On Life and Conduct

23 When you sit down to dine with a ruler,
Consider carefully [a]what is before you,
And put a knife to your throat
If you are a (A)person of great appetite.
Do not (B)desire his delicacies,
For it is deceptive food.

(C)Do not weary yourself to gain wealth;
[b](D)Stop dwelling on it.
[c]When you set your eyes on it, it is gone.
For (E)wealth certainly makes itself wings
Like an eagle that flies toward the heavens.

(F)Do not eat the bread of [d]a (G)selfish person;
Or desire his delicacies;
For as he [e]thinks within himself, so he is.
He says to you, “Eat and drink!”
But (H)his heart is not with you.
You will (I)vomit up [f]the morsel you have eaten
And waste your [g]compliments.

(J)Do not speak [h]to be heard by a fool,
For he will (K)despise the wisdom of your words.

10 Do not move the ancient boundary
Or (L)go into the fields of the fatherless,
11 For their (M)Redeemer is strong;
(N)He will plead their case against you.
12 Apply your heart to discipline,
And your ears to words of knowledge.

13 (O)Do not withhold discipline from a child;
Though you strike him with the rod, he will not die.
14 You shall strike him with the rod
And (P)rescue his soul from Sheol.

15 My son, if your heart is (Q)wise,
My own heart also will be glad,
16 And my [i]innermost being will rejoice
When your lips speak (R)what is right.

17 (S)Do not let your heart envy sinners,
But live in [j]the (T)fear of the Lord [k]always.
18 Certainly there is a [l](U)future,
And your (V)hope will not be cut off.
19 Listen, my son, and (W)be wise,
And (X)direct your heart in the way.
20 Do not be with (Y)heavy drinkers of wine,
Or with (Z)gluttonous eaters of meat;
21 For the (AA)heavy drinker and the glutton will come to poverty,
And (AB)drowsiness will clothe one with rags.

22 (AC)Listen to your father, who fathered you,
And (AD)do not despise your mother when she is old.
23 (AE)Buy truth, and do not sell it,
Get wisdom, instruction, and understanding.

24 The father of the righteous will greatly rejoice,
And (AF)he who fathers a wise son will be glad in him.
25 Let your (AG)father and your mother be glad,
And let her rejoice who gave birth to you.

26 (AH)Give me your heart, my son,
And let your eyes [m](AI)delight in my ways.
27 For a prostitute is a (AJ)deep pit,
And a [n](AK)strange woman is a narrow well.
28 Certainly she (AL)lurks as a robber,
And increases the treacherous among mankind.

29 Who has (AM)woe? Who has sorrow?
Who has contentions? Who has complaining?
Who has wounds without cause?
Who has red eyes?
30 Those who (AN)linger long over wine,
Those who go to [o]taste (AO)mixed wine.
31 Do not look at wine when it is red,
When it [p]sparkles in the cup,
When it (AP)goes down smoothly;
32 In the end it (AQ)bites like a snake
And stings like a (AR)viper.
33 Your eyes will see strange things
And your [q]mind will (AS)say perverse things.
34 And you will be like one who lies down in the [r]middle of the sea,
Or like one who lies down on the top of a [s]mast.
35 “They (AT)struck me, but I did not become [t]ill;
They beat me, but I did not know it.
When will I awake?
I will (AU)seek [u]another drink.”

Precepts and Warnings

24 Do not be (AV)envious of evil people,
Nor desire to (AW)be with them;
For their [v]minds plot (AX)violence,
And their lips (AY)talk of trouble.

(AZ)By wisdom a house is built,
And by understanding it is established;
And by knowledge the rooms are (BA)filled
With all precious and pleasant riches.

A (BB)wise man is [w]strong,
And a person of knowledge [x]increases power.
For (BC)by wise guidance you will [y]wage war,
And (BD)in an abundance of counselors there is victory.

Wisdom is (BE)too exalted for a fool,
He does not open his mouth (BF)at the gate.

One who (BG)plans to do evil,
People will call a [z]schemer.
The (BH)devising of foolishness is sin,
And the scoffer is an abomination to humanity.

10 If you (BI)show yourself lacking courage on the day of distress,
Your strength is meager.

11 (BJ)Rescue those who are being taken away to death,
And those who are staggering to the slaughter, Oh hold them back!
12 If you say, “See, we did not know this,”
Does He (BK)who weighs the hearts not (BL)consider it?
And (BM)does He who (BN)watches over your soul not know it?
And will He not [aa](BO)repay a person according to his work?

