16 To humans belong the plans of the heart,
    but from the Lord comes the proper answer of the tongue.(A)

All a person’s ways seem pure to them,(B)
    but motives are weighed(C) by the Lord.(D)

Commit to the Lord whatever you do,
    and he will establish your plans.(E)

The Lord works out everything to its proper end(F)
    even the wicked for a day of disaster.(G)

The Lord detests all the proud of heart.(H)
    Be sure of this: They will not go unpunished.(I)

Through love and faithfulness sin is atoned for;
    through the fear of the Lord(J) evil is avoided.(K)

When the Lord takes pleasure in anyone’s way,
    he causes their enemies to make peace(L) with them.(M)

Better a little with righteousness
    than much gain(N) with injustice.(O)

In their hearts humans plan their course,
    but the Lord establishes their steps.(P)

10 The lips of a king speak as an oracle,
    and his mouth does not betray justice.(Q)

11 Honest scales and balances belong to the Lord;
    all the weights in the bag are of his making.(R)

12 Kings detest wrongdoing,
    for a throne is established through righteousness.(S)

13 Kings take pleasure in honest lips;
    they value the one who speaks what is right.(T)

14 A king’s wrath is a messenger of death,(U)
    but the wise will appease it.(V)

15 When a king’s face brightens, it means life;(W)
    his favor is like a rain cloud in spring.(X)

16 How much better to get wisdom than gold,
    to get insight(Y) rather than silver!(Z)

17 The highway of the upright avoids evil;
    those who guard their ways preserve their lives.(AA)

18 Pride(AB) goes before destruction,
    a haughty spirit(AC) before a fall.(AD)

19 Better to be lowly in spirit along with the oppressed
    than to share plunder with the proud.

20 Whoever gives heed to instruction prospers,[a](AE)
    and blessed is the one who trusts in the Lord.(AF)

21 The wise in heart are called discerning,
    and gracious words promote instruction.[b](AG)

22 Prudence is a fountain of life to the prudent,(AH)
    but folly brings punishment to fools.

23 The hearts of the wise make their mouths prudent,(AI)
    and their lips promote instruction.[c](AJ)

24 Gracious words are a honeycomb,(AK)
    sweet to the soul and healing to the bones.(AL)

25 There is a way that appears to be right,(AM)
    but in the end it leads to death.(AN)

26 The appetite of laborers works for them;
    their hunger drives them on.

27 A scoundrel(AO) plots evil,
    and on their lips it is like a scorching fire.(AP)

28 A perverse person stirs up conflict,(AQ)
    and a gossip separates close friends.(AR)

29 A violent person entices their neighbor
    and leads them down a path that is not good.(AS)

30 Whoever winks(AT) with their eye is plotting perversity;
    whoever purses their lips is bent on evil.

31 Gray hair is a crown of splendor;(AU)
    it is attained in the way of righteousness.

32 Better a patient person than a warrior,
    one with self-control than one who takes a city.

33 The lot is cast(AV) into the lap,
    but its every decision(AW) is from the Lord.(AX)

17 Better a dry crust with peace and quiet
    than a house full of feasting, with strife.(AY)

A prudent servant will rule over a disgraceful son
    and will share the inheritance as one of the family.

The crucible for silver and the furnace for gold,(AZ)
    but the Lord tests the heart.(BA)

A wicked person listens to deceitful lips;
    a liar pays attention to a destructive tongue.

Whoever mocks the poor(BB) shows contempt for their Maker;(BC)
    whoever gloats over disaster(BD) will not go unpunished.(BE)

Children’s children(BF) are a crown to the aged,
    and parents are the pride of their children.

Eloquent lips are unsuited to a godless fool—
    how much worse lying lips to a ruler!(BG)

A bribe is seen as a charm by the one who gives it;
    they think success will come at every turn.(BH)

Whoever would foster love covers over an offense,(BI)
    but whoever repeats the matter separates close friends.(BJ)

