Deliverance from Bondage

Therefore there is now no (A)condemnation for those who are (B)in (C)Christ Jesus. For (D)the law of the Spirit of life [a]in (E)Christ Jesus (F)has set you free from the law of sin and of death. For (G)what the Law could not do, [b](H)weak as it was through the flesh, God did: sending His own Son in (I)the likeness of [c]sinful flesh and as an offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh, so that the (J)requirement of the Law might be fulfilled in us, who (K)do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. For those who are according to the flesh set their minds on (L)the things of the flesh, but those who are according to the Spirit, (M)the things of the Spirit. (N)For the mind set on the flesh is (O)death, but the mind set on the Spirit is life and peace, because the mind set on the flesh is (P)hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able to do so, and those who are (Q)in the flesh cannot please God.

However, you are not (R)in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God (S)dwells in you. But (T)if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him. 10 (U)If Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is [d]alive because of righteousness. 11 But if the Spirit of Him who (V)raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, (W)He who raised (X)Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies [e]through His Spirit who dwells in you.

12 So then, brethren, we are under obligation, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh— 13 for (Y)if you are living according to the flesh, you [f]must die; but if by the Spirit you are (Z)putting to death the deeds of the body, you will live. 14 For all who are (AA)being led by the Spirit of God, these are (AB)sons of God. 15 For you (AC)have not received a spirit of slavery [g]leading to fear again, but you (AD)have received [h]a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, “(AE)Abba! Father!” 16 The Spirit Himself (AF)testifies with our spirit that we are (AG)children of God, 17 and if children, (AH)heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, (AI)if indeed we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him.

18 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time (AJ)are not worthy to be compared with the (AK)glory that is to be revealed to us. 19 For the (AL)anxious longing of the creation waits eagerly for (AM)the revealing of the (AN)sons of God. 20 For the creation (AO)was subjected to (AP)futility, not willingly, but (AQ)because of Him who subjected it, [i]in hope 21 that (AR)the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation (AS)groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now. 23 (AT)And not only this, but also we ourselves, having (AU)the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves (AV)groan within ourselves, (AW)waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons, (AX)the redemption of our body. 24 For (AY)in hope we have been saved, but (AZ)hope that is seen is not hope; for who hopes for what he already sees? 25 But (BA)if we hope for what we do not see, with perseverance we wait eagerly for it.

Our Victory in Christ

26 In the same way the Spirit also helps our weakness; for (BB)we do not know how to pray as we should, but (BC)the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words; 27 and (BD)He who searches the hearts knows what (BE)the mind of the Spirit is, because He (BF)intercedes for the [j]saints according to the will of God.

28 And we know that [k]God causes (BG)all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are (BH)called according to His purpose. 29 For those whom He (BI)foreknew, He also (BJ)predestined to become (BK)conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the (BL)firstborn among many brethren; 30 and these whom He (BM)predestined, He also (BN)called; and these whom He called, He also (BO)justified; and these whom He justified, He also (BP)glorified.

31 (BQ)What then shall we say to these things? (BR)If God is for us, who is against us? 32 He who (BS)did not spare His own Son, but (BT)delivered Him over for us all, how will He not also with Him freely give us all things? 33 Who will bring a charge against (BU)God’s elect? (BV)God is the one who justifies; 34 who is the one who (BW)condemns? Christ Jesus is He who (BX)died, yes, rather who was [l](BY)raised, who is (BZ)at the right hand of God, who also (CA)intercedes for us. 35 Who will separate us from (CB)the love of [m]Christ? Will (CC)tribulation, or distress, or (CD)persecution, or (CE)famine, or (CF)nakedness, or (CG)peril, or sword? 36 Just as it is written,

(CH)For Your sake we are being put to death all day long;
We were considered as sheep to be slaughtered.”

37 But in all these things we overwhelmingly (CI)conquer through (CJ)Him who loved us. 38 For I am convinced that neither (CK)death, nor life, nor (CL)angels, nor principalities, nor (CM)things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, will be able to separate us from (CN)the love of God, which is (CO)in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Solicitude for Israel

(CP)I am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience testifies with me in the Holy Spirit, that I have great sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart. For (CQ)I could [n]wish that I myself were (CR)accursed, separated from Christ for the sake of my brethren, my kinsmen (CS)according to the flesh, who are (CT)Israelites, to whom belongs (CU)the adoption as sons, and (CV)the glory and (CW)the covenants and (CX)the giving of the Law and (CY)the temple service and (CZ)the promises, whose are (DA)the fathers, and (DB)from whom is [o]the Christ according to the flesh, (DC)who is over all, (DD)God (DE)blessed [p]forever. Amen.

