New American Standard Bible
Deep Concern for Israel
9 (A)I am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying; my conscience testifies with me in the Holy Spirit, 2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart. 3 For (B)I could [a]wish that I myself were (C)accursed, separated from Christ for the sake of my countrymen, my kinsmen (D)according to the flesh, 4 who are (E)Israelites, to whom belongs (F)the adoption as sons and daughters, (G)the glory, (H)the covenants, (I)the giving of the Law, (J)the temple service, and (K)the promises; 5 whose are (L)the fathers, and (M)from whom is the [b]Christ according to the flesh, (N)who is over all, (O)God (P)blessed [c]forever. Amen.
6 But it is not as though (Q)the word of God has failed. (R)For they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel; 7 nor are they all children (S)because they are Abraham’s [d](T)descendants, but: “[e](U)through Isaac your [f]descendants shall be named.” 8 That is, it is not the children of the flesh [g]who are (V)children of God, but the (W)children of the promise are regarded as [h](X)descendants. 9 For this is the word of promise: “(Y)At this time I will come, and Sarah will have a son.” 10 (Z)And not only that, but there was also (AA)Rebekah, when she had conceived twins by one man, our father Isaac; 11 for though the twins were not yet born and had not done anything good or bad, so that (AB)God’s purpose according to His choice would [i]stand, not [j]because of works but [k]because of Him who calls, 12 it was said to her, “(AC)The older will serve the younger.” 13 Just as it is written: “(AD)Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.”
14 (AE)What shall we say then? (AF)There is no injustice with God, is there? [l](AG)Far from it! 15 For He says to Moses, “(AH)I will have mercy on whomever I have mercy, and I will show compassion to whomever I show compassion.” 16 So then, it does not depend on the person who [m]wants it nor the one who [n](AI)runs, but on (AJ)God who has mercy. 17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “(AK)For this very reason I raised you up, in order to demonstrate My power in you, and that My name might be proclaimed [o]throughout the earth.” 18 So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He (AL)hardens whom He desires.
19 (AM)You will say to me then, “(AN)Why does He still find fault? For (AO)who has resisted His will?” 20 On the contrary, who are you, [p](AP)you foolish person, who (AQ)answers back to God? (AR)The thing molded will not say to the molder, “Why did you make me like this,” will it? 21 Or does the potter not have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one object [q]for honorable use, and another [r]for common use? 22 [s]What if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with great (AS)patience objects of wrath (AT)prepared for destruction? 23 And He did so to make known (AU)the riches of His glory upon (AV)objects of mercy, which He (AW)prepared beforehand for glory, 24 namely us, whom He also (AX)called, (AY)not only from among Jews, but also from among Gentiles, 25 as He also says in Hosea:
“(AZ)I will call those who were not My people, ‘My people,’
And her who was not beloved, ‘beloved.’”
26 “(BA)And it shall be that in the place where it was said to them, ‘you are not My people,’
There they shall be called sons of (BB)the living God.”
27 Isaiah cries out concerning Israel, “(BC)Though the number of the sons of Israel may be (BD)like the sand of the sea, only (BE)the remnant will be saved; 28 (BF)for the Lord will execute His word on the earth, [t]thoroughly and [u]quickly.” 29 And just as Isaiah foretold:
30 (BK)What shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, attained righteousness, but (BL)the righteousness that is [y]by faith; 31 however, Israel, (BM)pursuing a law of righteousness, did not (BN)arrive at that law. 32 Why? Because they did not pursue it [z]by faith, but as though they could [aa]by works. They stumbled over (BO)the stumbling stone, 33 just as it is written:
The Word of Faith Brings Salvation
10 Brothers and sisters, my heart’s desire and my prayer to God for them is for their salvation. 2 For I testify about them that they have (BT)a zeal for God, but not in accordance with knowledge. 3 For not knowing about (BU)God’s righteousness and (BV)seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God. 4 For (BW)Christ is the [ac]end of the Law for righteousness to (BX)everyone who believes.
5 For Moses writes of the righteousness that is [ad]based on the Law, that the person who performs [ae]them (BY)will live by [af]them. 6 But (BZ)the righteousness [ag]based on faith speaks as follows: “(CA)Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will go up into heaven?’ (that is, to bring Christ down), 7 or ‘Who will descend into the (CB)abyss?’ (that is, to (CC)bring Christ up from the dead).” 8 But what does it say? “(CD)The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart”—that is, the word of faith which we are preaching, 9 [ah]that (CE)if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and (CF)believe in your heart that (CG)God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved; 10 for with the heart a person believes, [ai]resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, [aj]resulting in salvation. 11 For the Scripture says, “(CH)Whoever believes in Him will not be [ak]put to shame.” 12 For (CI)there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is (CJ)Lord of (CK)all, abounding in riches for all who call on Him; 13 for “(CL)Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”
14 How then are they to call on Him in whom they have not believed? How are they to believe in Him (CM)whom they have not heard? And how are they to hear without (CN)a preacher? 15 But how are they to preach unless they are sent? Just as it is written: “(CO)How beautiful are the feet of those who [al](CP)bring good news of good things!”
