The Plague of Locusts

10 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for (A)I have [a]hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, so that I may [b]perform these signs of Mine [c]among them, and (B)that you may tell in the [d]presence of your son, and of your grandson, how I made a mockery of the Egyptians and how I [e]performed My signs among them, (C)so that you may know that I am the Lord.”

So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to him, “This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews says: ‘How long will you refuse to (D)humble yourself before Me? (E)Let My people go, so that they may serve Me. For if you refuse to let My people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your territory. And they will cover the surface of the land, so that no one will be able to see the land. (F)They will also eat the rest of what has survived—what is left to you from the hail—and they will eat every tree of yours which grows [f]in the field. Then (G)your houses will be filled with them, [g]together with the houses of all your servants and the houses of all the Egyptians, something which neither your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen, from the day that they [h]came upon the earth until this day.’” And he turned and left Pharaoh. Then (H)Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long shall this man be (I)a snare to us? Let the [i]people go, so that they may serve the Lord their God. Do you not yet [j]realize that Egypt is destroyed?” So Moses and Aaron (J)were brought back to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “(K)Go, serve the Lord your God! [k]Who specifically are the ones who are going?” Moses said, “(L)We shall go with our young and our old; with our sons and our daughters, (M)with our flocks and our herds we shall go, for we [l]must hold a feast to the Lord.” 10 Then he said to them, “So may the Lord be with you, when I let you and your little ones go! Watch out, for evil is [m]on your mind! 11 Not so! Go now, but only the men among you, and serve the Lord, since [n]that is what you desire.” So (N)they were driven out from Pharaoh’s presence.

12 Then the Lord said to Moses, “(O)Reach out with your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, so that they may come up on the land of Egypt and (P)eat every plant of the land, everything that the hail has left.” 13 So Moses reached out with his staff over the land of Egypt, and the Lord directed an east wind on the land all that day and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind [o]brought the (Q)locusts. 14 (R)The locusts came up over all the land of Egypt and settled in all the territory of Egypt; they were very [p]numerous. There had never been so many [q]locusts, nor would there be so many [r]again. 15 For they covered the surface of the whole land, so that the land was darkened; and they (S)ate every plant of the land and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Therefore nothing green was left on tree or plant of the field throughout the land of Egypt. 16 Then Pharaoh hurriedly (T)called for Moses and Aaron, and he said, “(U)I have sinned against the Lord your God and against you. 17 So now, please forgive my sin only this once, and (V)plead with the Lord your God, that He would only remove this death from me.” 18 Then (W)he left Pharaoh and pleaded with the Lord. 19 So the Lord shifted the wind to a very strong west wind, which picked up the locusts and drove them into the [s]Red Sea; not one locust was left in all the territory of Egypt. 20 But (X)the Lord [t]hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the sons of Israel go.

Darkness over the Land

21 Then the Lord said to Moses, “(Y)Reach out with your hand toward the sky, so that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even a darkness (Z)which may be felt.” 22 So Moses reached out with his hand toward the sky, and there was (AA)thick darkness in all the land of Egypt for three days. 23 They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, (AB)but all the sons of Israel had light in their dwellings. 24 Then Pharaoh (AC)called for Moses, and said, “Go, serve the Lord; only let your flocks and your herds be left behind. Even (AD)your little ones may go with you.” 25 But Moses said, “You must also [u]let us have sacrifices and burnt offerings, so that we may [v]sacrifice them to the Lord our God. 26 (AE)Therefore, our livestock too shall go with us; not a hoof shall be left behind, for we shall take some of them to serve the Lord our God. And until we arrive there, we ourselves do not know with what we shall serve the Lord.” 27 But (AF)the Lord [w]hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to let them go. 28 Then Pharaoh said to him, “(AG)Get away from me! [x]Be careful, do not see my face again, for on the day you see my face, you shall die!” 29 Moses said, “You have spoken correctly; (AH)I shall never see your face again!”

The Last Plague

11 Now the Lord said to Moses, “One more plague I will bring on Pharaoh and on Egypt; (AI)after that he will let you go from here. When he lets you go, he will assuredly drive you out from here completely. Speak now [y]so that the people hear, that (AJ)each man is to ask of his neighbor, and each woman of her neighbor, articles of silver and articles of gold.” And (AK)the Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. (AL)Furthermore, the man Moses himself was [z]greatly esteemed in the land of Egypt, both in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants and in the sight of the people.

Then Moses said, “This is what the Lord says: ‘About (AM)midnight I am going out into the midst of Egypt, and (AN)all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of the Pharaoh who sits on his throne, to the firstborn of the slave girl who is behind the millstones; all the firstborn of the cattle as well. So there shall be (AO)a great cry in all the land of Egypt, such as there has not been before and such as shall never be again. (AP)But not even a dog will [aa]threaten any of the sons of Israel, nor anything from person to animal, so that you may [ab]learn how the Lord distinguishes between Egypt and Israel.’ And (AQ)all these servants of yours will come down to me and bow themselves [ac]before me, saying, ‘Go out, you and all the people who [ad]follow you,’ and after that I will go out.” (AR)And he left Pharaoh in the heat of anger.

