English Standard Version
The Way of the Righteous and the Wicked
1 Blessed is the man[a]
who (A)walks not in (B)the counsel of the wicked,
nor stands in (C)the way of sinners,
nor (D)sits in (E)the seat of (F)scoffers;
2 but his (G)delight is in the law[b] of the Lord,
and on his (H)law he meditates day and night.
3 He is like (I)a tree
planted by (J)streams of water
that yields its fruit in its season,
and its (K)leaf does not wither.
(L)In all that he does, he prospers.
4 The wicked are not so,
but are like (M)chaff that the wind drives away.
5 Therefore the wicked (N)will not stand in the judgment,
nor sinners in (O)the congregation of the righteous;
6 for the Lord (P)knows (Q)the way of the righteous,
but the way of the wicked will perish.
The Reign of the Lord's Anointed
2 (R)Why do (S)the nations rage[c]
and the peoples plot in vain?
2 The kings of the earth set themselves,
and the rulers take counsel together,
against the Lord and against his (T)Anointed, saying,
3 “Let us (U)burst their bonds apart
and cast away their cords from us.”
4 He who (V)sits in the heavens (W)laughs;
the Lord holds them in derision.
5 Then he will speak to them in his (X)wrath,
and terrify them in his fury, saying,
6 “As for me, I have (Y)set my King
on (Z)Zion, my (AA)holy hill.”
7 I will tell of the decree:
The Lord said to me, (AB)“You are my Son;
today I have begotten you.
8 Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage,
and (AC)the ends of the earth your possession.
9 You shall (AD)break[d] them with (AE)a rod of iron
and dash them in pieces like (AF)a potter's vessel.”
10 Now therefore, O kings, be wise;
be warned, O rulers of the earth.
11 (AG)Serve the Lord with (AH)fear,
and (AI)rejoice with (AJ)trembling.
12 (AK)Kiss (AL)the Son,
lest he be angry, and you perish in the way,
for his (AM)wrath is quickly kindled.
(AN)Blessed are all who take refuge in him.
Save Me, O My God
A Psalm of David, (AO)when he fled from Absalom his son.
8 (BE)Salvation belongs to the Lord;
your blessing be on your people! Selah
Answer Me When I Call
2 O men,[f] how long shall my honor be turned into shame?
How long will you love vain words and seek after (BJ)lies? Selah
3 But know that the Lord has (BK)set apart (BL)the godly for himself;
the Lord hears when I call to him.
Lead Me in Your Righteousness
To the choirmaster: for the flutes. A Psalm of David.
5 Give ear to my words, O Lord;
consider my (BW)groaning.
2 Give attention to the sound of my cry,
my (BX)King and my God,
for (BY)to you do I pray.
3 O Lord, in (BZ)the morning you hear my voice;
in the morning I prepare a sacrifice for you[h] and (CA)watch.
4 For you are not a God who delights in wickedness;
evil may not dwell with you.
5 The (CB)boastful shall not (CC)stand before your eyes;
you (CD)hate all evildoers.
6 You destroy those who speak (CE)lies;
the Lord abhors (CF)the bloodthirsty and deceitful man.
7 But I, through the abundance of your steadfast love,
will enter your house.
I will (CG)bow down (CH)toward your (CI)holy temple
in the fear of you.
8 (CJ)Lead me, O Lord, in your righteousness
because of my enemies;
(CK)make your way straight before me.
9 For there is no truth in their mouth;
their inmost self is (CL)destruction;
(CM)their throat is (CN)an open grave;
they (CO)flatter with their tongue.
10 (CP)Make them bear their guilt, O God;
let them (CQ)fall by their own counsels;
because of the abundance of their transgressions cast them out,
for they have rebelled against you.
11 But let all who (CR)take refuge in you (CS)rejoice;
let them ever sing for joy,
and spread your protection over them,
that those who love your name may (CT)exult in you.
12 For you (CU)bless the righteous, O Lord;
you (CV)cover him with favor as with (CW)a shield.
O Lord, Deliver My Life
6 O Lord, (CY)rebuke me not in your anger,
nor (CZ)discipline me in your wrath.