18 But I say, surely they have never heard, have they? On the contrary:
19 But I say, surely Israel did not know, did they? First Moses says,
20 And Isaiah is very bold and says,
“(CX)I was found by those who did not seek Me,
I revealed Myself to those who did not ask for Me.”
21 But as for Israel, He says, “(CY)I have spread out My hands all day long to a disobedient and obstinate people.”
Israel Has Not Been Rejected
11 I say then, God has not (CZ)rejected His people, has He? [ap](DA)Far from it! For (DB)I too am an Israelite, [aq]a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God (DC)has not rejected His people whom He (DD)foreknew. (DE)Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel? 3 “Lord, (DF)they have killed Your prophets, they have torn down Your altars, and I alone am left, and they are seeking my life.” 4 But what [ar]is the divine response to him? “(DG)I have kept for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” 5 In the same way then, there has also come to be at the present time (DH)a remnant according to God’s [as]gracious choice. 6 But (DI)if it is by grace, it is no longer [at]on the basis of works, since otherwise grace is no longer grace.
“(DL)God gave them a spirit of stupor,
Eyes to see not and ears to hear not,
Down to this very day.”
9 And David says,
11 (DO)I say then, they did not stumble so as to fall, did they? [av](DP)Far from it! But by their wrongdoing (DQ)salvation has come to the Gentiles, to (DR)make them jealous. 12 Now if their wrongdoing proves to be riches for the world, and their failure, riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their [aw](DS)fulfillment be! 13 But I am speaking to you who are Gentiles. Therefore insofar as (DT)I am an apostle of Gentiles, I magnify my ministry 14 if somehow I may (DU)move (DV)my [ax]own people to jealousy and (DW)save some of them. 15 For if their rejection proves to be the (DX)reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance be but (DY)life from the dead? 16 If the (DZ)first piece of dough is holy, the lump is also; and if the root is holy, the branches are as well.
17 But if some of the (EA)branches were broken off, and (EB)you, being a wild olive, were grafted in among them and became partaker with them of the [ay]rich root of the olive tree, 18 do not be arrogant toward the branches; but if you are arrogant, remember that (EC)it is not you who supports the root, but the root supports you. 19 (ED)You will say then, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.” 20 Quite right, they were broken off for their unbelief, but you (EE)stand by your faith. (EF)Do not be conceited, but fear; 21 for if God did not spare the natural branches, He will not spare you, either. 22 See then the kindness and severity of God: to those who fell, severity, but to you, God’s (EG)kindness, (EH)if you continue in His kindness; for otherwise you too (EI)will be cut off. 23 And they also, (EJ)if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in; for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if you were cut off from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and contrary to nature were grafted into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these who are the natural branches be grafted into their own olive tree?
25 For (EK)I do not want you, brothers and sisters, to be uninformed of this (EL)mystery—so that you will not be (EM)wise in your own estimation—that a partial (EN)hardening has happened to Israel until the (EO)fullness of the Gentiles has come in; 26 and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written:
28 In relation to the gospel they are (ES)enemies on your account, but in relation to God’s choice they are beloved (ET)on account of the fathers; 29 for the gifts and the (EU)calling of God (EV)are irrevocable. 30 For just as you once were disobedient to God, but now have been shown mercy because of their disobedience, 31 so these also now have been disobedient, that because of the mercy shown to you they also may now be shown mercy. 32 For (EW)God has shut up all in disobedience, so that He may show mercy to all.
33 Oh, the depth of (EX)the riches, [ba]both of the (EY)wisdom and knowledge of God! (EZ)How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His ways! 34 For (FA)who has known the mind of the Lord, or who became His counselor? 35 Or (FB)who has first given to Him, [bb]that it would be paid back to him? 36 For (FC)from Him, and through Him, and to Him are all things. (FD)To Him be the glory [bc]forever. Amen.
12 Therefore (FE)I urge you, brothers and sisters, by the mercies of God, to (FF)present your bodies as a living and holy sacrifice, [bd]acceptable to God, which is your [be]spiritual service of worship. 2 And do not (FG)be conformed to (FH)this [bf]world, but be transformed by the (FI)renewing of your mind, so that you may [bg](FJ)prove what the will of God is, that which is good and [bh]acceptable and perfect.
