29 He who hardens his neck and refuses instruction after being often reproved (corrected, criticized), Will suddenly be broken beyond repair. 2 When the righteous are in authority and become great, the people rejoice; But when the wicked man rules, the people groan and sigh. 3 A man who loves [skillful and godly] wisdom makes his father joyful, But he who associates with prostitutes wastes his wealth. 4 The king establishes (stabilizes) the land by justice, But a man who takes bribes overthrows it. 5 A man who flatters his neighbor [with smooth words intending to do harm] Is spreading a net for his own feet. 6 By his wicked plan an evil man is trapped, But the righteous man sings and rejoices [for his plan brings good things to him]. 7 The righteous man cares for the rights of the poor, But the wicked man has no interest in such knowledge. 8 Scoffers set a city afire [by stirring up trouble], But wise men turn away anger [and restore order with their good judgment]. 9 If a wise man has a controversy with a foolish and arrogant man, The foolish man [ignores logic and fairness and] only rages or laughs, and there is no peace (rest, agreement). 10 The bloodthirsty hate the blameless [because of his integrity], But the upright are concerned for his life. 11 A [shortsighted] fool always loses his temper and displays his anger, But a wise man [uses self-control and] holds it back. 12 If a ruler pays attention to lies [and encourages corruption], All his officials will become wicked. 13 The poor man and the oppressor have this in common: The Lord gives light to the eyes of both. 14 If a king faithfully and truthfully judges the poor, His throne shall be established forever. 15 The rod and reproof (godly instruction) give wisdom, But a child who gets his own way brings shame to his mother. 16 When the wicked are in authority, transgression increases, But the righteous will see the downfall of the wicked. 17 Correct your son, and he will give you comfort; Yes, he will delight your soul. 18 Where there is no vision [no revelation of God and His word], the people are unrestrained; But happy and blessed is he who keeps the law [of God]. 19 A servant will not be corrected by words alone; For though he understands, he will not respond [nor pay attention]. 20 Do you see a [conceited] man who speaks quickly [offering his opinions or answering without thinking]? There is more hope for a [thickheaded] [a]fool than for him. 21 He who pampers his slave from childhood Will find him to be a son in the end. 22 An angry man stirs up strife, And a hot-tempered and undisciplined man commits many transgressions. 23 A man’s pride and sense of self-importance will bring him down, But he who has a humble spirit will obtain honor. 24 Whoever is partner with a thief hates his own life; He hears the curse [when swearing an oath to testify], but discloses nothing [and commits perjury by omission]. 25 The fear of man brings a snare, But whoever trusts in and puts his confidence in the Lord will be exalted and safe. 26 Many seek the ruler’s favor, But justice for man comes from the Lord. 27 An unjust man is repulsive to the righteous, And he who is upright in the way [of the Lord] is repulsive to the wicked.
The Words of Agur
30 The words of [b]Agur the son of Jakeh, the oracle:
The man says to Ithiel, to Ithiel and to Ucal:
2 Surely [c]I am more brutish and stupid than any man, And I do not have the understanding of a man [for I do not know what I do not know]. 3 I have not learned [skillful and godly] wisdom, Nor do I have knowledge of the Holy One [who is the source of wisdom]. 4 Who has ascended into heaven and descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has bound the waters in His garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is His Son’s name? Certainly you know!
5 Every word of God is tested and refined [like silver]; He is a shield to those who trust and take refuge in Him. 6 Do not add to His words, Or He will reprove you, and you will be found a liar.
7 Two things I have asked of You; Do not deny them to me before I die: 8 Keep deception and lies far from me; Give me neither poverty nor riches; Feed me with the food that is my portion, 9 So that I will not be full and deny You and say, “Who is the Lord?” Or that I will not be poor and steal, And so profane the name of my God.
10 Do not slander or malign a servant before his master [stay out of another’s personal life], Or he will curse you [for your interference], and you will be found guilty.
11 There is a generation (class of people) that curses its father And does not bless its mother. 12 There is a generation (class of people) that is pure in its own eyes, Yet is not washed from its filthiness. 13 There is a generation (class of people)—oh, how lofty are their eyes! And their eyelids are raised in arrogance. 14 There is a generation (class of people) whose teeth are like swords And whose jaw teeth are like knives, To devour the afflicted from the earth And the needy from among men.
15 The leech has two daughters, “Give, give!” There are three things that are never satisfied, Four that do not say, “It is enough”: 16 [d]Sheol, and the barren womb, Earth that is never satisfied with water, And fire that never says, “It is enough.” 17 The eye that mocks a father And scorns a mother, The ravens of the valley will pick it out, And the young vultures will devour it.
18 There are three things which are too astounding and unexpectedly wonderful for me, Four which I do not understand: 19 The way of an eagle in the air, The way of a serpent on a rock, The way of a ship in the middle of the sea, And the way of a man with a maid. 20 This is the way of an adulterous woman: She eats and wipes her mouth And says, “I have done no wrong.”
21 Under three things the earth is disquieted and quakes, And under four it cannot bear up: 22 Under a servant when he reigns, Under a [spiritually blind] fool when he is filled with food, 23 Under an unloved woman when she gets married, And under a maidservant when she supplants her mistress.
24 There are four things that are small on the earth, But they are exceedingly wise: 25 The ants are not a strong people, Yet they prepare their food in the summer; 26 The [e]shephanim are not a mighty folk, Yet they make their houses in the rocks; 27 The locusts have no king, Yet all of them go out in groups; 28 You may grasp the lizard with your hands, Yet it is in kings’ palaces.
29 There are three things which are stately in step, Even four which are stately in their stride: 30 The lion, which is mighty among beasts And does not turn back before any; 31 The [f]strutting rooster, the male goat also, And the king when his army is with him.
32 If you have foolishly exalted yourself, Or if you have plotted evil, put your hand on your mouth. 33 Surely the churning of milk produces butter, And wringing the nose produces blood; So the churning of anger produces strife.
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