Book One

The Way of the Righteous and the Wicked

Blessed is the man[a]
    who (A)walks not in (B)the counsel of the wicked,
nor stands in (C)the way of sinners,
    nor (D)sits in (E)the seat of (F)scoffers;
but his (G)delight is in the law[b] of the Lord,
    and on his (H)law he meditates day and night.

He is like (I)a tree
    planted by (J)streams of water
that yields its fruit in its season,
    and its (K)leaf does not wither.
(L)In all that he does, he prospers.
The wicked are not so,
    but are like (M)chaff that the wind drives away.

Therefore the wicked (N)will not stand in the judgment,
    nor sinners in (O)the congregation of the righteous;
for the Lord (P)knows (Q)the way of the righteous,
    but the way of the wicked will perish.

The Reign of the Lord's Anointed

(R)Why do (S)the nations rage[c]
    and the peoples plot in vain?
The kings of the earth set themselves,
    and the rulers take counsel together,
    against the Lord and against his (T)Anointed, saying,
“Let us (U)burst their bonds apart
    and cast away their cords from us.”

He who (V)sits in the heavens (W)laughs;
    the Lord holds them in derision.
Then he will speak to them in his (X)wrath,
    and terrify them in his fury, saying,
“As for me, I have (Y)set my King
    on (Z)Zion, my (AA)holy hill.”

I will tell of the decree:
The Lord said to me, (AB)“You are my Son;
    today I have begotten you.
Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage,
    and (AC)the ends of the earth your possession.
You shall (AD)break[d] them with (AE)a rod of iron
    and dash them in pieces like (AF)a potter's vessel.”

10 Now therefore, O kings, be wise;
    be warned, O rulers of the earth.
11 (AG)Serve the Lord with (AH)fear,
    and (AI)rejoice with (AJ)trembling.
12 (AK)Kiss (AL)the Son,
    lest he be angry, and you perish in the way,
    for his (AM)wrath is quickly kindled.
(AN)Blessed are all who take refuge in him.

Save Me, O My God

A Psalm of David, (AO)when he fled from Absalom his son.

O Lord, (AP)how many are my foes!
    Many are (AQ)rising against me;
many are saying of my soul,
    (AR)“There is no salvation for him in God.” Selah[e]

But you, O Lord, are (AS)a shield (AT)about me,
    my glory, and (AU)the lifter of my head.
I (AV)cried aloud to the Lord,
    and he (AW)answered me from his (AX)holy hill. Selah

I (AY)lay down and slept;
    I woke again, for the Lord sustained me.
I (AZ)will not be afraid of many thousands of people
    who have (BA)set themselves against me all around.

(BB)Arise, O Lord!
    Save me, O my God!
For you (BC)strike all my enemies on the cheek;
    you (BD)break the teeth of the wicked.

(BE)Salvation belongs to the Lord;
    your blessing be on your people! Selah

Answer Me When I Call

To the (BF)choirmaster: with (BG)stringed instruments. A Psalm of David.

Answer me when I call, O God of my (BH)righteousness!
    You have (BI)given me relief when I was in distress.
    Be gracious to me and hear my prayer!

O men,[f] how long shall my honor be turned into shame?
    How long will you love vain words and seek after (BJ)lies? Selah
But know that the Lord has (BK)set apart (BL)the godly for himself;
    the Lord hears when I call to him.

(BM)Be angry,[g] and do not sin;
    (BN)ponder in your own hearts (BO)on your beds, and be silent. Selah
Offer (BP)right sacrifices,
    and put your (BQ)trust in the Lord.

There are many who say, “Who will show us some good?
    (BR)Lift up (BS)the light of your face upon us, O Lord!”
You have put (BT)more joy in my heart
    than they have when their grain and wine abound.

In peace I will both (BU)lie down and sleep;
    for you alone, O Lord, make me (BV)dwell in safety.

Lead Me in Your Righteousness

To the choirmaster: for the flutes. A Psalm of David.

