78 My friends, I beg you to listen as I teach. 2 I will give instruction and explain the mystery of what happened long ago. 3 These are things we learned from our ancestors, 4 and we will tell them to the next generation. We won’t keep secret the glorious deeds and the mighty miracles of the Lord.
5 God gave his Law to Jacob’s descendants, the people of Israel. And he told our ancestors to teach their children, 6 so that each new generation would know his Law and tell it to the next. 7 Then they would trust God and obey his teachings, without forgetting anything God had done. 8 They would be different from their ancestors, who were stubborn, rebellious, and unfaithful to God.
9 The warriors from Ephraim were armed with arrows, but they ran away when the battle began. 10 They broke their agreement with God, and they turned their backs on his teaching. 11 They forgot all he had done, even the mighty miracles 12 he did for their ancestors near Zoan[a] in Egypt.
13 God made a path in the sea and piled up the water as he led them across. 14 He guided them during the day with a cloud, and each night he led them with a flaming fire. 15 God made water flow from rocks he split open in the desert, and his people drank freely, as though from a lake. 16 He made streams gush out like rivers from rocks.
17 But in the desert, the people of God Most High kept sinning and rebelling. 18 They stubbornly tested God and demanded from him what they wanted to eat. 19 They challenged God by saying, “Can God provide food out here in the desert? 20 It’s true God struck the rock and water gushed out like a river, but can he give his people bread and meat?”
21 When the Lord heard this, he was angry and furious with Jacob’s descendants, the people of Israel. 22 They had refused to trust him, and they had doubted his saving power.
23 But God gave a command to the clouds, and he opened the doors in the skies. 24 From heaven he sent grain that they called manna.[b] 25 He gave them more than enough, and each one of them ate this special food.
26 God’s mighty power brought a strong wind from the southeast, 27 and it brought birds that covered the ground, like sand on the beach. 28 Then God made the birds fall in the camp of his people near their tents.
29 God gave his people all they wanted, and each of them ate until they were full.
78.12Zoan: A city in the eastern part of the Nile Delta.
78.24manna: When the people of Israel were wandering through the desert, the Lord gave them a special kind of food to eat. It tasted like a wafer and was called “manna,” which in Hebrew means, “What is this?”
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