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Romans 10:14-11:12 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)

14 But how can they call on someone if they haven’t trusted in him? And how can they trust in someone if they haven’t heard about him? And how can they hear about someone if no one is proclaiming him? 15 And how can people proclaim him unless God sends them? — as the Tanakh puts it, “How beautiful are the feet of those announcing good news about good things!”[a]

16 The problem is that they haven’t all paid attention to the Good News and obeyed it. For Yesha‘yahu says,

Adonai, who has trusted what he has heard from us?”[b]

17 So trust comes from what is heard, and what is heard comes through a word proclaimed about the Messiah.

18 “But, I say, isn’t it rather that they didn’t hear?” No, they did hear —

“Their voice has gone out throughout the whole world
and their words to the ends of the earth.”[c]

19 “But, I say, isn’t it rather that Isra’el didn’t understand?”

“I will provoke you to jealousy over a non-nation,
over a nation void of understanding I will make you angry.”[d]

20 Moreover, Yesha‘yahu boldly says,

“I was found by those who were not looking for me,
I became known to those who did not ask for me”;[e]

21 but to Isra’el he says,

“All day long I held out my hands
to a people who kept disobeying and contradicting.”[f]

11 “In that case, I say, isn’t it that God has repudiated his people?” Heaven forbid! For I myself am a son of Isra’el, from the seed of Avraham,[g] of the tribe of Binyamin. God has not repudiated his people,[h] whom he chose in advance. Or don’t you know what the Tanakh says about Eliyahu? He pleads with God against Isra’el, Adonai, they have killed your prophets and torn down your altars, and I’m the only one left, and now they want to kill me too!”[i] But what is God’s answer to him? “I have kept for myself seven thousand men who have not knelt down to Ba‘al.”[j] It’s the same way in the present age: there is a remnant, chosen by grace. (Now if it is by grace, it is accordingly not based on legalistic works; if it were otherwise, grace would no longer be grace.) What follows is that Isra’el has not attained the goal for which she is striving. The ones chosen have obtained it, but the rest have been made stonelike, just as the Tanakh says,

“God has given them a spirit of dullness
eyes that do not see
and ears that do not hear,
right down to the present day.”[k]

And David says,

“Let their dining table become for them
a snare and a trap, a pitfall and a punishment.
10 Let their eyes be darkened, so that they can’t see,
with their backs bent continually.”[l]

11 “In that case, I say, isn’t it that they have stumbled with the result that they have permanently fallen away?” Heaven forbid! Quite the contrary, it is by means of their stumbling that the deliverance has come to the Gentiles, in order to provoke them to jealousy.[m] 12 Moreover, if their stumbling is bringing riches to the world — that is, if Isra’el’s being placed temporarily in a condition less favored than that of the Gentiles is bringing riches to the latter — how much greater riches will Isra’el in its fullness bring them!

Footnotes:

  1. Romans 10:15 Isaiah 52:7
  2. Romans 10:16 Isaiah 53:1
  3. Romans 10:18 Psalm 19:5(4)
  4. Romans 10:19 Deuteronomy 32:21
  5. Romans 10:20 Isaiah 65:1
  6. Romans 10:21 Isaiah 65:2
  7. Romans 11:1 2 Chronicles 20:7, Psalm 105:6
  8. Romans 11:2 1 Samuel 12:22, Psalm 94:14
  9. Romans 11:3 1 Kings 19:10, 14
  10. Romans 11:4 1 Kings 19:18
  11. Romans 11:8 Deuteronomy 29:3(4), Isaiah 29:10
  12. Romans 11:10 Psalm 69:23–24(22–23)
  13. Romans 11:11 Deuteronomy 32:21
Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)

Copyright © 1998 by David H. Stern. All rights reserved.

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