Abraham’s Death

25 Now Abraham took another wife, [a]whose name was Keturah. (A)She bore to him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All of these were the sons of Keturah. (B)Now Abraham gave all that he had to Isaac; but to the sons of [b]his concubines, Abraham gave gifts while he was still living, and (C)sent them away from his son Isaac eastward, to the land of the east.

These are [c]all the years of Abraham’s life that he lived, (D)175 years. Abraham breathed his last and died (E)at a good old age, an old man and satisfied with life; and he was (F)gathered to his people. Then his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in (G)the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, facing Mamre, 10 (H)the field which Abraham purchased from the sons of Heth; there Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 11 It came about after the death of Abraham, that (I)God blessed his son Isaac; and Isaac [d]lived by (J)Beer-lahai-roi.

Descendants of Ishmael

12 Now these are the records of the generations of (K)Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s slave woman, bore to Abraham; 13 and these are the names of (L)the sons of Ishmael, by their names, [e]in the order of their birth: Nebaioth, the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15 Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16 These are the sons of Ishmael and these are their names, by their villages, and by their camps; (M)twelve princes according to their [f]tribes. 17 These are the years of the life of Ishmael, (N)137 years; and he breathed his last and died, and was (O)gathered to his people. 18 They [g]settled from (P)Havilah to (Q)Shur which is [h]east of Egypt [i]going toward Assyria; (R)he [j]settled in defiance of all his relatives.

Isaac’s Sons

19 Now these are the records of (S)the generations of Isaac, Abraham’s son: Abraham fathered Isaac; 20 and Isaac was forty years old when he took (T)Rebekah, the (U)daughter of Bethuel the [k]Aramean of Paddan-aram, the (V)sister of Laban the [l]Aramean, to be his wife. 21 Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife, because she was unable to have children; and (W)the Lord [m]answered him, and his wife Rebekah (X)conceived. 22 But the children struggled together within her; and she said, “If it is so, why am I in this condition?” So she went to (Y)inquire of the Lord. 23 And the Lord said to her,

(Z)Two nations are in your womb;
(AA)And two peoples will be separated from your body;
And one people will be stronger than the other;
And (AB)the older will serve the younger.”

24 When her days leading to the delivery were at an end, behold, there were twins in her womb. 25 Now the first came out red, (AC)all over like a hairy garment; and they named him Esau. 26 Afterward his brother came out with (AD)his hand holding on to Esau’s heel, so (AE)he was named [n]Jacob; and Isaac was (AF)sixty years old when she gave birth to them.

27 When the boys grew up, Esau became a skillful hunter, a man of the field; but Jacob was a [o]civilized man, (AG)living in tents. 28 Now Isaac loved Esau because [p]he had (AH)a taste for game; (AI)but Rebekah loved Jacob. 29 When Jacob had cooked a (AJ)stew one day, Esau came in from the field and he was exhausted; 30 and Esau said to Jacob, “Please let me have a mouthful of [q]that red stuff there, for I am exhausted.” Therefore he was called [r]Edom by name. 31 But Jacob said, “[s]First sell me your (AK)birthright.” 32 Esau said, “Look, I am about to die; so of what use then is the birthright to me?” 33 And Jacob said, “[t]First swear to me”; so he swore an oath to him, and (AL)sold his birthright to Jacob. 34 Then Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil stew; and he ate and drank, and got up and went on his way. So Esau despised his birthright.

Isaac Settles in Gerar

26 Now there was (AM)a famine in the land, besides the previous famine that had occurred in the days of Abraham. So Isaac went to Gerar, to (AN)Abimelech king of the Philistines. And the Lord (AO)appeared to him and said, “Do not go down to Egypt; (AP)stay in the land of which I shall tell you. Live for a time in this land and (AQ)I will be with you and (AR)bless you, for (AS)to you and to your [u]descendants I will give all these lands, and I will establish (AT)the oath which I swore to your father Abraham. (AU)I will multiply your [v]descendants as the stars of heaven, and will give your [w]descendants all these lands; and (AV)by your [x]descendants all the nations of the earth [y]shall be blessed, because Abraham [z](AW)obeyed Me and fulfilled his duty to Me, and kept My commandments, My statutes, and My laws.”

So Isaac lived in Gerar. When the men of the place asked about his wife, he said, “(AX)She is my sister,” for he was (AY)afraid to say, “my wife,” thinking, “[aa]the men of the place might kill me on account of Rebekah, since she is (AZ)beautiful.” Now it came about, when he had been there a long time, that Abimelech king of the Philistines looked down through a window, and saw them, and behold, Isaac was caressing his wife Rebekah. Then Abimelech called Isaac and said, “Behold, she certainly is your wife! So how is it that you said, ‘She is my sister’?” And Isaac said to him, “Because I thought, ‘otherwise I might be killed on account of her.’” 10 And (BA)Abimelech said, “What is this that you have done to us? One of the people might easily have slept with your wife, and you would have brought guilt upon us.” 11 So Abimelech commanded all the people, saying, “He who (BB)touches this man or his wife will certainly be put to death.”

