Fear God

[a] (A)Guard your steps when you go to (B)the house of God. To draw near to listen is better than to (C)offer the sacrifice of fools, for they do not know that they are doing evil. [b] Be not rash with your mouth, nor let your heart be hasty to utter a word before God, for God is in heaven and you are on earth. Therefore (D)let your words be few. For a dream comes with much business, and a fool's voice with (E)many words.

When (F)you vow a vow to God, (G)do not delay paying it, for he has no pleasure in fools. (H)Pay what you vow. (I)It is better that you should not vow than that you should vow and not pay. Let not your mouth lead you[c] into sin, and do not say before (J)the messenger[d] that it was (K)a mistake. Why should God be angry at your voice and destroy the work of your hands? For when dreams increase and words grow many, there is vanity;[e] but[f] (L)God is the one you must fear.

The Vanity of Wealth and Honor

(M)If you see in a province the oppression of the poor and the violation of justice and righteousness, (N)do not be amazed at the matter, (O)for the high official is watched by a higher, and there are yet higher ones over them. But this is gain for a land in every way: a king committed to cultivated fields.[g]

10 He who loves money will not be satisfied with money, nor he who loves wealth with his income; this also is vanity. 11 When goods increase, they increase who eat them, and what advantage has their owner but to see them with his eyes? 12 Sweet is the sleep of a laborer, whether he eats little or much, but the full stomach of the rich will not let him sleep.

13 (P)There is a grievous evil that I have seen under the sun: riches were kept by their owner to his hurt, 14 and those riches were lost in a bad venture. And he is father of a son, but he has nothing in his hand. 15 (Q)As he came from his mother's womb he shall go again, naked as he came, and shall take nothing for his toil that he may carry away in his hand. 16 This also is a grievous evil: just as he came, so shall he go, and what (R)gain is there to him who (S)toils for the wind? 17 Moreover, all his days he (T)eats in darkness in much vexation and sickness and anger.

18 Behold, what I have seen to be (U)good and fitting is to eat and drink and find enjoyment[h] in all the toil with which one toils under the sun the few days of his life that God has given him, for this is his (V)lot. 19 Everyone also to whom (W)God has given (X)wealth and possessions (Y)and power to enjoy them, and to accept his lot and rejoice in his toil—this is (Z)the gift of God. 20 For he will not much remember the days of his life because God keeps him occupied with joy in his heart.

(AA)There is an evil that I have seen under the sun, and it lies heavy on mankind: a man (AB)to whom (AC)God gives wealth, possessions, and honor, so that he (AD)lacks nothing of all that he desires, yet God (AE)does not give him power to enjoy them, but a stranger enjoys them. This is vanity;[i] it is a grievous evil. If a man fathers a hundred children and lives many years, so that (AF)the days of his years are many, but his soul is not satisfied with life's (AG)good things, and he also has no (AH)burial, I say that (AI)a stillborn child is better off than he. For it comes in vanity and goes in darkness, and in darkness its name is covered. Moreover, it has not (AJ)seen the sun or known anything, yet it finds (AK)rest rather than he. Even though he should live a thousand years twice over, yet enjoy[j] no good—do not all go to the one place?

(AL)All the toil of man is for his mouth, yet his appetite is not satisfied.[k] For what advantage has the wise man (AM)over the fool? And what does the poor man have who knows how to conduct himself before the living? Better (AN)is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of the appetite: this also is (AO)vanity and a striving after wind.

10 Whatever has come to be has (AP)already been named, and it is known what man is, and that he is not able to (AQ)dispute with one stronger than he. 11 The more words, the more vanity, and what is the advantage to man? 12 For who knows what is good for man while he lives the few days of his (AR)vain[l] life, which he passes like (AS)a shadow? For who can tell man what will be (AT)after him under the sun?

The Contrast of Wisdom and Folly

(AU)A good name is better than precious ointment,
    and (AV)the day of death than the day of birth.
It is better to go to the house of mourning
    than to go to the house of feasting,
for this is the end of all mankind,
    and the living will (AW)lay it to heart.
Sorrow is better than laughter,
    (AX)for by sadness of face the heart is made glad.
The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning,
    but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth.
It is (AY)better for a man to hear the rebuke of the wise
    than to hear the song of fools.
(AZ)For as the crackling of (BA)thorns under a pot,
    so is the laughter of the fools;
    this also is vanity.[m]
Surely (BB)oppression drives the wise into madness,
    and (BC)a bribe corrupts the heart.
Better is the end of a thing than its beginning,
    and (BD)the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.
(BE)Be not quick in your spirit to become angry,
    (BF)for anger lodges in the heart[n] of fools.
10 Say not, “Why were the former days better than these?”
    For it is not from wisdom that you ask this.
11 Wisdom is good with an inheritance,
    an advantage to those who (BG)see the sun.
12 For the protection of wisdom is like (BH)the protection of money,
    and the advantage of knowledge is that (BI)wisdom preserves the life of him who has it.
13 Consider (BJ)the work of God:
    (BK)who can make straight what he has made crooked?

14 (BL)In the day of prosperity be joyful, and in the day of adversity consider: God has made the one as well as the other, (BM)so that man may not find out anything that will be after him.

15 In my (BN)vain[o] life I have seen everything. There is (BO)a righteous man who perishes in his righteousness, and there is a wicked man who (BP)prolongs his life in his evildoing. 16 Be not overly righteous, and do not (BQ)make yourself too wise. Why should you destroy yourself? 17 Be not overly wicked, neither be a fool. (BR)Why should you die before your time? 18 It is good that you should take hold of (BS)this, and from (BT)that (BU)withhold not your hand, for the one who fears God shall come out from both of them.

