How Long, O Lord?

A Psalm of (A)Asaph.

79 O God, (B)the nations have come into your (C)inheritance;
    they have defiled your (D)holy temple;
    they have (E)laid Jerusalem in ruins.
They have given (F)the bodies of your servants
    to the birds of the heavens for food,
    the flesh of your (G)faithful to (H)the beasts of the earth.
They have poured out their blood like water
    all around Jerusalem,
    and there was (I)no one to bury them.
We have become (J)a taunt to our neighbors,
    (K)mocked and derided by those around us.

(L)How long, O Lord? Will you be angry (M)forever?
    Will your (N)jealousy (O)burn like fire?
(P)Pour out your anger on the nations
    that (Q)do not know you,
and on the kingdoms
    that (R)do not call upon your name!
For they have devoured Jacob
    and laid waste his habitation.

(S)Do not remember against us (T)our former iniquities;[a]
    let your compassion come speedily to meet us,
    for we are (U)brought very low.
(V)Help us, O God of our salvation,
    for the glory of your name;
deliver us, and (W)atone for our sins,
    for your (X)name's sake!
10 (Y)Why should the nations say,
    “Where is their God?”
Let (Z)the avenging of the outpoured blood of your servants
    be known among the nations before our eyes!

11 Let (AA)the groans of the prisoners come before you;
    according to your great power, preserve those (AB)doomed to die!
12 Return (AC)sevenfold into the (AD)lap of our neighbors
    the (AE)taunts with which they have taunted you, O Lord!
13 But we your people, the (AF)sheep of your pasture,
    will (AG)give thanks to you forever;
    from generation to generation we will recount your praise.


  1. Psalm 79:8 Or the iniquities of former generations

How Lonely Sits the City

(A)How lonely sits the city
    that was full of people!
How like (B)a widow has she become,
    she who was great among the nations!
She who was (C)a princess among the provinces
    has become (D)a slave.

(E)She weeps bitterly in the night,
    with tears on her cheeks;
(F)among all her lovers
    she has (G)none to comfort her;
(H)all her friends have dealt treacherously with her;
    they have become her enemies.

(I)Judah has gone into exile because of affliction[a]
    and hard servitude;
(J)she dwells now among the nations,
    (K)but finds no resting place;
her pursuers have all overtaken her
    in the midst of her distress.[b]

The roads to Zion mourn,
    for none come to (L)the festival;
(M)all her gates are desolate;
    her priests (N)groan;
her virgins have been afflicted,[c]
    and she herself suffers bitterly.

(O)Her foes have become the head;
    her (P)enemies prosper,
because (Q)the Lord has afflicted her
    (R)for the multitude of her transgressions;
(S)her children have gone away,
    captives before the foe.

From the daughter of Zion
    all her majesty has departed.
Her princes have become like deer
    (T)that find no pasture;
they fled without strength
    before the pursuer.

Jerusalem remembers
    in the days of her affliction and wandering
(U)all the precious things
    that were hers from (V)days of old.
When her people fell into the hand of the foe,
    and there was none to help her,
her foes gloated over her;
    they (W)mocked at her downfall.

(X)Jerusalem sinned grievously;
    therefore she became filthy;
all who honored her despise her,
    (Y)for they have seen her nakedness;
she herself (Z)groans
    and turns her face away.

Her uncleanness was (AA)in her skirts;
    (AB)she took no thought of her future;[d]
therefore her fall is terrible;
    (AC)she has no comforter.
“O Lord, behold my affliction,
    for the enemy has (AD)triumphed!”

10 The enemy has stretched out his hands
    over all her (AE)precious things;
for she has seen (AF)the nations
    enter her sanctuary,
those whom you (AG)forbade
    to enter your congregation.

11 All her people (AH)groan
    as (AI)they search for bread;
they trade their (AJ)treasures for (AK)food
    to revive their strength.
“Look, O Lord, and see,
    for I am despised.”

