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Prelude to the Bowl Judgments

15 Then (A)I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous: (B)seven angels having the seven last plagues, (C)for in them the wrath of God is complete.

And I saw something like (D)a sea of glass (E)mingled with fire, and those who have the victory over the beast, (F)over his image and [a]over his mark and over the (G)number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, (H)having harps of God. They sing (I)the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the (J)Lamb, saying:

(K)“Great and marvelous are Your works,
Lord God Almighty!
(L)Just and true are Your ways,
O King of the [b]saints!
(M)Who shall not fear You, O Lord, and glorify Your name?
For You alone are (N)holy.
For (O)all nations shall come and worship before You,
For Your judgments have been manifested.”

After these things I looked, and [c]behold, (P)the [d]temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened. And out of the [e]temple came the seven angels having the seven plagues, (Q)clothed in pure bright linen, and having their chests girded with golden bands. (R)Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God (S)who lives forever and ever. (T)The temple was filled with smoke (U)from the glory of God and from His power, and no one was able to enter the temple till the seven plagues of the seven angels were completed.

The Seven Bowls

16 Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying (V)to the seven angels, “Go and pour out the [f]bowls (W)of the wrath of God on the earth.”

First Bowl: Loathsome Sores

So the first went and poured out his bowl (X)upon the earth, and a [g]foul and (Y)loathsome sore came upon the men (Z)who had the mark of the beast and those (AA)who worshiped his image.

Second Bowl: The Sea Turns to Blood

Then the second angel poured out his bowl (AB)on the sea, and (AC)it became blood as of a dead man; (AD)and every living creature in the sea died.

Third Bowl: The Waters Turn to Blood

Then the third angel poured out his bowl (AE)on the rivers and springs of water, (AF)and they became blood. And I heard the angel of the waters saying:

(AG)“You are righteous, [h]O Lord,
The One (AH)who is and who [i]was and who is to be,
Because You have judged these things.
For (AI)they have shed the blood (AJ)of saints and prophets,
(AK)And You have given them blood to drink.
[j]For it is their just due.”

And I heard [k]another from the altar saying, “Even so, (AL)Lord God Almighty, (AM)true and righteous are Your judgments.”

Fourth Bowl: Men Are Scorched

Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl (AN)on the sun, (AO)and power was given to him to scorch men with fire. And men were scorched with great heat, and they (AP)blasphemed the name of God who has power over these plagues; (AQ)and they did not repent (AR)and give Him glory.

Fifth Bowl: Darkness and Pain

10 Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl (AS)on the throne of the beast, (AT)and his kingdom became full of darkness; (AU)and they gnawed their tongues because of the pain. 11 They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and did not repent of their deeds.

Sixth Bowl: Euphrates Dried Up

12 Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl (AV)on the great river Euphrates, (AW)and its water was dried up, (AX)so that the way of the kings from the east might be prepared. 13 And I saw three unclean (AY)spirits like frogs coming out of the mouth of (AZ)the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of (BA)the false prophet. 14 For they are spirits of demons, (BB)performing signs, which go out to the kings [l]of the earth and of (BC)the whole world, to gather them to (BD)the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

15 (BE)“Behold, I am coming as a thief. Blessed is he who watches, and keeps his garments, (BF)lest he walk naked and they see his shame.”

16 (BG)And they gathered them together to the place called in Hebrew, [m]Armageddon.

Seventh Bowl: The Earth Utterly Shaken

17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, (BH)“It is done!” 18 And (BI)there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; (BJ)and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake (BK)as had not occurred since men were on the earth. 19 Now (BL)the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And (BM)great Babylon (BN)was remembered before God, (BO)to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath. 20 Then (BP)every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent. Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, since that plague was exceedingly great.

The Scarlet Woman and the Scarlet Beast

17 Then (BQ)one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and talked with me, saying [n]to me, “Come, (BR)I will show you the judgment of (BS)the great harlot (BT)who sits on many waters, (BU)with whom the kings of the earth committed fornication, and (BV)the inhabitants of the earth were made drunk with the wine of her fornication.”

So he carried me away in the Spirit (BW)into the wilderness. And I saw a woman sitting (BX)on a scarlet beast which was full of (BY)names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns. The woman (BZ)was arrayed in purple and scarlet, (CA)and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, (CB)having in her hand a golden cup (CC)full of abominations and the filthiness of [o]her fornication. And on her forehead a name was written:

(CD)MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT,
THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS
AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS
OF THE EARTH.

I saw (CE)the woman, drunk (CF)with the blood of the saints and with the blood of (CG)the martyrs of Jesus. And when I saw her, I marveled with great amazement.

The Meaning of the Woman and the Beast

But the angel said to me, “Why did you marvel? I will tell you the [p]mystery of the woman and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns. The beast that you saw was, and is not, and (CH)will ascend out of the bottomless pit and (CI)go to [q]perdition. And those who (CJ)dwell on the earth (CK)will marvel, (CL)whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world, when they see the beast that was, and is not, and [r]yet is.

(CM)“Here is the mind which has wisdom: (CN)The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sits. 10 There are also seven kings. Five have fallen, one is, and the other has not yet come. And when he comes, he must (CO)continue a short time. 11 The (CP)beast that was, and is not, is himself also the eighth, and is of the seven, and is going to [s]perdition.

12 (CQ)“The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they receive authority for one hour as kings with the beast. 13 These are of one mind, and they will give their power and authority to the beast. 14 (CR)These will make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb will (CS)overcome them, (CT)for He is Lord of lords and King of kings; (CU)and those who are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful.”