19 (BV)Wisdom gives strength to the wise man more than ten rulers who are in a city.

20 Surely (BW)there is not a righteous man on earth who does good and never sins.

21 Do not take to heart all the things that people say, lest you hear (BX)your servant cursing you. 22 Your heart knows that (BY)many times you yourself have cursed others.

23 All this I have tested by wisdom. (BZ)I said, “I will be wise,” but it was far from me. 24 That which has been is far off, and (CA)deep, very deep; (CB)who can find it out?

25 (CC)I turned my heart to know and to search out and to seek wisdom and the scheme of things, and to know the wickedness of folly and the foolishness that is madness. 26 And I find something more (CD)bitter than death: (CE)the woman whose heart is (CF)snares and nets, and whose hands are fetters. He who pleases God escapes her, but (CG)the sinner is taken by her. 27 Behold, this is what I found, says (CH)the Preacher, while adding one thing to another to find the scheme of things— 28 which my soul has sought repeatedly, but I have not found. (CI)One man among a thousand I found, but (CJ)a woman among all these I have not found. 29 See, this alone I found, that (CK)God made man upright, but (CL)they have sought out many schemes.

Keep the King's Command

Who is like the wise?
    And who knows the interpretation of a thing?
(CM)A man's wisdom makes his face shine,
    and (CN)the hardness of his face is changed.

I say:[p] Keep the king's command, because of (CO)God's oath to him.[q] Be not hasty to (CP)go from his presence. Do not take your stand in an evil cause, for he does whatever he pleases. For the word of the king is supreme, and (CQ)who may say to him, “What are you doing?” Whoever keeps a command will know no evil thing, and the wise heart will know the proper time and the just way.[r] For there is a time and a way (CR)for everything, although man's trouble[s] lies heavy on him. For he (CS)does not know what is to be, for (CT)who can tell him how it will be? No man has power to (CU)retain the spirit, (CV)or power over the day of death. There is no (CW)discharge from war, nor will wickedness deliver those who are given to it. (CX)All this I observed while applying my heart to all that is done under the sun, when man had power over man to his hurt.

Those Who Fear God Will Do Well

10 Then I saw the wicked buried. They used to go in and out of (CY)the holy place and were (CZ)praised[t] in the city where they had done such things. This also is vanity.[u] 11 Because (DA)the sentence against an evil deed is not executed speedily, (DB)the heart of the children of man is fully set to do evil. 12 Though a sinner does evil a hundred times and (DC)prolongs his life, yet I know that (DD)it will be well with (DE)those who fear God, because they fear before him. 13 But it will (DF)not be well with the wicked, neither will he prolong his days like (DG)a shadow, because he does not fear before God.

Man Cannot Know God's Ways

14 There is a vanity that takes place on earth, that there are righteous people (DH)to whom it happens according to the deeds of the wicked, and there are wicked people (DI)to whom it happens according to the deeds of the righteous. I said that this also is vanity. 15 And I commend joy, for man (DJ)has nothing better under the sun but to (DK)eat and drink and be joyful, for this will go with him in his toil through the days of his life that God has given him under the sun.

16 When I applied my heart to know wisdom, and to see (DL)the business that is done on earth, how neither (DM)day nor night do one's eyes see sleep, 17 then I saw all the work of God, that (DN)man cannot find out the work that is done under the sun. However much man may toil in seeking, he will not find it out. Even though a wise man claims to know, (DO)he cannot find it out.


  1. Ecclesiastes 5:1 Ch 4:17 in Hebrew
  2. Ecclesiastes 5:2 Ch 5:1 in Hebrew
  3. Ecclesiastes 5:6 Hebrew your flesh
  4. Ecclesiastes 5:6 Or angel
  5. Ecclesiastes 5:7 The Hebrew term hebel can refer to a “vapor” or “mere breath”; also verse 10 (see note on 1:2)
  6. Ecclesiastes 5:7 Or For when dreams and vanities increase, words also grow many; but
  7. Ecclesiastes 5:9 The meaning of the Hebrew verse is uncertain
  8. Ecclesiastes 5:18 Or and see good
  9. Ecclesiastes 6:2 The Hebrew term hebel can refer to a “vapor” or “mere breath”; also verses 4, 9, 11 (see note on 1:2)
  10. Ecclesiastes 6:6 Or see
  11. Ecclesiastes 6:7 Hebrew filled
  12. Ecclesiastes 6:12 The Hebrew term hebel can refer to a “vapor” or “mere breath” (see note on 1:2)
  13. Ecclesiastes 7:6 The Hebrew term hebel can refer to a “vapor” or “mere breath” (see note on 1:2)
  14. Ecclesiastes 7:9 Hebrew in the bosom
  15. Ecclesiastes 7:15 The Hebrew term hebel can refer to a “vapor” or “mere breath” (see note on 1:2)
  16. Ecclesiastes 8:2 Hebrew lacks say
  17. Ecclesiastes 8:2 Or because of your oath to God
  18. Ecclesiastes 8:5 Or and judgment
  19. Ecclesiastes 8:6 Or evil
  20. Ecclesiastes 8:10 Some Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint, Vulgate; most Hebrew manuscripts forgotten
  21. Ecclesiastes 8:10 The Hebrew term hebel can refer to a “vapor” or “mere breath”; also twice in verse 14 (see note on 1:2)

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