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Romans 11Lexham English Bible (LEB)

A Remnant of Israel Remains

11 Therefore I say, God has not rejected his people, has he?[a] May it never be! For I also am an Israelite, from the descendants of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God has not rejected his people, whom he foreknew! Or do you not know, in the passage about[b] Elijah, what the scripture says—how he appeals to God against Israel? “Lord, they have killed your prophets, they have torn down your altars, and I alone am left, and they are seeking my life!”[c] But what does the divine response say to him? “I have left for myself seven thousand people[d] who have not bent the knee to Baal.”[e] So in this way also at the present time, there is a remnant selected by grace[f]. But if by grace, it is no longer by works, for otherwise grace would no longer be grace.

What then? What Israel was searching for, this it did not obtain. But the elect obtained it, and the rest were hardened, just as it is written,

“God gave them a spirit of stupor,
eyes that do not see and ears that do not hear,
    until this very day.”[g]

And David says,

“Let their table become a snare and a trap,
    and a cause for stumbling and a retribution to them;
10 let their eyes be darkened so that they do not see,
    and cause their backs to bend continually[h].”[i]

11 I say then, they did not stumble so that they fell, did they?[j] May it never be! But by their trespass, salvation has come to the Gentiles, in order to provoke them to jealousy.[k] 12 And if their trespass means riches for the world and their loss means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their fullness mean?

Gentile Branches Grafted in

13 Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Therefore, inasmuch as I am apostle to the Gentiles, I promote my ministry, 14 if somehow I may provoke my people to jealousy and save some of them. 15 For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance mean except life from the dead? 16 Now if the first fruits are holy, so also is the whole batch of dough, and if the root is holy, so also are the branches.

17 Now if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although you[l] were a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them and became a sharer of the root of the olive tree’s richness, 18 do not boast against the branches. But if you boast against them, you do not support the root, but the root supports you. 19 Then you will say, “Branches were broken off in order that I could be grafted in.” 20 Well said! They were broken off because of unbelief, but you stand firm because of faith. Do not think arrogant thoughts, but be afraid. 21 For if God did not spare the natural[m] branches, neither will he spare you.[n] 22 See, then, the kindness and severity of God: severity upon those who have fallen, but upon you the kindness of God—if you continue in his kindness, for otherwise you also will be cut off. 23 And those also, if they do not persist in unbelief, will be grafted in, because God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if you were cut off from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and contrary to nature were grafted into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these who are natural branches[o] be grafted into their own olive tree?

All Israel to be Saved

25 For I do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, of this mystery, so that you will not be wise in your own sight,[p] that a partial hardening has happened to Israel, until the full number of the Gentiles has come in, 26 and so all Israel will be saved, just as it is written,

“The deliverer will come out of Zion;
    he will turn away ungodliness from Jacob.
27 And this is the covenant from me with them[q]
    when I take away their sins.”[r]

28 With respect to the gospel, they are enemies for your sake, but with respect to election, they are dearly loved for the sake of the fathers. 29 For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable. 30 For just as you formerly were disobedient to God, but now have been shown mercy because of the disobedience of these, 31 so also these have now been disobedient for your mercy, in order that they also may now be shown mercy. 32 For God confined them all in disobedience, in order that he could have mercy on them all.

33 Oh, the depth of the riches
    and the wisdom and the knowledge of God!
How unsearchable are his judgments
    and how incomprehensible are his ways!
34 “For who has known the mind of the Lord,
    or who has been his counselor?[s]
35 Or who has given in advance to him,
    and it will be paid back to him?”[t]
36 For from him and through him and to him are all things.
    To him be glory for eternity! Amen.


  1. Romans 11:1 *The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
  2. Romans 11:2 The words “the passage about” are not in the Greek text, but are supplied for clarity
  3. Romans 11:3 A quotation from 1 Kgs 19:10, 14
  4. Romans 11:4 Or perhaps “males,” referring to men only
  5. Romans 11:4 A quotation from 1 Kgs 19:18
  6. Romans 11:5 Literally “according to selection of grace”
  7. Romans 11:8 A quotation from Deut 29:4; Isa 29:10
  8. Romans 11:10 Literally “throughout everything”
  9. Romans 11:10 A quotation from Ps 69:22–23
  10. Romans 11:11 *The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
  11. Romans 11:11 *The words “to jealousy” are not in the Greek text, but are supplied for clarity
  12. Romans 11:17 Here “although” is supplied as a component of the participle (“were”) which is understood as concessive
  13. Romans 11:21 Literally “according to nature”
  14. Romans 11:21 Some manuscripts have “perhaps he will not spare you either”
  15. Romans 11:24 Literally “by nature”
  16. Romans 11:25 Literally “in yourselves”
  17. Romans 11:27 A quotation from Isa 59:20–21
  18. Romans 11:27 A quotation from Isa 27:9; Jer 31:33–34
  19. Romans 11:34 A quotation from Isa 40:13
  20. Romans 11:35 A quotation from Job 41:11
Lexham English Bible (LEB)

2012 by Logos Bible Software. Lexham is a registered trademark of Logos Bible Software


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