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21 Or does not the potter have authority over the clay to make from the same lump one vessel for honor and another for dishonor? 22 But what if God, wanting[a] to demonstrate His wrath and to make-known His power, bore[b] with much patience vessels of wrath having been prepared[c] for destruction, 23 and did so in order that He might make-known the riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy which He prepared-beforehand[d] for glory—

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  1. Romans 9:22 Or, willing, wishing, intending. Paul may mean because of wanting; or, although wanting.
  2. Romans 9:22 Or, endured, put up with.
  3. Romans 9:22 By whom? Perhaps God (as in 9:18; 11:7-8; Jn 12:37-40); Satan; or themselves, rendering it ‘having prepared-themselves’.
  4. Romans 9:23 Note that God endured the one group, but actively prepared-beforehand the other.