1 He amplifieth 2 Christ’s righteousness, which is laid hold on by faith, 5 who was given for the weak, 8 and sinful. 14 He compareth Christ with Adam. 17 Death with Life, 20 and the Law with Grace.

Then being [a]justified by faith, we have peace toward God through our Lord Jesus Christ.

(A)[b]By whom also through faith we have [c]had this access into this grace [d]wherein we [e]stand, [f]and [g]rejoice under the hope of the glory of God.

[h]Neither that only, but also we (B)rejoice in tribulations, [i]knowing that tribulation bringeth forth patience.

And patience experience, and experience hope.

[j]And hope maketh not ashamed, because the [k]love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the holy Ghost, which is given unto us.

[l]For Christ, when we were yet of no strength, at his [m]time died for the (C)ungodly.

[n]Doubtless one will scarce die [o]for a righteous man: but yet for a good man it may be that one dare die.

But God [p]setteth out his love towards us, seeing that while we were yet [q]sinners, Christ died for us.

Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from [r]wrath through him.

10 For if when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life,

11 [s]And not only so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

12 [t]Wherefore, as by [u]one man [v]sin entered into the world, and death by sin, and so death went over all men: [w]in whom all men have sinned.

13 [x]For unto the [y]time of the Law was sin in the world, but sin is not [z]imputed, while there is no law.

14 [aa]But death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over [ab]them also that sinned not after the like [ac]manner of the transgression of Adam, [ad]which was the figure of him that was to come.

15 [ae]But yet the gift is not so as is the offense: for if through the offense of [af]that one, many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.

16 [ag]Neither is the gift so, as that which entered in by one that sinned: for the fault came of one offense unto condemnation: but the gift is of many offenses to [ah]justification.

17 [ai]For if by the offense of one, death reigned through one, much more shall they which receive that abundance of grace, and of that gift of that righteousness, [aj]reign in life through one, that is, Jesus Christ.

18 [ak]Likewise then, as by the offense of one, the fault came on all men to condemnation, so by the justifying of one, the benefit abounded toward all men to the [al]justification of life.

19 [am]For as by one man’s [an]disobedience [ao]many were made sinners, so by that obedience of that one, shall many also be made righteous.

20 [ap]Moreover, the Law [aq]entered thereupon, that the offense should abound: nevertheless, where sin abounded, there grace [ar]abounded much more:

21 That as sin had reigned unto death, so might grace also reign by righteousness unto eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.


