108 O God, my heart is steadfast [with confident faith]; I will sing, I will sing praises, even with my soul. 2 Awake, harp and lyre; I will awaken the dawn! 3 I will praise and give thanks to You, O Lord, among the people; And I will sing praises to You among the nations. 4 For Your lovingkindness is great and higher than the heavens; Your truth reaches to the skies. 5 Be exalted [in majesty], O God, above the heavens, And Your glory above all the earth. 6 That Your beloved [ones] may be rescued, Save with Your right hand, and answer me!
7 God has spoken in His [a]holiness: “I will rejoice, I will portion out Shechem [as I divide Canaan among My people], And measure out the Valley of Succoth. 8 “Gilead is Mine, Manasseh is Mine; Ephraim also is the helmet of My head [My stronghold, My defense]; Judah is My [b]scepter. 9 “Moab is My washbowl; Over Edom I will throw My shoe [to show Edom is Mine]; Over Philistia I will shout [in triumph].”
10 Who will bring me into the fortified city [of Petra]? Who will lead me to Edom? 11 Have You not rejected us, O God? And will You not go out, O God, with our armies? 12 Give us help against the adversary, For deliverance by man is in vain [a worthless hope]. 13 [c]With God we will do valiantly, For it is He who will trample down our enemies.
Vengeance Invoked upon Adversaries.
To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.
109 O God of my praise! Do not keep silent, 2 For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful are opened against me; They have spoken against me with a lying tongue. 3 They have also surrounded me with words of hatred, And have fought against me without a cause. 4 In return for my love, they attack me, But I am in prayer. 5 They have repaid me evil for good, And hatred for my love.
6 Appoint a wicked man against him, And let an attacker stand at his right hand [to kill him]. 7 When he enters into dispute, let wickedness come about. Let his prayer [for help] result [only] in sin. 8 Let his days be few; And let another take his office. 9 Let his children be fatherless And his wife a widow. 10 Let his children wander and beg; Let them seek their food and be driven far from their ruined homes. 11 Let the creditor seize all that he has, And let strangers plunder the product of his labor. 12 Let there be no one to extend kindness to him, Nor let anyone be gracious to his fatherless children. 13 Let his descendants be cut off, And in the following generation let their name be blotted out.
14 Let the wickedness of his fathers be remembered by the Lord; And do not let the sin of his mother be blotted out. 15 Let them be before the Lord continually, That He may cut off their memory from the earth; 16 Because the man did not remember to show kindness, But persecuted the suffering and needy man, And the brokenhearted, to put them to death. 17 He also loved cursing, and it came [back] to him; He did not delight in blessing, so it was far from him. 18 He clothed himself with cursing as with his garment, And it seeped into his inner self like water And like [anointing] oil into his bones. 19 Let it be to him as a robe with which he covers himself, And as a sash with which he is constantly bound. 20 Let this be the reward of my attackers from the Lord, And of those who speak evil against my life.
21 But You, O God, the Lord, show kindness to me, for Your name’s sake; Because Your lovingkindness (faithfulness, compassion) is good, O rescue me; 22 For I am suffering and needy, And my heart is wounded within me. 23 I am vanishing like a shadow when it lengthens and fades; I am shaken off like the locust. 24 My knees are unsteady from fasting; And my flesh is gaunt and without fatness. 25 I also have become a reproach and an object of taunting to others; When they see me, they shake their heads [in derision].
26 Help me, O Lord my God; Save me according to Your lovingkindness— 27 And let them know that this is Your hand; You, Lord, have done it. 28 Let them curse, but You bless. When adversaries arise, let them be ashamed, But let Your servant rejoice. 29 Let my attackers be clothed with dishonor, And let them cover themselves with their own shame as with a robe.
30 I will give great praise and thanks to the Lord with my mouth; And in the midst of many I will praise Him. 31 For He will stand at the right hand of the needy, To save him from those who judge his soul.
The Lord Gives Dominion to the King.
A Psalm of David.
110 The Lord (Father) says to my Lord (the Messiah, His Son), “Sit at My right hand Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet [subjugating them into complete submission].” 2 The Lord will send the scepter of Your strength from Zion, saying, “Rule in the midst of Your enemies.” 3 Your people will offer themselves willingly [to participate in Your battle] in the day of Your power; In the splendor of holiness, from the womb of the dawn, Your young men are to You as the dew.
4 The Lord has sworn [an oath] and will not change His mind: “[d]You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.” 5 The Lord is at Your right hand, He [e]will crush kings in the day of His wrath. 6 He will execute judgment [in overwhelming punishment] among the nations; He will fill them with corpses, He will crush the chief men over a broad country. 7 He will drink from the brook by the wayside; Therefore He will lift up His head [triumphantly].
Psalm 110:4In rabbinic legend, Shem (the son of Noah) was Melchizedek, and God had planned to make him the first high priest. But when he blessed Abraham without first blessing God (Gen 14:18f), God gave the priesthood to Abraham instead.
Psalm 110:5Lit has smashed, probably a prophetic construction, and so in v 6.
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