13 My son, eat (BP)honey, for it is good;
Yes, the (BQ)honey from the comb is sweet to your taste;
14 Know that (BR)wisdom is the same for your soul;
If you find it, then there will be a [ab](BS)future,
And your hope will not be cut off.

15 (BT)Do not lie in ambush, you wicked person, against the home of the righteous;
Do not destroy his resting place;
16 For a (BU)righteous person falls seven times and rises again,
But the (BV)wicked stumble in time of disaster.

17 (BW)Do not rejoice when your enemy falls,
And do not let your heart rejoice when he stumbles,
18 Otherwise, the Lord will see and [ac]be displeased,
And turn His anger away from him.

19 (BX)Do not get upset because of evildoers
Or be (BY)envious of the wicked;
20 For (BZ)there will be no [ad](CA)future for the evil person;
The (CB)lamp of the wicked will be put out.

21 My son, [ae](CC)fear the Lord and the king;
Do not get involved with those [af]of high rank,
22 For their (CD)disaster will rise suddenly,
And who knows the ruin that can come from both of them?

23 These also are (CE)sayings of the wise:
To [ag](CF)show partiality in judgment is not good.
24 One (CG)who says to the wicked, “You are righteous,”
(CH)Peoples will curse him, nations will scold him;
25 But (CI)for those who rebuke the wicked there will be delight,
And a good blessing will come upon them.
26 One who gives [ah]a right answer
Kisses the lips.

27 Prepare your work outside,
And (CJ)make it ready for yourself in the field;
Afterward, then, build your house.

28 Do not be a (CK)witness against your neighbor for no reason,
And (CL)do not deceive with your lips.
29 (CM)Do not say, “I shall do the same to him as he has done to me;
I will [ai]repay the person according to his work.”

30 I passed by the field of [aj]a lazy one,
And by the vineyard of a person (CN)lacking [ak]sense,
31 And behold, it was completely (CO)overgrown with weeds;
Its surface was covered with (CP)weeds,
And its stone (CQ)wall was broken down.
32 When I saw, I [al]reflected upon it;
I looked, and received instruction.
33 (CR)A little sleep, a little slumber,
A little folding of the hands to rest,”
34 Then your poverty will come like [am]a drifter,
And your need like [an]an armed man.

Similitudes and Instructions

25 These also are (CS)proverbs of Solomon which the men of Hezekiah, king of Judah, transcribed.

It is the glory of God to (CT)conceal a matter,
But the glory of (CU)kings is to search out a matter.
As the heavens for height and the earth for depth,
So the heart of kings is unsearchable.
Take away the [ao](CV)impurities from the silver,
And there comes out a vessel for the (CW)smith;
Take away the (CX)wicked before the king,
And his (CY)throne will be established in righteousness.
Do not boast in the presence of the king,
And do not stand in the same place [ap]as great people;
For (CZ)it is better that it be said to you, “Come up here,”
Than for you to be placed lower in the presence of the prince,
Whom your eyes have seen.

Do not go out (DA)hastily to [aq]argue your case;
[ar]Otherwise, what will you do in [as]the end,
When your neighbor humiliates you?
[at](DB)Argue your case with your neighbor,
And (DC)do not reveal the secret of another,
10 Or one who hears it will put you to shame,
And the evil report about you will not [au]pass away.

11 Like apples of gold in settings of silver,
Is a (DD)word spoken at [av]the proper time.
12 Like [aw]an (DE)earring of gold and a (DF)jewelry piece of (DG)fine gold,
Is a wise person who offers rebukes to a (DH)listening ear.
13 Like the cold of snow in the [ax]time of harvest
Is a (DI)faithful messenger to those who send him,
For he refreshes the soul of his masters.
14 Like (DJ)clouds and (DK)wind without rain
Is a person who boasts [ay]of his gifts falsely.
15 Through [az](DL)patience a ruler may be persuaded,
And a gentle tongue breaks bone.
16 Have you (DM)found honey? Eat only [ba]what you need,
So that you do not have it in excess and vomit it.
17 Let your foot rarely be in your neighbor’s house,
Or he will become [bb]weary of you and hate you.
18 Like a club, a (DN)sword, and a sharp (DO)arrow
Is a person who gives (DP)false testimony against his neighbor.
19 Like a bad tooth and [bc]an unsteady foot
Is confidence in a (DQ)treacherous person in time of trouble.
20 Like one who takes off a garment on a cold day, or like vinegar on [bd]soda,
Is one who sings songs to [be]a troubled heart.
21 (DR)If [bf]your enemy is hungry, give him food to eat;
And if he is thirsty, give him water to drink;
22 For you will [bg]heap burning coals on his head,
And (DS)the Lord will reward you.
23 The north wind brings rain,
And a [bh](DT)gossiping tongue brings an angry face.
24 It is (DU)better to live on a corner of the roof,
Than [bi]in a house shared with a contentious woman.
25 Like cold water to a weary soul,
So is (DV)good news from a distant land.
26 Like a (DW)trampled spring and a [bj]polluted well,
So is a righteous person who gives way before the wicked.
27 It is not good to eat much honey,
Nor is it glory to (DX)search out [bk]one’s own glory.
28 Like a (DY)city that is broken into and without walls
So is a person (DZ)who has no self-control over his spirit.

