Unbelief and Its Consequences

18 For (A)the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of people who (B)suppress the truth [a]in unrighteousness, 19 because (C)that which is known about God is evident [b]within them; for God made it evident to them. 20 For (D)since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, that is, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, (E)being understood by what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not [c]honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became (F)futile in their reasonings, and their senseless hearts were darkened. 22 (G)Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23 and they (H)exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible mankind, of birds, four-footed animals, and [d]crawling creatures.

24 Therefore (I)God gave them up to vile impurity in the lusts of their hearts, so that their bodies would be (J)dishonored among them. 25 For they exchanged the truth of God for [e](K)falsehood, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, (L)who is blessed [f]forever. Amen.

26 For this reason (M)God gave them over to (N)degrading passions; for their women exchanged natural relations for that which is contrary to nature, 27 and likewise the men, too, abandoned natural relations [g]with women and burned in their desire toward one another, (O)males with males committing [h]shameful acts and receiving in [i]their own persons the due penalty of their error.

28 And just as they did not see fit [j]to acknowledge God, (P)God gave them up to a depraved mind, to do those things that are not proper, 29 people having been filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, and evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, and malice; they are (Q)gossips, 30 slanderers, [k](R)haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, (S)disobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, (T)unfeeling, and unmerciful; 32 and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of (U)death, they not only do the same, but also (V)approve of those who practice them.

Read full chapter

Footnotes

  1. Romans 1:18 Or by
  2. Romans 1:19 Or among
  3. Romans 1:21 Lit glorify
  4. Romans 1:23 Or reptiles
  5. Romans 1:25 Lit the lie
  6. Romans 1:25 Lit unto the ages
  7. Romans 1:27 Lit of the female
  8. Romans 1:27 Lit shamelessness
  9. Romans 1:27 Lit themselves
  10. Romans 1:28 Lit to have God in knowledge
  11. Romans 1:30 Or hateful to God

that is, the one whose [a]coming is in accord with the activity of (A)Satan, with all power and false [b](B)signs and wonders, 10 and with [c]all the deception of wickedness for (C)those who perish, because they did not accept the love of (D)the truth so as to be saved. 11 For this reason (E)God [d]will send upon them [e]a (F)deluding influence so that they will believe [f]what is false, 12 in order that they all may be [g]judged who (G)did not believe the truth, but [h](H)took pleasure in wickedness.

Read full chapter

Footnotes

  1. 2 Thessalonians 2:9 Or presence
  2. 2 Thessalonians 2:9 I.e., confirming miracles
  3. 2 Thessalonians 2:10 Or every deception
  4. 2 Thessalonians 2:11 Lit is sending
  5. 2 Thessalonians 2:11 Lit an activity of error
  6. 2 Thessalonians 2:11 Or the lie
  7. 2 Thessalonians 2:12 Or condemned
  8. 2 Thessalonians 2:12 Or approved