15 For he says to Moses,

“I will have mercy on whom I have mercy,
    and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”[a](A)

16 It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God’s mercy.(B) 17 For Scripture says to Pharaoh: “I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.”[b](C) 18 Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.(D)

19 One of you will say to me:(E) “Then why does God still blame us?(F) For who is able to resist his will?”(G) 20 But who are you, a human being, to talk back to God?(H) “Shall what is formed say to the one who formed it,(I) ‘Why did you make me like this?’”[c](J) 21 Does not the potter have the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for special purposes and some for common use?(K)

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  1. Romans 9:15 Exodus 33:19
  2. Romans 9:17 Exodus 9:16
  3. Romans 9:20 Isaiah 29:16; 45:9

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