3 For through (FK)the grace given to me I say to everyone among you (FL)not to think more highly of himself than he ought to think; but to think so as to have sound judgment, as God has allotted to (FM)each a measure of faith. 4 For (FN)just as we have many parts in one body and all [bi]the body’s parts do not have the same function, 5 so we, (FO)who are many, are (FP)one body in Christ, and individually parts of one another. 6 However, since we have gifts that (FQ)differ according to the grace given to us, each of us is to use them properly: if (FR)prophecy, [bj]in proportion to one’s faith; 7 if [bk](FS)service, in the act of serving; or the one who (FT)teaches, in the act of teaching; 8 or the one who [bl](FU)exhorts, in the work of [bm]exhortation; the one who gives, with [bn](FV)generosity; (FW)the one who [bo]is in leadership, with diligence; the one who shows mercy, with (FX)cheerfulness.
9 [bp](FY)Love must be free of hypocrisy. (FZ)Detest what is evil; cling to what is good. 10 Be (GA)devoted to one another in brotherly love; [bq]give preference to one another (GB)in honor, 11 not lagging behind in diligence, (GC)fervent in spirit, (GD)serving the Lord; 12 (GE)rejoicing in hope, (GF)persevering in tribulation, (GG)devoted to prayer, 13 (GH)contributing to the needs of the [br]saints, [bs](GI)practicing hospitality.
14 (GJ)Bless those who persecute [bt]you; bless and do not curse. 15 (GK)Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep. 16 (GL)Be of the same mind toward one another; (GM)do not be [bu]haughty in mind, but [bv]associate with the lowly. (GN)Do not be wise in your own estimation. 17 (GO)Never repay evil for evil to anyone. [bw](GP)Respect what is right in the sight of all people. 18 If possible, (GQ)so far as it depends on you, (GR)be at peace with all people. 19 (GS)Never take your own revenge, beloved, but [bx]leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written: “(GT)Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 20 “(GU)But if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” 21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.
- Romans 9:3 Lit pray
- Romans 9:5 I.e., Messiah
- Romans 9:5 Lit unto the ages
- Romans 9:7 Lit seed
- Romans 9:7 Lit in
- Romans 9:7 Lit seed
- Romans 9:8 Lit these
- Romans 9:8 Lit seed
- Romans 9:11 Lit remain
- Romans 9:11 Lit from
- Romans 9:11 Lit from
- Romans 9:14 Lit May it never happen!
- Romans 9:16 Or wills nor
- Romans 9:16 I.e., to win mercy or favor
- Romans 9:17 Lit in all
- Romans 9:20 Lit O
- Romans 9:21 Lit for honor
- Romans 9:21 Lit for dishonor
- Romans 9:22 Lit But
- Romans 9:28 Lit finishing it
- Romans 9:28 Lit cutting it short
- Romans 9:29 Gr sabaoth, for Heb tsebaoth (armies)
- Romans 9:29 Lit seed
- Romans 9:29 Lit been made like
- Romans 9:30 Lit out of
- Romans 9:32 Lit out of
- Romans 9:32 Lit out of
- Romans 9:33 Or disappointed
- Romans 10:4 Or goal
- Romans 10:5 Lit out of, from
- Romans 10:5 I.e., the statutes of the Law
- Romans 10:5 I.e., the statutes of the Law
- Romans 10:6 Lit out of, from
- Romans 10:9 Or because
- Romans 10:10 Lit to righteousness
- Romans 10:10 Lit to salvation
- Romans 10:11 Or disappointed
- Romans 10:15 Or preach the gospel
- Romans 10:16 Or gospel
- Romans 10:17 Or concerning Christ
- Romans 10:18 Or inhabited earth
- Romans 11:1 Lit May it never happen!
- Romans 11:1 Lit of the seed of Abraham
- Romans 11:4 Lit says
- Romans 11:5 Lit choice of grace
- Romans 11:6 Lit out of
- Romans 11:7 Lit the election
- Romans 11:11 Lit May it never happen!
- Romans 11:12 Or fullness
- Romans 11:14 Lit flesh
- Romans 11:17 Lit root of the fatness
- Romans 11:27 Lit the covenant from Me
- Romans 11:33 Or and the wisdom
- Romans 11:35 Lit and it will be paid back
- Romans 11:36 Lit to the ages
- Romans 12:1 Or pleasing
- Romans 12:1 I.e., in contrast to offering a literal sacrifice
- Romans 12:2 Or age
- Romans 12:2 Or discover
- Romans 12:2 Or pleasing
- Romans 12:4 Lit the parts
- Romans 12:6 Or in agreement with the faith
- Romans 12:7 Or office of service
- Romans 12:8 Or encourages
- Romans 12:8 Or encouragement
- Romans 12:8 Or sincere concern
- Romans 12:8 Or provides care
- Romans 12:9 Or Love has no
- Romans 12:10 Or outdo one another in showing honor
- Romans 12:13 Lit holy ones; i.e., God’s people
- Romans 12:13 Lit pursuing
- Romans 12:14 Two early mss do not contain you
- Romans 12:16 Or arrogant
- Romans 12:16 Or accommodate yourself to lowly things
- Romans 12:17 Lit Take thought for
- Romans 12:19 Lit give a place