2 Be gracious to me, O Lord, for I am languishing;
(DA)heal me, O Lord, (DB)for my bones are troubled.
3 My (DC)soul also is greatly troubled.
But you, O Lord—(DD)how long?
4 Turn, O Lord, deliver my life;
save me for the sake of your steadfast love.
5 For in (DE)death there is no remembrance of you;
in Sheol who will give you praise?
8 (DI)Depart from me, all you (DJ)workers of evil,
for the Lord (DK)has heard the sound of my weeping.
9 The Lord has heard my (DL)plea;
the Lord accepts my prayer.
10 All my enemies shall be ashamed and greatly troubled;
they shall (DM)turn back and be put to shame in a moment.
In You Do I Take Refuge
3 O Lord my God, (DS)if I have done this,
if there is (DT)wrong in my hands,
4 if I have repaid (DU)my friend[k] with evil
or (DV)plundered my enemy without cause,
5 let the enemy pursue my soul and overtake it,
and let him (DW)trample my life to the ground
and lay my glory in the dust. Selah
6 (DX)Arise, O Lord, in your anger;
(DY)lift yourself up against the fury of my enemies;
(DZ)awake for me; you have appointed a judgment.
7 Let the assembly of the peoples be gathered about you;
over it return on high.
8 The Lord (EA)judges the peoples;
(EB)judge me, O Lord, according to my righteousness
and according to the integrity that is in me.
9 Oh, let the evil of the wicked come to an end,
and may you establish the righteous—
you who (EC)test (ED)the minds and hearts,[l]
O righteous God!
10 My shield is (EE)with God,
who saves (EF)the upright in heart.
11 God is (EG)a righteous judge,
and a God who feels (EH)indignation every day.
12 If a man[m] does not repent, God[n] will (EI)whet his sword;
he has (EJ)bent and (EK)readied his bow;
13 he has prepared for him his deadly weapons,
making his (EL)arrows (EM)fiery shafts.
14 Behold, the wicked man (EN)conceives evil
and is (EO)pregnant with mischief
and gives birth to lies.
15 He makes (EP)a pit, digging it out,
and falls into the hole that he has made.
16 His (EQ)mischief returns upon his own head,
and on his own skull his violence descends.
17 I will give to the Lord the thanks due to his righteousness,
and I will (ER)sing praise to the name of the Lord, the Most High.
How Majestic Is Your Name
8 O Lord, our Lord,
how majestic is your (ET)name in all the earth!
You have set your (EU)glory above the heavens.
2 (EV)Out of the mouth of babies and infants,
you have established (EW)strength because of your foes,
to still (EX)the enemy and the avenger.
3 When I (EY)look at your heavens, the work of your (EZ)fingers,
the moon and the stars, (FA)which you have set in place,
4 (FB)what is man that you are (FC)mindful of him,
and (FD)the son of man that you (FE)care for him?
5 Yet you have made him a little lower than (FF)the heavenly beings[p]
and crowned him with (FG)glory and honor.
6 You have given him (FH)dominion over the works of your hands;
(FI)you have put all things under his feet,
7 all sheep and oxen,
and also the beasts of the field,
8 the birds of the heavens, and the fish of the sea,
whatever passes along the paths of the seas.
9 O Lord, our Lord,
how majestic is your name in all the earth!
I Will Recount Your Wonderful Deeds
5 You have (FP)rebuked the nations; you have made the wicked perish;
you have (FQ)blotted out their name forever and ever.
6 The enemy came to an end in everlasting ruins;
their cities you rooted out;
the very memory of them has perished.
9 The Lord is (FT)a stronghold for (FU)the oppressed,
a stronghold in (FV)times of trouble.
10 And those who (FW)know your name put their trust in you,
for you, O Lord, have not forsaken those who seek you.
13 (GB)Be gracious to me, O Lord!
See my affliction from those who hate me,
O you who lift me up from (GC)the gates of death,
14 that I may recount all your praises,
that in the gates of (GD)the daughter of Zion
I may (GE)rejoice in your salvation.
15 The nations have sunk in (GF)the pit that they made;
in (GG)the net that they hid, their own foot has been caught.
