10 After that whole generation had been gathered to their ancestors, another generation grew up who knew neither the Lord nor what he had done for Israel.(A) 11 Then the Israelites did evil(B) in the eyes of the Lord(C) and served the Baals.(D) 12 They forsook the Lord, the God of their ancestors, who had brought them out of Egypt. They followed and worshiped various gods(E) of the peoples around them.(F) They aroused(G) the Lord’s anger(H) 13 because they forsook(I) him and served Baal and the Ashtoreths.(J) 14 In his anger(K) against Israel the Lord gave them into the hands(L) of raiders who plundered(M) them. He sold them(N) into the hands of their enemies all around, whom they were no longer able to resist.(O) 15 Whenever Israel went out to fight, the hand of the Lord was against them(P) to defeat them, just as he had sworn to them. They were in great distress.(Q)

16 Then the Lord raised up judges,[a](R) who saved(S) them out of the hands of these raiders. 17 Yet they would not listen to their judges but prostituted(T) themselves to other gods(U) and worshiped them.(V) They quickly turned(W) from the ways of their ancestors, who had been obedient to the Lord’s commands.(X) 18 Whenever the Lord raised up a judge for them, he was with the judge and saved(Y) them out of the hands of their enemies as long as the judge lived; for the Lord relented(Z) because of their groaning(AA) under those who oppressed and afflicted(AB) them. 19 But when the judge died, the people returned to ways even more corrupt(AC) than those of their ancestors,(AD) following other gods and serving and worshiping them.(AE) They refused to give up their evil practices and stubborn(AF) ways.

20 Therefore the Lord was very angry(AG) with Israel and said, “Because this nation has violated the covenant(AH) I ordained for their ancestors and has not listened to me, 21 I will no longer drive out(AI) before them any of the nations Joshua left when he died. 22 I will use them to test(AJ) Israel and see whether they will keep the way of the Lord and walk in it as their ancestors did.” 23 The Lord had allowed those nations to remain; he did not drive them out at once by giving them into the hands of Joshua.(AK)

These are the nations the Lord left to test(AL) all those Israelites who had not experienced any of the wars in Canaan (he did this only to teach warfare to the descendants of the Israelites who had not had previous battle experience): the five(AM) rulers of the Philistines,(AN) all the Canaanites, the Sidonians, and the Hivites(AO) living in the Lebanon mountains from Mount Baal Hermon(AP) to Lebo Hamath.(AQ) They were left to test(AR) the Israelites to see whether they would obey the Lord’s commands, which he had given their ancestors through Moses.

The Israelites lived(AS) among the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites,(AT) Hivites and Jebusites.(AU) They took their daughters(AV) in marriage and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods.(AW)


The Israelites did evil in the eyes of the Lord; they forgot the Lord(AX) their God and served the Baals and the Asherahs.(AY) The anger of the Lord burned against Israel so that he sold(AZ) them into the hands of Cushan-Rishathaim(BA) king of Aram Naharaim,[b](BB) to whom the Israelites were subject for eight years. But when they cried out(BC) to the Lord, he raised up for them a deliverer,(BD) Othniel(BE) son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, who saved them. 10 The Spirit of the Lord came on him,(BF) so that he became Israel’s judge[c] and went to war. The Lord gave Cushan-Rishathaim(BG) king of Aram(BH) into the hands of Othniel, who overpowered him. 11 So the land had peace(BI) for forty years,(BJ) until Othniel son of Kenaz(BK) died.


12 Again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the Lord,(BL) and because they did this evil the Lord gave Eglon king of Moab(BM) power over Israel. 13 Getting the Ammonites(BN) and Amalekites(BO) to join him, Eglon came and attacked Israel, and they took possession of the City of Palms.[d](BP) 14 The Israelites were subject to Eglon king of Moab(BQ) for eighteen years.

15 Again the Israelites cried out to the Lord, and he gave them a deliverer(BR)—Ehud(BS), a left-handed(BT) man, the son of Gera the Benjamite. The Israelites sent him with tribute(BU) to Eglon king of Moab. 16 Now Ehud(BV) had made a double-edged sword about a cubit[e] long, which he strapped to his right thigh under his clothing. 17 He presented the tribute(BW) to Eglon king of Moab, who was a very fat man.(BX) 18 After Ehud had presented the tribute, he sent on their way those who had carried it. 19 But on reaching the stone images near Gilgal he himself went back to Eglon and said, “Your Majesty, I have a secret message for you.”

The king said to his attendants, “Leave us!” And they all left.

20 Ehud then approached him while he was sitting alone in the upper room of his palace[f](BY) and said, “I have a message from God for you.” As the king rose(BZ) from his seat, 21 Ehud reached with his left hand, drew the sword(CA) from his right thigh and plunged it into the king’s belly. 22 Even the handle sank in after the blade, and his bowels discharged. Ehud did not pull the sword out, and the fat closed in over it. 23 Then Ehud went out to the porch[g]; he shut the doors of the upper room behind him and locked them.

24 After he had gone, the servants came and found the doors of the upper room locked. They said, “He must be relieving himself(CB) in the inner room of the palace.” 25 They waited to the point of embarrassment,(CC) but when he did not open the doors of the room, they took a key and unlocked them. There they saw their lord fallen to the floor, dead.

