23 You who fear the Lord, praise him!(A)
    All you descendants of Jacob, honor him!(B)
    Revere him,(C) all you descendants of Israel!
24 For he has not despised(D) or scorned
    the suffering of the afflicted one;(E)
he has not hidden his face(F) from him
    but has listened to his cry for help.(G)

25 From you comes the theme of my praise in the great assembly;(H)
    before those who fear you[a] I will fulfill my vows.(I)
26 The poor will eat(J) and be satisfied;
    those who seek the Lord will praise him—(K)
    may your hearts live forever!

27 All the ends of the earth(L)
    will remember and turn to the Lord,
and all the families of the nations
    will bow down before him,(M)
28 for dominion belongs to the Lord(N)
    and he rules over the nations.

29 All the rich(O) of the earth will feast and worship;(P)
    all who go down to the dust(Q) will kneel before him—
    those who cannot keep themselves alive.(R)
30 Posterity(S) will serve him;
    future generations(T) will be told about the Lord.
31 They will proclaim his righteousness,(U)
    declaring to a people yet unborn:(V)
    He has done it!(W)

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  1. Psalm 22:25 Hebrew him

Hagar and Ishmael

16 Now Sarai,(A) Abram’s wife, had borne him no children.(B) But she had an Egyptian slave(C) named Hagar;(D) so she said to Abram, “The Lord has kept me from having children.(E) Go, sleep with my slave; perhaps I can build a family through her.”(F)

Abram agreed to what Sarai said. So after Abram had been living in Canaan(G) ten years,(H) Sarai his wife took her Egyptian slave Hagar and gave her to her husband to be his wife. He slept with Hagar,(I) and she conceived.

When she knew she was pregnant, she began to despise her mistress.(J) Then Sarai said to Abram, “You are responsible for the wrong I am suffering. I put my slave in your arms, and now that she knows she is pregnant, she despises me. May the Lord judge between you and me.”(K)

“Your slave is in your hands,(L)” Abram said. “Do with her whatever you think best.” Then Sarai mistreated(M) Hagar; so she fled from her.

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Abraham Justified by Faith

What then shall we say(A) that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh,(B) discovered in this matter? If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about—but not before God.(C) What does Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.”[a](D)

Now to the one who works, wages are not credited as a gift(E) but as an obligation. However, to the one who does not work but trusts God who justifies the ungodly, their faith is credited as righteousness.(F) David says the same thing when he speaks of the blessedness of the one to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:

“Blessed are those
    whose transgressions are forgiven,
    whose sins are covered.
Blessed is the one
    whose sin the Lord will never count against them.”[b](G)

Is this blessedness only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised?(H) We have been saying that Abraham’s faith was credited to him as righteousness.(I) 10 Under what circumstances was it credited? Was it after he was circumcised, or before? It was not after, but before! 11 And he received circumcision as a sign, a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised.(J) So then, he is the father(K) of all who believe(L) but have not been circumcised, in order that righteousness might be credited to them. 12 And he is then also the father of the circumcised who not only are circumcised but who also follow in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.

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  1. Romans 4:3 Gen. 15:6; also in verse 22
  2. Romans 4:8 Psalm 32:1,2

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