14 (A)I am [a]under obligation both to Greeks and to the [b](B)uncultured, both to the wise and to the foolish. 15 So, for my part, I am eager to (C)preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.

16 For I am not (D)ashamed of the gospel, for (E)it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the (F)Jew first and also to (G)the Greek. 17 For in it (H)the righteousness of God is revealed [c]from faith to faith; as it is written: “[d](I)But the righteous one will live by faith.”

Unbelief and Its Consequences

18 For (J)the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of people who (K)suppress the truth [e]in unrighteousness, 19 because (L)that which is known about God is evident [f]within them; for God made it evident to them. 20 For (M)since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, that is, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, (N)being understood by what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not [g]honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became (O)futile in their reasonings, and their senseless hearts were darkened. 22 (P)Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23 and they (Q)exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible mankind, of birds, four-footed animals, and [h]crawling creatures.

24 Therefore (R)God gave them up to vile impurity in the lusts of their hearts, so that their bodies would be (S)dishonored among them. 25 For they exchanged the truth of God for [i](T)falsehood, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, (U)who is blessed [j]forever. Amen.

26 For this reason (V)God gave them over to (W)degrading passions; for their women exchanged natural relations for that which is contrary to nature, 27 and likewise the men, too, abandoned natural relations [k]with women and burned in their desire toward one another, (X)males with males committing [l]shameful acts and receiving in [m]their own persons the due penalty of their error.

28 And just as they did not see fit [n]to acknowledge God, (Y)God gave them up to a depraved mind, to do those things that are not proper, 29 people having been filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, and evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, and malice; they are (Z)gossips, 30 slanderers, [o](AA)haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, (AB)disobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, (AC)unfeeling, and unmerciful; 32 and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of (AD)death, they not only do the same, but also (AE)approve of those who practice them.

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  1. Romans 1:14 Lit debtor
  2. Romans 1:14 I.e., non-Hellenes
  3. Romans 1:17 Or by
  4. Romans 1:17 Or But the one who is righteous by faith shall live
  5. Romans 1:18 Or by
  6. Romans 1:19 Or among
  7. Romans 1:21 Lit glorify
  8. Romans 1:23 Or reptiles
  9. Romans 1:25 Lit the lie
  10. Romans 1:25 Lit unto the ages
  11. Romans 1:27 Lit of the female
  12. Romans 1:27 Lit shamelessness
  13. Romans 1:27 Lit themselves
  14. Romans 1:28 Lit to have God in knowledge
  15. Romans 1:30 Or hateful to God

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