12 “Is it nothing to you, all (AL)you who pass by?
    (AM)Look and see
if there is any sorrow like my sorrow,
    which was brought upon me,
which (AN)the Lord inflicted
    on (AO)the day of his fierce anger.

13 “From on high he (AP)sent fire;
    into my bones[e] he made it descend;
(AQ)he spread a net for my feet;
    he turned me back;
(AR)he has left me stunned,
    faint all the day long.

14 “My transgressions were bound[f] into (AS)a yoke;
    by his hand they were fastened together;
they were set upon my neck;
    he caused my strength to fail;
the Lord gave me into the hands
    of those whom I cannot withstand.

15 “The Lord rejected
    all my mighty men in my midst;
he summoned an assembly against me
    to crush my young men;
(AT)the Lord has trodden as in a winepress
    the virgin daughter of Judah.

16 “For these things (AU)I weep;
    my eyes flow with tears;
for (AV)a comforter is far from me,
    one to (AW)revive my spirit;
my children are desolate,
    for the enemy has prevailed.”

17 (AX)Zion stretches out her hands,
    but (AY)there is none to comfort her;
the Lord has commanded against Jacob
    that his neighbors should be his foes;
Jerusalem has become
    a filthy thing among them.

18 (AZ)“The Lord is in the right,
    (BA)for I have rebelled against his word;
but hear, all you peoples,
    and see my suffering;
(BB)my young women and my young men
    have gone into captivity.

19 “I called to (BC)my lovers,
    but they deceived me;
my priests and elders
    perished in the city,
while (BD)they sought food
    to revive their strength.

20 “Look, O Lord, for I am in distress;
    (BE)my stomach churns;
my heart is wrung within me,
    because I have been very rebellious.
(BF)In the street the sword bereaves;
    in the house it is like death.

21 “They heard[g] (BG)my groaning,
    yet (BH)there is no one to comfort me.
All my enemies have heard of my trouble;
    (BI)they are glad that you have done it.
You have brought[h] the day you announced;
    (BJ)now let them be as I am.

22 (BK)“Let all their evildoing come before you,
    and deal with them
as (BL)you have dealt with me
    because of all my transgressions;
for (BM)my groans are many,
    and (BN)my heart is faint.”

The Lord Has Destroyed Without Pity

How the Lord in his anger
    has set the daughter of Zion (BO)under a cloud!
(BP)He has cast down from heaven to earth
    the splendor of Israel;
he has not remembered (BQ)his footstool
    in the day of his anger.

The Lord (BR)has swallowed up (BS)without mercy
    all the habitations of Jacob;
in his wrath (BT)he has broken down
    the strongholds of the daughter of Judah;
he has brought (BU)down to the ground (BV)in dishonor
    the kingdom (BW)and its rulers.

He has cut down in (BX)fierce anger
    all (BY)the might of Israel;
(BZ)he has withdrawn from them his right hand
    in the face of the enemy;
(CA)he has burned like a flaming fire in Jacob,
    consuming all around.

(CB)He has bent his bow like an enemy,
    with his right hand set (CC)like a foe;
and he has killed all who were delightful in our eyes
    in the tent of the daughter of Zion;
he has poured out his fury like fire.

(CD)The Lord has become like an enemy;
    (CE)he has swallowed up Israel;
(CF)he has swallowed up all its palaces;
    he has laid in ruins its strongholds,
and he has multiplied in the daughter of Judah
    (CG)mourning and lamentation.

He has laid waste his booth like a garden,
    laid in ruins (CH)his meeting place;
(CI)the Lord has made Zion forget
    festival and (CJ)Sabbath,
and in his fierce indignation has spurned king and priest.

(CK)The Lord has scorned his altar,
    (CL)disowned his sanctuary;
(CM)he has delivered into the hand of the enemy
    the walls of her palaces;
(CN)they raised a clamor in the house of the Lord
    as on the day of festival.