16 The Lord has made himself (GH)known; he has executed judgment;
the wicked are snared in the work of their own hands. Higgaion.[t] Selah
18 For the needy shall not always be forgotten,
and (GK)the hope of the poor shall not perish forever.
Why Do You Hide Yourself?
2 In arrogance the wicked hotly pursue the poor;
let them (GR)be caught in the schemes that they have devised.
3 For the wicked (GS)boasts of the desires of his soul,
and the one greedy for gain (GT)curses[u] and (GU)renounces the Lord.
4 In the pride of his face[v] the wicked does not (GV)seek him;[w]
all his thoughts are, (GW)“There is no God.”
5 His ways prosper at all times;
your judgments are on high, (GX)out of his sight;
as for all his foes, he (GY)puffs at them.
6 He (GZ)says in his heart, “I shall not be moved;
throughout all generations I (HA)shall not meet adversity.”
7 (HB)His mouth is filled with cursing and (HC)deceit and (HD)oppression;
(HE)under his tongue are (HF)mischief and (HG)iniquity.
8 He sits in ambush in the villages;
in (HH)hiding places he murders the innocent.
His eyes stealthily watch for the helpless;
9 he lurks in ambush like (HI)a lion in his (HJ)thicket;
he (HK)lurks that he may seize the poor;
he seizes the poor when he draws him into his (HL)net.
10 The helpless are crushed, sink down,
and fall by his might.
11 He says in his heart, “God has forgotten,
he has (HM)hidden his face, he (HN)will never see it.”
12 (HO)Arise, O Lord; O God, (HP)lift up your hand;
(HQ)forget not the afflicted.
13 Why does the wicked (HR)renounce God
and say in his heart, “You will not (HS)call to account”?
14 But you do see, for you (HT)note mischief and vexation,
that you may take it into your hands;
to you the helpless (HU)commits himself;
you have been (HV)the helper of the fatherless.
15 (HW)Break the arm of the wicked and evildoer;
(HX)call his wickedness to account till you find none.
16 (HY)The Lord is king forever and ever;
the (HZ)nations perish from his land.
17 O Lord, you hear the desire of the afflicted;
you will (IA)strengthen their heart; you will incline your ear
18 to (IB)do justice to the fatherless and (IC)the oppressed,
so that (ID)man who is of the earth may strike terror no more.
The Lord Is in His Holy Temple
To the choirmaster. Of David.
11 In the Lord I take refuge;
how can you say to my soul,
(IE)“Flee like a bird to your mountain,
2 for behold, the wicked (IF)bend the bow;
(IG)they have fitted their arrow to the string
to shoot in the dark at the upright in heart;
3 if (IH)the foundations are destroyed,
what can the righteous do?”[x]
4 (II)The Lord is in his holy temple;
the Lord's (IJ)throne is in heaven;
his eyes see, his eyelids (IK)test the children of man.
5 The Lord (IL)tests the righteous,
but (IM)his soul hates the wicked and the one who loves violence.
6 Let him rain coals on the wicked;
(IN)fire and sulfur and a scorching wind shall be (IO)the portion of their cup.
7 For the Lord is righteous;
he (IP)loves righteous deeds;
(IQ)the upright shall behold his face.
The Faithful Have Vanished
To the choirmaster: according to The Sheminith.[y] A Psalm of David.
12 Save, O Lord, for (IR)the godly one is gone;
for the faithful have vanished from among the children of man.
2 Everyone (IS)utters lies to his neighbor;
with (IT)flattering lips and (IU)a double heart they speak.
5 “Because (IX)the poor are plundered, because the needy groan,
(IY)I will now arise,” says the Lord;
“I will place him in the (IZ)safety for which he longs.”
6 (JA)The words of the Lord are pure words,
like silver refined in a furnace on the ground,
purified seven times.
7 You, O Lord, will keep them;
you will guard us[z] from this generation forever.
8 On every side the wicked prowl,
as vileness is exalted among the children of man.
How Long, O Lord?
To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.
13 (JB)How long, O Lord? Will you (JC)forget me forever?
How long will you (JD)hide your face from me?
2 How long must I take (JE)counsel in my soul
and have sorrow in my heart all the day?
