New International Version
Paul Called by God
11 I want you to know, brothers and sisters,(A) that the gospel I preached(B) is not of human origin. 12 I did not receive it from any man,(C) nor was I taught it; rather, I received it by revelation(D) from Jesus Christ.(E)
13 For you have heard of my previous way of life in Judaism,(F) how intensely I persecuted the church of God(G) and tried to destroy it.(H) 14 I was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my own age among my people and was extremely zealous(I) for the traditions of my fathers.(J) 15 But when God, who set me apart from my mother’s womb(K) and called me(L) by his grace, was pleased 16 to reveal his Son in me so that I might preach him among the Gentiles,(M) my immediate response was not to consult any human being.(N) 17 I did not go up to Jerusalem to see those who were apostles before I was, but I went into Arabia. Later I returned to Damascus.(O)
18 Then after three years,(P) I went up to Jerusalem(Q) to get acquainted with Cephas[a] and stayed with him fifteen days. 19 I saw none of the other apostles—only James,(R) the Lord’s brother. 20 I assure you before God(S) that what I am writing you is no lie.(T)
21 Then I went to Syria(U) and Cilicia.(V) 22 I was personally unknown to the churches of Judea(W) that are in Christ.(X) 23 They only heard the report: “The man who formerly persecuted us is now preaching the faith(Y) he once tried to destroy.”(Z) 24 And they praised God(AA) because of me.
Paul Accepted by the Apostles
2 Then after fourteen years, I went up again to Jerusalem,(AB) this time with Barnabas.(AC) I took Titus(AD) along also. 2 I went in response to a revelation(AE) and, meeting privately with those esteemed as leaders, I presented to them the gospel that I preach among the Gentiles.(AF) I wanted to be sure I was not running and had not been running my race(AG) in vain. 3 Yet not even Titus,(AH) who was with me, was compelled to be circumcised, even though he was a Greek.(AI) 4 This matter arose because some false believers(AJ) had infiltrated our ranks to spy on(AK) the freedom(AL) we have in Christ Jesus and to make us slaves. 5 We did not give in to them for a moment, so that the truth of the gospel(AM) might be preserved for you.
6 As for those who were held in high esteem(AN)—whatever they were makes no difference to me; God does not show favoritism(AO)—they added nothing to my message.(AP) 7 On the contrary, they recognized that I had been entrusted with the task(AQ) of preaching the gospel to the uncircumcised,[b](AR) just as Peter(AS) had been to the circumcised.[c] 8 For God, who was at work in Peter as an apostle(AT) to the circumcised, was also at work in me as an apostle(AU) to the Gentiles. 9 James,(AV) Cephas[d](AW) and John, those esteemed as pillars,(AX) gave me and Barnabas(AY) the right hand of fellowship when they recognized the grace given to me.(AZ) They agreed that we should go to the Gentiles,(BA) and they to the circumcised. 10 All they asked was that we should continue to remember the poor,(BB) the very thing I had been eager to do all along.
Paul Opposes Cephas
11 When Cephas(BC) came to Antioch,(BD) I opposed him to his face, because he stood condemned. 12 For before certain men came from James,(BE) he used to eat with the Gentiles.(BF) But when they arrived, he began to draw back and separate himself from the Gentiles because he was afraid of those who belonged to the circumcision group.(BG) 13 The other Jews joined him in his hypocrisy, so that by their hypocrisy even Barnabas(BH) was led astray.
14 When I saw that they were not acting in line with the truth of the gospel,(BI) I said to Cephas(BJ) in front of them all, “You are a Jew, yet you live like a Gentile and not like a Jew.(BK) How is it, then, that you force Gentiles to follow Jewish customs?(BL)
15 “We who are Jews by birth(BM) and not sinful Gentiles(BN) 16 know that a person is not justified by the works of the law,(BO) but by faith in Jesus Christ.(BP) So we, too, have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by faith in[e] Christ and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no one will be justified.(BQ)
17 “But if, in seeking to be justified in Christ, we Jews find ourselves also among the sinners,(BR) doesn’t that mean that Christ promotes sin? Absolutely not!(BS) 18 If I rebuild what I destroyed, then I really would be a lawbreaker.