15 Then he said to me, (CV)“The waters which you saw, where the harlot sits, (CW)are peoples, multitudes, nations, and tongues. 16 And the ten horns which you [t]saw on the beast, (CX)these will hate the harlot, make her (CY)desolate (CZ)and naked, eat her flesh and (DA)burn her with fire. 17 (DB)For God has put it into their hearts to fulfill His purpose, to be of one mind, and to give their kingdom to the beast, (DC)until the words of God are fulfilled. 18 And the woman whom you saw (DD)is that great city (DE)which reigns over the kings of the earth.”

The Fall of Babylon the Great

18 After(DF) these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, (DG)and the earth was illuminated with his glory. And he cried [u]mightily with a loud voice, saying, (DH)“Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and (DI)has become a dwelling place of demons, a prison for every foul spirit, and (DJ)a cage for every unclean and hated bird! For all the nations (DK)have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, (DL)and the merchants of the earth have become rich through the [v]abundance of her luxury.”

And I heard another voice from heaven saying, (DM)“Come out of her, my people, lest you share in her sins, and lest you receive of her plagues. (DN)For her sins [w]have reached to heaven, and (DO)God has remembered her iniquities. (DP)Render to her just as she rendered [x]to you, and repay her double according to her works; (DQ)in the cup which she has mixed, (DR)mix double for her. (DS)In the measure that she glorified herself and lived [y]luxuriously, in the same measure give her torment and sorrow; for she says in her heart, ‘I sit as (DT)queen, and am no widow, and will not see sorrow.’ Therefore her plagues will come (DU)in one day—death and mourning and famine. And (DV)she will be utterly burned with fire, (DW)for strong is the Lord God who [z]judges her.

The World Mourns Babylon’s Fall

(DX)“The kings of the earth who committed fornication and lived luxuriously with her (DY)will weep and lament for her, (DZ)when they see the smoke of her burning, 10 standing at a distance for fear of her torment, saying, (EA)‘Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! (EB)For in one hour your judgment has come.’

11 “And (EC)the merchants of the earth will weep and mourn over her, for no one buys their merchandise anymore: 12 (ED)merchandise of gold and silver, precious stones and pearls, fine linen and purple, silk and scarlet, every kind of citron wood, every kind of object of ivory, every kind of object of most precious wood, bronze, iron, and marble; 13 and cinnamon and incense, fragrant oil and frankincense, wine and oil, fine flour and wheat, cattle and sheep, horses and chariots, and bodies and (EE)souls of men. 14 The fruit that your soul longed for has gone from you, and all the things which are rich and splendid have [aa]gone from you, and you shall find them no more at all. 15 The merchants of these things, who became rich by her, will stand at a distance for fear of her torment, weeping and wailing, 16 and saying, ‘Alas, alas, (EF)that great city (EG)that was clothed in fine linen, purple, and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls! 17 (EH)For in one hour such great riches [ab]came to nothing.’ (EI)Every shipmaster, all who travel by ship, sailors, and as many as trade on the sea, stood at a distance 18 (EJ)and cried out when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, (EK)‘What is like this great city?’

19 (EL)“They threw dust on their heads and cried out, weeping and wailing, and saying, ‘Alas, alas, that great city, in which all who had ships on the sea became rich by her wealth! (EM)For in one hour she [ac]is made desolate.’

20 (EN)“Rejoice over her, O heaven, and you [ad]holy apostles and prophets, for (EO)God has avenged you on her!”

Finality of Babylon’s Fall

21 Then a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone and threw it into the sea, saying, (EP)“Thus with violence the great city Babylon shall be thrown down, and (EQ)shall not be found anymore. 22 (ER)The sound of harpists, musicians, flutists, and trumpeters shall not be heard in you anymore. No craftsman of any craft shall be found in you anymore, and the sound of a millstone shall not be heard in you anymore. 23 (ES)The light of a lamp shall not shine in you anymore, (ET)and the voice of bridegroom and bride shall not be heard in you anymore. For (EU)your merchants were the great men of the earth, (EV)for by your sorcery all the nations were deceived. 24 And (EW)in her was found the blood of prophets and saints, and of all who (EX)were slain on the earth.”

Footnotes

  1. Revelation 15:2 NU, M omit over his mark
  2. Revelation 15:3 NU, M nations
  3. Revelation 15:5 NU, M omit behold
  4. Revelation 15:5 sanctuary, the inner shrine
  5. Revelation 15:6 sanctuary, the inner shrine
  6. Revelation 16:1 NU, M seven bowls
  7. Revelation 16:2 severe and malignant, lit. bad and evil
  8. Revelation 16:5 NU, M omit O Lord
  9. Revelation 16:5 NU, M was, the Holy One
  10. Revelation 16:6 NU, M omit For
  11. Revelation 16:7 NU, M omit another from
  12. Revelation 16:14 NU, M omit of the earth and
  13. Revelation 16:16 Lit. Mount Megiddo; M Megiddo
  14. Revelation 17:1 NU, M omit to me
  15. Revelation 17:4 M the fornication of the earth
  16. Revelation 17:7 hidden truth
  17. Revelation 17:8 destruction
  18. Revelation 17:8 NU, M shall be present
  19. Revelation 17:11 destruction
  20. Revelation 17:16 NU, M saw, and the beast
  21. Revelation 18:2 NU, M omit mightily
  22. Revelation 18:3 Lit. strengths
  23. Revelation 18:5 NU, M have been heaped up
  24. Revelation 18:6 NU, M omit to you
  25. Revelation 18:7 sensually
  26. Revelation 18:8 NU, M has judged
  27. Revelation 18:14 NU, M been lost to you
  28. Revelation 18:17 have been laid waste
  29. Revelation 18:19 have been laid waste
  30. Revelation 18:20 NU, M saints and apostles

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