The Altar of Incense(A)

30 “You shall make (B)an altar to burn incense on; you shall make it of acacia wood. A cubit shall be its length and a cubit its width—it shall be square—and two cubits shall be its height. Its horns shall be of one piece with it. And you shall overlay its top, its sides all around, and its horns with pure gold; and you shall make for it a [a]molding of gold all around. Two gold rings you shall make for it, under the molding on both its sides. You shall place them on its two sides, and they will be holders for the poles with which to bear it. You shall make the poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold. And you shall put it before the (C)veil that is before the ark of the Testimony, before the (D)mercy seat that is over the Testimony, where I will meet with you.

“Aaron shall burn on it (E)sweet incense every morning; when (F)he tends the lamps, he shall burn incense on it. And when Aaron lights the lamps [b]at twilight, he shall burn incense on it, a perpetual incense before the Lord throughout your generations. You shall not offer (G)strange incense on it, or a burnt offering, or a grain offering; nor shall you pour a drink offering on it. 10 And (H)Aaron shall make atonement upon its horns once a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonement; once a year he shall make atonement upon it throughout your generations. It is most holy to the Lord.”

The Ransom Money

11 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 12 (I)“When you take the census of the children of Israel for their number, then every man shall give (J)a[c] ransom for himself to the Lord, when you number them, that there may be no (K)plague among them when you number them. 13 (L)This is what everyone among those who are numbered shall give: half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary (M)(a shekel is twenty gerahs). (N)The half-shekel shall be an offering to the Lord. 14 Everyone included among those who are numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an [d]offering to the Lord. 15 The (O)rich shall not give more and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when you give an offering to the Lord, to make atonement for yourselves. 16 And you shall take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and (P)shall [e]appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of meeting, that it may be (Q)a memorial for the children of Israel before the Lord, to make atonement for yourselves.”

The Bronze Laver

17 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 18 (R)“You shall also make a [f]laver of bronze, with its base also of bronze, for washing. You shall (S)put it between the tabernacle of meeting and the altar. And you shall put water in it, 19 for Aaron and his sons (T)shall wash their hands and their feet in water from it. 20 When they go into the tabernacle of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister, to burn an offering made by fire to the Lord, they shall wash with water, lest they die. 21 So they shall wash their hands and their feet, lest they die. And (U)it shall be a [g]statute forever to them—to him and his descendants throughout their generations.”

The Holy Anointing Oil(V)

22 Moreover the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 23 “Also take for yourself (W)quality spices—five hundred shekels of liquid (X)myrrh, half as much sweet-smelling cinnamon (two hundred and fifty shekels), two hundred and fifty shekels of sweet-smelling (Y)cane, 24 five hundred shekels of (Z)cassia, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, and a (AA)hin of olive oil. 25 And you shall make from these a holy anointing oil, an ointment compounded according to the art of the perfumer. It shall be (AB)a holy anointing oil. 26 (AC)With it you shall anoint the tabernacle of meeting and the ark of the Testimony; 27 the table and all its utensils, the lampstand and its utensils, and the altar of incense; 28 the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and the laver and its base. 29 You shall consecrate them, that they may be most holy; (AD)whatever touches them must be holy. 30 (AE)And you shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister to Me as priests.

31 “And you shall speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘This shall be a holy anointing oil to Me throughout your generations. 32 It shall not be poured on man’s flesh; nor shall you make any other like it, according to its composition. (AF)It is holy, and it shall be holy to you. 33 (AG)Whoever [h]compounds any like it, or whoever puts any of it on an outsider, (AH)shall be [i]cut off from his people.’ ”

The Incense(AI)

34 And the Lord said to Moses: (AJ)“Take sweet spices, stacte and onycha and galbanum, and pure frankincense with these sweet spices; there shall be equal amounts of each. 35 You shall make of these an incense, a compound (AK)according to the art of the perfumer, salted, pure, and holy. 36 And you shall beat some of it very fine, and put some of it before the Testimony in the tabernacle of meeting (AL)where I will meet with you. (AM)It shall be most holy to you. 37 But as for the incense which you shall make, (AN)you shall not make any for yourselves, according to its [j]composition. It shall be to you holy for the Lord. 38 (AO)Whoever makes any like it, to smell it, he shall be cut off from his people.”

Artisans for Building the Tabernacle(AP)

31 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: (AQ)“See, I have called by name Bezalel the (AR)son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah. And I have (AS)filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship, to design artistic works, to work in gold, in silver, in bronze, in cutting jewels for setting, in carving wood, and to work in all manner of workmanship.

“And I, indeed I, have appointed with him (AT)Aholiab the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan; and I have put wisdom in the hearts of all the (AU)gifted artisans, that they may make all that I have commanded you: (AV)the tabernacle of meeting, (AW)the ark of the Testimony and (AX)the mercy seat that is on it, and all the furniture of the tabernacle— (AY)the table and its utensils, (AZ)the pure gold lampstand with all its utensils, the altar of incense, (BA)the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and (BB)the laver and its base— 10 (BC)the [k]garments of ministry, the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons, to minister as priests, 11 (BD)and the anointing oil and (BE)sweet incense for the holy place. According to all that I have commanded you they shall do.”

The Sabbath Law

12 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 13 “Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: (BF)‘Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who (BG)sanctifies[l] you. 14 (BH)You shall keep the Sabbath, therefore, for it is holy to you. Everyone who [m]profanes it shall surely be put to death; for (BI)whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people. 15 Work shall be done for (BJ)six days, but the (BK)seventh is the Sabbath of rest, holy to the Lord. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. 16 Therefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant. 17 It is (BL)a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for (BM)in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.’ ”

18 And when He had made an end of speaking with him on Mount Sinai, He gave Moses (BN)two tablets of the Testimony, tablets of stone, written with the finger of God.

