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Romans 8-9 Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Life-Giving Spirit

Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those in Christ Jesus,[a] because the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you[b] free from the law of sin and death. What the law could not do since it was weakened by the flesh, God did. He condemned sin in the flesh by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh as a sin offering,[c] in order that the law’s requirement would be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. For those who live according to the flesh have their minds set on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit have their minds set on the things of the Spirit. Now the mind-set of the flesh is death, but the mind-set of the Spirit is life and peace. The mind-set of the flesh is hostile to God because it does not submit to God’s law. Indeed, it is unable to do so. Those who are in the flesh cannot please God. You, however, are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God lives in you. If anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to him. 10 Now if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit[d] gives life[e] because of righteousness. 11 And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead lives in you, then he who raised Christ from the dead will also bring your mortal bodies to life through[f] his Spirit who lives in you.

The Holy Spirit’s Ministries

12 So then, brothers and sisters, we are not obligated to the flesh to live according to the flesh, 13 because if you live according to the flesh, you are going to die. But if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live. 14 For all those led by God’s Spirit are God’s sons. 15 For you did not receive a spirit of slavery to fall back into fear. Instead, you received the Spirit of adoption, by whom we cry out, “Abba,[g] Father!” 16 The Spirit himself testifies together with our spirit that we are God’s children, 17 and if children, also heirs—heirs of God and coheirs with Christ—if indeed we suffer with him so that we may also be glorified with him.

From Groans to Glory

18 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is going to be revealed to us. 19 For the creation eagerly waits with anticipation for God’s sons to be revealed. 20 For the creation was subjected to futility—not willingly, but because of him who subjected it—in the hope 21 that the creation itself will also be set free from the bondage to decay into the glorious freedom of God’s children. 22 For we know that the whole creation has been groaning together with labor pains until now. 23 Not only that, but we ourselves who have the Spirit as the firstfruits—we also groan within ourselves, eagerly waiting for adoption, the redemption of our bodies. 24 Now in this hope we were saved, but hope that is seen is not hope, because who hopes for what he sees? 25 Now if we hope for what we do not see, we eagerly wait for it with patience.

26 In the same way the Spirit also helps us in our weakness, because we do not know what to pray for as we should, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us[h] with unspoken groanings. 27 And he who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because he intercedes for the saints according to the will of God.

28 We know that all things work together[i] for the good[j] of those who love God, who are called according to his purpose. 29 For those he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, so that he would be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters. 30 And those he predestined, he also called; and those he called, he also justified; and those he justified, he also glorified.

The Believer’s Triumph

31 What then are we to say about these things? If God is for us, who is against us? 32 He did not even spare his own Son but offered him up for us all. How will he not also with him grant us everything? 33 Who can bring an accusation against God’s elect? God is the one who justifies. 34 Who is the one who condemns? Christ Jesus is the one who died, but even more, has been raised; he also is at the right hand of God and intercedes for us. 35 Who can separate us from the love of Christ? Can affliction or distress or persecution or famine or nakedness or danger or sword? 36 As it is written:

Because of you
we are being put to death all day long;
we are counted as sheep to be slaughtered.[k]

37 No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. 38 For I am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height nor depth, nor any other created thing will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Israel’s Rejection of Christ

I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying; my conscience testifies to me through the Holy Spirit[l] that I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off[m] from Christ for the benefit of my brothers and sisters, my own flesh and blood. They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the temple service, and the promises. The ancestors are theirs, and from them, by physical descent,[n] came the Christ, who is God over all, praised forever.[o] Amen.