  1. Romans 5:1 Another argument taken of the effects: we are justified with that, which truly appeaseth our conscience before God but faith in Christ doth appease our conscience, and not the Law, as it was before said, therefore by faith we are justified, and not by the Law.
  2. Romans 5:2 Whereas quietness of conscience is attributed to faith, it is to be referred to Christ, who is the giver of faith itself, and in whom faith itself is effectual.
  3. Romans 5:2 We must here know, that we have yet still this same effect of faith.
  4. Romans 5:2 By which grace, that is, by which gracious love and good will, or that state whereunto we are graciously taken.
  5. Romans 5:2 We stand steadfast.
  6. Romans 5:2 A preventing of an objection against them which beholding the daily miseries and calamities of the Church, think that the Christians dream, when they brag of their felicity: to whom the Apostle answereth, that their felicity is laid up under hope of another place: which hope is so certain and sure, that they do not less rejoice for that happiness, than if they did presently enjoy it.
  7. Romans 5:2 Our minds are not only quiet and settled, but also we are marvelously glad and conceive great joy for that heavenly inheritance which waiteth for us.
  8. Romans 5:3 Tribulation itself giveth us divers and sundry ways occasion to rejoice, much less doth it make us miserable.
  9. Romans 5:3 Afflictions accustom us to patience, and patience assureth us of the goodness of God, and this experience confirmeth, and fostereth our hope, which never deceiveth us.
  10. Romans 5:5 The ground of hope is an assured testimony of the conscience, by the gift of the holy Ghost, that we are beloved of God, and this is nothing else but that which we call faith: whereof it followeth, that through faith our consciences are quieted.
  11. Romans 5:5 Wherewith he loveth us.
  12. Romans 5:6 A sure comfort in adversity, that our peace and quietness of conscience be not troubled: for he that so loved them that were of no strength, and while they were yet sinners, that he died for them, how can he neglect them being now sanctified and living in him?
  13. Romans 5:6 In time fit and convenient, which the father hath appointed.
  14. Romans 5:7 An amplifying of the love of God towards us, so that we cannot doubt of it, who delivereth Christ to death for the unjust, and for them of whom he could receive no commodity, and (that more is) for his very enemies. How can it be then that Christ being now alive, should not save them from destruction, whom by his death he justifieth and reconcileth?
  15. Romans 5:7 In the stead of some just man.
  16. Romans 5:8 He setteth out his love unto us, that in the midst of our afflictions we may know assuredly, he will be present with us.
  17. Romans 5:8 While sin reigned in us.
  18. Romans 5:9 From affliction and destruction.
  19. Romans 5:11 He now passeth over to the other part of justification, which consisteth in the free imputation of the obedience of Christ: so that to the remission of sins there is added moreover and besides, the gift of Christ’s righteousness imputed or put upon us by faith, which swalloweth up that unrighteousness which flowed from Adam into us, and all the fruits thereof: so that in Christ we do not only cease to be unjust, but we begin also to be just.
  20. Romans 5:12 From Adam, in whom all have sinned, both guiltiness and death (which is the punishment of the guiltiness) came upon all.
  21. Romans 5:12 By Adam, who is compared with Christ, like to him in this, that both of them make those who are theirs, partakers of that they have into: but they are unlike in this, that Adam deriveth sin into them that are his, even of nature, and that to death: but Christ maketh them that are his, partakers of his righteousness by grace, and that unto life.
  22. Romans 5:12 By sin is meant that disease which is ours by inheritance, and men commonly call it original sin: for so he useth to call that sin in the singular number, whereas, if he speaks of the fruits of it, he useth the plural number, calling them sins.
  23. Romans 5:12 That is, in Adam.
  24. Romans 5:13 That this is so, that both guiltiness and death began not after the giving and transgressing of Moses’ Law, it appeareth manifestly by that, that men died before that Law was given: for in that they died, sin, which is the cause of death, was then: and in such sort, that it was also imputeth: whereupon it followeth that there was then some Law, the breach whereof was the cause of death.
  25. Romans 5:13 Even from Adam to Moses.
  26. Romans 5:13 Where there is no Law made, no man is punished as faulty and guilty.
  27. Romans 5:14 But that this Law was not that universal Law, and that death did not proceed from any actual sin of everyone particularly, it appeareth hereby, that the very infants which neither could ever know nor transgress that natural Law, are notwithstanding dead as well as Adam.
  28. Romans 5:14 Our infants.
  29. Romans 5:14 Not after that sort as they sin that are of more years, following their lusts: but yet the whole posterity was corrupt in Adam, when as he wittingly and willingly sinned.
  30. Romans 5:14 Now the first Adam answereth the latter, who is Christ, as it is afterward declared.
  31. Romans 5:15 Adam and Christ are compared together in this respect, that both of them do give and yield to theirs, that which is their own: but herein first they differ, that Adam by nature hath spread his fault to the destruction of many, but Christ’s obedience hath by grace overflowed many.
  32. Romans 5:15 That is, Adam.
  33. Romans 5:16 Another inequality consisteth in this, that by Adam’s one offense men are made guilty, but the righteousness of Christ imputed unto us freely, doth not only absolve us from that one fault, but from all others.
  34. Romans 5:16 To the sentence of absolution, whereby we are quit, and pronounced righteous.
  35. Romans 5:17 The third difference is, that the righteousness of Christ being imputed unto us by grace, is of greater power to bring life, than the offense of Adam is to addict his posterity to death.
  36. Romans 5:17 Be partakers of true and everlasting life.
  37. Romans 5:18 Therefore to be short, as by one man’s offense, the guiltiness came on all men, to make them subject to death: so on the contrary side, the righteousness of Christ, which by God’s mercy is imputed to all believers, justifieth them, that they may become partakers of everlasting life.
  38. Romans 5:18 Not only because our sins are forgiven us, but also because the righteousness of Christ is imputed unto us.
  39. Romans 5:19 The ground of this whole comparison is this, that these two men are set as two stocks or roots, so that out of the one, sin by nature, out of the other, righteousness by grace doth spring forth upon others.
  40. Romans 5:19 So then, sin entered not into us only by following the steps of our forefather, but we take corruption of him by inheritance.
  41. Romans 5:19 This word, Many, is set against this word, A few.
  42. Romans 5:20 A preventing of an objection: why then did the Law of Moses enter thereupon? that men might be so much the more guilty, and the benefit of God in Christ Jesus be so much the more glorious.
  43. Romans 5:20 Beside that disease which all men were infected withall by being defiled with one man’s sin, the Law entered.
  44. Romans 5:20 Grace was poured so plentifully from heaven, that it did not only countervail sin, but above measure passed it.

Peace and Hope

Therefore, since we have been justified(A) through faith,(B) we[a] have peace(C) with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,(D) through whom we have gained access(E) by faith into this grace in which we now stand.(F) And we[b] boast in the hope(G) of the glory of God. Not only so, but we[c] also glory in our sufferings,(H) because we know that suffering produces perseverance;(I) perseverance, character; and character, hope. And hope(J) does not put us to shame, because God’s love(K) has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit,(L) who has been given to us.

You see, at just the right time,(M) when we were still powerless,(N) Christ died for the ungodly.(O) Very rarely will anyone die for a righteous person, though for a good person someone might possibly dare to die. But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.(P)

Since we have now been justified(Q) by his blood,(R) how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath(S) through him! 10 For if, while we were God’s enemies,(T) we were reconciled(U) to him through the death of his Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through his life!(V) 11 Not only is this so, but we also boast in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation.(W)

Death Through Adam, Life Through Christ

12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man,(X) and death through sin,(Y) and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned(Z)

13 To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone’s account where there is no law.(AA) 14 Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam,(AB) who is a pattern of the one to come.(AC)

15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man,(AD) how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ,(AE) overflow to the many! 16 Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification. 17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death(AF) reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life(AG) through the one man, Jesus Christ!

18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people,(AH) so also one righteous act resulted in justification(AI) and life(AJ) for all people. 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man(AK) the many were made sinners,(AL) so also through the obedience(AM) of the one man the many will be made righteous.

20 The law was brought in so that the trespass might increase.(AN) But where sin increased, grace increased all the more,(AO) 21 so that, just as sin reigned in death,(AP) so also grace(AQ) might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life(AR) through Jesus Christ our Lord.


  1. Romans 5:1 Many manuscripts let us
  2. Romans 5:2 Or let us
  3. Romans 5:3 Or let us