Jacob Moves to Egypt

46 So Israel set out with all that he had, and came to (A)Beersheba, and offered sacrifices to the (B)God of his father Isaac. And (C)God spoke to Israel [a]in visions of the night and said, “(D)Jacob, Jacob.” And he said, “Here I am.” Then He said, “(E)I am God, the God of your father; do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will (F)make you into a great nation there. (G)I will go down with you to Egypt, and (H)I will also assuredly bring you up again; and (I)Joseph will [b]close your eyes.”

Then Jacob left Beersheba, and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob and their little ones and their wives in the (J)wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. They also took their livestock and their possessions, which they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and (K)came to Egypt, Jacob and all his [c]descendants with him: his sons and his grandsons with him, his daughters and his granddaughters, and all his [d]descendants he brought with him to Egypt.

Those Who Came to Egypt

Now these are the (L)names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn. And the sons of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. 10 And the (M)sons of Simeon: [e]Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, [f]Jachin, [g]Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman. 11 And the sons of Levi: [h]Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. 12 And the sons of Judah: Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah (but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan). And the (N)sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul. 13 And the sons of Issachar: Tola, [i]Puvvah, [j]Iob, and Shimron. 14 And the sons of Zebulun: Sered, Elon, and Jahleel. 15 These are the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan-aram, with his daughter Dinah; [k]all his sons and his daughters numbered thirty-three. 16 And the (O)sons of Gad: [l]Ziphion, Haggi, Shuni, [m]Ezbon, Eri, [n]Arodi, and Areli. 17 And the (P)sons of Asher: Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, and their sister Serah. And the (Q)sons of Beriah: Heber and Malchiel. 18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to his daughter Leah; and she bore to Jacob these sixteen persons. 19 The sons of Jacob’s wife Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin. 20 (R)Now to Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, bore to him. 21 And the (S)sons of Benjamin: Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, [o]Ehi, Rosh, [p]Muppim, [q]Huppim, and Ard. 22 These are the sons of Rachel, who were born to Jacob; there were fourteen persons in all. 23 And the sons of Dan: [r]Hushim. 24 And the sons of Naphtali: [s]Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and [t]Shillem. 25 These are the (T)sons of Bilhah, whom (U)Laban gave to his daughter Rachel, and she bore these to Jacob; there were seven persons in all. 26 (V)All the people belonging to Jacob, who came to Egypt, [u]his direct descendants, not including the wives of Jacob’s sons, were sixty-six persons in all, 27 and the sons of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt, were [v]two; (W)all the people of the house of Jacob, who came to Egypt, were seventy.

28 Now Jacob sent Judah ahead of him to Joseph, to [w]guide him to (X)Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen. 29 And Joseph [x]prepared his chariot and went up to Goshen to meet his father Israel; as soon as he appeared to him, Joseph threw himself on his neck and (Y)wept on his neck a long time. 30 Then Israel said to Joseph, “Now let me die, since I have seen your face, that you are still alive.” 31 But Joseph said to his brothers and to his father’s household, “(Z)I will go up and tell Pharaoh, and will say to him, ‘My brothers and my father’s household, who were in the land of Canaan, have come to me; 32 and the men are shepherds, for they have been [y]keepers of livestock; and they have brought their flocks and their herds and all that they have.’ 33 When Pharaoh calls for you and says, ‘(AA)What is your occupation?’ 34 you shall say, ‘Your servants have been [z](AB)keepers of livestock since our youth even until now, both we and our fathers,’ so that you may live in the land of (AC)Goshen; for every shepherd is an (AD)abomination to the Egyptians.”