How long shall my enemy be exalted over me?
3 (JF)Consider and answer me, O Lord my God;
(JG)light up my eyes, lest (JH)I sleep the sleep of death,
4 (JI)lest my enemy say, “I have prevailed over him,”
lest my foes rejoice because I am (JJ)shaken.
The Fool Says, There Is No God
To the choirmaster. Of David.
3 They have all turned aside; together they have become (JT)corrupt;
there is none who does good,
not even one.
7 Oh, that salvation for Israel would come out of Zion!
When the Lord (JZ)restores the fortunes of his people,
let Jacob rejoice, let Israel be glad.
Who Shall Dwell on Your Holy Hill?
A Psalm of David.
2 He who (KD)walks blamelessly and (KE)does what is right
and (KF)speaks truth in his heart;
3 who (KG)does not slander with his tongue
and does no evil to his neighbor,
nor (KH)takes up a reproach against his friend;
4 (KI)in whose eyes a vile person is despised,
but who honors those who fear the Lord;
who (KJ)swears to his own hurt and does not change;
5 who (KK)does not put out his money at interest
and (KL)does not take a bribe against the innocent.
He who does these things shall never be (KM)moved.
You Will Not Abandon My Soul
7 I bless the Lord who (KW)gives me counsel;
in (KX)the night also my (KY)heart instructs me.[af]
8 (KZ)I have (LA)set the Lord always before me;
because he is at my (LB)right hand, I shall not be (LC)shaken.
In the Shadow of Your Wings
A (LL)Prayer of David.
3 You have (LO)tried my heart, you have (LP)visited me by (LQ)night,
you have (LR)tested me, and you will find nothing;
I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.
4 With regard to the works of man, by the word of your lips
I have avoided the ways of the violent.
5 My steps have (LS)held fast to your paths;
my feet have not slipped.
6 I (LT)call upon you, for you will answer me, O God;
(LU)incline your ear to me; hear my words.
7 (LV)Wondrously show[ai] your steadfast love,
O Savior of those who seek refuge
from (LW)their adversaries at your right hand.
10 (MA)They close their hearts to pity;
with their mouths they (MB)speak arrogantly.
11 They have now surrounded our (MC)steps;
they set their eyes to (MD)cast us to the ground.
12 He is like a lion eager to tear,
as a young lion (ME)lurking in ambush.
13 Arise, O Lord! Confront him, subdue him!
Deliver my soul from the wicked by your sword,
14 from men by your hand, O Lord,
from (MF)men of the world whose (MG)portion is in this life.[aj]
You fill their womb with treasure;[ak]
they are satisfied with (MH)children,
and they leave their abundance to their infants.
The Lord Is My Rock and My Fortress
To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David, (ML)the servant of the Lord, (MM)who addressed the words of this (MN)song to the Lord on the day when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. He said:
18 I love you, O Lord, my strength.
2 The Lord is my (MO)rock and my (MP)fortress and my deliverer,
my God, my (MQ)rock, in (MR)whom I take refuge,
my (MS)shield, and (MT)the horn of my salvation, my (MU)stronghold.
3 I call upon the Lord, who is (MV)worthy to be praised,
and I am saved from my enemies.
7 Then the earth (NB)reeled and rocked;
the foundations also of the mountains trembled
and quaked, because he was angry.
8 Smoke went up from his nostrils,[am]
and devouring (NC)fire from his mouth;
glowing coals flamed forth from him.
9 He (ND)bowed the heavens and (NE)came down;
(NF)thick darkness was under his feet.
10 He rode on a cherub and flew;
he came swiftly on (NG)the wings of the wind.
11 He made darkness his covering, his (NH)canopy around him,
thick clouds (NI)dark with water.
12 Out of the brightness before him
(NJ)hailstones and coals of fire broke through his clouds.
13 The Lord also (NK)thundered in the heavens,
and the Most High uttered his (NL)voice,
hailstones and coals of fire.
14 And he sent out his (NM)arrows and scattered them;
he flashed forth lightnings and (NN)routed them.
15 Then (NO)the channels of the sea were seen,
and the foundations of the world were laid bare
at your (NP)rebuke, O Lord,
at the blast of (NQ)the breath of your nostrils.