Similitudes and Instructions

26 Like snow in summer and like (EA)rain in harvest,
So honor is not (EB)fitting for a fool.
Like a (EC)sparrow in its [bl]flitting, like a swallow in its flying,
So a (ED)curse without cause does not come to rest.
A (EE)whip is for the horse, a bridle for the donkey,
And a (EF)rod for the back of fools.
(EG)Do not answer a fool [bm]according to his foolishness,
Or you will also be like him.
(EH)Answer a fool as his foolishness deserves,
So that he will not be (EI)wise in his own eyes.
One who sends a message by the hand of a fool
Chops off his own feet and drinks violence.
Like [bn]useless legs to one who cannot walk,
So is a proverb in the mouths of fools.
Like [bo]one who binds a stone in a sling,
So is one who gives honor to a fool.
Like a thorn that [bp]sticks in the hand of a heavy drinker,
So is a proverb in the mouths of fools.
10 [bq]Like an archer who wounds everyone,
So is one who hires a fool or hires those who pass by.
11 Like (EJ)a dog that returns to its vomit,
So is a fool who (EK)repeats [br]his foolishness.
12 Do you see a person (EL)wise in his own eyes?
(EM)There is more hope for a fool than for him.
13 [bs]A (EN)lazy one says, “There is a lion on the road!
A lion is [bt]in the public square!”
14 As the door turns on its hinges,
So does a (EO)lazy one on his bed.
15 A (EP)lazy one buries his hand in the dish;
He is weary of bringing it to his mouth again.
16 A lazy one is (EQ)wiser in his own eyes
Than seven people who can [bu]give a discreet answer.
17 Like one who takes a dog by the ears,
So is one who passes by and [bv]meddles with (ER)strife not belonging to him.
18 Like a maniac who shoots
(ES)Flaming arrows, arrows, and death,
19 So is a person who (ET)deceives his neighbor,
And says, “(EU)Was I not joking?”
20 For lack of wood the fire goes out,
And where there is no (EV)gossiper, (EW)quarreling quiets down.
21 Like charcoal to hot embers and wood to fire,
So is a (EX)contentious person to kindle strife.
22 The (EY)words of a gossiper are like dainty morsels,
And they go down into the [bw]innermost parts of the body.
23 Like an earthenware (EZ)vessel overlaid with silver [bx](FA)impurities
Are burning lips and a wicked heart.
24 One who (FB)hates disguises it with his lips,
But he harbors (FC)deceit in his [by]heart.
25 When [bz]he (FD)speaks graciously, do not believe him,
Because there are seven abominations in his heart.
26 Though his hatred (FE)covers itself with deception,
His wickedness will be (FF)revealed in the assembly.
27 One who (FG)digs a pit will fall into it,
And one who rolls a stone, it will come back on him.
28 A lying tongue hates [ca]those it crushes,
And a (FH)flattering mouth works ruin.