Give ear to my words, O Lord;
    consider my (BW)groaning.
Give attention to the sound of my cry,
    my (BX)King and my God,
    for (BY)to you do I pray.
O Lord, in (BZ)the morning you hear my voice;
    in the morning I prepare a sacrifice for you[h] and (CA)watch.

For you are not a God who delights in wickedness;
    evil may not dwell with you.
The (CB)boastful shall not (CC)stand before your eyes;
    you (CD)hate all evildoers.
You destroy those who speak (CE)lies;
    the Lord abhors (CF)the bloodthirsty and deceitful man.

But I, through the abundance of your steadfast love,
    will enter your house.
I will (CG)bow down (CH)toward your (CI)holy temple
    in the fear of you.
(CJ)Lead me, O Lord, in your righteousness
    because of my enemies;
    (CK)make your way straight before me.

For there is no truth in their mouth;
    their inmost self is (CL)destruction;
(CM)their throat is (CN)an open grave;
    they (CO)flatter with their tongue.
10 (CP)Make them bear their guilt, O God;
    let them (CQ)fall by their own counsels;
because of the abundance of their transgressions cast them out,
    for they have rebelled against you.

11 But let all who (CR)take refuge in you (CS)rejoice;
    let them ever sing for joy,
and spread your protection over them,
    that those who love your name may (CT)exult in you.
12 For you (CU)bless the righteous, O Lord;
    you (CV)cover him with favor as with (CW)a shield.

O Lord, Deliver My Life

To the choirmaster: with stringed instruments; according to (CX)The Sheminith.[i] A Psalm of David.

O Lord, (CY)rebuke me not in your anger,
    nor (CZ)discipline me in your wrath.
Be gracious to me, O Lord, for I am languishing;
    (DA)heal me, O Lord, (DB)for my bones are troubled.
My (DC)soul also is greatly troubled.
    But you, O Lord(DD)how long?

Turn, O Lord, deliver my life;
    save me for the sake of your steadfast love.
For in (DE)death there is no remembrance of you;
    in Sheol who will give you praise?

I am (DF)weary with my (DG)moaning;
    every night I flood my bed with tears;
    I drench my couch with my weeping.
My (DH)eye wastes away because of grief;
    it grows weak because of all my foes.

(DI)Depart from me, all you (DJ)workers of evil,
    for the Lord (DK)has heard the sound of my weeping.
The Lord has heard my (DL)plea;
    the Lord accepts my prayer.
10 All my enemies shall be ashamed and greatly troubled;
    they shall (DM)turn back and be put to shame in a moment.

In You Do I Take Refuge

A (DN)Shiggaion[j] of David, which he sang to the Lord concerning the words of Cush, a Benjaminite.

O Lord my God, in you do I (DO)take refuge;
    (DP)save me from all my pursuers and deliver me,
lest like (DQ)a lion they tear my soul apart,
    rending it in pieces, with (DR)none to deliver.

O Lord my God, (DS)if I have done this,
    if there is (DT)wrong in my hands,
if I have repaid (DU)my friend[k] with evil
    or (DV)plundered my enemy without cause,
let the enemy pursue my soul and overtake it,
    and let him (DW)trample my life to the ground
    and lay my glory in the dust. Selah

(DX)Arise, O Lord, in your anger;
    (DY)lift yourself up against the fury of my enemies;
    (DZ)awake for me; you have appointed a judgment.
Let the assembly of the peoples be gathered about you;
    over it return on high.

The Lord (EA)judges the peoples;
    (EB)judge me, O Lord, according to my righteousness
    and according to the integrity that is in me.
Oh, let the evil of the wicked come to an end,
    and may you establish the righteous—
you who (EC)test (ED)the minds and hearts,[l]
    O righteous God!
10 My shield is (EE)with God,
    who saves (EF)the upright in heart.
11 God is (EG)a righteous judge,
    and a God who feels (EH)indignation every day.

