Crossing the Sea

17 When Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them on the road through the Philistine country, though that was shorter. For God said, “If they face war, they might change their minds and return to Egypt.”(A) 18 So God led(B) the people around by the desert road toward the Red Sea.[a] The Israelites went up out of Egypt ready for battle.(C)

19 Moses took the bones of Joseph(D) with him because Joseph had made the Israelites swear an oath. He had said, “God will surely come to your aid, and then you must carry my bones up with you from this place.”[b](E)

20 After leaving Sukkoth(F) they camped at Etham on the edge of the desert.(G) 21 By day the Lord went ahead(H) of them in a pillar of cloud(I) to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night. 22 Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night left(J) its place in front of the people.

14 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell the Israelites to turn back and encamp near Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol(K) and the sea. They are to encamp by the sea, directly opposite Baal Zephon.(L) Pharaoh will think, ‘The Israelites are wandering around the land in confusion, hemmed in by the desert.’ And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart,(M) and he will pursue them.(N) But I will gain glory(O) for myself through Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord.”(P) So the Israelites did this.

When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled,(Q) Pharaoh and his officials changed their minds(R) about them and said, “What have we done? We have let the Israelites go and have lost their services!” So he had his chariot made ready and took his army with him. He took six hundred of the best chariots,(S) along with all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them. The Lord hardened the heart(T) of Pharaoh king of Egypt, so that he pursued the Israelites, who were marching out boldly.(U) The Egyptians—all Pharaoh’s horses(V) and chariots, horsemen[c] and troops(W)—pursued the Israelites and overtook(X) them as they camped by the sea near Pi Hahiroth, opposite Baal Zephon.(Y)

10 As Pharaoh approached, the Israelites looked up, and there were the Egyptians, marching after them. They were terrified and cried(Z) out to the Lord. 11 They said to Moses, “Was it because there were no graves in Egypt that you brought us to the desert to die?(AA) What have you done to us by bringing us out of Egypt? 12 Didn’t we say to you in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone; let us serve the Egyptians’? It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert!”(AB)

13 Moses answered the people, “Do not be afraid.(AC) Stand firm and you will see(AD) the deliverance the Lord will bring you today. The Egyptians you see today you will never see(AE) again. 14 The Lord will fight(AF) for you; you need only to be still.”(AG)

15 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Why are you crying out to me?(AH) Tell the Israelites to move on. 16 Raise your staff(AI) and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the water(AJ) so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground. 17 I will harden the hearts(AK) of the Egyptians so that they will go in after them.(AL) And I will gain glory through Pharaoh and all his army, through his chariots and his horsemen. 18 The Egyptians will know that I am the Lord(AM) when I gain glory through Pharaoh, his chariots and his horsemen.”

19 Then the angel of God,(AN) who had been traveling in front of Israel’s army, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloud(AO) also moved from in front and stood behind(AP) them, 20 coming between the armies of Egypt and Israel. Throughout the night the cloud brought darkness(AQ) to the one side and light to the other side; so neither went near the other all night long.

21 Then Moses stretched out his hand(AR) over the sea,(AS) and all that night the Lord drove the sea back with a strong east wind(AT) and turned it into dry land.(AU) The waters were divided,(AV) 22 and the Israelites went through the sea(AW) on dry ground,(AX) with a wall(AY) of water on their right and on their left.

23 The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh’s horses and chariots and horsemen(AZ) followed them into the sea. 24 During the last watch of the night the Lord looked down from the pillar of fire and cloud(BA) at the Egyptian army and threw it into confusion.(BB) 25 He jammed[d] the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving. And the Egyptians said, “Let’s get away from the Israelites! The Lord is fighting(BC) for them against Egypt.”(BD)

26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen.” 27 Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at daybreak the sea went back to its place.(BE) The Egyptians were fleeing toward[e] it, and the Lord swept them into the sea.(BF) 28 The water flowed back and covered the chariots and horsemen—the entire army of Pharaoh that had followed the Israelites into the sea.(BG) Not one of them survived.(BH)

29 But the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground,(BI) with a wall(BJ) of water on their right and on their left. 30 That day the Lord saved(BK) Israel from the hands of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the shore. 31 And when the Israelites saw the mighty hand(BL) of the Lord displayed against the Egyptians, the people feared(BM) the Lord and put their trust(BN) in him and in Moses his servant.