10 A rebuke impresses a discerning person
    more than a hundred lashes a fool.

11 Evildoers foster rebellion against God;
    the messenger of death will be sent against them.

12 Better to meet a bear robbed of her cubs
    than a fool bent on folly.(BK)

13 Evil will never leave the house
    of one who pays back evil(BL) for good.(BM)

14 Starting a quarrel is like breaching a dam;
    so drop the matter before a dispute breaks out.(BN)

15 Acquitting the guilty and condemning the innocent(BO)
    the Lord detests them both.(BP)

16 Why should fools have money in hand to buy wisdom,
    when they are not able to understand it?(BQ)

17 A friend loves at all times,
    and a brother is born for a time of adversity.(BR)

18 One who has no sense shakes hands in pledge
    and puts up security for a neighbor.(BS)

19 Whoever loves a quarrel loves sin;
    whoever builds a high gate invites destruction.

20 One whose heart is corrupt does not prosper;
    one whose tongue is perverse falls into trouble.

21 To have a fool for a child brings grief;
    there is no joy for the parent of a godless fool.(BT)

22 A cheerful heart is good medicine,
    but a crushed(BU) spirit dries up the bones.(BV)

23 The wicked accept bribes(BW) in secret
    to pervert the course of justice.(BX)

24 A discerning person keeps wisdom in view,
    but a fool’s eyes(BY) wander to the ends of the earth.

25 A foolish son brings grief to his father
    and bitterness to the mother who bore him.(BZ)

26 If imposing a fine on the innocent is not good,(CA)
    surely to flog honest officials is not right.

27 The one who has knowledge uses words with restraint,(CB)
    and whoever has understanding is even-tempered.(CC)

28 Even fools are thought wise if they keep silent,
    and discerning if they hold their tongues.(CD)

18 An unfriendly person pursues selfish ends
    and against all sound judgment starts quarrels.

Fools find no pleasure in understanding
    but delight in airing their own opinions.(CE)

When wickedness comes, so does contempt,
    and with shame comes reproach.

The words of the mouth are deep waters,(CF)
    but the fountain of wisdom is a rushing stream.

It is not good to be partial to the wicked(CG)
    and so deprive the innocent of justice.(CH)

The lips of fools bring them strife,
    and their mouths invite a beating.(CI)

The mouths of fools are their undoing,
    and their lips are a snare(CJ) to their very lives.(CK)

The words of a gossip are like choice morsels;
    they go down to the inmost parts.(CL)

One who is slack in his work
    is brother to one who destroys.(CM)

10 The name of the Lord is a fortified tower;(CN)
    the righteous run to it and are safe.(CO)

11 The wealth of the rich is their fortified city;(CP)
    they imagine it a wall too high to scale.

12 Before a downfall the heart is haughty,
    but humility comes before honor.(CQ)

13 To answer before listening—
    that is folly and shame.(CR)

14 The human spirit can endure in sickness,
    but a crushed spirit who can bear?(CS)

15 The heart of the discerning acquires knowledge,(CT)
    for the ears of the wise seek it out.

16 A gift(CU) opens the way
    and ushers the giver into the presence of the great.

17 In a lawsuit the first to speak seems right,
    until someone comes forward and cross-examines.

18 Casting the lot settles disputes(CV)
    and keeps strong opponents apart.

19 A brother wronged(CW) is more unyielding than a fortified city;
    disputes are like the barred gates of a citadel.

20 From the fruit of their mouth a person’s stomach is filled;
    with the harvest of their lips they are satisfied.(CX)

21 The tongue has the power of life and death,(CY)
    and those who love it will eat its fruit.(CZ)

22 He who finds a wife finds what is good(DA)
    and receives favor from the Lord.(DB)

23 The poor plead for mercy,
    but the rich answer harshly.

24 One who has unreliable friends soon comes to ruin,
    but there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother.(DC)

19 Better the poor whose walk is blameless
    than a fool whose lips are perverse.(DD)

Desire without knowledge is not good—
    how much more will hasty feet miss the way!(DE)

A person’s own folly(DF) leads to their ruin,
    yet their heart rages against the Lord.(DG)

Wealth attracts many friends,
    but even the closest friend of the poor person deserts them.(DH)

A false witness(DI) will not go unpunished,(DJ)
    and whoever pours out lies will not go free.(DK)

Many curry favor with a ruler,(DL)
    and everyone is the friend of one who gives gifts.(DM)

The poor are shunned by all their relatives—
    how much more do their friends avoid them!(DN)
Though the poor pursue them with pleading,
    they are nowhere to be found.[d](DO)

The one who gets wisdom loves life;
    the one who cherishes understanding will soon prosper.(DP)

A false witness will not go unpunished,
    and whoever pours out lies will perish.(DQ)

10 It is not fitting for a fool(DR) to live in luxury—
    how much worse for a slave to rule over princes!(DS)

11 A person’s wisdom yields patience;(DT)
    it is to one’s glory to overlook an offense.

12 A king’s rage is like the roar of a lion,(DU)
    but his favor is like dew(DV) on the grass.(DW)

13 A foolish child is a father’s ruin,(DX)
    and a quarrelsome wife is like
    the constant dripping of a leaky roof.(DY)