12 If a man[m] does not repent, God[n] will (EI)whet his sword;
    he has (EJ)bent and (EK)readied his bow;
13 he has prepared for him his deadly weapons,
    making his (EL)arrows (EM)fiery shafts.
14 Behold, the wicked man (EN)conceives evil
    and is (EO)pregnant with mischief
    and gives birth to lies.
15 He makes (EP)a pit, digging it out,
    and falls into the hole that he has made.
16 His (EQ)mischief returns upon his own head,
    and on his own skull his violence descends.

17 I will give to the Lord the thanks due to his righteousness,
    and I will (ER)sing praise to the name of the Lord, the Most High.

How Majestic Is Your Name

To the choirmaster: according to The (ES)Gittith.[o] A Psalm of David.

O Lord, our Lord,
    how majestic is your (ET)name in all the earth!
You have set your (EU)glory above the heavens.
    (EV)Out of the mouth of babies and infants,
you have established (EW)strength because of your foes,
    to still (EX)the enemy and the avenger.

When I (EY)look at your heavens, the work of your (EZ)fingers,
    the moon and the stars, (FA)which you have set in place,
(FB)what is man that you are (FC)mindful of him,
    and (FD)the son of man that you (FE)care for him?

Yet you have made him a little lower than (FF)the heavenly beings[p]
    and crowned him with (FG)glory and honor.
You have given him (FH)dominion over the works of your hands;
    (FI)you have put all things under his feet,
all sheep and oxen,
    and also the beasts of the field,
the birds of the heavens, and the fish of the sea,
    whatever passes along the paths of the seas.

O Lord, our Lord,
    how majestic is your name in all the earth!

I Will Recount Your Wonderful Deeds

[q] To the choirmaster: according to Muth-labben.[r] A Psalm of David.

I will give thanks to the Lord with my whole heart;
    I will recount all of your (FJ)wonderful deeds.
I will be glad and (FK)exult in you;
    I will (FL)sing praise to your name, (FM)O Most High.

When my enemies turn back,
    they stumble and perish before[s] your presence.
For you have (FN)maintained my just cause;
    you have (FO)sat on the throne, giving righteous judgment.

You have (FP)rebuked the nations; you have made the wicked perish;
    you have (FQ)blotted out their name forever and ever.
The enemy came to an end in everlasting ruins;
    their cities you rooted out;
    the very memory of them has perished.

But the Lord sits enthroned forever;
    he has established his throne for justice,
and he (FR)judges the world with righteousness;
    he (FS)judges the peoples with uprightness.

The Lord is (FT)a stronghold for (FU)the oppressed,
    a stronghold in (FV)times of trouble.
10 And those who (FW)know your name put their trust in you,
    for you, O Lord, have not forsaken those who seek you.

11 Sing praises to the Lord, who (FX)sits enthroned in Zion!
    Tell among the peoples his (FY)deeds!
12 For he who (FZ)avenges blood is mindful of them;
    he (GA)does not forget the cry of the afflicted.

13 (GB)Be gracious to me, O Lord!
    See my affliction from those who hate me,
    O you who lift me up from (GC)the gates of death,
14 that I may recount all your praises,
    that in the gates of (GD)the daughter of Zion
    I may (GE)rejoice in your salvation.

15 The nations have sunk in (GF)the pit that they made;
    in (GG)the net that they hid, their own foot has been caught.
16 The Lord has made himself (GH)known; he has executed judgment;
    the wicked are snared in the work of their own hands. Higgaion.[t] Selah

17 The wicked shall (GI)return to Sheol,
    all the nations that (GJ)forget God.

18 For the needy shall not always be forgotten,
    and (GK)the hope of the poor shall not perish forever.

19 (GL)Arise, O Lord! Let not (GM)man prevail;
    let the nations be judged before you!
20 Put them in fear, O Lord!
    Let the nations know that they are but (GN)men! Selah

Why Do You Hide Yourself?