(CO)The Lord determined to lay in ruins
    (CP)the wall of the daughter of Zion;
(CQ)he stretched out the measuring line;
    he did not restrain his hand from destroying;
(CR)he caused rampart and wall to lament;
    (CS)they languished together.

Her gates have sunk into the ground;
    (CT)he has ruined (CU)and broken her bars;
(CV)her king and princes are among the nations;
    the law is no more,
and (CW)her prophets find
    no vision from the Lord.

10 The elders of the daughter of Zion
    (CX)sit on the ground (CY)in silence;
(CZ)they have thrown dust on their heads
    and (DA)put on sackcloth;
the young women of Jerusalem
    have bowed their heads to the ground.

11 (DB)My eyes are spent with weeping;
    (DC)my stomach churns;
(DD)my bile is poured out to the ground
    (DE)because of the destruction of the daughter of my people,
(DF)because infants and babies (DG)faint
    in the streets of the city.

12 They cry to their mothers,
    (DH)“Where is bread and wine?”
(DI)as they faint like a wounded man
    in the streets of the city,
as their life is poured out
    on their mothers' bosom.

13 What can I say for you, (DJ)to what compare you,
    O daughter of Jerusalem?
(DK)What can I liken to you, that I may comfort you,
    O virgin daughter of Zion?
(DL)For your ruin is vast as the sea;
    who can heal you?

14 (DM)Your prophets have seen for you
    false and deceptive visions;
(DN)they have not exposed your iniquity
    to (DO)restore your fortunes,
(DP)but have seen for you (DQ)oracles
    that are false and misleading.

15 All who pass along the way
    clap their hands at you;
(DR)they hiss and wag their heads
    at the daughter of Jerusalem:
“Is this the city that was called
    (DS)the perfection of beauty,
    (DT)the joy of all the earth?”

16 (DU)All your enemies
    rail against you;
they hiss, they gnash their teeth,
    they cry: “We (DV)have swallowed her!
Ah, this is the day we longed for;
    now we have it; (DW)we see it!”

17 The Lord has done what he purposed;
    he has carried out (DX)his word,
which he commanded (DY)long ago;
    (DZ)he has thrown down (EA)without pity;
(EB)he has made the enemy rejoice over you
    and exalted the (EC)might of your foes.

18 Their heart cried to the Lord.
    O (ED)wall of the daughter of Zion,
(EE)let tears stream down like a torrent
    (EF)day and night!
(EG)Give yourself no rest,
    (EH)your eyes no respite!

19 “Arise, (EI)cry out in the night,
    at the beginning of the night watches!
(EJ)Pour out your heart like water
    before the presence of the Lord!
(EK)Lift your hands to him
    for the lives of your children,
(EL)who faint for hunger
    at the head of every street.”

20 Look, O Lord, and see!
    (EM)With whom have you dealt thus?
(EN)Should women eat the fruit of their womb,
    the children of (EO)their tender care?
Should (EP)priest and prophet be killed
    in the sanctuary of the Lord?

21 In the dust of the streets
    (EQ)lie the young and the old;
(ER)my young women and my young men
    have fallen by the sword;
(ES)you have killed them in the day of your anger,
    slaughtering (ET)without pity.

22 You summoned as if to (EU)a festival day
    (EV)my terrors on every side,
(EW)and on the day of the anger of the Lord
    no one escaped or survived;
(EX)those whom I held and raised
    my enemy destroyed.