Warnings and Instructions

27 (FI)Do not boast about tomorrow,
For you (FJ)do not know what a day may bring.
Let (FK)another praise you, and not your own mouth;
A stranger, and not your own lips.
A stone is heavy and the sand weighty,
But the provocation of a fool is heavier than both of them.
Wrath is fierce and anger is a flood,
But (FL)who can stand before jealousy?
Better is (FM)open rebuke
Than love that is concealed.
Faithful are the (FN)wounds of a friend,
But [cb]deceitful are the (FO)kisses of an enemy.
A satisfied [cc]person [cd]despises honey,
But to a hungry [ce]person any bitter thing is sweet.
Like a (FP)bird that wanders from its nest,
So is a person who (FQ)wanders from his [cf]home.
(FR)Oil and perfume make the heart glad,
And a [cg]person’s advice is sweet to his friend.
10 Do not abandon your (FS)friend or (FT)your father’s friend,
And do not go to your brother’s house on the day of your disaster;
Better is a neighbor who is near than a brother far away.
11 (FU)Be wise, my son, and make my heart glad,
So that I may (FV)reply to one who taunts me.
12 A prudent person sees evil and hides himself;
But the naive proceed, and pay the penalty.
13 (FW)Take his garment when he becomes a guarantor for a stranger;
And for a foreign woman seize a pledge from him.
14 (FX)One who blesses his friend with a loud voice early in the morning,
It will be considered a curse to him.
15 A (FY)constant dripping on a day of steady rain
And a contentious woman are alike;
16 He who would [ch]restrain her [ci]restrains the wind,
And [cj]grasps oil with his right hand.
17 As iron sharpens iron,
So one person sharpens another.
18 One who tends the (FZ)fig tree will eat its fruit,
And one who (GA)cares for his master will be honored.
19 As in water a face reflects the face,
So the heart of a person reflects the person.
20 [ck](GB)Sheol and [cl]Abaddon are (GC)never satisfied,
Nor are the (GD)eyes of a person ever satisfied.
21 The (GE)crucible is for silver and the furnace for gold,
And each (GF)is tested by the praise accorded him.
22 Though you (GG)pound the fool in a mortar with a pestle along with crushed grain,
His foolishness still will not leave him.

23 (GH)Know well the [cm]condition of your flocks,
And pay attention to your herds;
24 For riches are not forever,
Nor does a (GI)crown endure to all generations.
25 When the grass disappears, the new growth is seen,
And the herbs of the mountains are (GJ)gathered in,
26 The lambs will be for your clothing,
And the goats will bring the price of a field,
27 And there will be enough goats’ milk for your food,
For the food of your household,
And sustenance for your attendants.

Warnings and Instructions

28 The wicked (GK)flee when no one is pursuing,
But the righteous are [cn]bold as a lion.
Due to a [co]wrongdoing of [cp]a land its leaders are (GL)many,
But (GM)by a person of understanding and knowledge, so it endures.
A (GN)poor man who oppresses the helpless
Is like a driving rain [cq]which leaves no food.
Those who abandon the Law (GO)praise the wicked,
But those who keep the Law (GP)strive against them.
Evil people (GQ)do not understand justice,
But those who seek the Lord (GR)understand everything.
(GS)Better is a poor person who walks in his integrity,
Than a person who is [cr]crooked, though he is rich.
He who keeps the Law is a discerning son,
But he who is a companion of (GT)gluttons humiliates his father.
One who increases his wealth by [cs](GU)interest of any kind,
Collects it (GV)for one who is gracious to the poor.
One who turns his ear away from listening to the Law,
Even his (GW)prayer is an abomination.
10 One who leads the upright astray in an evil way
Will (GX)himself fall into his own pit,
But the (GY)blameless will inherit good.
11 The rich person is (GZ)wise in his own eyes,
But the poor who has understanding [ct]sees through him.
12 When the (HA)righteous triumph, there is great glory,
But (HB)when the wicked rise, people [cu]hide themselves.
13 One who (HC)conceals his wrongdoings will not prosper,
But one who (HD)confesses and abandons them will find compassion.
14 How blessed is the person who (HE)fears always,
But one who (HF)hardens his heart will fall into disaster.
15 Like a (HG)roaring lion and a rushing bear
Is a (HH)wicked ruler over a poor people.
16 A (HI)leader who is a great oppressor lacks understanding,
But a person who hates unjust gain will prolong his days.
17 A person who is (HJ)burdened with the guilt of human blood
Will [cv]be a fugitive until death; no one is to support him!
18 One who walks blamelessly will receive help,
But one who is [cw](HK)crooked will fall all at once.
19 (HL)One who works his land will (HM)have plenty of food,
But one who follows empty pursuits will have plenty of poverty.
20 A (HN)faithful person will abound with blessings,
But one who (HO)hurries to be rich will not go unpunished.
21 To [cx](HP)show partiality is not good,
(HQ)Because for a piece of bread a man will do wrong.
22 A person with an (HR)evil eye (HS)hurries after wealth
And does not know that poverty will come upon him.
23 One who (HT)rebukes a person will afterward find more favor
Than one who (HU)flatters with the tongue.
24 He who (HV)robs his father or his mother
And says, “There is no wrong done,”
Is the (HW)companion of a person who destroys.
25 An [cy]arrogant person (HX)stirs up strife,
But one who (HY)trusts in the Lord (HZ)will [cz]prosper.
26 One who (IA)trusts in his own heart is a fool,
But one who walks wisely will flee to safety.
27 One who (IB)gives to the poor will never lack anything,
But one who [da]shuts his eyes will have many curses.
28 When the wicked rise, people hide themselves;
But when they perish, the righteous increase.