But it is not as though (DF)the word of God has failed. (DG)For they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel; nor are they all children (DH)because they are Abraham’s [q]descendants, but: “[r](DI)through Isaac your [s]descendants will be named.” That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are (DJ)children of God, but the (DK)children of the promise are regarded as [t]descendants. For this is the word of promise: “(DL)At this time I will come, and Sarah shall have a son.” 10 (DM)And not only this, but there was (DN)Rebekah also, when she had conceived twins by one man, our father Isaac; 11 for though the twins were not yet born and had not done anything good or bad, so that (DO)God’s purpose according to His choice would [u]stand, not [v]because of works but [w]because of Him who calls, 12 it was said to her, “(DP)The older will serve the younger.” 13 Just as it is written, “(DQ)Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”

14 (DR)What shall we say then? (DS)There is no injustice with God, is there? (DT)May it never be! 15 For He says to Moses, “(DU)I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.” 16 So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who (DV)runs, but on (DW)God who has mercy. 17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “(DX)For this very purpose I raised you up, to demonstrate My power in you, and that My name might be proclaimed [x]throughout the whole earth.” 18 So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He (DY)hardens whom He desires.

19 (DZ)You will say to me then, “(EA)Why does He still find fault? For (EB)who resists His will?” 20 On the contrary, who are you, (EC)O man, who (ED)answers back to God? (EE)The thing molded will not say to the molder, “Why did you make me like this,” will it? 21 Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel [y]for honorable use and another [z]for common use? 22 [aa]What if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much (EF)patience vessels of wrath (EG)prepared for destruction? 23 And He did so to make known (EH)the riches of His glory upon (EI)vessels of mercy, which He (EJ)prepared beforehand for glory, 24 even us, whom He also (EK)called, (EL)not from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles. 25 As He says also in Hosea,

(EM)I will call those who were not My people, ‘My people,’
And her who was not beloved, ‘beloved.’”
26 (EN)And it shall be that in the place where it was said to them, ‘you are not My people,’
There they shall be called sons of (EO)the living God.”

27 Isaiah cries out concerning Israel, “(EP)Though the number of the sons of Israel be (EQ)like the sand of the sea, it is (ER)the remnant that will be saved; 28 (ES)for the Lord will execute His word on the earth, [ab]thoroughly and [ac]quickly.” 29 And just as Isaiah foretold,

(ET)Unless (EU)the Lord of [ad]Sabaoth had left to us a [ae]posterity,
(EV)We would have become like Sodom, and would have [af]resembled Gomorrah.”

30 (EW)What shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, attained righteousness, even (EX)the righteousness which is [ag]by faith; 31 but Israel, (EY)pursuing a law of righteousness, did not (EZ)arrive at that law. 32 Why? Because they did not pursue it [ah]by faith, but as though it were [ai]by works. They stumbled over (FA)the stumbling stone, 33 just as it is written,

(FB)Behold, I lay in Zion (FC)a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense,
(FD)And he who believes in Him (FE)will not be [aj]disappointed.”


  1. Romans 8:2 Or has set you free in Christ Jesus
  2. Romans 8:3 Lit in which it was weak
  3. Romans 8:3 Lit flesh of sin
  4. Romans 8:10 Lit life
  5. Romans 8:11 One early ms reads because of
  6. Romans 8:13 Or are going to
  7. Romans 8:15 Lit for fear again
  8. Romans 8:15 Or the Spirit
  9. Romans 8:20 Or in hope; because the creation
  10. Romans 8:27 Or holy ones
  11. Romans 8:28 One early ms reads all things work together for good
  12. Romans 8:34 One early ms reads raised from the dead
  13. Romans 8:35 Two early mss read God
  14. Romans 9:3 Lit pray
  15. Romans 9:5 I.e. the Messiah
  16. Romans 9:5 Lit unto the ages
  17. Romans 9:7 Lit seed
  18. Romans 9:7 Lit in
  19. Romans 9:7 Lit seed
  20. Romans 9:8 Lit seed
  21. Romans 9:11 Lit remain
  22. Romans 9:11 Lit from
  23. Romans 9:11 Lit from
  24. Romans 9:17 Lit in
  25. Romans 9:21 Lit for honor
  26. Romans 9:21 Lit for dishonor
  27. Romans 9:22 Lit But
  28. Romans 9:28 Lit finishing it
  29. Romans 9:28 Lit cutting it short
  30. Romans 9:29 I.e. Hosts
  31. Romans 9:29 Lit seed
  32. Romans 9:29 Lit been made like
  33. Romans 9:30 Lit out of
  34. Romans 9:32 Lit out of
  35. Romans 9:32 Lit out of
  36. Romans 9:33 Lit put to shame

