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Twenty-four other thrones surrounded the throne, and seated on these thrones were twenty-four elders ([a]the members of the heavenly Sanhedrin), arrayed in white clothing, with crowns of gold upon their heads.

Out from the throne came flashes of lightning and rumblings and peals of thunder, and in front of the throne seven blazing torches burned, which are the seven Spirits of God [[b]the sevenfold Holy Spirit];

And in front of the throne there was also what looked like a transparent glassy sea, as if of crystal. And around the throne, in the center at each side of the throne, were four living creatures (beings) who were full of eyes in front and behind [with intelligence as to what is before and at the rear of them].(A)

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  1. Revelation 4:4 George R. Berry, Greek-English New Testament Lexicon.
  2. Revelation 4:5 Richard of St. Victor, cited by Richard Trench, Synonyms of the New Testament.