10 Why, O Lord, do you stand (GO)far away?
    Why (GP)do you hide yourself in (GQ)times of trouble?

In arrogance the wicked hotly pursue the poor;
    let them (GR)be caught in the schemes that they have devised.
For the wicked (GS)boasts of the desires of his soul,
    and the one greedy for gain (GT)curses[u] and (GU)renounces the Lord.
In the pride of his face[v] the wicked does not (GV)seek him;[w]
    all his thoughts are, (GW)“There is no God.”
His ways prosper at all times;
    your judgments are on high, (GX)out of his sight;
    as for all his foes, he (GY)puffs at them.
He (GZ)says in his heart, “I shall not be moved;
    throughout all generations I (HA)shall not meet adversity.”
(HB)His mouth is filled with cursing and (HC)deceit and (HD)oppression;
    (HE)under his tongue are (HF)mischief and (HG)iniquity.
He sits in ambush in the villages;
    in (HH)hiding places he murders the innocent.
His eyes stealthily watch for the helpless;
    he lurks in ambush like (HI)a lion in his (HJ)thicket;
he (HK)lurks that he may seize the poor;
    he seizes the poor when he draws him into his (HL)net.
10 The helpless are crushed, sink down,
    and fall by his might.
11 He says in his heart, “God has forgotten,
    he has (HM)hidden his face, he (HN)will never see it.”

12 (HO)Arise, O Lord; O God, (HP)lift up your hand;
    (HQ)forget not the afflicted.
13 Why does the wicked (HR)renounce God
    and say in his heart, “You will not (HS)call to account”?
14 But you do see, for you (HT)note mischief and vexation,
    that you may take it into your hands;
to you the helpless (HU)commits himself;
    you have been (HV)the helper of the fatherless.
15 (HW)Break the arm of the wicked and evildoer;
    (HX)call his wickedness to account till you find none.

16 (HY)The Lord is king forever and ever;
    the (HZ)nations perish from his land.
17 O Lord, you hear the desire of the afflicted;
    you will (IA)strengthen their heart; you will incline your ear
18 to (IB)do justice to the fatherless and (IC)the oppressed,
    so that (ID)man who is of the earth may strike terror no more.

The Lord Is in His Holy Temple

To the choirmaster. Of David.

11 In the Lord I take refuge;
how can you say to my soul,
    (IE)“Flee like a bird to your mountain,
for behold, the wicked (IF)bend the bow;
    (IG)they have fitted their arrow to the string
    to shoot in the dark at the upright in heart;
if (IH)the foundations are destroyed,
    what can the righteous do?”[x]

(II)The Lord is in his holy temple;
    the Lord's (IJ)throne is in heaven;
    his eyes see, his eyelids (IK)test the children of man.
The Lord (IL)tests the righteous,
    but (IM)his soul hates the wicked and the one who loves violence.
Let him rain coals on the wicked;
    (IN)fire and sulfur and a scorching wind shall be (IO)the portion of their cup.
For the Lord is righteous;
he (IP)loves righteous deeds;
    (IQ)the upright shall behold his face.

The Faithful Have Vanished

To the choirmaster: according to The Sheminith.[y] A Psalm of David.

12 Save, O Lord, for (IR)the godly one is gone;
    for the faithful have vanished from among the children of man.
Everyone (IS)utters lies to his neighbor;
    with (IT)flattering lips and (IU)a double heart they speak.

May the Lord cut off all (IV)flattering lips,
    the tongue that makes (IW)great boasts,
those who say, “With our tongue we will prevail,
    our lips are with us; who is master over us?”

“Because (IX)the poor are plundered, because the needy groan,
    (IY)I will now arise,” says the Lord;
    “I will place him in the (IZ)safety for which he longs.”
(JA)The words of the Lord are pure words,
    like silver refined in a furnace on the ground,
    purified seven times.

You, O Lord, will keep them;
    you will guard us[z] from this generation forever.
On every side the wicked prowl,
    as vileness is exalted among the children of man.

How Long, O Lord?

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.

