New International Version
33 “If anyone uncovers a pit(A) or digs one and fails to cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 34 the one who opened the pit must pay the owner for the loss and take the dead animal in exchange.
35 “If anyone’s bull injures someone else’s bull and it dies, the two parties are to sell the live one and divide both the money and the dead animal equally. 36 However, if it was known that the bull had the habit of goring, yet the owner did not keep it penned up,(B) the owner must pay, animal for animal, and take the dead animal in exchange.
Protection of Property
“Anyone who steals must certainly make restitution,(F) but if they have nothing, they must be sold(G) to pay for their theft. 4 If the stolen animal is found alive in their possession(H)—whether ox or donkey or sheep—they must pay back double.(I)
5 “If anyone grazes their livestock in a field or vineyard and lets them stray and they graze in someone else’s field, the offender must make restitution(J) from the best of their own field or vineyard.
7 “If anyone gives a neighbor silver or goods for safekeeping(M) and they are stolen from the neighbor’s house, the thief, if caught, must pay back double.(N) 8 But if the thief is not found, the owner of the house must appear before the judges,(O) and they must[b] determine whether the owner of the house has laid hands on the other person’s property. 9 In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any other lost property about which somebody says, ‘This is mine,’ both parties are to bring their cases before the judges.[c](P) The one whom the judges declare[d] guilty must pay back double to the other.
10 “If anyone gives a donkey, an ox, a sheep or any other animal to their neighbor for safekeeping(Q) and it dies or is injured or is taken away while no one is looking, 11 the issue between them will be settled by the taking of an oath(R) before the Lord that the neighbor did not lay hands on the other person’s property. The owner is to accept this, and no restitution is required. 12 But if the animal was stolen from the neighbor, restitution(S) must be made to the owner. 13 If it was torn to pieces by a wild animal, the neighbor shall bring in the remains as evidence and shall not be required to pay for the torn animal.(T)
14 “If anyone borrows an animal from their neighbor and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present, they must make restitution.(U) 15 But if the owner is with the animal, the borrower will not have to pay. If the animal was hired, the money paid for the hire covers the loss.(V)
16 “If a man seduces a virgin(W) who is not pledged to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price,(X) and she shall be his wife. 17 If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he must still pay the bride-price for virgins.
18 “Do not allow a sorceress(Y) to live.
19 “Anyone who has sexual relations with an animal(Z) is to be put to death.
22 “Do not take advantage of the widow or the fatherless.(AE) 23 If you do and they cry out(AF) to me, I will certainly hear their cry.(AG) 24 My anger will be aroused, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives will become widows and your children fatherless.(AH)
25 “If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy, do not treat it like a business deal; charge no interest.(AI) 26 If you take your neighbor’s cloak as a pledge,(AJ) return it by sunset, 27 because that cloak is the only covering your neighbor has. What else can they sleep in?(AK) When they cry out to me, I will hear, for I am compassionate.(AL)
- Exodus 22:1 In Hebrew texts 22:1 is numbered 21:37, and 22:2-31 is numbered 22:1-30.
- Exodus 22:8 Or before God, and he will
- Exodus 22:9 Or before God
- Exodus 22:9 Or whom God declares
- Exodus 22:20 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.
- Exodus 22:28 Or Do not revile the judges
- Exodus 22:29 The meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.