Then the Lord said to Moses, “(AS)Pharaoh will not listen to you, so (AT)that My wonders will be multiplied in the land of Egypt.” 10 So (AU)Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh; yet (AV)the Lord [ae]hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the sons of Israel go out of his land.

The Passover Lamb

12 Now the Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of [af]Egypt, (AW)This month shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first month of the year for you. Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are, each one, to take a [ag]lamb for themselves, according to the fathers’ households, a [ah]lamb for [ai]each household. Now if the household is too small for a [aj]lamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the [ak]number of persons in them; in proportion to [al]what each one should eat, you are to [am]divide the lamb. Your [an]lamb shall be (AX)an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. [ao]You shall keep it until the (AY)fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to slaughter it [ap](AZ)at twilight. (BA)Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel [aq]of the houses in which they eat it. They shall eat the flesh (BB)that same night, (BC)roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with (BD)unleavened bread [ar](BE)and bitter herbs. Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather (BF)roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with (BG)its entrails. 10 (BH)And you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall completely burn with fire. 11 Now you shall eat it in this way: with your garment [as]belted around your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in a hurry—it is (BI)the Lords Passover. 12 For (BJ)I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and fatally strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the human firstborn to animals; and (BK)against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments—(BL)I am the Lord. 13 (BM)The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you [at]live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will come upon you [au]to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.

Feast of Unleavened Bread

14 ‘Now (BN)this day shall be (BO)a memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it as a feast to the Lord; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it as [av](BP)a permanent ordinance. 15 For (BQ)seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, but on the first day you shall remove dough with yeast from your houses; for whoever eats anything with yeast from the first day until the seventh day, (BR)that [aw]person shall be cut off from Israel. 16 And (BS)on the first day you shall have a holy assembly, and another holy assembly on the seventh day; no work at all shall be done on them, except for what must be eaten by every person—that alone may be [ax]prepared by you. 17 You shall also keep (BT)the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this (BU)very day I brought your [ay]multitudes out of the land of Egypt; therefore you shall keep this day throughout your generations as (BV)a [az]permanent ordinance. 18 (BW)In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19 For (BX)seven days there shall be no dough with yeast found in your houses; for whoever eats anything with yeast, that [ba](BY)person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land. 20 You shall not eat anything with yeast; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.’”

21 Then (BZ)Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go and (CA)take for yourselves [bb]lambs according to your families, and slaughter (CB)the Passover lamb. 22 And (CC)you shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood which is in the basin, and [bc]apply some of the blood that is in the basin to the lintel and the two doorposts; and none of you shall go outside the door of his house until morning.

A Memorial of Redemption

23 For (CD)the Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians; but when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the Lord will pass over the door and will (CE)not allow the (CF)destroyer to come in to your houses to strike you. 24 And (CG)you shall keep this event as an ordinance for you and your children forever. 25 When you enter the land which the Lord will give you, as He has [bd]promised, you shall keep this [be]rite. 26 (CH)And when your children say to you, ‘[bf]What does this rite mean to you?’ 27 then you shall say, ‘It is a Passover sacrifice to (CI)the Lord because He passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians, but [bg]spared our homes.’” (CJ)And the people bowed low and worshiped.

28 Then the sons of Israel went and did so; just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

29 Now it came about at (CK)midnight that (CL)the Lord struck all (CM)the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of (CN)cattle. 30 And Pharaoh got up in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was (CO)a great cry in Egypt, for there was no home where there was not someone dead. 31 Then (CP)he called for Moses and Aaron at night and said, “Rise up, (CQ)get out from among my people, both you and the sons of Israel; and go, [bh]worship the Lord, as you have said. 32 Take (CR)both your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and go, and bless me also.”

Exodus of Israel

33 (CS)The Egyptians urged the people, to send them out of the land in a hurry, for they said, “We will all be dead.” 34 So the people took (CT)their dough before it was leavened, with their kneading bowls bound up in the clothes on their shoulders.

35 (CU)Now the sons of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, for they had requested from the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing; 36 and the Lord had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have their request. Therefore they (CV)plundered the Egyptians.

37 Now the (CW)sons of Israel journeyed from (CX)Rameses to Succoth, about (CY)six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children. 38 A (CZ)mixed multitude also went up with them, [bi]along with flocks and herds, a (DA)very large number of livestock. 39 And they baked the dough which they had brought out of Egypt into cakes of unleavened bread. For it had no yeast, since they were (DB)driven out of Egypt and could not delay, nor had they [bj]prepared any provisions for themselves.