13 (JB)How long, O Lord? Will you (JC)forget me forever?
    How long will you (JD)hide your face from me?
How long must I take (JE)counsel in my soul
    and have sorrow in my heart all the day?
How long shall my enemy be exalted over me?

(JF)Consider and answer me, O Lord my God;
    (JG)light up my eyes, lest (JH)I sleep the sleep of death,
(JI)lest my enemy say, “I have prevailed over him,”
    lest my foes rejoice because I am (JJ)shaken.

But I have (JK)trusted in your steadfast love;
    my heart shall (JL)rejoice in your salvation.
I will sing to the Lord,
    because he has dealt bountifully with me.

The Fool Says, There Is No God

To the choirmaster. Of David.

14 (JM)The (JN)fool says in his heart, (JO)“There is no God.”
    They are (JP)corrupt, they do abominable deeds;
    (JQ)there is none who does good.

The Lord (JR)looks down from heaven on the children of man,
    to see if there are any who understand,[aa]
    who (JS)seek after God.

They have all turned aside; together they have become (JT)corrupt;
    there is none who does good,
    not even one.

Have they no (JU)knowledge, all the evildoers
    who (JV)eat up my people as they eat bread
    and (JW)do not call upon the Lord?

There they are in great terror,
    for God is with (JX)the generation of the righteous.
You would shame the plans of the poor,
    but[ab] the Lord is his (JY)refuge.

Oh, that salvation for Israel would come out of Zion!
    When the Lord (JZ)restores the fortunes of his people,
    let Jacob rejoice, let Israel be glad.

Who Shall Dwell on Your Holy Hill?

A Psalm of David.

15 O Lord, (KA)who shall sojourn in your (KB)tent?
    Who shall dwell on your (KC)holy hill?

He who (KD)walks blamelessly and (KE)does what is right
    and (KF)speaks truth in his heart;
who (KG)does not slander with his tongue
    and does no evil to his neighbor,
    nor (KH)takes up a reproach against his friend;
(KI)in whose eyes a vile person is despised,
    but who honors those who fear the Lord;
who (KJ)swears to his own hurt and does not change;
who (KK)does not put out his money at interest
    and (KL)does not take a bribe against the innocent.
He who does these things shall never be (KM)moved.

You Will Not Abandon My Soul

A (KN)Miktam[ac] of David.

16 Preserve me, O God, for in you I (KO)take refuge.
I say to the Lord, “You are my Lord;
    (KP)I have no good apart from you.”

As for (KQ)the saints in the land, they are the excellent ones,
    in whom is all my delight.[ad]

The sorrows of those who run after[ae] another god shall multiply;
    their drink offerings of blood I will not pour out
    or (KR)take their names on my lips.

The Lord is (KS)my chosen portion and my (KT)cup;
    you hold my (KU)lot.
(KV)The lines have fallen for me in pleasant places;
    indeed, I have a beautiful inheritance.

I bless the Lord who (KW)gives me counsel;
    in (KX)the night also my (KY)heart instructs me.[af]
(KZ)I have (LA)set the Lord always before me;
    because he is at my (LB)right hand, I shall not be (LC)shaken.

Therefore my heart is glad, and my (LD)whole being[ag] rejoices;
    my flesh also dwells secure.
10 For you will not abandon my soul to (LE)Sheol,
    (LF)or let your (LG)holy one see (LH)corruption.[ah]

11 You make known to me (LI)the path of life;
    in your presence there is (LJ)fullness of joy;
    at your right hand are (LK)pleasures forevermore.

In the Shadow of Your Wings

A (LL)Prayer of David.

17 Hear a just cause, O Lord; (LM)attend to my cry!
    Give ear to my prayer from lips free of deceit!
From your presence (LN)let my vindication come!
    Let your eyes behold the right!

You have (LO)tried my heart, you have (LP)visited me by (LQ)night,
    you have (LR)tested me, and you will find nothing;
    I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.
With regard to the works of man, by the word of your lips
    I have avoided the ways of the violent.
My steps have (LS)held fast to your paths;
    my feet have not slipped.

