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11 They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their sufferings[a] and because of their sores,[b] but nevertheless[c] they still refused to repent[d] of their deeds.

12 Then[e] the sixth angel[f] poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates and dried up its water[g] to prepare the way[h] for the kings from the east.[i] 13 Then[j] I saw three unclean spirits[k] that looked like frogs coming out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet.

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Footnotes

  1. Revelation 16:11 tn Grk “pains” (the same term in Greek [πόνος, ponos] as the last word in v. 11, here translated “sufferings” because it is plural). BDAG 852 s.v. 2 states, “ἐκ τοῦ π. in pain…Rv 16:10; pl. (Gen 41:51; Jos., C. Ap. 2, 146; Test. Jud. 18:4) ἐκ τῶν π.because of their sufferings vs. 11.”
  2. Revelation 16:11 tn Or “ulcerated sores” (see 16:2).
  3. Revelation 16:11 tn Grk “and they did not repent.” Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but nevertheless” to express the contrast here.
  4. Revelation 16:11 tn Grk “they did not repent” The addition of “still refused” reflects the hardness of people’s hearts in the context.
  5. Revelation 16:12 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.
  6. Revelation 16:12 tn Grk “the sixth”; the referent (the sixth angel) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  7. Revelation 16:12 tn Grk “and its water was dried up.” Here the passive construction has been translated as an active one.
  8. Revelation 16:12 tn Grk “in order that the way might be prepared.” Here the passive construction has been translated as an active one.
  9. Revelation 16:12 tn Grk “from the rising of the sun.” BDAG 74 s.v. ἀνατολή 2.a takes this as a geographical direction: “ἀπὸ ἀ. ἡλίουfrom the east Rv 7:2; 16:12; simply ἀπὸ ἀ.…21:13.”
  10. Revelation 16:13 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.
  11. Revelation 16:13 sn According to the next verse, these three unclean spirits are spirits of demons.

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