Jacob’s Family Settles in Goshen

47 Then (AE)Joseph went in and told Pharaoh, and said, “My father and my brothers and their flocks and their herds and all that they have, have come out of the land of Canaan; and behold, they are in the land of (AF)Goshen.” And he took five men from among his brothers and (AG)presented them to Pharaoh. Then Pharaoh said to his brothers, “(AH)What is your occupation?” So they said to Pharaoh, “Your servants are (AI)shepherds, both we and our fathers.” They also said to Pharaoh, “(AJ)We have come to reside in the land, for there is no pasture for your servants’ flocks, for (AK)the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. Now, therefore, please let your servants (AL)live in the land of Goshen.” Then Pharaoh said to [aa]Joseph, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. The land of Egypt is [ab]at your disposal; settle your father and your brothers in (AM)the best of the land, let them live in the land of Goshen; and if you know any (AN)capable men among them, then [ac]put them in charge of my livestock.”

Then Joseph brought his father Jacob and [ad]presented him to Pharaoh; and Jacob (AO)blessed Pharaoh. And Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How many [ae]years have you lived?” So Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The [af](AP)years of my living abroad are [ag]130; few and [ah]unpleasant have been the [ai]years of my life, nor have they [aj]attained (AQ)the [ak]years [al]that my fathers lived during the days of their living abroad.” 10 So Jacob (AR)blessed Pharaoh, and went out from [am]his presence. 11 Now Joseph settled his father and his brothers and gave them property in the land of Egypt, in (AS)the best of the land, in the land of (AT)Rameses, as Pharaoh had ordered. 12 Joseph also (AU)provided his father and his brothers and all his father’s household with [an]food, according to the [ao]number of their little ones.

13 Now there was no [ap]food in all the land, because the famine was very severe, so that (AV)the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan languished because of the famine. 14 And (AW)Joseph collected all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan in payment for the grain which they bought, and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house. 15 When the money was all spent in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph saying, “Give us [aq]food, for (AX)why should we die in your presence? For our money is [ar]gone.” 16 Then Joseph said, “Give up your livestock, and I will give you food for your livestock, since your money is [as]gone.” 17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them [at]food in exchange for the horses and the [au]flocks and the herds and the donkeys; and he [av]fed them with [aw]food in exchange for all their livestock [ax]that year. 18 But when that year ended, they came to him the [ay]next year and said to him, “We will not hide from my lord the fact that our money is all spent, and the [az]livestock are my lord’s. There is nothing left [ba]for my lord except our bodies and our lands. 19 Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for [bb]food, and we and our land will be slaves to Pharaoh. So give us seed, so that we may live and not die, and that the land may not be desolate.”

Result of the Famine

20 So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh, for [bc]every Egyptian sold his field, because the famine was severe upon them. So the land became Pharaoh’s. 21 As for the people, he relocated them to the cities from one end of Egypt’s border to the other. 22 Only the land of the priests he did not buy, because the priests had an allotment from Pharaoh, and they [bd]lived off the allotment which Pharaoh gave them. Therefore, they did not sell their land. 23 Then Joseph said to the people, “Behold, today I have purchased you and your land for Pharaoh; now, here is seed for you, and you may sow the land. 24 [be]At the harvest you shall give a (AY)fifth to Pharaoh, and [bf]four-fifths shall be your own for seed of the field and for your food, and for those of your households and as food for your little ones.” 25 So they said, “You have saved our lives! Let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s slaves.” 26 Joseph made it a statute concerning the land of Egypt, valid to this day, that Pharaoh was to have the fifth; (AZ)only the land of the priests [bg]did not become Pharaoh’s.

27 Now Israel lived in the land of Egypt, in [bh]Goshen, and they (BA)acquired property in it and (BB)were fruitful and became very numerous. 28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt for (BC)seventeen years; so the [bi]length of Jacob’s life was 147 years.

29 When [bj](BD)the time for Israel to die drew near, he called his son Joseph and said to him, “Please, if I have found favor in your sight, (BE)place your hand under my thigh now and (BF)deal with me in kindness and [bk]faithfulness: please do not bury me in Egypt, 30 but when I (BG)[bl]lie down with my fathers, you shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in (BH)their burial place.” And he said, “I will do as you have said.” 31 And he said, “(BI)Swear to me.” So he swore to him. Then (BJ)Israel bowed in worship at the head of the bed.

