20 Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, And whoever [a]is intoxicated by it is not wise. 2 The terror of a king is like the growling of a lion; He who provokes him to anger [b]forfeits his own life. 3 [c]Keeping away from strife is an honor for a man, But any fool will [d]quarrel. 4 The sluggard does not plow after the autumn, So he [e]begs during the harvest and has nothing. 5 A plan in the heart of a man is like deep water, But a man of understanding draws it out. 6 Many a man proclaims his own loyalty, But who can find a trustworthy man? 7 A righteous man who walks in his integrity— How blessed are his sons after him. 8 A king who sits on the throne of justice [f]Disperses all evil with his eyes. 9 Who can say, “I have cleansed my heart, I am pure from my sin”? 10 [g]Differing weights and differing measures, Both of them are abominable to the Lord. 11 It is by his deeds that a lad [h]distinguishes himself If his conduct is pure and right. 12 The hearing ear and the seeing eye, The Lord has made both of them. 13 Do not love sleep, or you will become poor; Open your eyes, and you will be satisfied with [i]food. 14 “Bad, bad,” says the buyer, But when he goes his way, then he boasts. 15 There is gold, and an abundance of [j]jewels; But the lips of knowledge are a more precious thing. 16 Take his garment when he becomes surety for a stranger; And for foreigners, hold him in pledge. 17 Bread obtained by falsehood is sweet to a man, But afterward his mouth will be filled with gravel. 18 Prepare plans by consultation, And make war by wise guidance. 19 He who goes about as a slanderer reveals secrets, Therefore do not associate with [k]a gossip. 20 He who curses his father or his mother, His lamp will go out in [l]time of darkness. 21 An inheritance gained hurriedly at the beginning Will not be blessed in the end. 22 Do not say, “I will repay evil”; Wait for the Lord, and He will save you. 23 [m]Differing weights are an abomination to the Lord, And a [n]false scale is not good. 24 Man’s steps are ordained by the Lord, How then can man understand his way? 25 It is a trap for a man to say rashly, “It is holy!” And after the vows to make inquiry. 26 A wise king winnows the wicked, And [o]drives the threshing wheel over them. 27 The [p]spirit of man is the lamp of the Lord, Searching all the [q]innermost parts of his being. 28 [r]Loyalty and truth preserve the king, And he upholds his throne by [s]righteousness. 29 The glory of young men is their strength, And the [t]honor of old men is their gray hair. 30 Stripes that wound scour away evil, And strokes reach the [u]innermost parts.
On Life and Conduct
21 The king’s heart is like channels of water in the hand of the Lord; He turns it wherever He wishes. 2 Every man’s way is right in his own eyes, But the Lordweighs the hearts. 3 To do righteousness and justice Is desired by the Lord more than sacrifice. 4 Haughty eyes and a proud heart, The lamp of the wicked, is sin. 5 The plans of the diligent lead surely to advantage, But everyone who is hasty comes surely to poverty. 6 The acquisition of treasures by a lying tongue Is a fleeting vapor, the [v]pursuit of death. 7 The violence of the wicked will drag them away, Because they refuse to act with justice. 8 The way of a guilty man is crooked, But as for the pure, his conduct is upright. 9 It is better to live in a corner of a roof Than [w]in a house shared with a contentious woman. 10 The soul of the wicked desires evil; His neighbor finds no favor in his eyes. 11 When the scoffer is punished, the [x]naive becomes wise; But when the wise is instructed, he receives knowledge. 12 The righteous one considers the house of the wicked, Turning the wicked to ruin. 13 He who shuts his ear to the cry of the poor Will also cry himself and not be answered. 14 A gift in secret subdues anger, And a bribe in the bosom, strong wrath. 15 The exercise of justice is joy for the righteous, But is terror to the workers of iniquity. 16 A man who wanders from the way of understanding Will rest in the assembly of the [y]dead. 17 He who loves pleasure will become a poor man; He who loves wine and oil will not become rich. 18 The wicked is a ransom for the righteous, And the treacherous is in the place of the upright. 19 It is better to live in a desert land Than with a contentious and vexing woman. 20 There is precious treasure and oil in the dwelling of the wise, But a foolish man swallows it up. 21 He who pursues righteousness and loyalty Finds life, righteousness and honor. 22 A wise man scales the city of the mighty And brings down the [z]stronghold in which they trust. 23 He who guards his mouth and his tongue, Guards his soul from troubles. 24 “Proud,” “Haughty,” “Scoffer,” are his names, Who acts with insolent pride. 25 The desire of the sluggard puts him to death, For his hands refuse to work; 26 All day long he [aa]is craving, While the righteous gives and does not hold back. 27 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination, How much more when he brings it with evil intent! 28 A false witness will perish, But the man who listens to the truth will speak forever. 29 A wicked man [ab]displays a bold face, But as for the upright, he makes his way sure. 30 There is no wisdom and no understanding And no counsel against the Lord. 31 The horse is prepared for the day of battle, But victory belongs to the Lord.
On Life and Conduct
22 A good name is to be more desired than great wealth, Favor is better than silver and gold. 2 The rich and the poor [ac]have a common bond, The Lord is the maker of them all. 3 The prudent sees the evil and hides himself, But the [ad]naive go on, and are punished for it. 4 The reward of humility and the [ae]fear of the Lord Are riches, honor and life. 5 Thorns and snares are in the way of the perverse; He who guards himself will be far from them. 6 Train up a child [af]in the way he should go, Even when he is old he will not depart from it. 7 The rich rules over the poor, And the borrower becomes the lender’s slave. 8 He who sows iniquity will reap vanity, And the rod of his fury will perish. 9 He who [ag]is generous will be blessed, For he gives some of his food to the poor. 10 Drive out the scoffer, and contention will go out, Even strife and dishonor will cease. 11 He who loves purity of heart And[ah]whose speech is gracious, the king is his friend. 12 The eyes of the Lord preserve knowledge, But He overthrows the words of the treacherous man. 13 The sluggard says, “There is a lion outside; I will be killed in the streets!” 14 The mouth of [ai]an adulteress is a deep pit; He who is cursed of the Lord will fall [aj]into it. 15 Foolishness is bound up in the heart of a child; The rod of discipline will remove it far from him. 16 He who oppresses the poor to make [ak]more for himself Or who gives to the rich, will only come to poverty.
17 Incline your ear and hear the words of the wise, And apply your mind to my knowledge; 18 For it will be pleasant if you keep them within you, [al]That they may be ready on your lips. 19 So that your trust may be in the Lord, I have [am]taught you today, even you. 20 Have I not written to you [an]excellent things Of counsels and knowledge, 21 To make you know the [ao]certainty of the words of truth That you may [ap]correctly answer him who sent you?
22 Do not rob the poor because he is poor, Or crush the afflicted at the gate; 23 For the Lord will plead their case And [aq]take the life of those who rob them.
24 Do not associate with a man given to anger; Or go with a hot-tempered man, 25 Or you will learn his ways And [ar]find a snare for yourself.
26 Do not be among those who give [as]pledges, Among those who become guarantors for debts. 27 If you have nothing with which to pay, Why should he take your bed from under you?
28 Do not move the ancient boundary Which your fathers have set.
29 Do you see a man skilled in his work? He will stand before kings; He will not stand before obscure men.
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