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Revelation 4:5-7 The Passion Translation (TPT)

And pulsing from the throne were blinding flashes of lightning,[a] crashes of thunder, and voices.[b] And burning before the throne are seven blazing torches, which represent the seven Spirits of God.[c] And in front of the throne there was pavement[d] like a crystal sea of glass.[e]

Worship around the Throne

Around the throne and on each side[f] stood four living creatures, full of eyes in front and behind.[g] The first living creature resembled a lion, the second an ox, the third had a human face, and the fourth was like an eagle in flight.


  1. Revelation 4:5 Lightning is often an emblem of the revelation-word of God breaking forth on the earth (Ps. 97:4), which dismantles the works of Satan (Luke 10:18). As God’s Word goes forth, there will always be voices to carry the fresh revelation of heaven.
  2. Revelation 4:5 Or “sounds.” See also Ex. 19:16; Ps. 77:18.
  3. Revelation 4:5 Or “the seven-fold Spirit of God.”
  4. Revelation 4:6 See Ex. 24:10; Ezek. 1:22, 26.
  5. Revelation 4:6 The blazing torches reflected off the glassy crystal sea would appear to be heaven’s analogue to the Red Sea. See also 15:2–4. One of the miracles of the Red Sea crossing was that the waters congealed and became like glass (Ex. 15:8). John is seeing a hint of the chaotic “sea of humanity” (Dan. 7:2; Ezek. 32:2) being calmed before God’s sovereign throne.
  6. Revelation 4:6 A possible inference in the Greek is that the four living creatures are supporting the throne; that is, the throne (chariot of God) rested upon them. See Ezek. 1:15-26. The number four points to the four winds and the four seasons (the whole created order).
  7. Revelation 4:6 They had eyes to see into different realms and into times past and future (in front and behind).
The Passion Translation (TPT)

The Passion Translation®. Copyright © 2017 by BroadStreet Publishing® Group, LLC.
Used by permission. All rights reserved. thePassionTranslation.com

Revelation 4:5-7 New International Version (NIV)

From the throne came flashes of lightning, rumblings and peals of thunder. In front of the throne, seven lamps were blazing. These are the seven spirits[a] of God. Also in front of the throne there was what looked like a sea of glass, clear as crystal.

In the center, around the throne, were four living creatures, and they were covered with eyes, in front and in back. The first living creature was like a lion, the second was like an ox, the third had a face like a man, the fourth was like a flying eagle.


  1. Revelation 4:5 That is, the sevenfold Spirit
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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