Footnotes

  1. Genesis 46:2 Lit in the visions
  2. Genesis 46:4 Lit put his hand on
  3. Genesis 46:6 Lit seed
  4. Genesis 46:7 Lit seed
  5. Genesis 46:10 In Num 26:12 and 1 Chr 4:24, Nemuel
  6. Genesis 46:10 In 1 Chr 4:24, Jarib
  7. Genesis 46:10 In Num 26:13 and 1 Chr 4:24, Zerah
  8. Genesis 46:11 In 1 Chr 6:16, Gershom
  9. Genesis 46:13 In Num 26:23, Puvah; in 1 Chr 7:1, Puah
  10. Genesis 46:13 In Num 26:24 and 1 Chr 7:1, Jashub
  11. Genesis 46:15 Lit all the souls of
  12. Genesis 46:16 In Num 26:15, Zephon
  13. Genesis 46:16 In Num 26:16, Ozni
  14. Genesis 46:16 In Num 26:17, Arod
  15. Genesis 46:21 In Num 26:38, Ahiram
  16. Genesis 46:21 In Num 26:39, Shephupham; in 1 Chr 7:12, Shuppim
  17. Genesis 46:21 In Num 26:39, Hupham
  18. Genesis 46:23 In Num 26:42, Shuham
  19. Genesis 46:24 In 1 Chr 7:13, Jahziel
  20. Genesis 46:24 In 1 Chr 7:13, Shallum
  21. Genesis 46:26 Lit who came out of his loins
  22. Genesis 46:27 Lit two souls
  23. Genesis 46:28 Lit instruct before him
  24. Genesis 46:29 Lit harnessed
  25. Genesis 46:32 Lit men
  26. Genesis 46:34 Lit men
  27. Genesis 47:5 Lit Joseph, saying
  28. Genesis 47:6 Lit before you
  29. Genesis 47:6 Lit appoint them rulers
  30. Genesis 47:7 Lit set him before
  31. Genesis 47:8 Lit are the days of the years of your life
  32. Genesis 47:9 Lit days of the years
  33. Genesis 47:9 Lit 130 years
  34. Genesis 47:9 Lit evil
  35. Genesis 47:9 Lit days of the years
  36. Genesis 47:9 Lit reached
  37. Genesis 47:9 Lit days of the years
  38. Genesis 47:9 Lit of the life of my fathers
  39. Genesis 47:10 Lit Pharaoh’s
  40. Genesis 47:12 Or bread
  41. Genesis 47:12 Lit mouth
  42. Genesis 47:13 Or bread
  43. Genesis 47:15 Or bread
  44. Genesis 47:15 Lit at an end
  45. Genesis 47:16 Lit at an end
  46. Genesis 47:17 Or bread
  47. Genesis 47:17 Lit livestock of the flocks and livestock of the herds
  48. Genesis 47:17 Lit led them as a shepherd
  49. Genesis 47:17 Or bread
  50. Genesis 47:17 Lit in that year
  51. Genesis 47:18 Lit second
  52. Genesis 47:18 Lit livestock of the cattle
  53. Genesis 47:18 Lit in the presence of
  54. Genesis 47:19 Or bread
  55. Genesis 47:20 Lit Egypt, every man
  56. Genesis 47:22 Lit ate their allotment
  57. Genesis 47:24 Lit It shall come about...that you shall
  58. Genesis 47:24 Lit four parts
  59. Genesis 47:26 Lit alone did
  60. Genesis 47:27 Lit the land of Goshen
  61. Genesis 47:28 Lit days of Jacob, the years of his life
  62. Genesis 47:29 Lit the days of Israel
  63. Genesis 47:29 Lit truth
  64. Genesis 47:30 I.e., die