I (LT)call upon you, for you will answer me, O God;
    (LU)incline your ear to me; hear my words.
(LV)Wondrously show[ai] your steadfast love,
    O Savior of those who seek refuge
    from (LW)their adversaries at your right hand.

Keep me as (LX)the apple of your eye;
    hide me in (LY)the shadow of your wings,
from the wicked who do me violence,
    my deadly enemies who (LZ)surround me.

10 (MA)They close their hearts to pity;
    with their mouths they (MB)speak arrogantly.
11 They have now surrounded our (MC)steps;
    they set their eyes to (MD)cast us to the ground.
12 He is like a lion eager to tear,
    as a young lion (ME)lurking in ambush.

13 Arise, O Lord! Confront him, subdue him!
    Deliver my soul from the wicked by your sword,
14 from men by your hand, O Lord,
    from (MF)men of the world whose (MG)portion is in this life.[aj]
You fill their womb with treasure;[ak]
    they are satisfied with (MH)children,
    and they leave their abundance to their infants.

15 As for me, I shall (MI)behold your face in righteousness;
    when I (MJ)awake, I shall be (MK)satisfied with your likeness.

The Lord Is My Rock and My Fortress

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David, (ML)the servant of the Lord, (MM)who addressed the words of this (MN)song to the Lord on the day when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. He said:

18 I love you, O Lord, my strength.
The Lord is my (MO)rock and my (MP)fortress and my deliverer,
    my God, my (MQ)rock, in (MR)whom I take refuge,
    my (MS)shield, and (MT)the horn of my salvation, my (MU)stronghold.
I call upon the Lord, who is (MV)worthy to be praised,
    and I am saved from my enemies.

(MW)The cords of death encompassed me;
    (MX)the torrents of destruction assailed me;[al]
(MY)the cords of Sheol entangled me;
    the snares of death confronted me.

(MZ)In my distress I called upon the Lord;
    to my God I cried for help.
From his (NA)temple he heard my voice,
    and my cry to him reached his ears.

Then the earth (NB)reeled and rocked;
    the foundations also of the mountains trembled
    and quaked, because he was angry.
Smoke went up from his nostrils,[am]
    and devouring (NC)fire from his mouth;
    glowing coals flamed forth from him.
He (ND)bowed the heavens and (NE)came down;
    (NF)thick darkness was under his feet.
10 He rode on a cherub and flew;
    he came swiftly on (NG)the wings of the wind.
11 He made darkness his covering, his (NH)canopy around him,
    thick clouds (NI)dark with water.
12 Out of the brightness before him
    (NJ)hailstones and coals of fire broke through his clouds.

13 The Lord also (NK)thundered in the heavens,
    and the Most High uttered his (NL)voice,
    hailstones and coals of fire.
14 And he sent out his (NM)arrows and scattered them;
    he flashed forth lightnings and (NN)routed them.
15 Then (NO)the channels of the sea were seen,
    and the foundations of the world were laid bare
at your (NP)rebuke, O Lord,
    at the blast of (NQ)the breath of your nostrils.

16 He (NR)sent from on high, he took me;
    he (NS)drew me out of (NT)many waters.
17 He rescued me from my strong enemy
    and from those who hated me,
    for they were (NU)too mighty for me.
18 They confronted me in the day of my calamity,
    but the Lord was my support.
19 He brought me out into (NV)a broad place;
    he rescued me, because he (NW)delighted in me.

20 The Lord dealt with me (NX)according to my righteousness;
    according to (NY)the cleanness of my hands he rewarded me.
21 For I have (NZ)kept the ways of the Lord,
    and have not wickedly departed from my God.
22 For (OA)all his rules[an] were before me,
    and his statutes I did not put away from me.
23 I was (OB)blameless before him,
    and I kept myself from my guilt.
24 So the Lord has rewarded me according to my righteousness,
    according to the cleanness of my hands in his sight.

