12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.

15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.

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12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, so death spread to all people [no one being able to stop it or escape its power], because they all sinned. 13 Sin was [committed] in the world before the Law [was given], but sin is not charged [against anyone] when there is no law [against it]. 14 Yet death ruled [over mankind] from Adam to Moses [the Lawgiver], even over those who had not sinned [a]as Adam did. Adam is a type of Him (Christ) who was to come [but in reverse—Adam brought destruction, Christ brought salvation].(A)

15 But the free gift [of God] is not like the trespass [because the gift of grace overwhelms the fall of man]. For if many died by one man’s trespass [Adam’s sin], much more [abundantly] did God’s grace and the gift [that comes] by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, overflow to [benefit] the many.

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Footnotes

  1. Romans 5:14 Lit in the likeness of Adam’s transgression.

The Gift of Grace Greater Than Sin

12 When Adam sinned, the entire world was affected. Sin entered human experience, and death was the result. And so death followed this sin,[a] casting its shadow over all humanity, because all have sinned. 13 Sin was in the world before Moses gave the written law, but it was not charged against them where no law existed.[b] 14 Yet death reigned[c] as king from Adam to Moses even though they hadn’t broken a command the way Adam had. The first man, Adam, was a picture[d] of the Messiah, who was to come.[e]

15 Now, there is no comparison between Adam’s transgression and the gracious gift that we experience. For the magnitude of the gift far outweighs the crime.[f] It’s true that many died because of one man’s transgression, but how much greater will God’s grace and his gracious gift of acceptance overflow[g] to many because of what one man, Jesus, the Messiah, did for us!

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Footnotes

  1. 5:12 “This sin” is translated from the Aramaic.
  2. 5:13 That is, there was no ability to be charged and found guilty of breaking the law.
  3. 5:14 Death is a temporary monarch that exercises dominion over humanity, but one day it will be completely deposed and defeated through Jesus Christ.
  4. 5:14 Or “imprint.”
  5. 5:14 The actions of both Adam and Christ affect the entire world. Death passes to all who are in Adam; life passes to all who are in Christ. Each is a corporate head of a race of people. God sees every person as in Adam or in Christ.
  6. 5:15 Although clearly implied in the text, this summary of explanation is necessary as it makes explicit Paul’s contrast between Adam’s transgression and Christ’s redemption.
  7. 5:15 Or “multiply” or “superabound.”

12 Here is how it works: it was through one individual that sin entered the world, and through sin, death; and in this way death passed through to the whole human race, inasmuch as everyone sinned. 13 Sin was indeed present in the world before Torah was given, but sin is not counted as such when there is no Torah. 14 Nevertheless death ruled from Adam until Moshe, even over those whose sinning was not exactly like Adam’s violation of a direct command. In this, Adam prefigured the one who was to come.

15 But the free gift is not like the offence. For if, because of one man’s offence, many died, then how much more has God’s grace, that is, the gracious gift of one man, Yeshua the Messiah, overflowed to many!

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