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(Look! He is returning with the clouds,[a]
and every eye will see him,
even[b] those who pierced him,[c]
and all the tribes[d] on the earth will mourn because[e] of him.
This will certainly come to pass![f] Amen.)[g]

“I am the Alpha and the Omega,”[h] says the Lord God—the one who is, and who was, and who is still to come—the All-Powerful![i]

I, John, your brother and the one who shares[j] with you in the persecution, kingdom, and endurance that[k] are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony about Jesus.[l]

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  1. Revelation 1:7 sn An allusion to Dan 7:13.
  2. Revelation 1:7 tn Here καί (kai) was translated as ascensive.
  3. Revelation 1:7 sn An allusion to Zech 12:10.
  4. Revelation 1:7 tn In this context, tribes (φυλαί, phulai) could also be translated as “nations” or “peoples” (L&N 11.56).
  5. Revelation 1:7 tn The conjunction ἐπί (epi) is most likely causal here. The people who crucified him are those of every tribe on the earth and they will mourn because he comes as judge.
  6. Revelation 1:7 tn Grk “Yes, Amen.” The expression “This will certainly come to pass” is an attempt to capture the force of the juxtaposition of the Greek ναί (nai) and the Hebrew ἀμήν (amēn). See L&N 69.1.
  7. Revelation 1:7 sn These lines are placed in parentheses because they form an aside to the main argument.
  8. Revelation 1:8 tc The shorter reading “Omega” (, ō) has superior ms evidence (א1 A C 1611) to the longer reading which includes “the beginning and the end” (ἀρχὴ καὶ τέλος or ἡ ἀρχὴ καὶ τὸ τέλος, archē kai telos or hē archē kai to telos), found in א*,2 1854 2050 2329 2351 MA lat bo. There is little reason why a scribe would have deleted the words, but their clarifying value and the fact that they harmonize with 21:6 indicate that they are a secondary addition to the text.
  9. Revelation 1:8 tn On this word BDAG 755 s.v. παντοκράτωρ states, “the Almighty, All-Powerful, Omnipotent (One) only of God…() κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὁ π.…Rv 1:8; 4:8; 11:17; 15:3; 16:7; 21:22.”
  10. Revelation 1:9 tn The translation attempts to bring out the verbal idea in συγκοινωνός (sunkoinōnos, “co-sharer”); John was suffering for his faith at the time he wrote this.
  11. Revelation 1:9 tn The prepositional phrase ἐν ᾿Ιησοῦ (en Iēsou) could be taken with ὑπομονῇ (hupomonē) as the translation does or with the more distant συγκοινωνός (sunkoinōnos), in which case the translation would read “your brother and the one who shares with you in Jesus in the persecution, kingdom, and endurance.”
  12. Revelation 1:9 tn The phrase “about Jesus” has been translated as an objective genitive.

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