The Gold Calf(BO)

32 Now when the people saw that Moses (BP)delayed coming down from the mountain, the people (BQ)gathered together to Aaron, and said to him, (BR)“Come, make us [n]gods that shall (BS)go before us; for as for this Moses, the man who (BT)brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.”

And Aaron said to them, “Break off the (BU)golden earrings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.” So all the people broke off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them to Aaron. (BV)And he received the gold from their hand, and he fashioned it with an engraving tool, and made a molded calf.

Then they said, “This is your god, O Israel, that (BW)brought you out of the land of Egypt!”

So when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it. And Aaron made a (BX)proclamation and said, “Tomorrow is a feast to the Lord.” Then they rose early on the next day, offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people (BY)sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.

And the Lord said to Moses, (BZ)“Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt (CA)have corrupted themselves. They have turned aside quickly out of the way which (CB)I commanded them. They have made themselves a molded calf, and worshiped it and sacrificed to it, and said, (CC)‘This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!’ ” And the Lord said to Moses, (CD)“I have seen this people, and indeed it is a [o]stiff-necked people! 10 Now therefore, (CE)let Me alone, that (CF)My wrath may burn hot against them and I may [p]consume them. And (CG)I will make of you a great nation.”

11 (CH)Then Moses pleaded with [q]the Lord his God, and said: “Lord, why does Your wrath burn hot against Your people whom You have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand? 12 (CI)Why should the Egyptians speak, and say, ‘He brought them out to harm them, to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth’? Turn from Your fierce wrath, and (CJ)relent from this harm to Your people. 13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants, to whom You (CK)swore by Your own self, and said to them, (CL)‘I will multiply your descendants as the stars of heaven; and all this land that I have spoken of I give to your descendants, and they shall inherit it forever.’ ” 14 So the Lord (CM)relented from the harm which He said He would do to His people.

15 And (CN)Moses turned and went down from the mountain, and the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. The tablets were written on both sides; on the one side and on the other they were written. 16 Now the (CO)tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God engraved on the tablets.

17 And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said to Moses, “There is a noise of war in the camp.”

18 But he said:

It is not the noise of the shout of victory,
Nor the noise of the cry of defeat,
But the sound of singing I hear.”

19 So it was, as soon as he came near the camp, that (CP)he saw the calf and the dancing. So Moses’ anger became hot, and he cast the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain. 20 (CQ)Then he took the calf which they had made, burned it in the fire, and ground it to powder; and he scattered it on the water and made the children of Israel drink it. 21 And Moses said to Aaron, (CR)“What did this people do to you that you have brought so great a sin upon them?”

22 So Aaron said, “Do not let the anger of my lord become hot. (CS)You know the people, that they are set on evil. 23 For they said to me, ‘Make us gods that shall go before us; as for this Moses, the man who brought us out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.’ 24 And I said to them, ‘Whoever has any gold, let them break it off.’ So they gave it to me, and I cast it into the fire, and this calf came out.”

25 Now when Moses saw that the people were (CT)unrestrained (for Aaron (CU)had not restrained them, to their shame among their enemies), 26 then Moses stood in the entrance of the camp, and said, “Whoever is on the Lord’s side—come to me!” And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together to him. 27 And he said to them, “Thus says the Lord God of Israel: ‘Let every man put his sword on his side, and go in and out from entrance to entrance throughout the camp, and (CV)let every man kill his brother, every man his companion, and every man his neighbor.’ ” 28 So the sons of Levi did according to the word of Moses. And about three thousand men of the people fell that day. 29 (CW)Then Moses said, [r]“Consecrate yourselves today to the Lord, that He may bestow on you a blessing this day, for every man has opposed his son and his brother.”

30 Now it came to pass on the next day that Moses said to the people, (CX)“You have committed a great sin. So now I will go up to the Lord; (CY)perhaps I can (CZ)make atonement for your sin.” 31 Then Moses (DA)returned to the Lord and said, “Oh, these people have committed a great sin, and have (DB)made for themselves a god of gold! 32 Yet now, if You will forgive their sin—but if not, I pray, (DC)blot me (DD)out of Your book which You have written.”

33 And the Lord said to Moses, (DE)“Whoever has sinned against Me, I will (DF)blot him out of My book. 34 Now therefore, go, lead the people to the place of which I have (DG)spoken to you. (DH)Behold, My Angel shall go before you. Nevertheless, (DI)in the day when I (DJ)visit for punishment, I will visit punishment upon them for their sin.”

35 So the Lord plagued the people because of (DK)what they did with the calf which Aaron made.


  1. Exodus 30:3 border
  2. Exodus 30:8 Lit. between the two evenings
  3. Exodus 30:12 the price of a life
  4. Exodus 30:14 contribution
  5. Exodus 30:16 give
  6. Exodus 30:18 basin
  7. Exodus 30:21 requirement
  8. Exodus 30:33 mixes
  9. Exodus 30:33 Put to death
  10. Exodus 30:37 Lit. proportion
  11. Exodus 31:10 Or woven garments
  12. Exodus 31:13 consecrates
  13. Exodus 31:14 defiles
  14. Exodus 32:1 Or a god
  15. Exodus 32:9 stubborn
  16. Exodus 32:10 destroy
  17. Exodus 32:11 Lit. the face of the Lord
  18. Exodus 32:29 Lit. Fill your hand

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