16 He (NR)sent from on high, he took me;
he (NS)drew me out of (NT)many waters.
17 He rescued me from my strong enemy
and from those who hated me,
for they were (NU)too mighty for me.
18 They confronted me in the day of my calamity,
but the Lord was my support.
19 He brought me out into (NV)a broad place;
he rescued me, because he (NW)delighted in me.
20 The Lord dealt with me (NX)according to my righteousness;
according to (NY)the cleanness of my hands he rewarded me.
21 For I have (NZ)kept the ways of the Lord,
and have not wickedly departed from my God.
22 For (OA)all his rules[an] were before me,
and his statutes I did not put away from me.
23 I was (OB)blameless before him,
and I kept myself from my guilt.
24 So the Lord has rewarded me according to my righteousness,
according to the cleanness of my hands in his sight.
25 With (OC)the merciful you show yourself merciful;
with the blameless man you show yourself blameless;
26 with the purified you show yourself pure;
and with (OD)the crooked you make yourself seem tortuous.
27 For you save (OE)a humble people,
but (OF)the haughty eyes you bring down.
28 For it is you who light my (OG)lamp;
the Lord my God lightens my darkness.
29 For by you I can run against a troop,
and by my God I can (OH)leap over (OI)a wall.
30 This God—his way is (OJ)perfect;[ao]
the word of the Lord (OK)proves true;
he is (OL)a shield for all those who (OM)take refuge in him.
31 For (ON)who is God, but the Lord?
And who is (OO)a rock, except our God?—
32 the God who (OP)equipped me with strength
and made my way (OQ)blameless.
33 He made my feet like the feet of a (OR)deer
and set me secure on (OS)the heights.
34 He (OT)trains my hands for war,
so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
35 You have given me the shield of your salvation,
and your right hand (OU)supported me,
and your (OV)gentleness made me great.
36 You (OW)gave a wide place for my steps under me,
and my feet did not slip.
37 I pursued my enemies and overtook them,
and did not turn back till they were consumed.
38 I thrust them through, so that they were not able to rise;
they fell under my feet.
39 For you equipped me with strength for the battle;
you made those who rise against me sink under me.
40 You made my enemies (OX)turn their backs to me,[ap]
and those who hated me I destroyed.
41 (OY)They cried for help, but there was none to save;
they cried to the Lord, but he did not answer them.
42 I beat them fine as (OZ)dust before the wind;
I cast them out like (PA)the mire of the streets.
43 You delivered me from (PB)strife with the people;
you made me (PC)the head of the nations;
(PD)people whom I had not known served me.
44 As soon as they heard of me they obeyed me;
(PE)foreigners (PF)came cringing to me.
45 (PG)Foreigners lost heart
and (PH)came trembling out of their fortresses.
46 The Lord lives, and blessed be my rock,
and exalted be the God of my salvation—
47 the God who gave me vengeance
and (PI)subdued peoples under me,
48 who rescued me from my enemies;
yes, you (PJ)exalted me above those who rose against me;
you delivered me from (PK)the man of violence.
49 (PL)For this I will praise you, O Lord, among the nations,
and (PM)sing to your name.
50 Great (PN)salvation he brings to his king,
and shows steadfast love to his (PO)anointed,
to (PP)David and his offspring forever.
The Law of the Lord Is Perfect
To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.
19 (PQ)The heavens declare the glory of God,
and the sky above[aq] proclaims his handiwork.
2 Day to day pours out speech,
and night to night reveals knowledge.
3 There is no speech, nor are there words,
whose voice is not heard.
4 (PR)Their (PS)voice[ar] goes out through all the earth,
and their words to the end of the world.
In them he has set a tent for (PT)the sun,
5 (PU)which comes out like (PV)a bridegroom leaving his chamber,
and, like a strong man, runs its course with joy.
6 Its rising is from the end of the heavens,
and its circuit to the end of them,
and there is nothing hidden from its heat.