12 Now Isaac sowed in that land and [ab]reaped in the same year a hundred times as much. And (BC)the Lord blessed him, 13 and the man (BD)became rich, and continued to grow [ac]richer until he became very [ad]wealthy; 14 for (BE)he had possessions of flocks [ae]and herds, and a great household, so that the Philistines envied him. 15 Now (BF)all the wells which his father’s servants had dug in the days of his father Abraham, the Philistines stopped up [af]by filling them with dirt. 16 Then Abimelech said to Isaac, “Go away from us, for you are [ag](BG)too powerful for us.” 17 So Isaac departed from there and camped in the Valley of Gerar, and [ah]settled there.

Argument over the Wells

18 Then Isaac dug again the wells of water which [ai]had been dug in the days of his father Abraham, for the Philistines had stopped them up after the death of Abraham; and he [aj]gave them the same names which his father had [ak]given them. 19 But when Isaac’s servants dug in the valley and found there a well of [al]flowing water, 20 the herdsmen of Gerar (BH)quarreled with the herdsmen of Isaac, saying, “The water is ours!” So he named the well [am]Esek, because they argued with him. 21 Then they dug another well, and they quarreled over it too, so he named it [an]Sitnah. 22 Then he moved away from there and dug another well, and they did not quarrel over it; so he named it [ao]Rehoboth, for he said, “[ap](BI)At last the Lord has made [aq]room for us, and we will be (BJ)fruitful in the land.”

23 And he went up from there to (BK)Beersheba. 24 And the Lord (BL)appeared to him the same night and said,

(BM)I am the God of your father Abraham;
(BN)Do not fear, for I am with you.
I (BO)will bless you and multiply your [ar]descendants,
For the sake of My servant Abraham.”

25 So he built an (BP)altar there and called upon the name of the Lord, and pitched his tent there; and there Isaac’s servants dug a well.

Covenant with Abimelech

26 Then (BQ)Abimelech came to him from Gerar [as]with his adviser Ahuzzath, and Phicol the commander of his army. 27 Isaac said to them, “(BR)Why have you come to me, since you hate me and have sent me away from you?” 28 They said, “We have seen plainly (BS)that the Lord has been with you; so we said, ‘An oath must now be taken [at]by us,’ that is, [au]by you and us. So let us make a covenant with you, 29 that you will do us no harm, just as we have not touched you [av]and have done to you nothing but good, and have sent you away in peace. You are now the (BT)blessed of the Lord.” 30 Then (BU)he made them a feast, and they ate and drank. 31 In the morning they got up early and [aw](BV)exchanged oaths; then Isaac sent them away, and they left him in peace. 32 Now it came about on the same day, that Isaac’s servants came in and told him about the well which they had dug, and said to him, “We have found water.” 33 So he called it [ax]Shibah; therefore the name of the city is (BW)Beersheba to this day.

34 When Esau was forty years old (BX)he [ay]married Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite; 35 and (BY)they [az]brought grief to Isaac and Rebekah.


  1. Genesis 25:1 Lit and her name
  2. Genesis 25:6 Lit concubines which belonged to Abraham
  3. Genesis 25:7 Lit the days of
  4. Genesis 25:11 Lit dwelt
  5. Genesis 25:13 Lit in regard to their generations
  6. Genesis 25:16 Or peoples
  7. Genesis 25:18 Lit dwelt
  8. Genesis 25:18 Lit before
  9. Genesis 25:18 Lit as you go
  10. Genesis 25:18 Lit fell over against
  11. Genesis 25:20 I.e., Syrian
  12. Genesis 25:20 I.e., Syrian
  13. Genesis 25:21 Lit was entreated of him
  14. Genesis 25:26 I.e., one who takes by the heel or supplants
  15. Genesis 25:27 Lit complete
  16. Genesis 25:28 Lit game was in his mouth
  17. Genesis 25:30 Lit the red, this red
  18. Genesis 25:30 I.e., red
  19. Genesis 25:31 Lit Today
  20. Genesis 25:33 Lit Today
  21. Genesis 26:3 Lit seed
  22. Genesis 26:4 Lit seed
  23. Genesis 26:4 Lit seed
  24. Genesis 26:4 Lit seed
  25. Genesis 26:4 Or bless themselves
  26. Genesis 26:5 Lit listened diligently to My voice
  27. Genesis 26:7 Lit lest...place
  28. Genesis 26:12 Lit found
  29. Genesis 26:13 Lit great
  30. Genesis 26:13 Lit great
  31. Genesis 26:14 Lit and possessions of herds
  32. Genesis 26:15 Lit and filled them
  33. Genesis 26:16 Lit much mightier than we
  34. Genesis 26:17 Lit dwelt
  35. Genesis 26:18 Lit they had dug
  36. Genesis 26:18 Lit called their names as the names
  37. Genesis 26:18 Lit called
  38. Genesis 26:19 Lit living
  39. Genesis 26:20 I.e., argument
  40. Genesis 26:21 I.e., accusation
  41. Genesis 26:22 I.e., broad places
  42. Genesis 26:22 Lit Truly now
  43. Genesis 26:22 Or broad
  44. Genesis 26:24 Lit seed
  45. Genesis 26:26 Lit and his confidential friend
  46. Genesis 26:28 Lit between us
  47. Genesis 26:28 Lit between us and you
  48. Genesis 26:29 Lit and just as we
  49. Genesis 26:31 Lit swore one to another
  50. Genesis 26:33 Meaning uncertain, perhaps oath
  51. Genesis 26:34 Lit took as wife
  52. Genesis 26:35 Lit were a bitterness of spirit to

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