The Song of Moses and Miriam

15 Then Moses and the Israelites sang this song(BO) to the Lord:

“I will sing(BP) to the Lord,
    for he is highly exalted.
Both horse and driver(BQ)
    he has hurled into the sea.(BR)

“The Lord is my strength(BS) and my defense[f];
    he has become my salvation.(BT)
He is my God,(BU) and I will praise him,
    my father’s God, and I will exalt(BV) him.
The Lord is a warrior;(BW)
    the Lord is his name.(BX)
Pharaoh’s chariots and his army(BY)
    he has hurled into the sea.
The best of Pharaoh’s officers
    are drowned in the Red Sea.[g]
The deep waters(BZ) have covered them;
    they sank to the depths like a stone.(CA)
Your right hand,(CB) Lord,
    was majestic in power.
Your right hand,(CC) Lord,
    shattered(CD) the enemy.

“In the greatness of your majesty(CE)
    you threw down those who opposed you.
You unleashed your burning anger;(CF)
    it consumed(CG) them like stubble.
By the blast of your nostrils(CH)
    the waters piled up.(CI)
The surging waters stood up like a wall;(CJ)
    the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea.(CK)
The enemy boasted,
    ‘I will pursue,(CL) I will overtake them.
I will divide the spoils;(CM)
    I will gorge myself on them.
I will draw my sword
    and my hand will destroy them.’
10 But you blew with your breath,(CN)
    and the sea covered them.
They sank like lead
    in the mighty waters.(CO)
11 Who among the gods
    is like you,(CP) Lord?
Who is like you—
    majestic in holiness,(CQ)
awesome in glory,(CR)
    working wonders?(CS)

12 “You stretch out(CT) your right hand,
    and the earth swallows your enemies.(CU)
13 In your unfailing love you will lead(CV)
    the people you have redeemed.(CW)
In your strength you will guide them
    to your holy dwelling.(CX)
14 The nations will hear and tremble;(CY)
    anguish(CZ) will grip the people of Philistia.(DA)
15 The chiefs(DB) of Edom(DC) will be terrified,
    the leaders of Moab will be seized with trembling,(DD)
the people[h] of Canaan will melt(DE) away;
16     terror(DF) and dread will fall on them.
By the power of your arm
    they will be as still as a stone(DG)
until your people pass by, Lord,
    until the people you bought[i](DH) pass by.(DI)
17 You will bring(DJ) them in and plant(DK) them
    on the mountain(DL) of your inheritance—
the place, Lord, you made for your dwelling,(DM)
    the sanctuary,(DN) Lord, your hands established.

18 “The Lord reigns
    for ever and ever.”(DO)


  1. Exodus 13:18 Or the Sea of Reeds
  2. Exodus 13:19 See Gen. 50:25.
  3. Exodus 14:9 Or charioteers; also in verses 17, 18, 23, 26 and 28
  4. Exodus 14:25 See Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint and Syriac; Masoretic Text removed
  5. Exodus 14:27 Or from
  6. Exodus 15:2 Or song
  7. Exodus 15:4 Or the Sea of Reeds; also in verse 22
  8. Exodus 15:15 Or rulers
  9. Exodus 15:16 Or created

The Authority of Jesus Questioned(A)

23 Jesus entered the temple courts, and, while he was teaching, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him. “By what authority(B) are you doing these things?” they asked. “And who gave you this authority?”

24 Jesus replied, “I will also ask you one question. If you answer me, I will tell you by what authority I am doing these things. 25 John’s baptism—where did it come from? Was it from heaven, or of human origin?”