7 (PW)The law of the Lord is perfect,[as]
(PX)reviving the soul;
(PY)the testimony of the Lord is (PZ)sure,
(QA)making wise (QB)the simple;
8 (QC)the precepts of the Lord are right,
rejoicing the heart;
the commandment of the Lord is (QD)pure,
(QE)enlightening the eyes;
9 the fear of the Lord is clean,
the rules[at] of the Lord are (QF)true,
and righteous altogether.
10 More to be desired are they than (QG)gold,
even much (QH)fine gold;
(QI)sweeter also than honey
and drippings of (QJ)the honeycomb.
11 Moreover, by them is your servant warned;
(QK)in keeping them there is great reward.
12 (QL)Who can discern his errors?
(QM)Declare me innocent from (QN)hidden faults.
13 (QO)Keep back your servant also from (QP)presumptuous sins;
let them not have (QQ)dominion over me!
Then I shall be blameless,
and innocent of great transgression.
Trust in the Name of the Lord Our God
To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.
20 May the Lord (QT)answer you in the day of trouble!
May (QU)the name of the God of Jacob (QV)protect you!
2 May he send you help from (QW)the sanctuary
and give you support from (QX)Zion!
3 May he (QY)remember all your offerings
and regard with favor your burnt sacrifices! Selah
4 May he (QZ)grant you your heart's desire
and fulfill all your plans!
5 May we shout for joy over (RA)your salvation,
and in the name of our God set up our (RB)banners!
May the Lord fulfill all your petitions!
6 Now I know that the Lord saves his anointed;
he will answer him from his holy heaven
with (RC)the saving might of his right hand.
7 Some trust in (RD)chariots and some in (RE)horses,
(RF)but we trust in the name of the Lord our God.
- Psalm 1:1 The singular Hebrew word for man (ish) is used here to portray a representative example of a godly person; see Preface
- Psalm 1:2 Or instruction
- Psalm 2:1 Or nations noisily assemble
- Psalm 2:9 Revocalization yields (compare Septuagint) You shall rule
- Psalm 3:2 The meaning of the Hebrew word Selah, used frequently in the Psalms, is uncertain. It may be a musical or liturgical direction
- Psalm 4:2 Or O men of rank
- Psalm 4:4 Or Be agitated
- Psalm 5:3 Or I direct my prayer to you
- Psalm 6:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
- Psalm 7:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
- Psalm 7:4 Hebrew the one at peace with me
- Psalm 7:9 Hebrew the hearts and kidneys
- Psalm 7:12 Hebrew he
- Psalm 7:12 Hebrew he
- Psalm 8:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
- Psalm 8:5 Or than God; Septuagint than the angels
- Psalm 9:1 Psalms 9 and 10 together follow an acrostic pattern, each stanza beginning with the successive letters of the Hebrew alphabet. In the Septuagint they form one psalm
- Psalm 9:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
- Psalm 9:3 Or because of
- Psalm 9:16 Probably a musical or liturgical term
- Psalm 10:3 Or and he blesses the one greedy for gain
- Psalm 10:4 Or of his anger
- Psalm 10:4 Or the wicked says, “He will not call to account”
- Psalm 11:3 Or for the foundations will be destroyed; what has the righteous done?
- Psalm 12:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
- Psalm 12:7 Or guard him
- Psalm 14:2 Or that act wisely
- Psalm 14:6 Or for
- Psalm 16:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
- Psalm 16:3 Or To the saints in the land, the excellent in whom is all my delight, I say:
- Psalm 16:4 Or who acquire
- Psalm 16:7 Hebrew my kidneys instruct me
- Psalm 16:9 Hebrew my glory
- Psalm 16:10 Or see the pit
- Psalm 17:7 Or Distinguish me by
- Psalm 17:14 Or from men whose portion in life is of the world
- Psalm 17:14 Or As for your treasured ones, you fill their womb
- Psalm 18:4 Or terrified me
- Psalm 18:8 Or in his wrath
- Psalm 18:22 Or just decrees
- Psalm 18:30 Or blameless
- Psalm 18:40 Or You gave me my enemies' necks
- Psalm 19:1 Hebrew the expanse; compare Genesis 1:6–8
- Psalm 19:4 Or Their measuring line
- Psalm 19:7 Or blameless
- Psalm 19:9 Or just decrees