Warnings and Instructions

29 A person [db]often (IC)rebuked who [dc]becomes obstinate
Will (ID)suddenly be broken [dd]beyond remedy.
When the (IE)righteous [de]increase, the people rejoice,
But when a wicked person rules, people groan.
A man who (IF)loves wisdom makes his father glad,
But he who (IG)involves himself with prostitutes wastes his wealth.
The (IH)king gives stability to the land by justice,
But a person who takes bribes ruins it.
A man who (II)flatters his neighbor
Is spreading a net for his steps.
By wrongdoing an evil person is (IJ)ensnared,
But the righteous (IK)sings and rejoices.
The (IL)righteous [df]is concerned for the rights of the poor;
The wicked does not understand such [dg]concern.
Arrogant people (IM)inflame a city,
But (IN)wise people turn away anger.
When a wise person has a controversy with a foolish person,
[dh]The foolish person either rages or laughs, and there is no rest.
10 People of (IO)bloodshed hate the blameless person,
But the upright [di]are concerned for his life.
11 A (IP)fool [dj]always loses his temper,
But a (IQ)wise person holds it back.
12 If a (IR)ruler pays attention to falsehood,
All his ministers become wicked.
13 The (IS)poor person and the oppressor [dk]have this in common:
The Lord gives (IT)light to the eyes of both.
14 If a (IU)king judges the poor with truth,
His (IV)throne will be established forever.
15 The (IW)rod and a rebuke give wisdom,
But a child [dl]who gets his own way (IX)brings shame to his mother.
16 When the wicked [dm]increase, wrongdoing increases;
But the (IY)righteous will see their downfall.
17 (IZ)Correct your son, and he will give you comfort;
He will also [dn](JA)delight your soul.
18 Where there is (JB)no [do]vision, the people (JC)are unrestrained,
But (JD)happy is one who keeps the Law.
19 A slave will not be instructed by words alone;
For though he understands, there will be no response.
20 Do you see a person who is (JE)hasty with his words?
There is (JF)more hope for a fool than for him.
21 One who pampers his slave from childhood
Will in the end find him to be rebellious.
22 An (JG)angry person stirs up strife,
And a hot-tempered person abounds in wrongdoing.
23 A person’s (JH)pride will bring him low,
But a (JI)humble spirit will obtain honor.
24 One who is a partner with a thief hates his own life;
He (JJ)hears the oath but tells nothing.
25 The (JK)fear of man [dp]brings a snare,
But one who (JL)trusts in the Lord will be protected.
26 (JM)Many seek the ruler’s [dq]favor,
But (JN)justice for mankind comes from the Lord.
27 An (JO)unjust person is an abomination to the righteous,
And one who is (JP)upright in the way is an abomination to the wicked.

The Words of Agur

30 The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, the pronouncement.

The man declares to Ithiel, to Ithiel and Ucal:

I am certainly more (JQ)stupid than any man,
And I do not have the understanding of a man;
Nor have I learned wisdom,
Nor do I have the (JR)knowledge of the Holy One.
Who has (JS)ascended into heaven and descended?
Who has gathered the (JT)wind in His fists?
Who has (JU)wrapped the waters in [dr]His garment?
Who has (JV)established all the ends of the earth?
What is His (JW)name or His [ds]Son’s name?
Surely you know!

Every (JX)word of God is [dt]pure;
He is a (JY)shield to those who take refuge in Him.
(JZ)Do not add to His words
Or He will rebuke you, and you will be proved a liar.

Two things I have asked of You;
Do not refuse me before I die:
Keep deception and [du]lies far from me,
Give me neither poverty nor riches;
Feed me with the (KA)food that is my portion,
So that I will not be (KB)full and deny (KC)You and say, “Who is the Lord?”
And that I will not become (KD)impoverished and steal,
And (KE)profane the name of my God.