14 Houses and wealth are inherited from parents,(DZ)
    but a prudent wife is from the Lord.(EA)

15 Laziness brings on deep sleep,
    and the shiftless go hungry.(EB)

16 Whoever keeps commandments keeps their life,
    but whoever shows contempt for their ways will die.(EC)

17 Whoever is kind to the poor lends to the Lord,(ED)
    and he will reward them for what they have done.(EE)

18 Discipline your children, for in that there is hope;
    do not be a willing party to their death.(EF)

19 A hot-tempered person must pay the penalty;
    rescue them, and you will have to do it again.

20 Listen to advice and accept discipline,(EG)
    and at the end you will be counted among the wise.(EH)

21 Many are the plans in a person’s heart,
    but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails.(EI)

22 What a person desires is unfailing love[e];
    better to be poor than a liar.

23 The fear of the Lord leads to life;
    then one rests content, untouched by trouble.(EJ)

24 A sluggard buries his hand in the dish;
    he will not even bring it back to his mouth!(EK)

25 Flog a mocker, and the simple will learn prudence;
    rebuke the discerning,(EL) and they will gain knowledge.(EM)

26 Whoever robs their father and drives out their mother(EN)
    is a child who brings shame and disgrace.

27 Stop listening to instruction, my son,(EO)
    and you will stray from the words of knowledge.

28 A corrupt witness mocks at justice,
    and the mouth of the wicked gulps down evil.(EP)

29 Penalties are prepared for mockers,
    and beatings for the backs of fools.(EQ)

20 Wine(ER) is a mocker(ES) and beer a brawler;
    whoever is led astray(ET) by them is not wise.(EU)

A king’s wrath strikes terror like the roar of a lion;(EV)
    those who anger him forfeit their lives.(EW)

It is to one’s honor to avoid strife,
    but every fool(EX) is quick to quarrel.(EY)

Sluggards(EZ) do not plow in season;
    so at harvest time they look but find nothing.(FA)

The purposes of a person’s heart are deep waters,(FB)
    but one who has insight draws them out.

Many claim to have unfailing love,
    but a faithful person who can find?(FC)

The righteous lead blameless lives;(FD)
    blessed are their children after them.(FE)

When a king sits on his throne to judge,(FF)
    he winnows out all evil with his eyes.(FG)

Who can say, “I have kept my heart pure;(FH)
    I am clean and without sin”?(FI)

10 Differing weights and differing measures—
    the Lord detests them both.(FJ)

11 Even small children are known by their actions,
    so is their conduct really pure(FK) and upright?

12 Ears that hear and eyes that see—
    the Lord has made them both.(FL)

13 Do not love sleep or you will grow poor;(FM)
    stay awake and you will have food to spare.

14 “It’s no good, it’s no good!” says the buyer—
    then goes off and boasts about the purchase.

15 Gold there is, and rubies in abundance,
    but lips that speak knowledge are a rare jewel.

16 Take the garment of one who puts up security for a stranger;
    hold it in pledge(FN) if it is done for an outsider.(FO)

17 Food gained by fraud tastes sweet,(FP)
    but one ends up with a mouth full of gravel.(FQ)

18 Plans are established by seeking advice;
    so if you wage war, obtain guidance.(FR)

19 A gossip betrays a confidence;(FS)
    so avoid anyone who talks too much.

20 If someone curses their father or mother,(FT)
    their lamp will be snuffed out in pitch darkness.(FU)

21 An inheritance claimed too soon
    will not be blessed at the end.

22 Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!”(FV)
    Wait for the Lord, and he will avenge you.(FW)

23 The Lord detests differing weights,
    and dishonest scales do not please him.(FX)

24 A person’s steps are directed(FY) by the Lord.(FZ)
    How then can anyone understand their own way?(GA)

25 It is a trap to dedicate something rashly
    and only later to consider one’s vows.(GB)

26 A wise king winnows out the wicked;
    he drives the threshing wheel over them.(GC)

27 The human spirit is[f] the lamp of the Lord(GD)
    that sheds light on one’s inmost being.(GE)

28 Love and faithfulness keep a king safe;
    through love(GF) his throne is made secure.(GG)

29 The glory of young men is their strength,
    gray hair the splendor of the old.(GH)

30 Blows and wounds scrub(GI) away evil,
    and beatings(GJ) purge the inmost being.

21 In the Lord’s hand the king’s heart is a stream of water
    that he channels toward all who please him.(GK)

A person may think their own ways are right,
    but the Lord weighs the heart.(GL)

To do what is right and just
    is more acceptable to the Lord than sacrifice.(GM)

Haughty eyes(GN) and a proud heart—
    the unplowed field of the wicked—produce sin.

