21 because, although they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor were thankful, but (A)became futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22 (B)Professing to be wise, they became fools, 23 and changed the glory of the (C)incorruptible (D)God into an image made like [a]corruptible man—and birds and four-footed animals and creeping things.

24 (E)Therefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, in the lusts of their hearts, (F)to dishonor their bodies (G)among themselves, 25 who exchanged (H)the truth of God (I)for the lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.

26 For this reason God gave them up to (J)vile passions. For even their [b]women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature. 27 Likewise also the [c]men, leaving the natural use of the [d]woman, burned in their lust for one another, men with men committing what is shameful, and receiving in themselves the penalty of their error which was due.

28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a debased mind, to do those things (K)which are not fitting; 29 being filled with all unrighteousness, [e]sexual immorality, wickedness, [f]covetousness, [g]maliciousness; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, evil-mindedness; they are whisperers, 30 backbiters, haters of God, violent, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31 [h]undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving, [i]unforgiving, unmerciful; 32 who, (L)knowing the righteous judgment of God, that those who practice such things (M)are deserving of death, not only do the same but also (N)approve of those who practice them.

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Footnotes

  1. Romans 1:23 perishable
  2. Romans 1:26 Lit. females
  3. Romans 1:27 Lit. males
  4. Romans 1:27 Lit. female
  5. Romans 1:29 NU omits sexual immorality
  6. Romans 1:29 greed
  7. Romans 1:29 malice
  8. Romans 1:31 without understanding
  9. Romans 1:31 NU omits unforgiving

21 For even though they knew God, they did not [a]honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became (A)futile in their reasonings, and their senseless hearts were darkened. 22 (B)Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23 and they (C)exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible mankind, of birds, four-footed animals, and [b]crawling creatures.

24 Therefore (D)God gave them up to vile impurity in the lusts of their hearts, so that their bodies would be (E)dishonored among them. 25 For they exchanged the truth of God for [c](F)falsehood, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, (G)who is blessed [d]forever. Amen.

26 For this reason (H)God gave them over to (I)degrading passions; for their women exchanged natural relations for that which is contrary to nature, 27 and likewise the men, too, abandoned natural relations [e]with women and burned in their desire toward one another, (J)males with males committing [f]shameful acts and receiving in [g]their own persons the due penalty of their error.

28 And just as they did not see fit [h]to acknowledge God, (K)God gave them up to a depraved mind, to do those things that are not proper, 29 people having been filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, and evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, and malice; they are (L)gossips, 30 slanderers, [i](M)haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, (N)disobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, (O)unfeeling, and unmerciful; 32 and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of (P)death, they not only do the same, but also (Q)approve of those who practice them.

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Footnotes

  1. Romans 1:21 Lit glorify
  2. Romans 1:23 Or reptiles
  3. Romans 1:25 Lit the lie
  4. Romans 1:25 Lit unto the ages
  5. Romans 1:27 Lit of the female
  6. Romans 1:27 Lit shamelessness
  7. Romans 1:27 Lit themselves
  8. Romans 1:28 Lit to have God in knowledge
  9. Romans 1:30 Or hateful to God

21 For even though [a]they knew God [as the Creator], they did not [b]honor Him as God or give thanks [for His wondrous creation]. On the contrary, they became worthless in their thinking [godless, with pointless reasonings, and silly speculations], and their foolish heart was darkened. 22 Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23 and exchanged the glory and majesty and excellence of the immortal God for [c]an image [worthless idols] in the shape of mortal man and birds and four-footed animals and reptiles.

24 Therefore God gave them over in the lusts of their own hearts to [sexual] impurity, so that their bodies would be dishonored among them [abandoning them to the degrading power of sin], 25 because [by choice] they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever! Amen.(A)

26 For this reason God gave them over to degrading and vile passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural [a function contrary to nature], 27 and in the same way also the men turned away from the natural function of the woman and were consumed with their desire toward one another, men with men committing shameful acts and in return receiving in their own bodies the inevitable and appropriate penalty for their wrongdoing.

28 And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God or consider Him worth knowing [as their Creator], God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do things which are improper and repulsive, 29 until they were filled (permeated, saturated) with every kind of unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice and mean-spiritedness. They are gossips [spreading rumors], 30 slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors [of new forms] of evil, disobedient and disrespectful to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful [without pity]. 32 Although they know God’s righteous decree and His judgment, that those who do such things deserve death, yet they not only do them, but they even [enthusiastically] approve and tolerate others who practice them.

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Footnotes

  1. Romans 1:21 Anyone who attributes the existence of the world to chance or to a different creator is already guilty of deliberately rejecting God, because to deny the true God one must set aside common sense.
  2. Romans 1:21 Lit glorify.
  3. Romans 1:23 Paul’s indictment of idolatry (images) is logical and devastating. He emphasizes that idols are essentially copies of living creatures, whether in human form (as, for example, in ancient Greek myth) or otherwise (as in Egyptian idolatry and metaphysics). These lifeless images are clearly powerless, and even the living creatures which they supposedly represent are either nonexistent hybrids and monsters, or else ordinary creatures on earth who could hardly create so much as a grain of sand.

21 For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened.(A) 22 Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools(B) 23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images(C) made to look like a mortal human being and birds and animals and reptiles.

24 Therefore God gave them over(D) in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another.(E) 25 They exchanged the truth about God for a lie,(F) and worshiped and served created things(G) rather than the Creator—who is forever praised.(H) Amen.(I)

26 Because of this, God gave them over(J) to shameful lusts.(K) Even their women exchanged natural sexual relations for unnatural ones.(L) 27 In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their error.(M)

28 Furthermore, just as they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, so God gave them over(N) to a depraved mind, so that they do what ought not to be done. 29 They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips,(O) 30 slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents;(P) 31 they have no understanding, no fidelity, no love,(Q) no mercy. 32 Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death,(R) they not only continue to do these very things but also approve(S) of those who practice them.

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21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.

24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:

25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.

26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:

27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet.

28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;

29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,

30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,

31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

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