God’s Gracious Election of Israel

Now it is not as though the word of God has failed, because not all who are descended from Israel are Israel. Neither are all of Abraham’s children his descendants.[p] On the contrary, your offspring will be traced[q] through Isaac.[r] That is, it is not the children by physical descent[s] who are God’s children, but the children of the promise are considered to be the offspring. For this is the statement of the promise: At this time I will come, and Sarah will have a son.[t] 10 And not only that, but Rebekah conceived children through one man, our father Isaac. 11 For though her sons had not been born yet or done anything good or bad, so that God’s purpose according to election might stand 12 not from works but from the one who calls—she was told, The older will serve the younger.[u] 13 As it is written: I have loved Jacob, but I have hated Esau.[v]

God’s Selection Is Just

14 What should we say then? Is there injustice with God? Absolutely not! 15 For he tells Moses, I will show mercy to whom I will show mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.[w] 16 So then, it does not depend on human will or effort but on God who shows mercy. 17 For the Scripture tells Pharaoh, I raised you up for this reason so that I may display my power in you and that my name may be proclaimed in the whole earth.[x] 18 So then, he has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy and he hardens whom he wants to harden.

19 You will say to me, therefore, “Why then does he still find fault? For who can resist his will?” 20 But who are you, a mere man, to talk back to God? Will what is formed say to the one who formed it, “Why did you make me like this?” 21 Or has the potter no right over the clay, to make from the same lump one piece of pottery for honor and another for dishonor? 22 And what if God, wanting to display his wrath and to make his power known, endured with much patience objects of wrath prepared for destruction? 23 And what if he did this to make known the riches of his glory on objects of mercy that he prepared beforehand for glory 24 on us, the ones he also called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles? 25 As it[y] also says in Hosea,

I will call Not My People, My People,
and she who is Unloved, Beloved.[z]
26 And it will be in the place where they were told,
you are not my people,
there they will be called sons of the living God.[aa]

27 But Isaiah cries out concerning Israel,

Though the number of Israelites
is like the sand of the sea,
only the remnant will be saved;
28 since the Lord will execute his sentence
completely and decisively on the earth.[ab][ac]

29 And just as Isaiah predicted:

If the Lord of Hosts[ad] had not left us offspring,
we would have become like Sodom,
and we would have been made like Gomorrah.[ae]

Israel’s Present State

30 What should we say then? Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have obtained righteousness—namely the righteousness that comes from faith. 31 But Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not achieved the righteousness of the law.[af] 32 Why is that? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were by works.[ag] They stumbled over the stumbling stone. 33 As it is written,

Look, I am putting a stone in Zion to stumble over
and a rock to trip over,
and the one who believes on him
will not be put to shame.[ah]

Footnotes:

  1. 8:1 Other mss add who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit
  2. 8:2 Other mss read me
  3. 8:3 Or for sin
  4. 8:10 Or spirit
  5. 8:10 Or your spirit is alive
  6. 8:11 Other mss read because of
  7. 8:15 Aramaic for father
  8. 8:26 Some mss omit for us
  9. 8:28 Other mss read that God works together in all things
  10. 8:28 The ultimate good
  11. 8:36 Ps 44:22
  12. 9:1 Or testifying with me by the Holy Spirit
  13. 9:3 Lit to be anathema
  14. 9:5 Lit them, according to the flesh
  15. 9:5 Or the Messiah, the one who is over all, the God who is blessed forever, or Messiah. God, who is over all, be blessed forever
  16. 9:7 Lit seed
  17. 9:7 Lit called
  18. 9:7 Gn 21:12
  19. 9:8 Lit children of the flesh
  20. 9:9 Gn 18:10,14
  21. 9:12 Gn 25:23
  22. 9:13 Mal 1:2-3
  23. 9:15 Ex 33:19
  24. 9:17 Ex 9:16
  25. 9:25 Or he
  26. 9:25 Hs 2:23
  27. 9:26 Hs 1:10
  28. 9:28 Or land
  29. 9:27-28 Is 10:22-23; 28:22; Hs 1:10
  30. 9:29 Gk Sabaoth; or the Lord of Armies
  31. 9:29 Is 1:9
  32. 9:31 Other mss read the law for righteousness
  33. 9:32 Other mss add of the law
  34. 9:33 Is 8:14; 28:16
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

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