10 Do not slander a slave to his master,
Or he will (KF)curse you and you will be found guilty.

11 There is a [dv]kind of person who (KG)curses his father
And does not bless his mother.
12 There is a [dw]kind who is (KH)pure in his own eyes,
Yet is not washed from his filthiness.
13 There is a [dx]kind—oh how (KI)lofty are his eyes!
And his eyelids are raised in arrogance.
14 There is a [dy]kind of person whose (KJ)teeth are like swords
And his (KK)jaw teeth like knives,
To (KL)devour the poor from the earth
And the needy from among mankind.

15 The leech has two daughters:
“Give” and “Give.”
There are three things that will not be satisfied,
Four that will not say, “Enough”:
16 [dz](KM)Sheol, the (KN)infertile womb,
Earth that is never satisfied with water,
And fire that never says, “Enough.”
17 The eye that (KO)mocks a father
And [ea](KP)scorns a mother,
The (KQ)ravens of the valley will pick it out,
And the young (KR)eagles will eat it.

18 There are three things which are too wonderful for me,
Four which I do not understand:
19 The way of the (KS)eagle in the sky,
The way of a snake on a rock,
The way of a ship in the middle of the sea,
And the way of a man with a [eb]virgin.
20 This is the way of an (KT)adulterous woman:
She eats and wipes her mouth,
And says, “I have done no wrong.”

21 Under three things the earth quakes,
And under four, it cannot endure:
22 Under a (KU)slave when he becomes king,
And a fool when he is satisfied with food,
23 Under an unloved woman when she gets a husband,
And a female servant when she dispossesses her mistress.

24 Four things are small on the earth,
But they are exceedingly wise:
25 The (KV)ants are not a strong people,
But they prepare their food in the summer;
26 The (KW)rock hyraxes are not a mighty people,
Yet they make their houses in the rocks;
27 The locusts have no king,
Yet all of them go out in (KX)ranks;
28 The lizard you may grasp with the hands,
Yet it is in kings’ palaces.

29 There are three things which are stately in their march,
Even four which are stately when they walk:
30 The lion, which is (KY)mighty among animals
And does not [ec](KZ)retreat from anything,
31 The [ed]strutting rooster or the male goat,
And a king when his army is with him.

32 If you have been foolish in exalting yourself,
Or if you have plotted evil, (LA)put your hand on your mouth.
33 For the [ee]churning of milk produces butter,
And pressing the nose produces blood;
So the [ef]churning of (LB)anger produces strife.

The Words of Lemuel

31 The words of King Lemuel, the pronouncement which his mother taught him:

What, my son?
And what, (LC)son of my womb?
And what, son of my (LD)vows?
(LE)Do not give your strength to women,
Or your ways to that which (LF)destroys kings.
It is not for (LG)kings, Lemuel,
It is not for kings to (LH)drink wine,
Or for rulers to desire intoxicating drink,
Otherwise they will drink and forget what is decreed,
And (LI)pervert the [eg]rights of all the [eh]needy.
Give intoxicating drink to one who is (LJ)perishing,
And wine to one [ei](LK)whose life is bitter.
Let him drink and forget his poverty,
And remember his trouble no more.
(LL)Open your mouth for the people who cannot speak,
For the [ej]rights of all the [ek]unfortunate.
Open your mouth, (LM)judge righteously,
And [el]defend the (LN)rights of the poor and needy.

Description of a Worthy Woman

10 An (LO)excellent wife, who can find her?
For her worth is far (LP)above jewels.
11 The heart of her husband trusts in her,
And he will have no lack of gain.
12 She does him good and not evil
All the days of her life.
13 She looks for wool and linen,
And works with her [em]hands [en]in delight.
14 She is like (LQ)merchant ships;
She brings her food from afar.
15 And she (LR)rises while it is still night
And (LS)gives food to her household,
And [eo]portions to her attendants.
16 She considers a field and buys it;
From [ep]her earnings she plants a vineyard.
17 She (LT)surrounds her waist with strength
And makes her arms strong.
18 She senses that her profit is good;
Her lamp does not go out at night.
19 She stretches out her hands to the [eq]distaff,
And her [er]hands grasp the spindle.
20 She [es](LU)extends her hand to the poor,
And she stretches out her hands to the needy.
21 She is not afraid of the snow for her household,
For all her household are (LV)clothed with scarlet.
22 She makes (LW)coverings for herself;
Her clothing is (LX)fine linen and (LY)purple.
23 Her husband is known (LZ)in the gates,
When he sits among the elders of the land.
24 She makes (MA)linen garments and sells them,
And [et]supplies belts to the [eu]tradesmen.
25 Strength and (MB)dignity are her clothing,
And she smiles at the [ev]future.
26 She (MC)opens her mouth in wisdom,
And the [ew]teaching of kindness is on her tongue.
27 She watches over the activities of her household,
And does not eat the (MD)bread of idleness.
28 Her children rise up and bless her;
Her husband also, and he praises her, saying:
29 “Many daughters have done nobly,
But you excel them all.”
30 Charm is deceitful and beauty is vain,
But a woman who [ex](ME)fears the Lord, she shall be praised.
31 Give her the [ey]product of her hands,
And let her works praise her in the gates.