They discussed it among themselves and said, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will ask, ‘Then why didn’t you believe him?’ 26 But if we say, ‘Of human origin’—we are afraid of the people, for they all hold that John was a prophet.”(C)

27 So they answered Jesus, “We don’t know.”

Then he said, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.

The Parable of the Two Sons

28 “What do you think? There was a man who had two sons. He went to the first and said, ‘Son, go and work today in the vineyard.’(D)

29 “‘I will not,’ he answered, but later he changed his mind and went.

30 “Then the father went to the other son and said the same thing. He answered, ‘I will, sir,’ but he did not go.

31 “Which of the two did what his father wanted?”

“The first,” they answered.

Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, the tax collectors(E) and the prostitutes(F) are entering the kingdom of God ahead of you. 32 For John came to you to show you the way of righteousness,(G) and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors(H) and the prostitutes(I) did. And even after you saw this, you did not repent(J) and believe him.

The Parable of the Tenants(K)

33 “Listen to another parable: There was a landowner who planted(L) a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a winepress in it and built a watchtower.(M) Then he rented the vineyard to some farmers and moved to another place.(N) 34 When the harvest time approached, he sent his servants(O) to the tenants to collect his fruit.

35 “The tenants seized his servants; they beat one, killed another, and stoned a third.(P) 36 Then he sent other servants(Q) to them, more than the first time, and the tenants treated them the same way. 37 Last of all, he sent his son to them. ‘They will respect my son,’ he said.

38 “But when the tenants saw the son, they said to each other, ‘This is the heir.(R) Come, let’s kill him(S) and take his inheritance.’(T) 39 So they took him and threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.

40 “Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?”

41 “He will bring those wretches to a wretched end,”(U) they replied, “and he will rent the vineyard to other tenants,(V) who will give him his share of the crop at harvest time.”

42 Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures:

“‘The stone the builders rejected
    has become the cornerstone;
the Lord has done this,
    and it is marvelous in our eyes’[a]?(W)

43 “Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you(X) and given to a people who will produce its fruit. 44 Anyone who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; anyone on whom it falls will be crushed.”[b](Y)

45 When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard Jesus’ parables, they knew he was talking about them. 46 They looked for a way to arrest him, but they were afraid of the crowd because the people held that he was a prophet.(Z)

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  1. Matthew 21:42 Psalm 118:22,23
  2. Matthew 21:44 Some manuscripts do not have verse 44.

Psalm 26

Of David.

Vindicate me,(A) Lord,
    for I have led a blameless life;(B)
I have trusted(C) in the Lord
    and have not faltered.(D)
Test me,(E) Lord, and try me,
    examine my heart and my mind;(F)
for I have always been mindful of your unfailing love(G)
    and have lived(H) in reliance on your faithfulness.(I)

I do not sit(J) with the deceitful,
    nor do I associate with hypocrites.(K)
I abhor(L) the assembly of evildoers
    and refuse to sit with the wicked.
I wash my hands in innocence,(M)
    and go about your altar, Lord,
proclaiming aloud your praise(N)
    and telling of all your wonderful deeds.(O)

Lord, I love(P) the house where you live,
    the place where your glory dwells.(Q)
Do not take away my soul along with sinners,
    my life with those who are bloodthirsty,(R)
10 in whose hands are wicked schemes,(S)
    whose right hands are full of bribes.(T)
11 I lead a blameless life;
    deliver me(U) and be merciful to me.

12 My feet stand on level ground;(V)
    in the great congregation(W) I will praise the Lord.

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16 There are six things the Lord hates,(A)
    seven that are detestable to him:
17         haughty eyes,(B)
        a lying tongue,(C)
        hands that shed innocent blood,(D)
18         a heart that devises wicked schemes,
        feet that are quick to rush into evil,(E)
19         a false witness(F) who pours out lies(G)
        and a person who stirs up conflict in the community.(H)

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