Sonship in Christ

Now I say, as long as the heir is a [a]child, he does not differ at all from a slave although he is [b]owner of everything, but he is under guardians and [c]managers until the date set by the father. So also we, while we were children, were held (A)in bondage under the [d](B)elemental things of the world. But when (C)the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, (D)born of a woman, born (E)under [e]the Law, so that He might redeem those who were under [f]the Law, that we might receive the adoption as (F)sons. Because you are sons, (G)God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying, “(H)Abba! Father!” Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and (I)if a son, then an heir [g]through God.

However at that time, (J)when you did not know God, you were (K)slaves to (L)those which by nature are no gods. But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be (M)known by God, (N)how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless [h](O)elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again? 10 You (P)observe days and months and seasons and years. 11 I fear for you, that perhaps I have labored [i]over you in vain.

12 I beg of you, (Q)brethren, (R)become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You have done me no wrong; 13 but you know that it was because of a [j]bodily illness that I preached the gospel to you the [k]first time; 14 and that which was a [l]trial to you in my [m]bodily condition you did not despise or [n]loathe, but (S)you received me as an angel of God, as (T)Christ Jesus Himself. 15 Where then is [o]that sense of blessing you had? For I bear you witness that, if possible, you would have plucked out your eyes and given them to me. 16 So have I become your enemy (U)by [p]telling you the truth? 17 They eagerly seek you, not commendably, but they wish to shut you out so that you will seek them. 18 But it is good always to be eagerly sought in a commendable [q]manner, and (V)not only when I am present with you. 19 (W)My children, with whom (X)I am again in labor until (Y)Christ is formed in you— 20 but I could wish to be present with you now and to change my tone, for (Z)I am perplexed about you.

Bond and Free

21 Tell me, you who want to be under law, do you not (AA)listen to the law? 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, (AB)one by the bondwoman and (AC)one by the free woman. 23 But (AD)the son by the bondwoman [r]was born according to the flesh, and (AE)the son by the free woman through the promise. 24 [s](AF)This is allegorically speaking, for these women are two covenants: one proceeding from (AG)Mount Sinai bearing children [t]who are to be (AH)slaves; [u]she is Hagar. 25 Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26 But (AI)the Jerusalem above is free; [v]she is our mother. 27 For it is written,

(AJ)Rejoice, barren woman who does not bear;
Break forth and shout, you who are not in labor;
For more numerous are the children of the desolate
Than of the one who has a husband.”

28 And you brethren, (AK)like Isaac, are (AL)children of promise. 29 But as at that time (AM)he who was born according to the flesh (AN)persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, (AO)so it is now also. 30 But what does the Scripture say?

(AP)Cast out the bondwoman and her son,
For (AQ)the son of the bondwoman shall not be an heir with the son of the free woman.”

31 So then, brethren, we are not children of a bondwoman, [w]but of the free woman.


  1. Galatians 4:1 Or minor
  2. Galatians 4:1 Lit lord
  3. Galatians 4:2 Or stewards
  4. Galatians 4:3 Or rudimentary teachings or principles
  5. Galatians 4:4 Or law
  6. Galatians 4:5 Or law
  7. Galatians 4:7 I.e. through the gracious act of
  8. Galatians 4:9 Or rudimentary teachings or principles
  9. Galatians 4:11 Or for
  10. Galatians 4:13 Lit weakness of the flesh
  11. Galatians 4:13 Or former
  12. Galatians 4:14 Or temptation
  13. Galatians 4:14 Lit flesh
  14. Galatians 4:14 Lit spit out at
  15. Galatians 4:15 Lit the congratulation of yourselves
  16. Galatians 4:16 Or dealing truthfully with you
  17. Galatians 4:18 Or thing
  18. Galatians 4:23 Lit has been born
  19. Galatians 4:24 Lit Which
  20. Galatians 4:24 Lit into slavery
  21. Galatians 4:24 Lit which
  22. Galatians 4:26 Lit which
  23. Galatians 4:31 V 5:1, note 1

