The Passion Translation
The Unopened Scroll
5 And I saw that the one seated on the throne was holding in his right hand an unopened scroll with writing on the inside and on the outside,[a] and it was sealed with seven seals. 2 Then I saw an incredibly powerful angel[b] proclaiming with a great, loud voice, “Who is worthy to open the scroll and break[c] its seven seals?” 3 But no person could be found, living or dead, in all of creation[d]—no one was worthy to open the scroll and read its contents. 4 So I broke down weeping with intense sorrow, because there was found no one worthy to break open the scroll and read its contents.[e]
5 Then one of the elders said to me, “Stop weeping. Look! The mighty Lion of Judah’s tribe,[f] the root of David—he has conquered! He is the worthy one who can open the scroll and its seven seals.”
6 Then I saw a young Lamb[g] standing in the middle of the throne, encircled by the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders. He appeared to have been slaughtered but was now alive![h] He had seven horns[i] and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent out to the ends of the earth.
7 I saw the young Lamb approach the throne and receive the scroll from the right hand of the one who sat there. 8 And when the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures saw the Lamb had taken the scroll, they fell facedown at the feet of the Lamb and worshiped him. Each of them had a harp and golden bowls brimming full of sweet fragrant incense—which are the prayers of God’s holy lovers. 9 And they were all singing this new song of praise to the Lamb:
“Because you were slaughtered for us,
you are worthy to take the scroll and open its seals.
Your blood was the price paid to redeem us.
You purchased us to bring us to God
out of every tribe, language, people group, and nation.
10 You have chosen us to serve our God
and formed us into a kingdom of priests
who reign[j] on the earth.”
- Revelation 5:1 See Isa. 29:11; Ezek. 2:9-10; Dan. 12:4. The revelation God gave to Daniel was to be sealed, but what John saw was a book that is to be broken open.
- Revelation 5:2 There are twenty-six unidentified angels mentioned in the book of Revelation. Additionally, there are possibly fifteen angels identified as men.
- Revelation 5:2 Or “release” or “untie.”
- Revelation 5:3 Or “on heaven or on earth or under the earth.”
- Revelation 5:4 Or “look into it.” Some see this scroll as the title deed of the universe that contains the right of ownership and the timing and plans of fulfilling the eternal destiny of all creation.
- Revelation 5:5 See Gen. 49:10.
- Revelation 5:6 Jesus is both a fierce Lion and a gentle Lamb. The Lamb holds the scroll.
- Revelation 5:6 This is our Lord Jesus Christ with the marks of sacrifice still upon him.
- Revelation 5:6 Horns are a picture of power and authority (Ps. 89:17; Dan. 7:8), while seven is the number of perfection. Perfect authority now belongs to the Lamb who was slain.
- Revelation 5:10 The present tense of the Greek verb indicates that the reign of believers on earth has already begun. See Henry Alford, Alford’s Greek Testament: An Exegetical and Critical Commentary, vol. 4, 1875 (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1980); Henry Barclay Swete, Commentary on Revelation (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1977); G. K. Beale, The Book of Revelation, A Commentary on the Greek Text, The New International Greek Testament Commentary (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999).
The Passion Translation
23 Now when the soldiers crucified Jesus, they divided up his clothes into four shares, one for each of them. But his tunic was seamless, woven from the top to the bottom[a] as a single garment. 24 So the soldiers said to each other, “Don’t tear it—let’s throw dice[b] to see who gets it!” The soldiers did all of this not knowing they fulfilled the Scripture that says, “They divided my garments among them and gambled for my garment.”[c]Read full chapter
- John 19:23 The Aramaic could be translated “his tunic was entirely woven from above.” Jesus’ tunic was an emblem of his perfect holiness and righteousness as one who came “from above.” As believers, we are now robed in that seamless garment of righteousness in Christ.
- John 19:24 Or “cast lots.” See also v. 25.
- John 19:24 See Ps. 22:18.
The Passion Translation
34 While they were nailing Jesus to the cross, he prayed over and over, “Father, forgive them,[a] for they don’t know what they’re doing.”
The soldiers, after they crucified him, gambled over his clothing.[b]Read full chapter
- Luke 23:34 The Greek text implies a repetitive action. He did not pray, “forgive me,” but “forgive them.” As the centurion crushed him to the ground and tied his arms to the crossbeam, Jesus prayed, “Father, forgive them.” When the spikes tore through each quivering palm, he prayed again, “Father, forgive them.” And when the soldiers parted his garments and gambled for the seamless robe, again Jesus prayed, “Father, forgive them.” Only heaven knows how many times that prayer was spoken.
- Luke 23:34 Many Greek manuscripts have omitted v. 34.