Death in Adam, Life in Christ

12 Therefore, just as (A)sin came into the world through one man, and (B)death through sin, and (C)so death spread to all men[a] because (D)all sinned— 13 for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but (E)sin is not counted where there is no law. 14 Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not (F)like the transgression of Adam, (G)who was a type of (H)the one who was to come.

15 But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man's trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for (I)many. 16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man's sin. For (J)the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought (K)justification. 17 For if, because of one man's trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness (L)reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.

18 Therefore, as one trespass[b] led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness[c] leads to justification and life for (M)all men. 19 For as by the one man's (N)disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man's (O)obedience the many will be made righteous. 20 Now (P)the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, (Q)grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, (R)as sin reigned in death, (S)grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Read full chapter


  1. Romans 5:12 The Greek word anthropoi refers here to both men and women; also twice in verse 18
  2. Romans 5:18 Or the trespass of one
  3. Romans 5:18 Or the act of righteousness of one

Bible Gateway Recommends

Romans, ESV Illuminated Scripture Journal
Romans, ESV Illuminated Scripture Journal
Retail: $5.99
Our Price: $3.49
Save: $2.50 (42%)
ESV The Psalms (Press-grain Paperback)
ESV The Psalms (Press-grain Paperback)
Retail: $12.99
Our Price: $2.99
Save: $10.00 (77%)
5.0 of 5.0 stars
ESV Economy Bible, Softcover
ESV Economy Bible, Softcover
Retail: $2.99
Our Price: $1.49
Save: $1.50 (50%)
3.5 of 5.0 stars
ESV Study Bible, Burgundy Genuine Leather with Thumb Index
ESV Study Bible, Burgundy Genuine Leather with Thumb Index
Retail: $119.99
Our Price: $56.99
Save: $63.00 (53%)
4.5 of 5.0 stars