The Blessings of Redemption

Paul, (A)an apostle of (B)Christ Jesus [a](C)by the will of God,

To the [b](D)saints who are [c]at (E)Ephesus and (F)who are faithful in (G)Christ Jesus: (H)Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

(I)Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in (J)the heavenly places in Christ, just as (K)He chose us in Him before (L)the foundation of the world, that we would be (M)holy and blameless before [d]Him. (N)In love [e]He (O)predestined us to (P)adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, (Q)according to the [f]kind intention of His will, (R)to the praise of the glory of His grace, which He freely bestowed on us in (S)the Beloved. (T)In [g]Him we have (U)redemption (V)through His blood, the (W)forgiveness of our trespasses, according to (X)the riches of His grace which He [h]lavished on [i]us. In all wisdom and insight He [j](Y)made known to us the mystery of His will, (Z)according to His [k]kind intention which He (AA)purposed in Him 10 with a view to an administration [l]suitable to (AB)the fullness of the times, that is, (AC)the summing up of all things in Christ, things [m]in the heavens and things on the earth. In Him 11 [n]also we [o](AD)have obtained an inheritance, having been (AE)predestined (AF)according to His purpose who works all things (AG)after the counsel of His will, 12 to the end that we who were the first to hope in [p]Christ would be (AH)to the praise of His glory. 13 In [q]Him, you also, after listening to (AI)the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also [r]believed, you were (AJ)sealed in [s]Him with (AK)the Holy Spirit of promise, 14 who is [t](AL)given as a pledge of (AM)our inheritance, with a view to the (AN)redemption of (AO)God’s own possession, (AP)to the praise of His glory.

15 For this reason I too, (AQ)having heard of the faith in the Lord Jesus which exists among you and [u]your love for (AR)all the [v]saints, 16 (AS)do not cease giving thanks for you, (AT)while making mention of you in my prayers; 17 that the (AU)God of our Lord Jesus Christ, (AV)the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of (AW)wisdom and of (AX)revelation in the [w]knowledge of Him. 18 I pray that (AY)the eyes of your heart [x]may be enlightened, so that you will know what is the (AZ)hope of His (BA)calling, what are (BB)the riches of the glory of (BC)His inheritance in (BD)the [y]saints, 19 and what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe. (BE)These are in accordance with the working of the (BF)strength of His might 20 which He brought about in Christ, when He (BG)raised Him from the dead and (BH)seated Him at His right hand in (BI)the heavenly places, 21 far above (BJ)all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every (BK)name that is named, not only in (BL)this age but also in the one to come. 22 And He (BM)put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as (BN)head over all things to the church, 23 which is His (BO)body, the (BP)fullness of Him who (BQ)fills (BR)all in all.


  1. Ephesians 1:1 Lit through
  2. Ephesians 1:1 Or holy ones
  3. Ephesians 1:1 Three early mss do not contain at Ephesus
  4. Ephesians 1:4 Or Him, in love
  5. Ephesians 1:5 Lit having predestined
  6. Ephesians 1:5 Lit good pleasure
  7. Ephesians 1:7 Lit whom
  8. Ephesians 1:8 Lit made abundant toward
  9. Ephesians 1:8 Or us, in all wisdom and insight
  10. Ephesians 1:9 Lit making known
  11. Ephesians 1:9 Lit good pleasure
  12. Ephesians 1:10 Lit of
  13. Ephesians 1:10 Lit upon
  14. Ephesians 1:11 Lit in whom also
  15. Ephesians 1:11 Or were made a heritage
  16. Ephesians 1:12 I.e. the Messiah
  17. Ephesians 1:13 Lit whom
  18. Ephesians 1:13 Or believed in Him, you were sealed
  19. Ephesians 1:13 Lit whom
  20. Ephesians 1:14 Or a down payment
  21. Ephesians 1:15 Three early mss do not contain your love
  22. Ephesians 1:15 V 1, note 2
  23. Ephesians 1:17 Or true knowledge
  24. Ephesians 1:18 Lit being
  25. Ephesians 1:18 Or holy ones

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