Israel’s Rejection Not Total

11 I say then, (A)has God cast away His people? (B)Certainly not! For (C)I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God has not cast away His people whom (D)He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel, saying, (E)Lord, they have killed Your prophets and torn down Your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life”? But what does the divine response say to him? (F)“I have reserved for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” (G)Even so then, at this present time there is a remnant according to the election of grace. And (H)if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace. [a]But if it is of works, it is no longer grace; otherwise work is no longer work.

What then? (I)Israel has not obtained what it seeks; but the elect have obtained it, and the rest were (J)blinded. Just as it is written:

(K)“God has given them a spirit of stupor,
(L)Eyes that they should not see
And ears that they should not hear,
To this very day.”

And David says:

(M)“Let their table become a snare and a trap,
A stumbling block and a recompense to them.
10 Let their eyes be darkened, so that they do not see,
And bow down their back always.”

Israel’s Rejection Not Final

11 I say then, have they stumbled that they should fall? Certainly not! But (N)through their [b]fall, to provoke them to (O)jealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles. 12 Now if their [c]fall is riches for the world, and their failure riches for the Gentiles, how much more their fullness!

13 For I speak to you Gentiles; inasmuch as (P)I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry, 14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy those who are my flesh and (Q)save some of them. 15 For if their being cast away is the reconciling of the world, what will their acceptance be (R)but life from the dead?

16 For if (S)the firstfruit is holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root is holy, so are the branches. 17 And if (T)some of the branches were broken off, (U)and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and with them became a partaker of the root and [d]fatness of the olive tree, 18 (V)do not boast against the branches. But if you do boast, remember that you do not support the root, but the root supports you.

19 You will say then, “Branches were broken off that I might be grafted in.” 20 Well said. Because of (W)unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by faith. Do not be haughty, but fear. 21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, He may not spare you either. 22 Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity; but toward you, [e]goodness, (X)if you continue in His goodness. Otherwise (Y)you also will be cut off. 23 And they also, (Z)if they do not continue in unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if you were cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, who are natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?

25 For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be (AA)wise in your own [f]opinion, that (AB)blindness in part has happened to Israel (AC)until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. 26 And so all Israel will be [g]saved, as it is written:

(AD)“The Deliverer will come out of Zion,
And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob;
27 For (AE)this is My covenant with them,
When I take away their sins.”

28 Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning the election they are (AF)beloved for the sake of the fathers. 29 For the gifts and the calling of God are (AG)irrevocable. 30 For as you (AH)were once disobedient to God, yet have now obtained mercy through their disobedience, 31 even so these also have now been disobedient, that through the mercy shown you they also may obtain mercy. 32 For God has [h]committed them (AI)all to disobedience, that He might have mercy on all.

33 Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out!

34 “For who has known the (AJ)mind of the Lord?
Or (AK)who has become His counselor?”
35 “Or(AL) who has first given to Him
And it shall be repaid to him?”

36 For (AM)of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, (AN)to whom be glory forever. Amen.

Living Sacrifices to God

12 I (AO)beseech[i] you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies (AP)a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your [j]reasonable service. And (AQ)do not be conformed to this world, but (AR)be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may (AS)prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.

Serve God with Spiritual Gifts

For I say, (AT)through the grace given to me, to everyone who is among you, (AU)not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think, but to think soberly, as God has dealt (AV)to each one a measure of faith. For (AW)as we have many members in one body, but all the members do not have the same function, so (AX)we, being many, are one body in Christ, and individually members of one another. Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is (AY)given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, let us (AZ)prophesy in proportion to our faith; or ministry, let us use it in our ministering; (BA)he who teaches, in teaching; (BB)he who exhorts, in exhortation; (BC)he who gives, with liberality; (BD)he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, (BE)with cheerfulness.

Behave Like a Christian

(BF)Let love be without hypocrisy. (BG)Abhor what is evil. Cling to what is good. 10 (BH)Be kindly affectionate to one another with brotherly love, (BI)in honor giving preference to one another; 11 not lagging in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord; 12 (BJ)rejoicing in hope, (BK)patient[k] in tribulation, (BL)continuing steadfastly in prayer; 13 (BM)distributing to the needs of the saints, (BN)given[l] to hospitality.

14 (BO)Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse. 15 (BP)Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep. 16 (BQ)Be of the same mind toward one another. (BR)Do not set your mind on high things, but associate with the humble. Do not be wise in your own opinion.

17 (BS)Repay no one evil for evil. (BT)Have[m] regard for good things in the sight of all men. 18 If it is possible, as much as depends on you, (BU)live peaceably with all men. 19 Beloved, (BV)do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, (BW)“Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 20 Therefore

(BX)“If your enemy is hungry, feed him;
If he is thirsty, give him a drink;
For in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head.”

21 Do not be overcome by evil, but (BY)overcome evil with good.

Submit to Government

13 Let every soul be (BZ)subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. Therefore whoever resists (CA)the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will [n]bring judgment on themselves. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? (CB)Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same. For he is God’s minister to you for good. But if you do evil, be afraid; for he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is God’s minister, an avenger to execute wrath on him who practices evil. Therefore (CC)you must be subject, not only because of wrath (CD)but also for conscience’ sake. For because of this you also pay taxes, for they are God’s ministers attending continually to this very thing. (CE)Render therefore to all their due: taxes to whom taxes are due, customs to whom customs, fear to whom fear, honor to whom honor.

Love Your Neighbor(CF)

Owe no one anything except to love one another, for (CG)he who loves another has fulfilled the law. For the commandments, (CH)“You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” [o]“You shall not bear false witness,” “You shall not covet,” and if there is any other commandment, are all summed up in this saying, namely, (CI)“You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 10 Love does no harm to a neighbor; therefore (CJ)love is the fulfillment of the law.

Put on Christ

11 And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time (CK)to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. 12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand. (CL)Therefore let us cast off the works of darkness, and (CM)let us put on the armor of light. 13 (CN)Let us walk [p]properly, as in the day, (CO)not in revelry and drunkenness, (CP)not in lewdness and lust, (CQ)not in strife and envy. 14 But (CR)put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and (CS)make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts.


  1. Romans 11:6 NU omits the rest of v. 6.
  2. Romans 11:11 trespass
  3. Romans 11:12 trespass
  4. Romans 11:17 richness
  5. Romans 11:22 NU adds of God
  6. Romans 11:25 estimation
  7. Romans 11:26 Or delivered
  8. Romans 11:32 shut them all up in
  9. Romans 12:1 urge
  10. Romans 12:1 rational
  11. Romans 12:12 persevering
  12. Romans 12:13 Lit. pursuing
  13. Romans 12:17 Or Provide good
  14. Romans 13:2 Lit. receive
  15. Romans 13:9 NU omits “You shall not bear false witness,”
  16. Romans 13:13 decently

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