the Law

Or do you not know, brethren (for I speak to those who know the law), that the law [ae]has dominion over a man as long as he lives? For (DW)the woman who has a husband is bound by the law to her husband as long as he lives. But if the husband dies, she is released from the law of her husband. So then (DX)if, while her husband lives, she marries another man, she will be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from that law, so that she is no adulteress, though she has married another man. Therefore, my brethren, you also have become (DY)dead to the law through the body of Christ, that you may be married to another—to Him who was raised from the dead, that we should (DZ)bear fruit to God. For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions which were aroused by the law (EA)were at work in our members (EB)to bear fruit to death. But now we have been delivered from the law, having died to what we were held by, so that we should serve (EC)in the newness of the Spirit and not in the oldness of the letter.

Sin’s Advantage in the Law

What shall we say then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! On the contrary, (ED)I would not have known sin except through the law. For I would not have known covetousness unless the law had said, (EE)“You shall not covet.” But (EF)sin, taking opportunity by the commandment, produced in me all manner of evil desire. For (EG)apart from the law sin was dead. I was alive once without the law, but when the commandment came, sin revived and I died. 10 And the commandment, (EH)which was to bring life, I found to bring death. 11 For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it killed me. 12 Therefore (EI)the law is holy, and the commandment holy and just and good.

Law Cannot Save from Sin

13 Has then what is good become death to me? Certainly not! But sin, that it might appear sin, was producing death in me through what is good, so that sin through the commandment might become exceedingly sinful. 14 For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am carnal, (EJ)sold under sin. 15 For what I am doing, I do not understand. (EK)For what I will to do, that I do not practice; but what I hate, that I do. 16 If, then, I do what I will not to do, I agree with the law that it is good. 17 But now, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me. 18 For I know that (EL)in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find. 19 For the good that I will to do, I do not do; but the evil I will not to do, that I practice. 20 Now if I do what I will not to do, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me.

21 I find then a law, that evil is present with me, the one who wills to do good. 22 For I (EM)delight in the law of God according to (EN)the inward man. 23 But (EO)I see another law in (EP)my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. 24 O wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me (EQ)from this body of death? 25 (ER)I thank God—through Jesus Christ our Lord!

So then, with the mind I myself serve the law of God, but with the flesh the law of sin.

Free from Indwelling Sin

There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, (ES)who[af] do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit. For (ET)the law of (EU)the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from (EV)the law of sin and death. For (EW)what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, (EX)God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh, that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who (EY)do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. For (EZ)those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit, (FA)the things of the Spirit. For (FB)to be [ag]carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because (FC)the [ah]carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, (FD)nor indeed can be. So then, those who are in the flesh cannot please God.

But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His. 10 And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. 11 But if the Spirit of (FE)Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, (FF)He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies [ai]through His Spirit who dwells in you.

Sonship Through the Spirit

12 (FG)Therefore, brethren, we are debtors—not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh. 13 For (FH)if you live according to the flesh you will die; but if by the Spirit you (FI)put to death the deeds of the body, you will live. 14 For (FJ)as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. 15 For (FK)you did not receive the spirit of bondage again (FL)to fear, but you received the (FM)Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, (FN)“Abba,[aj] Father.” 16 (FO)The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, 17 and if children, then (FP)heirs—heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, (FQ)if indeed we suffer with Him, that we may also be glorified together.

From Suffering to Glory

18 For I consider that (FR)the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us. 19 For (FS)the earnest expectation of the creation eagerly waits for the revealing of the sons of God. 20 For (FT)the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it in hope; 21 because the creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of [ak]corruption into the glorious (FU)liberty of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation (FV)groans and labors with birth pangs together until now. 23 Not only that, but we also who have (FW)the firstfruits of the Spirit, (FX)even we ourselves groan (FY)within ourselves, eagerly waiting for the adoption, the (FZ)redemption of our body. 24 For we were saved in this hope, but (GA)hope that is seen is not hope; for why does one still hope for what he sees? 25 But if we hope for what we do not see, we eagerly wait for it with perseverance.

26 Likewise the Spirit also helps in our weaknesses. For (GB)we do not know what we should pray for as we ought, but (GC)the Spirit Himself makes intercession [al]for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. 27 Now (GD)He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He makes intercession for the saints (GE)according to the will of God.

28 And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those (GF)who are the called according to His purpose. 29 For whom (GG)He foreknew, (GH)He also predestined (GI)to be conformed to the image of His Son, (GJ)that He might be the firstborn among many brethren. 30 Moreover whom He predestined, these He also (GK)called; whom He called, these He also (GL)justified; and whom He justified, these He also (GM)glorified.

God’s Everlasting Love

31 What then shall we say to these things? (GN)If God is for us, who can be against us? 32 (GO)He who did not spare His own Son, but (GP)delivered Him up for us all, how shall He not with Him also freely give us all things? 33 Who shall bring a charge against God’s elect? (GQ)It is God who justifies. 34 (GR)Who is he who condemns? It is Christ who died, and furthermore is also risen, (GS)who is even at the right hand of God, (GT)who also makes intercession for us. 35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? 36 As it is written:

(GU)“For Your sake we are killed all day long;
We are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.”

37 (GV)Yet in all these things we are more than conquerors through Him who loved us. 38 For I am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor angels nor (GW)principalities nor powers, nor things present nor things to come, 39 nor height nor depth, nor any other created thing, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.


  1. Romans 3:2 sayings, Scriptures
  2. Romans 3:4 Found true
  3. Romans 3:8 Lit. judgment
  4. Romans 3:13 grave
  5. Romans 3:19 accountable
  6. Romans 3:22 NU omits and on all
  7. Romans 3:24 without any cost
  8. Romans 3:25 mercy seat
  9. Romans 3:28 declared righteous
  10. Romans 4:1 Or (fore)father according to the flesh has found?
  11. Romans 4:3 imputed, credited, reckoned, counted
  12. Romans 4:4 according to
  13. Romans 4:16 certain
  14. Romans 5:1 Some ancient mss. let us have
  15. Romans 5:3 endurance
  16. Romans 5:4 approved character
  17. Romans 5:6 at the right time
  18. Romans 5:15 trespass or false step
  19. Romans 5:16 trespasses
  20. Romans 5:17 trespass
  21. Romans 5:18 Or one trespass
  22. Romans 5:18 Or one righteous act
  23. Romans 6:6 rendered inoperative
  24. Romans 6:7 cleared
  25. Romans 6:11 consider
  26. Romans 6:13 Or weapons
  27. Romans 6:17 entrusted
  28. Romans 6:19 unto sanctification
  29. Romans 6:22 unto sanctification
  30. Romans 6:23 free gift
  31. Romans 7:1 rules
  32. Romans 8:1 NU omits the rest of v. 1.
  33. Romans 8:6 fleshly
  34. Romans 8:7 fleshly
  35. Romans 8:11 Or because of
  36. Romans 8:15 Lit., in Aram., Father
  37. Romans 8:21 decay
  38. Romans 8:26 NU omits for us

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