40 Now the time [bk]that the sons of Israel had lived in Egypt was (DC)430 years. 41 And at the end of 430 years, on (DD)this very day, (DE)all the [bl]multitudes of the Lord departed from the land of Egypt.

Ordinance of the Passover

42 (DF)It is a night [bm]to be observed for the Lord, for having brought them out of the land of Egypt; this night is for the Lord, [bn]to be observed by all the sons of Israel throughout their generations.

43 And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of (DG)the Passover: no [bo](DH)foreigner is to eat it; 44 but as for every (DI)slave [bp]that someone has purchased with money, after you have circumcised him, then he may eat it. 45 (DJ)A stranger or a hired worker shall not eat it. 46 It is to be eaten in a single house; you are not to bring any of the meat outside of the house, (DK)nor are you to break any bone of it. 47 (DL)All the congregation of Israel are to [bq]celebrate this. 48 But (DM)if a stranger resides with you and [br]celebrates the Passover to the Lord, all of his males are to be circumcised, and then he shall come near to [bs]celebrate it; and he shall be like a native of the land. But no uncircumcised male may eat it. 49 [bt](DN)The same law shall [bu]apply to the native as to the stranger who resides among you.”

50 Then all the sons of Israel did so; they did just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 51 And on that very day (DO)the Lord brought the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt (DP)according to their [bv]multitudes.


  1. Exodus 10:1 Lit made heavy
  2. Exodus 10:1 Lit put
  3. Exodus 10:1 Lit in his midst
  4. Exodus 10:2 Lit ears
  5. Exodus 10:2 Lit put
  6. Exodus 10:5 Lit from
  7. Exodus 10:6 Lit and the
  8. Exodus 10:6 Lit were
  9. Exodus 10:7 Or men
  10. Exodus 10:7 Lit know
  11. Exodus 10:8 Lit Who and who are
  12. Exodus 10:9 Lit have a feast
  13. Exodus 10:10 Lit before your face
  14. Exodus 10:11 Lit you desire it
  15. Exodus 10:13 Lit carried
  16. Exodus 10:14 Lit heavy
  17. Exodus 10:14 Lit locusts like them before them
  18. Exodus 10:14 Lit after them
  19. Exodus 10:19 Lit Sea of Reeds
  20. Exodus 10:20 Lit made strong
  21. Exodus 10:25 Lit hand over
  22. Exodus 10:25 Lit make them for
  23. Exodus 10:27 Lit made strong
  24. Exodus 10:28 Lit Take care for yourself
  25. Exodus 11:2 Lit in the ears of the people that
  26. Exodus 11:3 Lit very great
  27. Exodus 11:7 Lit move its tongue
  28. Exodus 11:7 Lit know
  29. Exodus 11:8 Lit to
  30. Exodus 11:8 Lit are at your feet
  31. Exodus 11:10 Lit made strong
  32. Exodus 12:1 Lit Egypt, saying
  33. Exodus 12:3 Or kid
  34. Exodus 12:3 Or kid
  35. Exodus 12:3 Lit the
  36. Exodus 12:4 Or kid
  37. Exodus 12:4 Or amount
  38. Exodus 12:4 Lit each man’s eating
  39. Exodus 12:4 Lit compute for
  40. Exodus 12:5 Or kid
  41. Exodus 12:6 Lit It shall be to you for a guarding
  42. Exodus 12:6 Lit between the two evenings
  43. Exodus 12:7 Lit upon
  44. Exodus 12:8 Lit in addition to
  45. Exodus 12:11 I.e., for travel
  46. Exodus 12:13 Lit are
  47. Exodus 12:13 Lit for destruction
  48. Exodus 12:14 Or an eternal
  49. Exodus 12:15 Lit soul
  50. Exodus 12:16 Lit done
  51. Exodus 12:17 Lit armies
  52. Exodus 12:17 Or eternal
  53. Exodus 12:19 Lit soul
  54. Exodus 12:21 Lit sheep
  55. Exodus 12:22 Lit cause to touch
  56. Exodus 12:25 Lit spoken
  57. Exodus 12:25 Lit service
  58. Exodus 12:26 Lit What is this service to you?
  59. Exodus 12:27 Lit delivered
  60. Exodus 12:31 Or serve
  61. Exodus 12:38 Lit and
  62. Exodus 12:39 Lit made
  63. Exodus 12:40 Or of the sons of Israel who lived
  64. Exodus 12:41 Lit armies
  65. Exodus 12:42 Or of vigil
  66. Exodus 12:42 Or of vigil
  67. Exodus 12:43 Lit son of a stranger
  68. Exodus 12:44 Lit of a man, an acquisition of money
  69. Exodus 12:47 Lit perform
  70. Exodus 12:48 Lit performs
  71. Exodus 12:48 Lit perform
  72. Exodus 12:49 Lit One law
  73. Exodus 12:49 Lit be
  74. Exodus 12:51 I.e., multitudes in battle formation

Bible Gateway Recommends