  1. Proverbs 23:1 Or who
  2. Proverbs 23:4 Lit Refrain from your understanding of it
  3. Proverbs 23:5 Lit Will your eyes fly upon it and it is not?
  4. Proverbs 23:6 Lit an evil eye
  5. Proverbs 23:7 Lit reckons in his soul
  6. Proverbs 23:8 Lit your
  7. Proverbs 23:8 Lit pleasant words
  8. Proverbs 23:9 Lit in the ears of a
  9. Proverbs 23:16 Lit kidneys
  10. Proverbs 23:17 Or reverence for
  11. Proverbs 23:17 Lit all the day
  12. Proverbs 23:18 Lit latter end
  13. Proverbs 23:26 Another reading is observe
  14. Proverbs 23:27 Lit foreign
  15. Proverbs 23:30 Or search out
  16. Proverbs 23:31 Lit gives its eye
  17. Proverbs 23:33 Lit heart
  18. Proverbs 23:34 Lit heart
  19. Proverbs 23:34 Or lookout
  20. Proverbs 23:35 I.e., from the effect of wounds
  21. Proverbs 23:35 Lit it yet again
  22. Proverbs 24:2 Lit hearts
  23. Proverbs 24:5 Lit in strength
  24. Proverbs 24:5 Lit strengthens power
  25. Proverbs 24:6 Lit make battle for yourself
  26. Proverbs 24:8 Or deviser of evil
  27. Proverbs 24:12 Lit bring back to
  28. Proverbs 24:14 Lit latter end
  29. Proverbs 24:18 Lit it is evil in His eyes
  30. Proverbs 24:20 Lit latter end
  31. Proverbs 24:21 Or revere
  32. Proverbs 24:21 Or who change
  33. Proverbs 24:23 Lit regard the face
  34. Proverbs 24:26 Or an honest
  35. Proverbs 24:29 Lit bring back
  36. Proverbs 24:30 Lit an idle
  37. Proverbs 24:30 Lit heart
  38. Proverbs 24:32 Lit set my heart
  39. Proverbs 24:34 Lit one who moves about
  40. Proverbs 24:34 Lit a man with a shield
  41. Proverbs 25:4 Lit dross
  42. Proverbs 25:6 Lit of
  43. Proverbs 25:8 Lit contend
  44. Proverbs 25:8 Lit Lest
  45. Proverbs 25:8 Lit its
  46. Proverbs 25:9 Lit Contend
  47. Proverbs 25:10 Lit return
  48. Proverbs 25:11 Lit its time
  49. Proverbs 25:12 Or a nose ring
  50. Proverbs 25:13 Lit day
  51. Proverbs 25:14 Lit in a gift of falsehood
  52. Proverbs 25:15 Lit length of anger
  53. Proverbs 25:16 Lit your sufficiency
  54. Proverbs 25:17 Lit surfeited with
  55. Proverbs 25:19 Lit a slipping foot
  56. Proverbs 25:20 I.e., natron
  57. Proverbs 25:20 Lit an evil
  58. Proverbs 25:21 Lit one who hates you
  59. Proverbs 25:22 Lit snatch up
  60. Proverbs 25:23 Lit tongue of secrecy
  61. Proverbs 25:24 Lit with a woman of contentions and a house of association
  62. Proverbs 25:26 Lit ruined
  63. Proverbs 25:27 Lit their
  64. Proverbs 26:2 Lit wandering
  65. Proverbs 26:4 I.e., taking his question or argument seriously
  66. Proverbs 26:7 Lit legs that dangle from one paralyzed
  67. Proverbs 26:8 Lit the binding of
  68. Proverbs 26:9 Lit goes up
  69. Proverbs 26:10 Or A master workman produces all things, But one who hires a fool is like one who hires those who pass by
  70. Proverbs 26:11 Lit with his
  71. Proverbs 26:13 Lit an idle, and so throughout the ch
  72. Proverbs 26:13 Lit within
  73. Proverbs 26:16 Lit return discreetly
  74. Proverbs 26:17 Lit infuriates himself
  75. Proverbs 26:22 Lit chambers of the belly
  76. Proverbs 26:23 Lit dross
  77. Proverbs 26:24 Lit inward part