25 With (OC)the merciful you show yourself merciful;
    with the blameless man you show yourself blameless;
26 with the purified you show yourself pure;
    and with (OD)the crooked you make yourself seem tortuous.
27 For you save (OE)a humble people,
    but (OF)the haughty eyes you bring down.
28 For it is you who light my (OG)lamp;
    the Lord my God lightens my darkness.
29 For by you I can run against a troop,
    and by my God I can (OH)leap over (OI)a wall.
30 This God—his way is (OJ)perfect;[ao]
    the word of the Lord (OK)proves true;
    he is (OL)a shield for all those who (OM)take refuge in him.

31 For (ON)who is God, but the Lord?
    And who is (OO)a rock, except our God?—
32 the God who (OP)equipped me with strength
    and made my way (OQ)blameless.
33 He made my feet like the feet of a (OR)deer
    and set me secure on (OS)the heights.
34 He (OT)trains my hands for war,
    so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
35 You have given me the shield of your salvation,
    and your right hand (OU)supported me,
    and your (OV)gentleness made me great.
36 You (OW)gave a wide place for my steps under me,
    and my feet did not slip.
37 I pursued my enemies and overtook them,
    and did not turn back till they were consumed.
38 I thrust them through, so that they were not able to rise;
    they fell under my feet.
39 For you equipped me with strength for the battle;
    you made those who rise against me sink under me.
40 You made my enemies (OX)turn their backs to me,[ap]
    and those who hated me I destroyed.
41 (OY)They cried for help, but there was none to save;
    they cried to the Lord, but he did not answer them.
42 I beat them fine as (OZ)dust before the wind;
    I cast them out like (PA)the mire of the streets.

43 You delivered me from (PB)strife with the people;
    you made me (PC)the head of the nations;
    (PD)people whom I had not known served me.
44 As soon as they heard of me they obeyed me;
    (PE)foreigners (PF)came cringing to me.
45 (PG)Foreigners lost heart
    and (PH)came trembling out of their fortresses.

46 The Lord lives, and blessed be my rock,
    and exalted be the God of my salvation—
47 the God who gave me vengeance
    and (PI)subdued peoples under me,
48 who rescued me from my enemies;
    yes, you (PJ)exalted me above those who rose against me;
    you delivered me from (PK)the man of violence.

49 (PL)For this I will praise you, O Lord, among the nations,
    and (PM)sing to your name.
50 Great (PN)salvation he brings to his king,
    and shows steadfast love to his (PO)anointed,
    to (PP)David and his offspring forever.

The Law of the Lord Is Perfect

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.

19 (PQ)The heavens declare the glory of God,
    and the sky above[aq] proclaims his handiwork.
Day to day pours out speech,
    and night to night reveals knowledge.
There is no speech, nor are there words,
    whose voice is not heard.
(PR)Their (PS)voice[ar] goes out through all the earth,
    and their words to the end of the world.
In them he has set a tent for (PT)the sun,
    (PU)which comes out like (PV)a bridegroom leaving his chamber,
    and, like a strong man, runs its course with joy.
Its rising is from the end of the heavens,
    and its circuit to the end of them,
    and there is nothing hidden from its heat.

(PW)The law of the Lord is perfect,[as]
    (PX)reviving the soul;
(PY)the testimony of the Lord is (PZ)sure,
    (QA)making wise (QB)the simple;
(QC)the precepts of the Lord are right,
    rejoicing the heart;
the commandment of the Lord is (QD)pure,
    (QE)enlightening the eyes;
the fear of the Lord is clean,
    enduring forever;
the rules[at] of the Lord are (QF)true,
    and righteous altogether.
10 More to be desired are they than (QG)gold,
    even much (QH)fine gold;
(QI)sweeter also than honey
    and drippings of (QJ)the honeycomb.
11 Moreover, by them is your servant warned;
    (QK)in keeping them there is great reward.