19 “For through the law I died to the law(BT) so that I might live for God.(BU) 20 I have been crucified with Christ(BV) and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me.(BW) The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God,(BX) who loved me(BY) and gave himself for me.(BZ) 21 I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness could be gained through the law,(CA) Christ died for nothing!”[f]
Faith or Works of the Law
3 You foolish(CB) Galatians!(CC) Who has bewitched you?(CD) Before your very eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed as crucified.(CE) 2 I would like to learn just one thing from you: Did you receive the Spirit(CF) by the works of the law,(CG) or by believing what you heard?(CH) 3 Are you so foolish? After beginning by means of the Spirit, are you now trying to finish by means of the flesh?[g] 4 Have you experienced[h] so much in vain—if it really was in vain? 5 So again I ask, does God give you his Spirit and work miracles(CI) among you by the works of the law, or by your believing what you heard?(CJ) 6 So also Abraham “believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.”[i](CK)
7 Understand, then, that those who have faith(CL) are children of Abraham.(CM) 8 Scripture foresaw that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, and announced the gospel in advance to Abraham: “All nations will be blessed through you.”[j](CN) 9 So those who rely on faith(CO) are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith.(CP)
10 For all who rely on the works of the law(CQ) are under a curse,(CR) as it is written: “Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law.”[k](CS) 11 Clearly no one who relies on the law is justified before God,(CT) because “the righteous will live by faith.”[l](CU) 12 The law is not based on faith; on the contrary, it says, “The person who does these things will live by them.”[m](CV) 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law(CW) by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: “Cursed is everyone who is hung on a pole.”[n](CX) 14 He redeemed us in order that the blessing given to Abraham might come to the Gentiles through Christ Jesus,(CY) so that by faith we might receive the promise of the Spirit.(CZ)
The Law and the Promise
15 Brothers and sisters,(DA) let me take an example from everyday life. Just as no one can set aside or add to a human covenant that has been duly established, so it is in this case. 16 The promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed.(DB) Scripture does not say “and to seeds,” meaning many people, but “and to your seed,”[o](DC) meaning one person, who is Christ. 17 What I mean is this: The law, introduced 430 years(DD) later, does not set aside the covenant previously established by God and thus do away with the promise. 18 For if the inheritance depends on the law, then it no longer depends on the promise;(DE) but God in his grace gave it to Abraham through a promise.
19 Why, then, was the law given at all? It was added because of transgressions(DF) until the Seed(DG) to whom the promise referred had come. The law was given through angels(DH) and entrusted to a mediator.(DI) 20 A mediator,(DJ) however, implies more than one party; but God is one.
21 Is the law, therefore, opposed to the promises of God? Absolutely not!(DK) For if a law had been given that could impart life, then righteousness would certainly have come by the law.(DL) 22 But Scripture has locked up everything under the control of sin,(DM) so that what was promised, being given through faith in Jesus Christ, might be given to those who believe.
Children of God
23 Before the coming of this faith,[p] we were held in custody(DN) under the law, locked up until the faith that was to come would be revealed.(DO) 24 So the law was our guardian until Christ came(DP) that we might be justified by faith.(DQ) 25 Now that this faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian.(DR)
- Galatians 1:18 That is, Peter
- Galatians 2:7 That is, Gentiles
- Galatians 2:7 That is, Jews; also in verses 8 and 9
- Galatians 2:9 That is, Peter; also in verses 11 and 14
- Galatians 2:16 Or but through the faithfulness of … justified on the basis of the faithfulness of
- Galatians 2:21 Some interpreters end the quotation after verse 14.
- Galatians 3:3 In contexts like this, the Greek word for flesh (sarx) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit.
- Galatians 3:4 Or suffered
- Galatians 3:6 Gen. 15:6
- Galatians 3:8 Gen. 12:3; 18:18; 22:18
- Galatians 3:10 Deut. 27:26
- Galatians 3:11 Hab. 2:4
- Galatians 3:12 Lev. 18:5
- Galatians 3:13 Deut. 21:23
- Galatians 3:16 Gen. 12:7; 13:15; 24:7
- Galatians 3:23 Or through the faithfulness of Jesus … 23 Before faith came