  78. Proverbs 26:25 Lit his voice is gracious
  79. Proverbs 26:28 Lit its crushed ones
  80. Proverbs 27:6 Or excessive
  81. Proverbs 27:7 Lit soul
  82. Proverbs 27:7 Lit tramples on
  83. Proverbs 27:7 Lit soul
  84. Proverbs 27:8 Lit place
  85. Proverbs 27:9 Lit soul’s
  86. Proverbs 27:16 Lit hide(s)
  87. Proverbs 27:16 Lit hide(s)
  88. Proverbs 27:16 Lit encounters
  89. Proverbs 27:20 I.e., The netherworld
  90. Proverbs 27:20 I.e., the place of destruction
  91. Proverbs 27:23 Lit face
  92. Proverbs 28:1 Lit confident
  93. Proverbs 28:2 Or rebellion
  94. Proverbs 28:2 I.e., the people of a land
  95. Proverbs 28:3 Lit and there is no bread
  96. Proverbs 28:6 Lit perverse of two ways
  97. Proverbs 28:8 Possibly interest on money and food loans
  98. Proverbs 28:11 Lit examines him
  99. Proverbs 28:12 Lit will be searched for
  100. Proverbs 28:17 Lit flee to the pit
  101. Proverbs 28:18 Lit perverse of two ways
  102. Proverbs 28:21 Lit regard the face
  103. Proverbs 28:25 Lit broad soul
  104. Proverbs 28:25 Lit be made fat
  105. Proverbs 28:27 Lit hides
  106. Proverbs 29:1 Lit of rebukes who
  107. Proverbs 29:1 Lit hardens his neck
  108. Proverbs 29:1 Lit and there is no remedy
  109. Proverbs 29:2 Or become great
  110. Proverbs 29:7 Lit knows the cause
  111. Proverbs 29:7 Lit knowledge
  112. Proverbs 29:9 Lit He
  113. Proverbs 29:10 Lit seek his soul
  114. Proverbs 29:11 Lit sends forth all his spirit
  115. Proverbs 29:13 Lit meet together
  116. Proverbs 29:15 Lit left to himself
  117. Proverbs 29:16 Or become great
  118. Proverbs 29:17 Lit give delight to
  119. Proverbs 29:18 Or revelation
  120. Proverbs 29:25 Lit gives
  121. Proverbs 29:26 Lit face
  122. Proverbs 30:4 Lit the
  123. Proverbs 30:4 Or son’s
  124. Proverbs 30:5 Lit refined
  125. Proverbs 30:8 Lit words of falsehood
  126. Proverbs 30:11 Or generation
  127. Proverbs 30:12 Or generation
  128. Proverbs 30:13 Or generation
  129. Proverbs 30:14 Or generation
  130. Proverbs 30:16 I.e., The netherworld
  131. Proverbs 30:17 Lit despises to obey
  132. Proverbs 30:19 Lit young unmarried woman
  133. Proverbs 30:30 Lit turn back
  134. Proverbs 30:31 Lit girt in the loins
  135. Proverbs 30:33 Lit pressing
  136. Proverbs 30:33 Lit pressing
  137. Proverbs 31:5 Lit judgment
  138. Proverbs 31:5 Lit sons of affliction
  139. Proverbs 31:6 Lit bitter of soul
  140. Proverbs 31:8 Lit judgment
  141. Proverbs 31:8 Lit sons of passing away
  142. Proverbs 31:9 Lit judge the afflicted
  143. Proverbs 31:13 Lit palms
  144. Proverbs 31:13 Or willingly
  145. Proverbs 31:15 Or prescribed tasks
  146. Proverbs 31:16 Lit the fruit of her palms
  147. Proverbs 31:19 I.e., the staff that holds the textile fibers for spinning
  148. Proverbs 31:19 Lit palms
  149. Proverbs 31:20 Lit spreads out her palm
  150. Proverbs 31:24 Lit gives
  151. Proverbs 31:24 Lit Canaanite
  152. Proverbs 31:25 Lit latter days
  153. Proverbs 31:26 Or law
  154. Proverbs 31:30 Or reveres
  155. Proverbs 31:31 Lit fruit

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