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Psalm 72

The Rule of the Righteous King


By Solomon.

The King’s Justice

God, give your authority to judge to the King.
Give your righteousness to the Son of the King.
He will judge your people with righteousness.
He will judge your afflicted ones with justice.
The mountains will deliver peace to the people.
The hills will produce righteousness.
He will obtain justice for the afflicted among the people.
He will save the children of the poor,
but he will crush the oppressor.

The King’s Eternal Reign

They will fear you[a] as long as the sun remains,
and as long as the moon endures, through all generations.
He will come down like rain on a mown field,
like showers, like a downpour on the earth.
In his days the righteous will flourish,
and peace will be plentiful till the moon is no more.

The King’s Universal Reign

He will rule[b] from sea to sea
and from the River[c] to the ends of the earth.
Those who dwell in the desert will bow before him,
and his enemies will lick the dust.
10 The kings of Tarshish and of the sea coasts will bring tribute.
The kings of Sheba and Seba will offer him gifts.
11 All kings will bow down to him.
All nations will serve him.

The Blessings of His Rule

12 He will certainly deliver the poor person who cries out,
as well as the afflicted, and the one who has no helper.
13 He will take pity on the weak and the poor.
He will save the lives of the poor.
14 From oppression and violence he will redeem their lives,
because their blood is precious in his sight.

A Prayer for His Blessings

15 May the King live![d]
May gold from Sheba be offered to him.
May people always pray for him.
May they bless him all day long.
16 Let there be an abundance of grain in the land.
Let it wave on the top of the mountains.
Let its fruit trees be like the cedars of Lebanon.[e]
Let people from the city flourish like the grass of the land.
17 May his name endure forever.
May his name flourish as long as the sun.
They will be blessed through him.
All nations will call him blessed.

Closing Doxology

18 Blessed be the Lord God, the God of Israel,
    who alone does marvelous deeds.
19 Blessed be his glorious name forever.
May the whole earth be filled with his glory.

Amen and Amen.

20 This ends the prayers of David son of Jesse.


  1. Psalm 72:5 The translation follows the Hebrew. The Greek Old Testament reads he will endure.
  2. Psalm 72:8 Or may he rule. Hebrew verb forms in this section that are translated as prophecy could also be translated as prayer, for example, may he rule.
  3. Psalm 72:8 That is, the Euphrates River
  4. Psalm 72:15 The Hebrew has singular pronouns throughout. For clarity the implied nouns have been supplied in the translation.
  5. Psalm 72:16 Hebrew let its fruit be like Lebanon

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