15 For (A)you did not receive (B)the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of (C)adoption as sons, by whom we cry, (D)“Abba! Father!” 16 (E)The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God,

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15 The Spirit(A) you received does not make you slaves, so that you live in fear again;(B) rather, the Spirit you received brought about your adoption to sonship.[a] And by him we cry, “Abba,[b] Father.”(C) 16 The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit(D) that we are God’s children.(E)

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Footnotes

  1. Romans 8:15 The Greek word for adoption to sonship is a term referring to the full legal standing of an adopted male heir in Roman culture; also in verse 23.
  2. Romans 8:15 Aramaic for father

15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:

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