  1. Lamentations 1:3 Or under affliction
  2. Lamentations 1:3 Or in the narrow passes
  3. Lamentations 1:4 Septuagint, Old Latin dragged away
  4. Lamentations 1:9 Or end
  5. Lamentations 1:13 Septuagint; Hebrew bones and
  6. Lamentations 1:14 The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
  7. Lamentations 1:21 Septuagint, Syriac Hear
  8. Lamentations 1:21 Syriac Bring


Paul and Timothy, servants[a] of Christ Jesus,

To all the (A)saints in Christ Jesus who are at Philippi, with the (B)overseers[b] and (C)deacons:[c]

(D)Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Thanksgiving and Prayer

(E)I thank my God (F)in all my remembrance of you, always in every prayer of mine for you all making my prayer with joy, (G)because of your partnership in the gospel from the first day until now. And I am sure of this, that he who began (H)a good work in you (I)will bring it to completion at (J)the day of Jesus Christ. It is right for me to feel this way about you all, because I hold you (K)in my heart, for you are all (L)partakers with me of grace,[d] both (M)in my imprisonment and in (N)the defense and confirmation of the gospel. For (O)God is my witness, (P)how I yearn for you all with the affection of Christ Jesus. And it is my prayer that (Q)your love may abound more and more, (R)with knowledge and all discernment, 10 so that you may approve what is excellent, (S)and so be pure and blameless (T)for the day of Christ, 11 filled (U)with the fruit of righteousness that comes (V)through Jesus Christ, (W)to the glory and praise of God.

The Advance of the Gospel

12 I want you to know, brothers,[e] that what has happened to me has really (X)served to advance the gospel, 13 so that it has become known throughout the whole imperial guard[f] and (Y)to all the rest that (Z)my imprisonment is for Christ. 14 And most of the brothers, having become confident in the Lord by my imprisonment, are much more bold (AA)to speak the word[g] without fear.

15 (AB)Some indeed preach Christ from envy and rivalry, but others from good will. 16 The latter do it out of love, (AC)knowing that I am put here for (AD)the defense of the gospel. 17 The former proclaim Christ (AE)out of selfish ambition, not sincerely but thinking to afflict me in my imprisonment. 18 What then? Only that in every way, whether in pretense or in truth, Christ is proclaimed, and in that I rejoice.

To Live Is Christ

Yes, and I will rejoice, 19 for I know that (AF)through your prayers and (AG)the help of (AH)the Spirit of Jesus Christ this will turn out for my deliverance, 20 as it is my eager expectation and hope (AI)that I will not be at all ashamed, but that with full (AJ)courage now as always Christ (AK)will be honored in my body, (AL)whether by life or by death. 21 For to me (AM)to live is Christ, and to die is gain. 22 If I am to live in the flesh, that means fruitful labor for me. Yet which I shall choose I cannot tell. 23 (AN)I am hard pressed between the two. My desire is (AO)to depart and (AP)be with Christ, for that is far better. 24 But to remain in the flesh is more necessary on your account. 25 (AQ)Convinced of this, (AR)I know that I will remain and continue with you all, for your (AS)progress and (AT)joy in the faith, 26 so that in me (AU)you may have ample cause to glory in Christ Jesus, because of my coming to you again.

27 Only (AV)let your manner of life be (AW)worthy[h] of the gospel of Christ, so that whether I come and see you or am absent, I may hear of you (AX)that you are standing firm in one spirit, with (AY)one mind (AZ)striving side by side for the faith of the gospel, 28 and not frightened in anything by your opponents. This is (BA)a clear sign to them of their destruction, but (BB)of your salvation, and that from God. 29 For (BC)it has been granted to you that for the sake of Christ you should not only believe in him but also (BD)suffer for his sake, 30 engaged in the same (BE)conflict that (BF)you saw I had and now hear that I still have.


  1. Philippians 1:1 For the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface
  2. Philippians 1:1 Or bishops; Greek episkopoi
  3. Philippians 1:1 Or servants, or ministers; Greek diakonoi
  4. Philippians 1:7 Or you all have fellowship with me in grace
  5. Philippians 1:12 Or brothers and sisters. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, the plural Greek word adelphoi (translated “brothers”) may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters; also verse 14
  6. Philippians 1:13 Greek in the whole praetorium
  7. Philippians 1:14 Some manuscripts add of God
  8. Philippians 1:27 Greek Only behave as citizens worthy

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