12 (QL)Who can discern his errors?
    (QM)Declare me innocent from (QN)hidden faults.
13 (QO)Keep back your servant also from (QP)presumptuous sins;
    let them not have (QQ)dominion over me!
Then I shall be blameless,
    and innocent of great transgression.

14 Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart
    be acceptable in your sight,
    O Lord, my (QR)rock and my (QS)redeemer.

Trust in the Name of the Lord Our God

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.

20 May the Lord (QT)answer you in the day of trouble!
    May (QU)the name of the God of Jacob (QV)protect you!
May he send you help from (QW)the sanctuary
    and give you support from (QX)Zion!
May he (QY)remember all your offerings
    and regard with favor your burnt sacrifices! Selah

May he (QZ)grant you your heart's desire
    and fulfill all your plans!
May we shout for joy over (RA)your salvation,
    and in the name of our God set up our (RB)banners!
May the Lord fulfill all your petitions!

Now I know that the Lord saves his anointed;
    he will answer him from his holy heaven
    with (RC)the saving might of his right hand.
Some trust in (RD)chariots and some in (RE)horses,
    (RF)but we trust in the name of the Lord our God.


  1. Psalm 1:1 The singular Hebrew word for man (ish) is used here to portray a representative example of a godly person; see Preface
  2. Psalm 1:2 Or instruction
  3. Psalm 2:1 Or nations noisily assemble
  4. Psalm 2:9 Revocalization yields (compare Septuagint) You shall rule
  5. Psalm 3:2 The meaning of the Hebrew word Selah, used frequently in the Psalms, is uncertain. It may be a musical or liturgical direction
  6. Psalm 4:2 Or O men of rank
  7. Psalm 4:4 Or Be agitated
  8. Psalm 5:3 Or I direct my prayer to you
  9. Psalm 6:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
  10. Psalm 7:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
  11. Psalm 7:4 Hebrew the one at peace with me
  12. Psalm 7:9 Hebrew the hearts and kidneys
  13. Psalm 7:12 Hebrew he
  14. Psalm 7:12 Hebrew he
  15. Psalm 8:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
  16. Psalm 8:5 Or than God; Septuagint than the angels
  17. Psalm 9:1 Psalms 9 and 10 together follow an acrostic pattern, each stanza beginning with the successive letters of the Hebrew alphabet. In the Septuagint they form one psalm
  18. Psalm 9:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
  19. Psalm 9:3 Or because of
  20. Psalm 9:16 Probably a musical or liturgical term
  21. Psalm 10:3 Or and he blesses the one greedy for gain
  22. Psalm 10:4 Or of his anger
  23. Psalm 10:4 Or the wicked says, “He will not call to account”
  24. Psalm 11:3 Or for the foundations will be destroyed; what has the righteous done?
  25. Psalm 12:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
  26. Psalm 12:7 Or guard him
  27. Psalm 14:2 Or that act wisely
  28. Psalm 14:6 Or for
  29. Psalm 16:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
  30. Psalm 16:3 Or To the saints in the land, the excellent in whom is all my delight, I say:
  31. Psalm 16:4 Or who acquire
  32. Psalm 16:7 Hebrew my kidneys instruct me
  33. Psalm 16:9 Hebrew my glory
  34. Psalm 16:10 Or see the pit
  35. Psalm 17:7 Or Distinguish me by
  36. Psalm 17:14 Or from men whose portion in life is of the world
  37. Psalm 17:14 Or As for your treasured ones, you fill their womb
  38. Psalm 18:4 Or terrified me
  39. Psalm 18:8 Or in his wrath
  40. Psalm 18:22 Or just decrees
  41. Psalm 18:30 Or blameless
  42. Psalm 18:40 Or You gave me my enemies' necks
  43. Psalm 19:1 Hebrew the expanse; compare Genesis 1:6–8
  44. Psalm 19:4 Or Their measuring line
  45. Psalm 19:7 Or blameless
  46. Psalm 19:9 Or just decrees

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