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Revelation 7:2-4 New English Translation (NET Bible)

Then[a] I saw another angel ascending from the east,[b] who had[c] the seal[d] of the living God. He[e] shouted out with a loud voice to the four angels who had been given permission[f] to damage the earth and the sea:[g] “Do not damage the earth or the sea or the trees until we have put a seal on the foreheads of the servants[h] of our God.” Now[i] I heard the number of those who were marked with the seal,[j] 144,000, sealed from all[k] the tribes of the people of Israel:[l]


  1. Revelation 7:2 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.
  2. Revelation 7:2 tn Grk “from the rising of the sun.” BDAG 74 s.v. ἀνατολή 2.a takes this as a geographical direction: “ἀπὸ ἀ. ἡλίουfrom the east Rv 7:2; 16:12…simply ἀπὸ ἀ.…21:13.”
  3. Revelation 7:2 tn Grk “having,” but v. 3 makes it clear that the angel’s purpose is to seal others with the seal he carries.
  4. Revelation 7:2 tn Or “signet” (L&N 6.54).
  5. Revelation 7:2 tn Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation. Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.
  6. Revelation 7:2 tn The word “permission” is implied; Grk “to whom it was given to them to damage the earth.”
  7. Revelation 7:2 tn Grk “saying.” The participle λέγων (legōn) is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated.
  8. Revelation 7:3 tn See the note on the word “servants” in 1:1.
  9. Revelation 7:4 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the introduction of new but related material.
  10. Revelation 7:4 tn Grk “who were sealed.”
  11. Revelation 7:4 tn Normally, “every,” but since 144,000 is the total number, “all” is clearer here.
  12. Revelation 7:4 tn Grk “the sons of Israel,” normally an idiom for the Israelites as an ethnic entity (L&N 11.58). However, many scholars understand the expression in this context to refer to Christians rather than ethnic Israelites.
New English Translation (NET)

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