The plans of the diligent lead to profit(GO)
    as surely as haste leads to poverty.

A fortune made by a lying tongue
    is a fleeting vapor and a deadly snare.[g](GP)

The violence of the wicked will drag them away,(GQ)
    for they refuse to do what is right.

The way of the guilty is devious,(GR)
    but the conduct of the innocent is upright.

Better to live on a corner of the roof
    than share a house with a quarrelsome wife.(GS)

10 The wicked crave evil;
    their neighbors get no mercy from them.

11 When a mocker is punished, the simple gain wisdom;
    by paying attention to the wise they get knowledge.(GT)

12 The Righteous One[h] takes note of the house of the wicked
    and brings the wicked to ruin.(GU)

13 Whoever shuts their ears to the cry of the poor
    will also cry out(GV) and not be answered.(GW)

14 A gift given in secret soothes anger,
    and a bribe concealed in the cloak pacifies great wrath.(GX)

15 When justice is done, it brings joy to the righteous
    but terror to evildoers.(GY)

16 Whoever strays from the path of prudence
    comes to rest in the company of the dead.(GZ)

17 Whoever loves pleasure will become poor;
    whoever loves wine and olive oil will never be rich.(HA)

18 The wicked become a ransom(HB) for the righteous,
    and the unfaithful for the upright.

19 Better to live in a desert
    than with a quarrelsome and nagging wife.(HC)

20 The wise store up choice food and olive oil,
    but fools gulp theirs down.

21 Whoever pursues righteousness and love
    finds life, prosperity[i](HD) and honor.(HE)

22 One who is wise can go up against the city of the mighty(HF)
    and pull down the stronghold in which they trust.

23 Those who guard their mouths(HG) and their tongues
    keep themselves from calamity.(HH)

24 The proud and arrogant person(HI)—“Mocker” is his name—
    behaves with insolent fury.

25 The craving of a sluggard will be the death of him,(HJ)
    because his hands refuse to work.
26 All day long he craves for more,
    but the righteous(HK) give without sparing.(HL)

27 The sacrifice of the wicked is detestable(HM)
    how much more so when brought with evil intent!(HN)

28 A false witness(HO) will perish,(HP)
    but a careful listener will testify successfully.

29 The wicked put up a bold front,
    but the upright give thought to their ways.(HQ)

30 There is no wisdom,(HR) no insight, no plan
    that can succeed against the Lord.(HS)

31 The horse is made ready for the day of battle,
    but victory rests with the Lord.(HT)

22 A good name is more desirable than great riches;
    to be esteemed is better than silver or gold.(HU)

Rich and poor have this in common:
    The Lord is the Maker of them all.(HV)

The prudent see danger and take refuge,(HW)
    but the simple keep going and pay the penalty.(HX)

Humility is the fear of the Lord;
    its wages are riches and honor(HY) and life.(HZ)

In the paths of the wicked are snares and pitfalls,(IA)
    but those who would preserve their life stay far from them.

Start(IB) children off on the way they should go,(IC)
    and even when they are old they will not turn from it.(ID)

The rich rule over the poor,
    and the borrower is slave to the lender.

Whoever sows injustice reaps calamity,(IE)
    and the rod they wield in fury will be broken.(IF)

The generous will themselves be blessed,(IG)
    for they share their food with the poor.(IH)

10 Drive out the mocker, and out goes strife;
    quarrels and insults are ended.(II)

11 One who loves a pure heart and who speaks with grace
    will have the king for a friend.(IJ)

12 The eyes of the Lord keep watch over knowledge,
    but he frustrates the words of the unfaithful.

13 The sluggard says, “There’s a lion outside!(IK)
    I’ll be killed in the public square!”

14 The mouth of an adulterous woman is a deep pit;(IL)
    a man who is under the Lord’s wrath falls into it.(IM)

15 Folly is bound up in the heart of a child,
    but the rod of discipline will drive it far away.(IN)

16 One who oppresses the poor to increase his wealth
    and one who gives gifts to the rich—both come to poverty.


  1. Proverbs 16:20 Or whoever speaks prudently finds what is good
  2. Proverbs 16:21 Or words make a person persuasive
  3. Proverbs 16:23 Or prudent / and make their lips persuasive
  4. Proverbs 19:7 The meaning of the Hebrew for this sentence is uncertain.
  5. Proverbs 19:22 Or Greed is a person’s shame
  6. Proverbs 20:27 Or A person’s words are
  7. Proverbs 21:6 Some Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint and Vulgate; most Hebrew manuscripts vapor for those who seek death
  8. Proverbs 21:12 Or The righteous person
  9. Proverbs 21:21 Or righteousness

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