26 While they waited, Ehud got away. He passed by the stone images and escaped to Seirah. 27 When he arrived there, he blew a trumpet(CD) in the hill country of Ephraim, and the Israelites went down with him from the hills, with him leading them.

28 “Follow me,” he ordered, “for the Lord has given Moab,(CE) your enemy, into your hands.(CF)” So they followed him down and took possession of the fords of the Jordan(CG) that led to Moab; they allowed no one to cross over. 29 At that time they struck down about ten thousand Moabites, all vigorous and strong; not one escaped. 30 That day Moab(CH) was made subject to Israel, and the land had peace(CI) for eighty years.


31 After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath,(CJ) who struck down six hundred(CK) Philistines(CL) with an oxgoad. He too saved Israel.


  1. Judges 2:16 Or leaders; similarly in verses 17-19
  2. Judges 3:8 That is, Northwest Mesopotamia
  3. Judges 3:10 Or leader
  4. Judges 3:13 That is, Jericho
  5. Judges 3:16 That is, about 18 inches or about 45 centimeters
  6. Judges 3:20 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain; also in verse 24.
  7. Judges 3:23 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.

14 When the hour came, Jesus and his apostles(A) reclined at the table.(B) 15 And he said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer.(C) 16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it finds fulfillment in the kingdom of God.”(D)

17 After taking the cup, he gave thanks and said, “Take this and divide it among you. 18 For I tell you I will not drink again from the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”

19 And he took bread, gave thanks and broke it,(E) and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me.”

20 In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant(F) in my blood, which is poured out for you.[a] 21 But the hand of him who is going to betray me is with mine on the table.(G) 22 The Son of Man(H) will go as it has been decreed.(I) But woe to that man who betrays him!” 23 They began to question among themselves which of them it might be who would do this.

24 A dispute also arose among them as to which of them was considered to be greatest.(J) 25 Jesus said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them; and those who exercise authority over them call themselves Benefactors. 26 But you are not to be like that. Instead, the greatest among you should be like the youngest,(K) and the one who rules like the one who serves.(L) 27 For who is greater, the one who is at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who is at the table? But I am among you as one who serves.(M) 28 You are those who have stood by me in my trials. 29 And I confer on you a kingdom,(N) just as my Father conferred one on me, 30 so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom(O) and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.(P)

31 “Simon, Simon, Satan has asked(Q) to sift all of you as wheat.(R) 32 But I have prayed for you,(S) Simon, that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned back, strengthen your brothers.”(T)

33 But he replied, “Lord, I am ready to go with you to prison and to death.”(U)

34 Jesus answered, “I tell you, Peter, before the rooster crows today, you will deny three times that you know me.”

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  1. Luke 22:20 Some manuscripts do not have given for you … poured out for you.

Psalm 92[a]

A psalm. A song. For the Sabbath day.

It is good to praise the Lord
    and make music(A) to your name,(B) O Most High,(C)
proclaiming your love in the morning(D)
    and your faithfulness at night,
to the music of the ten-stringed lyre(E)
    and the melody of the harp.(F)

For you make me glad by your deeds, Lord;
    I sing for joy(G) at what your hands have done.(H)
How great are your works,(I) Lord,
    how profound your thoughts!(J)
Senseless people(K) do not know,
    fools do not understand,
that though the wicked spring up like grass
    and all evildoers flourish,
    they will be destroyed forever.(L)

But you, Lord, are forever exalted.

For surely your enemies(M), Lord,
    surely your enemies will perish;
    all evildoers will be scattered.(N)
10 You have exalted my horn[b](O) like that of a wild ox;(P)
    fine oils(Q) have been poured on me.
11 My eyes have seen the defeat of my adversaries;
    my ears have heard the rout of my wicked foes.(R)

12 The righteous will flourish(S) like a palm tree,
    they will grow like a cedar of Lebanon;(T)
13 planted in the house of the Lord,
    they will flourish in the courts of our God.(U)
14 They will still bear fruit(V) in old age,
    they will stay fresh and green,
15 proclaiming, “The Lord is upright;
    he is my Rock, and there is no wickedness in him.(W)

Psalm 93

The Lord reigns,(X) he is robed in majesty;(Y)
    the Lord is robed in majesty and armed with strength;(Z)
    indeed, the world is established,(AA) firm and secure.(AB)
Your throne was established(AC) long ago;
    you are from all eternity.(AD)

The seas(AE) have lifted up, Lord,
    the seas have lifted up their voice;(AF)
    the seas have lifted up their pounding waves.(AG)
Mightier than the thunder(AH) of the great waters,
    mightier than the breakers(AI) of the sea—
    the Lord on high is mighty.(AJ)

Your statutes, Lord, stand firm;
    holiness(AK) adorns your house(AL)
    for endless days.


  1. Psalm 92:1 In Hebrew texts 92:1-15 is numbered 92:2-16.
  2. Psalm 92:10 Horn here symbolizes strength.

14 The wise woman builds her house,(A)
    but with her own hands the foolish one tears hers down.

Whoever fears the Lord walks uprightly,
    but those who despise him are devious in their ways.

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